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SLAVUTA [SLOVITA SŁAWUTA, SLAVOUTA: KHMELNYTSKYY obslast PDF Print E-mail

Coat of arms of Slavuta Alternate names: Slavuta and Славута  [Ukr, Rus], Slovita and סלאוויטא [Yid], Sławuta [Pol], Slavouta. 50°18' N, 26°52' E, On the Horyn River, 61 miles N of Khmelnytskyy (Proskurov), 35 miles SE of Rivne (Rovno), 13 miles NNE of Izyaslav (Zaslav). Jewish population: 4,891 (in 1897), 5,102 (in 1939)

In 1791 the Szapira family set up a Hebrew printing press in Slavuta, which published an influential edition of the Talmud. Moshe Feldenkrais was born in Slavuta on May 6, 1904.
Russian Source with photos:"First mentioned under the name "Slavutin" in 1619. April 25, 1633 place Slavuta received the Magdeburg Law. Slavuta was annexed by Russia after the second partition of Poland (1793)  Until 1917, the residence of the princes Sangushko. first mention of the synagogue Slavuta found in archival documents in 1731. At the end of XVIII - first half of XIX century. Slavuty community became known for his typography based here in 1791 p.Moshe Shapiro, the son of a Hasidic tsaddik p. Pinchas b. Abraham of Koretz. After Moshe typography headed by his sons - Samuel and Pinchas. There were printed three editions of the Babylonian Talmud, Chumash published with comments Zohar and many works of Hasidic literature. Publishing made ​​Slavuta, carefully decorated.lasted a long time rivalry between the Hasidic typography typography Slavuty Vilna, supported misnagdim - opponents of Hasidism. printing in 1835 was closed and its owners arrested for the murder of a worker who informed the authorities about printing books without censorial inspection. in 1847 in the community of Jews were registered in 1658 and 4891 in 1897 (57% of the total population). In 1905, there were 3 Slavuta synagogue. in 1919-1920. occurred in 3 pogrom arranged by different groups. Jewish school was founded in 1918. Jewish population in 1926 numbered 4,701 persons (44.9%). Under Soviet rule, all the institutions of the community were destroyed. In 1935, three synagogues were closed, but the other three continued to operate. With the beginning of World War II, some Jewish families were evacuated, but most Jews remained in the city. The Germans occupied Slavuta July 7, 1941. August 18, 1941, Nazi authorities registered 1,390 Jews Slavuta (this document with the names found in Khmelnitsky archive). From August 15 to September 3, 1941 in the city was located Reserve Police Battalion, who spent two "action": August 18 killed 322 Jew, August 30 - 911 Jews. March 2, 1942 a ghetto was established. There were accommodated Jews from Slavuty, Berezdova, Krasnostava, Annopol - more than 5,000 people. Old people and more than 200 newborns were killed in the early days of creating ghettos. Children were thrown into a well. June 25, 1942 about 5,000 Jews of the ghetto were shot on a former Soviet military base, with the active assistance of the Ukrainian police. After mass shooting Nazis were caught and killed another 13 Jews. In September 1942, were shot by Jewish craftsmen remaining after the liquidation of the ghetto. Total during the occupation have killed more than 5,000 Jews Slavuty and neighboring towns. Slavuta was liberated by the Red Army, January 15, 1944. After the liberation of Jews returned to the city from the evacuation. In early 1945, the city population was 7,922 people, including 2,026 Jews. In Slavuta settled Jewish families who lived before the war in the countryside and in other areas. Jewish religious community was registered in the September 4, 1945. In 1945 Slavuta synagogue was opened (it was the only synagogue in the Khmelnitsky region). In 1965 began the decline of the Jewish population Slavuty. According to the census in 1979, the Jews lived in 1340 and 943 in 1989. At 2013 Slavuta home to about 50 Jewish synagogue still in effect, but rather as a cultural center than a religious institution. use the material site,jewua.org. Photos of fragments of books from the site klezmer.com.ua. Detailed description of the photo on the photohunt.org.ua / Slavuta.html [Mar 2014]
Before the pogroms, 500 houses were Jewish owned and still exist. Jewish shops hasincreased from 160 to 200. Slavuta was less affected than other adjoining towns by the wave of pogroms. Banditism however periodically assumed threatening dimensions.
Pogroms:
1. March 1919, organised by Petlura, 10 persons murdered, 40 wounded
2. August 1919, organized by Polish troops, 7 murdered, 3 wounded
3. September 1920, a disorganized partisan band 3 murdered, 3O wounded.
MASS GRAVES: see http://jewua.org/slavuta/

Near former military town: This place called now a Memory Fileld. Jews from Slavuta ghetto was killed at this place at  June 25, 1942. After the war commision find there 11 graves. Monument was erected in 1986. Near this place was located german's Grosslazaret 301, a military camp for wounded captives. According to soviet commision in this "hospital" were killed more than 150000 soviet soldiers.

Near sewing factory: More than 300 jewish child were thrown into a well during ghetto liquidation in March 1941. There was a building with basement where were killed  old jews and cripples from Annopol Ghetto. Monument was erected in 1990.

 

SLAVUTA I:     US Commission No. UA22190101
Alternate name: Slawuta (Yiddish), Slovita (German) and Slowita (Hungarian.) Slavuta is located in Khmelnitskaya at 50º18 26º52, 80 km from Khmelnitskiy and 56 km from Rovno. The cemetery is located at Oktyabrskaya, St. 56, W. Present town population is 25,001-100,000 with 101-1,000 Jews.

  • Town officials: Mayor Dzyun Petr Alekseevich (03842)21359. Local officials: Slavuta Rayispolkom of Rozdobutko Anatoliy Grigorievich.
  • Regional: Oblispolkom - Guseynikov Evgeniy Yakovlevich [Phone: (03822)65024]. Oblast Dept. of Culture, Slobodyanyuk Petr Yakovlevich (03822)65025.
  • Slavuta Jewish Community, Goshkins David Isaakovich.
  • The earliest known Jewish Community was 17th century. 1926 Jewish population (census) was 12000 but only 4701 in 1939. Effecting Jewish Community were 1918-1920 Civil War Pogroms and 1941-1942 Holocaust. Living here were Tsadic of Hasidic Dynasty Shapiro and Rab Itshak-Gdal Liberzon (1904-1982.) The Jewish cemetery was established in 1902. Buried here areTsadic of Hasidic Dynasty Shapiro and Rab. Itshak-Gdal Liberzon (1904-1982.) The last known Hasidic burial was 1995. The isolated suburban flat land has no sign, but has Jewish symbols on gate or wall. Reached by town street, access is open to all. A continuous fence with non-locking gate surrounds the unlandmarked cemetery. 501 to 5000 stones, all in original location with none toppled or broken, date from 1902. Location of any removed stones is unknown. The cemetery has no special sections. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces, iron decorations or lettering, with bronze decorations or lettering, other metallic elements, portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns site used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are residential and Catholic cemetery. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. The cemetery is visited frequently by organized individual tours and Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors. The cemetery was vandalized prior to World War II. Jewish individuals within country and abroad and Jewish groups within country did re-erection of stones, patched broken stones, cleaned stones, cleared vegetation, fixed wall and fixed gate 1945-48, 1990. Jewish community pays the regular caretaker. Within the limits of the cemetery are an ohel and other structures. Vegetation overgrowth and water drainage are seasonal problems. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access and vegetation. Slight threat: pollution.
  • Oks Vladimir Moiseevich of 270065, Odessa, Varnenskaya St. 17D, Apt. 52 [Phone: (0482) 665950] visited site on 3/28/95. Interviewed was Goshkis D.I., Kiperovas M.I. of Slavuta on 3/28/95. Oks completed survey on 04/06/1995.
  • SLAVUTA II:     US Commission No. UA22190102
  • See SALVUTA I for town information. The unlandmarked Hasidic cemetery is located at Revolyutsii st., W, r. Goryn. The isolated urban flat land by water has no sign or marker. Reached by town street, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the cemetery. 21 to 100 common tombstones, few in original location with more than 75% toppled or broken, date from 19th century. Location of any removed stones is unknown. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns site used for recreational use (park, playground, sports.) Properties adjacent are residential and river Goryn. The cemetery boundaries are smaller now than 1939 because of river Goryn. Local residents visit rarely. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II but not in the last ten years. There is no maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Vegetation overgrowth is a constant problem, disturbing both graves and stones. Water drainage at the cemetery is a constant problem. Very serious threat: uncontrolled access, vegetation, vandalism and existing nearby development. Moderate threat: weather erosion, pollution and proposed nearby development. See above for surveyor information.
  • SLAVUTA III:     US Commission No. UA22190501
  • See SLAVUTA I for town information.
  • The mass grave is located at center, Volodarskogo St. See Slavuta above for town and history information. The Jewish mass grave was dug in 1942. No other towns or village's Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated urban flat land has signs or plaques in local language and Hebrew mentioning Jews and the Holocaust. Reached by town street, access is open to all. A continuous fence with no gate surrounds the mass grave. The approximate size of mass grave is now 0.01 hectares. No stones were removed. Stones date from 1990. Municipality owns site. Properties adjacent are residential. Frequently, organized Jewish group tours or pilgrimage groups and Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors stop. This mass grave has not been vandalized. Authorities clean or clear occasionally. Within the limits of the mass grave are no structures. Slight threat: uncontrolled access. See above for surveyor information.
  • SLAVUTA IV:     US Commission No. UA22190502
  • See SLAVUTA I for town information.
  • The mass grave is located at Izyaslav Highway, SW, 500m from military post. The Jewish mass grave was dug in 1942. Jews of Volinaian (15 km away) were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated suburb has signs or plaques in local language and Hebrew mentioning Jews and the Holocaust. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the mass grave. The approximate size of mass grave is now 0.01 hectares. No stones were removed. Common tombstones date from 1990. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns site used for mass burial site. Properties adjacent are agricultural. Organized individual tours and Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors frequently visit. This mass grave has not been vandalized. Authorities clean or clear occasionally. Within the limits of the mass grave are no structures. Seasonal problems are vegetation overgrowth and water drainage. Moderate threat: vgetation. Slight threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion and pollution. See above for survey information.

 

Last Updated on Tuesday, 25 March 2014 23:08
 
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