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TEPLIK: People from here were buried in the mass grave at Mikhailovka
TEPLIK I:     US Commission No. UA01680101
Teplik is located at 48º40 29º44, 38 km from Uman' and 130 km from Vinnitsa. The cemetery is located at N outskirts of settlement, Mikitenko St. on the right. Present town population is 5,001-25,000 with 11-100 Jews.
  • Town officials: Settlement Soviet Chairman Semenuk Evgeniy Grigorievich [Phone: (071) 21873] and Dept. of the Communal Economy Chairman Gutsal Vladimir Dmitrievich [Phone: (071) 21584].
  • Regional: Regional Archives of Manager-Oleynik Zinaida Gavrilovna [Phone: (071) 21482] and Regional State Archives of Vinnitskaya Oblast.
  • Jewish Community Chairman Trahtenberg Leonid Mikhailovich [Phone: (071) 21466]Jewish Community of Vinnitsa Chairman Desner.
The earliest known Jewish community was 17th century. 1926 Jewish population was 3062. Effecting the Jewish community were 1918-1920 Civil War pogroms, May 1942 Jewish ghetto and mass executions, and 1943 mass executions of the Jews from concentration camp. Living here were R. Gershko Ponamnik and R. Gershko Futoransky. The Jewish cemetery was established in the 18th century with last known Conservative Jewish burial in 1996. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated suburban ravine has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. A broken fence and a gate that does not lock surround the cemetery. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII was 3.50 and is now 4.00 hectares. The cemetery boundaries are larger now than 1939. 501 to 5000 stones, about half in their original location with 25%-50% toppled or broken, date from 1905. The cemetery has no special sections. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces, other metallic elements, portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns site now used for Jewish cemetery use only. Adjacent properties are residential, town Streets, and road. Occasionally, private visitors and local residents visit. The cemetery was not vandalized in the last ten years. Jewish individuals within country constantly cleaned stones and cleared vegetation to 1941. Now, occasionally, individuals clear or clean. Within the limits of the cemetery are two tables [taharas]. Very serious threat: uncontrolled access (The cemetery fence is broken. Across the cemetery is the road to town.) Serious threat: weather erosion (The very old cemetery gravestones are deSt.oyed. The cemetery partially plowed seasonally.); pollution (local waste dump) and vandalism (Many gravestone are not in place; 1970 acts of vandalism.) Moderate threat: vegetation, (seasonal.) Slight threat: existing and proposed nearby development.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 24/10/96. Marinina Tatiyana Moiseevna of 18, Dzerzhinskogo St. [Phone: (071) 21072] was interviewed on 24/10/96.
TEPLIK II:     US Commission No. UA01680501
See TEPLIK I for town information. The mass grave is located behind yard at the end of Bazarnaya St. On Nov.1943, Romanian Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated suburban agricultural flat land has signs or plaques in local language and Russian mentioning the Holocaust and Russian. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surround surrounds the mass grave. The approximate size of mass grave is now 0.01 hectares. 1 to 20 stones, all in original location, date from 1960. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces and iron decorations or lettering. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns property now used for the mixed cemetery with mainly Jewish burials. Adjacent properties are commercial,industrial, agricultural or road. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. Occasionally, organized individual tours, private visitors and local residents visit. This mass grave has not been vandalized. Within the limits of the mass grave are no structures. Local/municipal authorities did re-erection of stones and cleared vegetation in 1960s to make the memorial. Now, authorities clear or clean occasionally. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, vegetation (seasonal), existing and proposed nearby development. Slight threat: weather erosion, pollution and vandalism.
Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny St., Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 24/10/96. Marinina Tatiyana Moiseevna of 18, Dzerzhinskogo St. [Phone: (071) 21072] was interviewed on 24/10/96.
 
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