VAPNYARKA: may be buried at Komargorod and Tomashpol
US Commission No. UA01390501
Alternate name: Vapnyarka (Yiddish). Vapnyarka is located in Vinnitskaya at 48º32 28º46, 19 km from Tomashpol, 20 km from Tulchin and 82 km from Vinnitza. The mass grave is located at E outskirts by railroad to Hristinovka. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with 11-100 Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was end 19th century. 1939 Jewish population (census) was 667. Effecting the Jewish Community were 1919 Pogroms, end 1920s. The Jewish mass grave was dug in 1942. Bessarabia (100 km away) Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated suburban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall or fence, or gate surrounds the mass grave. The approximate size of mass grave is now 0.01 hectares. No stones were removed. The site contains unmarked mass graves. Municipality owns property used for mass burial site. Properties adjacent are agricultural. Rarely, local residents visit. The mass grave was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. There is no maintenance. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Water drainage at the mass grave is a seasonal problem. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, pollution, vegetation, vandalism and existing nearby development. Slight threat: weather erosion and proposed nearby development.
- Town officials: Region Executive Committee in Tomashpol, Chairman Kovalchuk Vitaliy Semenovich [Phone: (04348) 21205].
- Regional: Tomashpol Regional Dept. of Culture, Okhota Igor Iosifovich. Vinnitsa Oblast Executive Committee, Chairman Melnik Nikolay Evtikhovich. Vinnitsa Oblast Dept. of Culture, Chairman Ilchuk Nikolay Nikolayevich. Others: Vinnitsa Oblast Dept. of Jewish Culture, Chairman Gubenko Bella Aronovna.
Oks Vladimir Moiseevich of 270065, Ukraine, Odessa, Varnenskaya 17D, Apt. 52 [Phone: (0482) 665950] visited site in 07/1994 in 04/1992. Interviewed was Kosiborod S.Y. of St. Vapnyary in 04/1994. Oks completed survey on 03/09/1995. Documentation: Odessa Oblast State Archive Fond P-2255, on. 1, d-1157, 1189, 1309, 1364.