VLADIMIR VOLYNSKIY: may be buried at Ustilug
VLADIMIR VOLYNSKIY I: US Commission No. UA02080101
Alternate name: Lodmer (Yiddish), Wlodzimierz Wolynsky (German), Vlodzimyerz (Hungarian), Ladmir (Polish), Ludomir (Ukraine) and Rus. Vladimir Volinski (others). Vladimir Volynskiy is located in Volynskaya at 50º 51 24º20 [or 51.8 º 24.14], 75 km from Lutsk, 455 km from Kiev and 114 km from Lvov. The cemetery is located at Dragomarova St., Sagaydachnogo St., and Kotlyarevskogo St. Present town population is 25,001-100,000 with 11-100 Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was 17th century [See Vladimir Volinskiy II]. 1939 Jewish population (census) was 5917. The Jewish cemetery was established in 1717 with last known Hasidic burial 1938-1939. No other towns or villages used this cemetery. The urban flat land has signs in other languages. Reached by turning directly off a public road (Sagaidachnogo St. Kotlyarevskogo str.) and crossing private property, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the cemetery. The cemetery was levelled. 1 to 20 common tombstones, none in original location with more than 75% toppled, date from 18th century to 19th century. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns property now used for recreational use (park, playground, and sports), industrial or commercial use, and other. Properties adjacent are residential. The cemetery boundaries are smaller now than 1939 because of commercial or industrial development. Rarely, organized Jewish group tours or pilgrimage groups visit. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II. There is no maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery "other" structures. Vegetation overgrowth is a constant problem, disturbing graves. Very serious threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion, pollution, vegetation, vandalism, and existing and proposed nearby development.
- Town officials: Mayor Mamedov P.G. of Danila Galitskogo St. 5. Town Housing Dept.-Nikoldevska St.
- Regional: Volinska Oblast Cultural Department, Lytsk of Dept. for the Protection of Monuments [Phone: (03322) 42293]. Society for the Protection Of Monuments, Protas L.A. [Phone: (03322) 24649].
- Jews in the town of Vlodymyr, Volinska: Zamirakha Evgeniy Vladymyrovich (03322) 40504 work, 50343 home. Zopnitskiy Jacob Abramovich (3342) 26138.
Kirzhner Moisey Davidovich of Lutsk, Prezidenta Grushevskogo St. 18, Apt. 38 [Phone: (03322) 34775] visited site on 9/14/94. Interviewed were Mazurok Vasiliy Alekseevich [Phone: 2-38-03] and Mitrofanova O.A. on 9/13/94 and Zatiraha Evgeniy Vladimirovich [Phone: (03322) 40504] on 9/12/94. Kirzhner completed survey on 09/14/1994.
VLADIMIR VOLINSKIY II: US Commission No. UA02080502
See Vladimir Volinskiy I and III for other town information. The mass grave is located at 8 km W, on right of Ustilych highway near Pyatidny village.
The earliest known Jewish community was 1288. The Jewish population (census) 1931 was 10655. Effecting the Jewish Community were 1648-1649 and 1658 pogroms, 1923 attacks against Jewish community, and 1930 resettlement of Jews boycott. Living in this Jewish community were (1547-70) Rabbi Isaac ben Bezalel, (1580-1646) Isaac ben Samuel ha Levi, (1591) Rabbi Menahem Mendel, Rabbi Avigdor who became rabbi in Krakov in 1599, (1635-44) Rabbi Yom Tom Lipman, (1792) Rabbi Mordehn Hotlib, and Moses Sol. Karlinech. A Tzadakkim or noteworthy Jew buried in the mass grave is unkown. The rural (agricultural) flat land by water has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall or fence surrounds the mass grave. The site contains marked mass graves and unmarked mass graves. Municipality owns site. Properties adjacent are agricultural. Occasionally, organized individual tours, Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors and local residents visit. This site was not vandalized. Occasionally, authorities clear or clean. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Water drainage at the mass grave is a seasonal problem. Moderate threat: weather erosion and vegetation. Slight threat: uncontrolled access, pollution and vandalism.
- Town Archives of Kovelska Str.10 [Phone: (03342) 22791] Archive Director Tsapuk Yaroslav Vasilyavich. Historic Craft Museum at Sabornaya St. [Phone: (03342) 20620].
Sokolova I.E. visited site on 9/2/95. Interviewed on 9/2/95 were Mikita Andriy Vasilyevich, Vice-Chairman Town Exec. [Phone: 21207] and Tsaryk Yaroslav Vasilyevich, Director Town Archive [Phone: 21209]. Sokolova completed survey on 09/02/1995. Documentation: History of Towns and Villages In Ukraine. Volinsk. Kiev 1972; Short Jewish Encyclopedia. Jerusalem 1976; Jewish Encyclopaedia in 16 Vol.Brokhauz-Efron; Encyclopaedia Judaica in 17 Vol., Jerusalem.
VLADIMIR-VOLYNSKIY III: US Commission No. UA02080501
See Vladimir-Volynskiy I and II for town information. The mass grave is located at v. Pyatidin-NE near bridge over R. Luga Vladimir-Ustilych road, 51º8 24º14 and 6 km from Vladimir-Volynskiy [sic.]
The Jewish mass grave was dug in 1941. No other town or village Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated rural (agricultural) flat land at crown of a hill by water has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the mass grave. The approximate size of mass grave is now 0.01 hectares. No stones were removed. The common tombstones date from 1987. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns property used for mass burial site. Properties adjacent are agricultural. Rarely, organized Jewish group tours or pilgrimage groups visit. This site was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities did re-erection of stones in 1989. Occasionally, authorities clear or clean. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access. Slight threat: vegetation and vandalism.
- Town Executive Council, Daniila Galitskogo, 5, Mamedov P.G. Nikolayevskaya 18, Seledskiy (03342) 22455.
- Regional: Dept. of Memorial Preservation, Chemeris E.V. of 263005, Lutsk, Galana 2. Historical Museum, Vladimir-Volinskiy, Sobornaya St. 1 (03322) 42253
- Jewish Community and Volyn Jewish Community of Lutsk, Vinnichenka St. 49, Apt 6. Dolinskiy S.P. Israel, Tel-Aviv, Josef Ludmiz of Jewish Community Memorial.
Kirzhner Moisey of 263005, Lutsk, Grushevskogo St. 18, Apt. 38 [Phone: (03322) 34775] visited site on 3/15/95. Interviewed on 3/14/95 were Chemeris Y.V. of Dept. of Monuments Preservation (Lutsk) and Nakonechnyy V.A. of working group of Kniga Pamyati. Kirzhner completed survey on 03/14/1995. Documentation: 3 titles not in English letters; Shmuil Spector The Holocaust of Volynian Jews 1941-1945. Yad Vashem/the Federation of Volinyan Jews. Jerusalem, 1990.