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Alternate names: Zhytomyr Russian [Ukr], Zhitomir [Rus Житомир, Yid ז'יטומיר], Żytomierz [Pol], Schytomyr [Ger], Žytomyr, Žitomir, Shitomir, Jitomir. 50°15' N, 28°40' E , 82 miles W of Kyyiv, 71 miles N of Vinnytsya (Vinnitsa). 

  • Encyclopedia of Jewish Life (2001), pp. 1505-07: "Zhitomir".
  • Shtetl Finder (1989), pp. 126-127: "Zhitomir".
  • JewishGen Ukraine SIG
  • Jewish Community of Zhitomir: Zhitomirs Jewish Religious Community is responsible for maintaining the cemetery (cleaning, rehabilitation and restoration of individual graves, update the database of deaths). Burial"list of names graves".  Jewish community. Ukraine, Zhitomir, 7,Malaya Berdichevskaya str, 10014. tel. +38 (0412) 226608; fax +38 (0412) 222717

ZHITOMIR I:     US Commission No. UA05190101

Alternate name: Zytomierz (Yiddish), Jitomir (Russian) and Shitomir (Ukraine). Zhitomir is located in Zhitomirskaya at 50º15 28º40, 131 km from Kiev, 187 km from Rovno and 120 km from Vinnitsa. The cemetery is located at Berdichevskoye shosse. Present town population is over 100,000 with 1,001-10,000 Jews.

The earliest known Jewish community was 1622. 1926 Jewish population (census) was 29598. Living here were Slonimskiy Haim Zelich (1810-1904), Bialik Chaim (1873-1934), Volynskiy Leonid (1913-1967), Gamarnik Yan Borisovich (1894-1937) and Chernyakhovskiy Mark Isaevich (1860-1936), Veksler Vladimir Iosifovich. Buried in the cemetery are r. Moshe from Korostyshev (1920), ts.r. Mordekhay from Korostyshev (1916) and r. Yakov from Korostyshev (1941), and r. Mordekhay from Kotelnya with last known Hasidic burial in 1993. Korystyshev (29 km away) and St.Kotelnya (29 km away) used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated urban hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. A continuous masonry wall and a broken fence surround the cemetery. A gate does not lock. More than 5000 stones, with less than 25% toppled or broken, date from 1893. Locations of any removed stones are unknown. Some tombstones have portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns property used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are residential. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Occasionally, organized Jewish group tours or pilgrimage groups, Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors and local residents stop. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II, not in the last ten years or occasionally in the last ten years. Occasionally, individuals clean or clear. Within the limits of the cemetery are a pre-burial house and an ohel. Vegetation overgrowth is a constant problem, disturbing graves. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, vegetation and vandalism. Slight threat: weather erosion.

Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42 [Phone: (04141) 54259] visited site on 07/ 1/994 and 11/5/94. Interviewed in 07/1994 were Shraybman Grigoriy Mikhaylovich and Frayngold Aleksandr Ilich. Kogan completed survey on 11/11/1994.


ZHITOMIR II:     US Commission No. UA05190102

The cemetery is located at corner of Mayakovskogo St. and Parhomenko St.

  • Town officials: Town Council-Fesenko Anatoliy [Phone: (0412)372880].
  • Jewish Community, Berezin Yuliy Tsalevich [Phone: (0412)332700].

The Jewish cemetery was established in the 18th century with last known Habad Hasidic burial at end 19th century. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated urban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached at corner of Mayakovskogo St. and Parhomenko St., access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the cemetery. No stones are visible. Locations of any removed stones are unknown. The cemetery has no special sections. The oldest known gravestone dates from 20th century. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns property used for housing. Properties adjacent are residential. The cemetery boundaries are smaller now than 1939 because of housing development. The cemetery was vandalized prior to World War II. There is no maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Very serious threat: uncontrolled access, vandalism and existing nearby development. Moderate threat: proposed nearby development. Slight threat: weather erosion and pollution.

Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42 [Phone: (04141) 54259] visited site on 5/1/95. Interviewed was Kondratyuk Ruslan on 5/1/95. Kogan completed survey on 20/01/1995.

ZHITOMIR III:     US Commission No. UA05190501

The mass grave is located at Dolzhik. The Jewish mass grave was dug in 1941. Jews from no other towns or villages were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated wooded flat land has signs or plaques in local language mentioning the Holocaust. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. There is a gate that locks. 1 to 20 common tombstones, all in original location with none toppled or broken, date from 20th century. No stones were removed. The site contains marked mass graves. The municipality owns property used for mass burial site. Properties adjacent are agricultural and forest. Rarely, organized Jewish group tours or pilgrimage groups and Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors stop. This mass grave was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities did re-erection of stones in 1980. Now, occasionally authorities clear or clean. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, vegetation and vandalism. Slight threat: weather erosion, pollution, existing and proposed nearby development.

Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42 [Phone: (04141) 54259] visited site on 9/4/95. Interviewed on 25/02/1995 was Shraybman Grigoriy Mikhaylovich. Kogan completed survey on 09/04/1995.

ZHITOMIR IV:     US Commission No. UA05190103

The cemetery is SW at Chernakhovskogo St. #102-104. The Jewish cemetery was established in the 19th century with last known Habad-Lyubavich Hasidic burial 1941. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. The urban flat land, separate but near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the cemetery. No stones are visible. Locations of any removed stones are unknown. The oldest known gravestone dates from 19th century. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns property used for industrial or commercial use. Properties adjacent are residential. Rarely, local residents visit. There is no maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Very serious threat: vandalism, existing and proposed nearby development. Serious threat: uncontrolled access. Moderate threat: pollution and vegetation. Slight threat: weather erosion.

Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42 [Phone: (04141) 54259] visited site on 9/4/95. Interviewed on 15/06/1995 Omschinskiy Anton of Zhitomir, Ostrovskogo St. 3 and Kondratyuk Ruslan. Kogan completed survey on 25/06/1995.

ZHITOMIR V:     US Commission No. UA05190502

The mass grave is located between Svobody St. and Kamenka River, NW of town. Effecting the Jewish Community were 1837 Jewish printing-house, 1848 rabbinical school, 1873 Jewish teacher's institute. The Hasidic mass grave was dug in 1941. Jews from no other towns or villages were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated urban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by Maksyutova St., access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the mass grave. No stones are visible or removed. The site contains unmarked mass graves. The municipality owns property used for mass burial site, private garage. Properties adjacent are residential and shooting range of military school. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. This mass grave was not vandalized. There is no maintenance. Within the limits of the mass grave are garages. Very serious threat: existing nearby development. Serious threat: uncontrolled access. Moderate threat: pollution and proposed nearby development. Slight threat: weather erosion and vegetation.

Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42 [Phone: (04141) 54259] visited site on 16/02/1996. Interviewed on 16/02/1996 were Milinyevskaya Yanina Vikentyevna and Stanis of 2D Lane Maksyutova 5. Kogan completed survey on 22/02/1996. Other documentation was inaccessible.

ZHITOMIR VI:     US Commission No. UA05190104

The cemetery is located at SW part, Korbutovka. The Jewish cemetery was established in 1976 with last known Habad-Lyubavichi Hasidic burial 1996. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. The suburban flat land, part of a municipal cemetery, has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing other public wooded park, access is open to all. A continuous fence with non-locking gate surrounds the cemetery. 501 to 5000 stones, all in original location with none toppled or broken, date from 1976. No stones were removed. The cemetery has no special sections. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or lettering, portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns property used for Jewish section of municipal cemetery. Properties adjacent are recreational and wooded park. The cemetery boundaries are larger now than 1939. Occasionally, by local residents visit. This cemetery has not been vandalized. Local/municipal authorities did re-erection of stones, cleared vegetation, fixed wall and fixed gate in 1976. The government pays the regular caretaker. Within the limits of the cemetery are a well, an in-house [sic] and administration. The pre-burial house has a tahara (table) and other distinctive features. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, vegetation and vandalism. Slight threat: weather erosion and pollution.

Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42 [Phone: (04141) 54259] visited site on 24/05/1996. Interviewed on 24/05/1996 was Bublik Lyudmila Nikolaevna of Zhitomir, Sovetov Sq. 4. Kogan completed survey on 25/05/1996. Documentation: I. Veytsblit Movement of Jewish People in Ukraine, 1930.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 01 February 2011 13:17
 
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