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VAKHNOVKA I:     US Commission No. UA01560101
Alternate name: Vichnifka (Yiddish), Vachnovka (German) and Wachnowka (Polish). The cemetery is located at E outskirts, left of the road, behind the stadium. The town is located at 49º19 28º 51, 32 km from Vinnitsa and 20 km from Lipovets. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.
  • Town officials: Village Soviet Chairman Konev Vladimir Ivanovich [Phone: (071) 26314].
  • Regional: unknown. Regional State Archives of Vinnitskaya Oblast and Regional State Archives of Lipovets [Phone: (04358)21464].
  • Jewish Community of Vinnitsa, Chairman Desner.
The earliest known Jewish community was 18th century. 1926 Jewish population was 2101. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked Conservative cemetery. The isolated rural (agricultural) flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road and crossing the village stadium, access is open to all. No wall, fence or gate surrounds the cemetery. The approximate size of cemetery is now 0.04 hectares. 21 to 100 stones, most in their original location, date from 19th to 20th century. Location of any removed stones is unknown. Some tombstones have metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns Jewish cemetery property. Properties adjacent are agricultural, residential and the stadium. Occasionally, Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors and local residents visit. This cemetery was not vandalized. Jewish individuals within country cleared vegetation to 1941. There is no maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Serious threat: vegetation (seasonal overgrownth of bushes and grass). Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion (seasonal), vandalism, existing and proposed nearby development. Slight threat: pollution.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 13/10/96. No interviews. Sokolova completed survey on 13/10/96.
VAKHNOVKA II:   US Commission No. UA01560102
See Vakhovka I for town information. The cemetery is located at SW outskirts, Dzerzhinsky St. The last known Skvirskaya or Sadogurskaya Hasidic burial was 1941. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated rural (agricultural) flat land on a hillside has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. A broken fence, but no gate, surrounds the cemetery. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII and now is 1.20 hectares. 21 to 100 common tombstones, most in their original location, date from 1921. Location of any removed stones is unknown. The cemetery contains unmarked mass graves or structures. Municipality owns Jewish cemetery property. Properties adjacent are agricultural, residential and the road. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Occasionally, private visitors and local residents stop. This cemetery was not vandalized. Jewish individuals cleaned stones and cleared vegetation to 1941. Now a regular caretaker cuts the grass. During WWII, the cemetery suffered military damage. Serious threat: seasonal weather erosion. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, pollution and vegetation (seasonal). Slight threat: vandalism.      Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 13/10/96. Remeshevskaya Lidiya Ignatievna of 49, Dzerzhinskogo St. was interviewed on 13/10/96.
VAKHNOVKA III:     US Commission No. UA01560501
See Vakhovka I for town information. The Autumn 1941 mass grave is located at old Jewish cemetery, E of the village. No other towns or villages Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The rural (agricultural) flat land, part of a municipal cemetery, has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road and crossing Jewish cemetery, access is open to all. A continuous fence with no gate surrounds the mass grave. No stones are visible. Municipality owns property now used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are the land of the Jewish cemetery. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. Occasionally, private visitors and local residents visit. This site was not vandalized. Jewish individuals within country cleared vegetation in 1990 and spread the grave mound in the fence [sic]. There is no maintenance. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion (seasonal) and vegetation (seasonal). Slight threat: pollution, vandalism, existing and proposed nearby development.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 13/10/96. Pakhotnuk Efrosiniya Mefodievna of 12, 60-letiya Oktyabrya Str was interviewed on 13/10/96.
VAKHNOVKA IV:     US Commission No. UA01560502
See Vakhovka I for town information. The mass grave is located in Mikhailovsky at village SE. The Jewish mass grave was dug in Autumn 1941. No other towns or villages Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated wooded flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road and crossing public Mikhailovsky forest, access is open to all. A broken fence with no gate surrounds. 1 to 20 stones, all in their original location, date from 1950. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns property now used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are forest. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. Occasionally, organized individual tours, private visitors and local residents visit. This site was not vandalized. Jewish individuals within country did re-erection of stones, cleaned stones and cleared vegetation in 1950s. Occasionally, authorities clear or clean. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion (seasonal), vegetation (seasonal) and vandalism. Slight threat: pollution.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 12/10/96. Bogatov Viktor Alexeevich of Apt.13, 4, 60-letiya Oktyabrya str was interviewed [Phone: (071) 26346] on 12/10/96.
 
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