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VORONOVITSA I:     US Commission No. UA01590502
The mass grave is located SE 5 km from the center of the settlement. The town is located at 49º6 28º41, 19 km from Vinnitsa. Present town population is 5,001-25,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.
  • Town officials: Settlement Soviet, Chairman Martsenuk Oleg Pavlovich [Phone: (04322)].
  • Regional State Archives of Vinnitskaya Oblast.
  • Jewish Community of Vinnitsa Chairman Desner.
The earliest known Jewish community was 18th century. 1926 Jewish population was 1418. Effecting the Jewish Community were 1919 Petlura pogroms, the Jewish ghetto and concentration camp and 1941-1942 mass execution of the Jews from community and camp. Living in this Jewish community were R. Moisha Yosel' and R. Gershko Pseyferman with last known Jewish burial in 1942. No other towns or villages Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated rural (agricultural) hillside has signs or plaques in local language and Russian mentioning the Holocaust and Russian. Reached by turning directly off a public road and crossing other public pioneer camp, access is open with permission. No wall, fence or gate surrounds the mass grave. The approximate size of mass grave before WWII was 0.00 and is now 0.02 hectares. 1 to 20 stones, all in their original location with none removed, date from 1950. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces and/or iron decorations or lettering. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns property now used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are residential and the land of the pioneer camp. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. The mass grave is visited occasionally by organized individual tours, Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors and local residents. This site was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities and Jewish individuals within country did re-erection of stones and cleared vegetation in 1960 and 1981. Occasionally, authorities clear or clean. Moderate threat: vegetation (seasonal). Slight threat: weather erosion, vandalism, existing and proposed nearby development. No threat: uncontrolled access and pollution.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 15/10/96. No interviews.
VORONOVITSA II:     US Commission No. UA01590501
See VORONOVITSA I for town information. The mass grave is located on NE outskirts, Oktyabr'skaya St. The Jewish mass grave was dug in 1941. The last known Jewish burial was in 1942. Other concentration camps Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated suburban hillside has signs or plaques in local language mentioning the Holocaust. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. A continuous fence with no gate surrounds the mass grave. The approximate size of mass grave is now 0.01 hectares. 1 to 20 stones, all in their original location, date from 1980. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces, other metallic elements and/or metal fences around graves. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns site. The mass grave property is now used for the mixed cemetery with mainly Jewish burials. Properties adjacent are commercial or industrial, agricultural and road. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. Occasionally, organized individual tours, private visitors, and local residents visit. This site was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities did re-erection of stones, cleaned stones and cleared in 1955 and 1980. Occasionally, authorities clear or clean. (See p.14 [sic]). Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, pollution, vegetation (seasonal) and existing nearby development. Slight threat: weather erosion (seasonal), vandalism and proposed nearby development.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 15/10/96. No interviews.
VORONOVITSA III:     US Commission No. UA01590101
See VORONOVITSA I for town information. The cemetery is located at SE of settlement, Kirova St. See above for town and historical information. The Jewish cemetery was established in the 18th century. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated suburban hillside and crown of a hill has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall or fence or gate surrounds the cemetery. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII was 1.00 and is now 0.48 hectares. 1 to 20 common tombstones date from 1919. Location of any removed stones is unknown. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns Jewish cemetery property and agriculture (crops or animal grazing). Properties adjacent are agricultural and residential. The cemetery boundaries are smaller now than 1939 because of housing development and agriculture. Rarely, private visitors and local residents visit. The cemetery was vandalized prior to World War II. There is no maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery the private farmstead. The cemetery is practically destroyed; on the land of cemetery, cattle graze. Serious threat: uncontrolled access, vandalism and existing nearby development (kitchen-garden of farmstead). Moderate threat: weather erosion, pollution and proposed nearby development. Slight threat: vegetation (seasonal).
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 15/10/96. Savchuk Vasily Nikitovich of 85, Krasnoarmeyskaya St. was interviewed on 14/10/96.
VORONOVITSA IV:     US Commission No. UA01590102
See VORONOVITSA I for town information. The cemetery is located at NNE outskirts, Krasnoarmeyskaya St. The Jewish cemetery was established in the 19th century century with last known Jewish burial in 1996. Vinnitsa (19 km away) used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated suburban hillside by water has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. A broken fence and non-locking gate surround the cemetery. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII and now is 0.50 hectares. 101 to 500 stones, most in their original location, date from 1936. Location of any removed stones is unknown. The cemetery has special sections for men, women but in the last ten years are buried together. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or lettering, other metallic elements, portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns Jewish cemetery property. Properties adjacent are agricultural and residential. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Occasionally, private visitors and local residents stop. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II. Jewish individuals within country cleared vegetation in 1992. The cemetery is overgrown with the grass and bushes that prevent access. Serious threat: vegetation. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion, pollution, existing and proposed nearby development. Slight threat: vandalism.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 14/10/96. Savchuk Vasily Nikitovich of 85, Krasnoarmeyskaya St. was interviewed on 14/10/96.
 
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