ZINKOV I: US Commission No. UA22180101
Alternate name: Zinkiv (Ukraine). Zinkov is located in Khmelnitskaya at 49º5 27º4, 50 km from Kamenets-Podolskiy, 60 km from Khmelnitskiy and 101 km from Vinnitsa. The cemetery is located at Center. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was 15th century. 1939 Jewish population (census) was 2999. Effecting the Jewish Community were 1458 Magdeburg Pravo, 1648-1649 Chmelnitskiy's pogroms, 1918-20 Civil War Pogroms . The Jewish cemetery was established in 18th. Buried in the cemetery is Rabbi Itahak Mir, son of Antera, with last known Hasidic burial 1974. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated urban hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by town street, access is open to all. A continuous fence with locking gate surrounds the cemetery. 501 to 5000 stones, most in original location with 50%-75% toppled or broken, date 1780. Locations of any removed stones are unknown. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces, other metallic elements, portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns property used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are residential. The cemetery boundaries have not changed since 1939. Occasionally, Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors stop. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II and frequently in the last ten years. Jewish individuals within country and abroad and Jewish groups within country did re-erection of stones, patched broken stones, cleaned stones and cleared vegetation in 1945-48. Now, occasionally authorities clear or clean. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Very serious threat: vandalism. Serious threat: uncontrolled access. Moderate threat: pollution, vegetation and existing nearby development. Slight threat: weather erosion and proposed nearby development.
- Town officials: Vinkovtsy rayispolkom-Burkinskiy Victor Ivanovich [Phone: (04846) 21271]. Zinkovtsy Regional Dept. of Culture, Cherkpishniy Viktor Dmitrievich.
- Regional: Oblispokom-Guseynikov Evgeniy Yakovlevich [Phone: (03822) 65024]. Town officials: Oblast Dept. of Culture, Slobodyanyuk Petr Yakovlevich (03822) 65045. Others: Khmelnitskiy community 'Thiya' Mikhail Zeleniy (03822) 63047.
Oks Vladimir Moiseevich of 270065, Odessa, Varnenskaya St. 17D, Apt. 52 [Phone: (0482) 665950] visited site on 3/27/95. Interviewed were Kovalchuk I.N. of Zinkov on 3/27/95 and Petrenko S.V. of Zinkov on 3/27/95. Oks completed survey on 04/04/1995. Other documentation was inaccessible.
ZINKOV II: US Commission No. UA22180501
Alternate name: Zinkiv (Ukraine). The mass grave is located at 1500m from village, 100m from road to Kamenets-Podolskiy, East at 49º5 27º4, 50 km from Kamenets Podolskiy, 60 km from Khmelnitskiy and 101 km from Vinnitsa. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was 15th century. 1939 Jewish population (census) was 2999. Effecting the Jewish Community were 1458 Magdeburg Pravo, 1648-49 Khmelnitskiy's pogroms, and 1918-19 Civil War Pogroms. The Jewish mass grave was dug in 1942. Jews from no other towns or villages were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The suburban agricultural flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by village road, no wall, fence, or gate surrounds the mass grave. The approximate size of mass grave is now 0.01 hectares. No stones were removed. The site contains unmarked mass graves. The municipality owns property used for mass burial site. Properties adjacent are agricultural. Occasionally, organized individual tours and local residents visit. The mass grave was not vandalized in the last ten years. There is no maintenance. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access and vegetation. Slight threat: weather erosion, pollution and vandalism.
- Town officials: Vinkovtsy rayispolkom-Burkinskiy Viktor Ivanovich [Phone: (03846) 1271].
- Regional: Vinkovtsy Regional Dept. of Culture, Cerkpishniy Viktor Dmitrievich. Oblispolkom Guseynikov Evgeniy Yakovlevich (03822) 65025. Oblast Dept. of Culture Slobodyanyuk, Petr Yakovlevich (03822) 650045. Khmelnitskiy community 'Thiya' Mikhail Zeleniy (03822) 3047.
Oks Vladimir Moiseevich of 270065, Odessa, Varnenskaya St. 17D, Apt. 52 [Phone: (0482) 665950] visited site and completed survey on 3/27/95. Interviewed on 3/27/95was Tihman Lyuba Samoylovna of Zinkov [Phone: 24798] on 3/27/95.