ZOLOCHEV I: US Commission No. UA13410101
The cemetery is located at the NW part of the village at Lvovskaya St. 16. Alternative names: German: Zlotsche; Polish: Zloczow. It is located in Lvovskaya oblast at 49º40' and 42º35', 64 km from Lvov.Present town population is 5000-25000 with fewer than 10 Jews.
The earliest mention of a Jewish community in the town is 1628. 1934Jewish population was 7000. Effecting Jewish Community were Privileges granted by Polish king Yan III Sobeskii in 1681; building of masonry synagogue in 1782; Polish-Ukrainian War (1648-1654); and tzadakkim from Zolochev. Living here were Israil Eidelis (1505); family of tzadakkim Zlochever; and N.Imber author of the hymn 'Hatikva'. The unlandmarked Hasidic cemetery was created in the second half of the 16th century with last known Jewish burial before June 1941. The isolated urban plain has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off the road and crossing public properties (left from the road to Lvov factory area), access is open with permission. A continuuous fence with non-locking gate surrounds site. The approximate size of the cemetery before the World War II was 1.27 hectares. There are no visible tombstones. More than 75% of stones are broken. Some removed stones are part of roads or structures. Local citizens stole stones as building material. There are no separate monuments. The cemetery does not contain mass graves. Municipality owns property used as Jewish cemetery and industrial or commercial usage. The cemetery is borders residential area. The cemetery boundaries are smaller than in 1939 because of the commercial or industrial building process. Occasionally, organized individual tours and Jewish private visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized during the World War II, between 1945 and 1981 and often during last ten years. Jewish groups within the country and foreign Jewish groups fixed walls and gates in 1995. There is no care or structure. Serious threat: vandalism, incompatible development.
The mass burial site is located at the SE part of the village, castle of Zolochev, near the road to Ternopol.
The Hasidic mass burial site dates from 3.07.1941. No other town's Jews were murdered at this site. It is not listed and protected as a landmark or monument. The isolated urban south wall of the castle has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off the road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the area. There are no visible tombstones or structures. Wooden columns mark the site that contains marked and unmarked mass graves. The municipality and regional or national governmental office owns property used only as Jewish cemetery. The cemetery borders south walls of the castle. Boundaries are larger than in 1939. Rarely, private visitors stop. The mass burial site was vandalized during last ten years. A bulldozer removed part of the land near the southeast line where remains of murdered people were found. Regional/national authorities were responsible for the restoration in 1993. No current care. Serious threat: vegetation overgrowth, incompatible present and planning development. In summer near the site is high grass that prevents access. Through the South swell and a wall entry gate has been established. Now, the mass burial site can be crossed by transport. Moderate threat: safety, erosion, pollution, and vandalism.
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 11 August 2009 04:40|