TULCHIN: Some from here were buried in the mass grave at Torkov.
TULCHIN: US Commission No. UA01270101
Alternate names: Turchin (Yiddish), Tultchin (Polish), Tulcin (Russian) and Tulczyn (Hebrew.) Tulchin is located in Vinnitskaya at 48º4128º52, 69 km from Vinitse. Present town population is 25,001-100,000 with 101-1,000 Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was 1607. 1926 Jewish population (census) was 7708. Effecting the Jewish community were 1743,1768 Haydamatskay Pogroms, 1918, 1919, 1920 Petura and Denikinski Pogroms, 1920 Tutunnika and Holyba Pogrom, and 1941 mass shooting of town Jewish population. Living here was M.A. Bartik, a ghetto survivor. The unlandmarked Jewish cemetery was established in 1700 century. Jews buried here are Lepier, Sheremgary, and Lambus with last known Hasidic burial 1994. The isolated urban hillside and crown of a hill has signs or plaques in local language. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. A broken fence with locking gate surrounds the cemetery. 501 to 5000 stones, most in original location with 25%-50% toppled or broken, date from 16th century. Stones removed were incorporated into roads or structures. The cemetery has special sections for men and women. Some tombstones have portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains marked mass graves. Local Jewish community and the municipality own property now used for Jewish cemetery and "other." Adjacent properties are private homes. The cemetery boundaries are larger now than 1939. Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors and local residents visit frequently. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II but not in the last ten years. Jewish individuals within country, Jewish individuals abroad and Jewish groups within country patched broken stones, cleared vegetation and fixed gate in 1988. Now, occasionally, individuals clear or clean. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures but an ohel.
- Town officials: Town Executive Council, Zaremba Evgeni Nikolayevich [Phone: (04335) 21205].
- Regional: Vinnitska Oblast Jewish Community - Desler I.A. Obshestvo Yazykoy Kultury (Society of Linguistic Culture) Prov. Kotovekno 11.
- Key Holder and Caretaker: Bartik, Mikhail Abramovitch of Prov. Kotovenko 11.
Fuks of Ulise Volodaraklo 13/4 [Phone: 358296] visited site on 4/8/94 with M.A. Bartik of Prov. Kotovenko 11, Tulchin [Phone: 2/27/79]. Interviewed were Bartik on 4/8/94. Fuks completed survey on 05/08/1994. Documentation: Town Populations in the Oodol Region. A.Krylov. 1905; History of Towns and Villages in Ukraine. Vinnitska Oblast. Kiev 1969; Short Jewish Encyclopaedia. Jerusalem 1976; Jewish Encyclopaedia in 16 Vols. Brokgayz-Efron; Encyclopaedia Judaica in 17 Vols. Jerusalem.
TULCHIN II: US Commission No. UA01270102
Alternate name: Tulcin (Yiddish), Tultchin (German) and Tuiczyn (Polish.) The town is located at 48º41 28º52, 69 km from Vinnitsa. Jewish part of town cemetery. Present town population is 5,001-25,000 with 101-1,000 Jews.
See TULCHIN I for historical information. Living here was Rabbi Aaron. The Jewish cemetery was established in 1984 with last known Jewish burial in 1996. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. The suburban agricultural flat land, part of a municipal cemetery, has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road and the town cemetery, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surround surrounds the cemetery. The approximate size of cemetery is now 0.24 hectares. 101 to 500 stones all in original location, date from 1984. The cemetery has no special sections. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or lettering, portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns site now used for the Jewish part of the town cemetery. Adjacent properties are agricultural and forest. The cemetery boundaries are larger now than 1939. Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors and local residents visit frequently. This cemetery was not vandalized. Jewish individuals within country cleaned stones and cleared vegetation continually. Slight threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion (seasonal), pollution, vegetation and vandalism.
- Town officials: Town Soviet Chairman Savchuk Vitaly Mikhailovich [Phone: (04335) 22240]Regional: Regional Archives Manager Zagrebailenko Nataliya Ivanovna [Phone: (04335)22431]. The Executive Committee of Vinnitskaya Oblast Town
- Regional State Archives of Vinnitskaya Oblast
- Jewish Community of Vinnitsa Chairman Desner and Chairman Bartik Mikhail Abramovich [Phone: (04335) 22779].
- Caretaker with key: Lipovetsky Ivan Pavlovich. Apt. 7, 4 Artobolevskogo St.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 18/10/96. Bartik Mikhail Abramovich of 11, Kotovskogo St. [Phone: (04335) 2779] was interviewed on 18/10/96.
TULCHIN III: US Commission No. UA01270501
The mass grave is located in part of the old Jewish cemetery, Michurina St. The Jewish mass grave was dug in December 1941. No Jews from other towns or villages were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The urban flat land, part of a municipal cemetery, has signs or plaques in local language mentioning the Holocaust. Reached by turning directly off a public road and the land of the cemetery, access is open to all. A continuous fence but no gate surrounds the mass grave. The approximate size of mass grave is now 0.02 hectares. 1 to 20 common tombstones date from 20th century. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns property now used for Jewish cemetery and "other." Adjacent properties are Jewish cemetery. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. Frequently, organized individual tours, Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors and local residents stop. The mass grave was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. Jewish individuals and groups within country did re-erection of stones, cleaned stones and cleared vegetation in 1950s and 1991. The Jewish Congregation of Tulchin pays the regular caretaker. Within the limits of the mass grave are no structures. Serious threat: vandalism (1994 act of vandalism.) Moderate threat: vegetation. Slight threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion (seasonal) and pollution.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 18/10/96. Bartik Mikhail Abramovich of 11, Kotovskogo St. [Phone: (04335) 22779] was interviewed on 18/10/96.