SKOLE Print
SKOLE I:     US Commission No. UA13490101.
Alternative names: Other: Aleksandrya. Skole is located in Lvovskaya Oblast at 49º00' and 41º10', 38 km from Striy. The cemetery is located at the NW part of the village. Present town population is 5000-25000.
  • Town officials: town chief Marushkevich Alexandr Alexandrovich, tel.: 21491. Town Soviet is located in the center of the town.
  • Regional officials: Lvov Regional State Administration, Lvov Vinnichenko St., 18, reception room, tel.: 722947, 728093. Lvov Central State Historical Archives (CSHA), Sobornaya Square, 3a, tel.: 723508.
  • Lvov Jewish Community, Lvov Mikhnovskih St. 4, Rabbi Mordekhai Shloime Bold, tel.: 330524.
The earliest mention about Jewish Community is second half of 16th century. 1935Jewish population was 2450. Effecting Jewish Community was 30.03.1888 fire in Skole and 1808 building of synagogue by Isaak Levenvert, who paid for it. The cemetery was created is 17th century with last known Orthodox Jewish burial before June 1941. Verkhnee Sinevidnoe, 11 km away, used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated suburban hillside, near other cemeteries, has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off the road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the cemetery. The approximate size of the cemetery before the World War II was 0.65 hectares. 100-500 gravestones, 20-100 in their original location with more than 75% of stones broken, date from 19th and 20th century. Some removed stones are part of roads or structures in Skole. The sandstone and slate finely smoothed stones with inscriptions, flat stones with carves relief decoration, double tombstones, and multi-stone monuments have Hebrew, Polish, and German inscriptions. There are no separate monuments and no structures. The cemetery has no mass graves. The property is used as Jewish cemetery and part as filling station (from 1986.) The cemetery borders agriculture, commercial area, and forest. The cemetery boundaries are smaller than in 1939 because of the commercial and industrial development. Private visitors stop occasionally. The cemetery was vandalized during the World War II and since. There has been no care, no restoration. Very serious threat: vandalism, incompatible development. The Jewish cemetery was safe until the mid-1980s. Then a road near Skole was created on the cemetery grounds. The filling station established destroyed the oldest part of the cemetery.
Gelston, Lvov, 290049, PO Box 10569, tel./fax: (0322) 227490 Lvov, 290049, PO Box 10569, tel./fax: (0322) 227490 completed survey on 9.11.1998. Iosif Gelston visited the site 28.10.1998. Marushkevich Alexandr Alexandrovich, town Soviet chairman, town chief, tel.: 21491, was interviewed.Documentation: CSHA, Fond 186, Inventory 12, page 7; Slownik Krol. Pol. T.10, Street. 688, 689, Warsz., 1889 (in Polish); Catechism of Lvov archdiocese of Greek-Catholic Church , p.284, Lvov, 1935, 1936; History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine , Lvov region, Kiev, 1968, p.698.
SKOLE II:     US Commission No. UA13490501.
The cemetery is located at the NW part of the village, 500m from Jewish cemetery in the forest, in a ravine. The Orthodox cemetery was created 1943. Verkhnee Sinevidnoe Sinevidnoe (11 km away)and Nizhnee Sinevidnoe (15 km away) used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated urban hillside forest has no sign or marker. (The site is a swamp ravine terribly covered with trees and bushes.) Reached by turning directly off the road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the cemetery. There are visible tombstones, broken stones OR No gravestones, no separate monuments or structures, but there are unmarked mass graves. Municipality owns property used only as Jewish cemetery. The cemetery boundaries are larger than in 1939. Rarely, local citizens visit. The cemetery has never been vandalized. There has been no care or restoration. Very serious threat: vegetation overgrowth. Moderate threat: erosion. Slight threat: safety, pollution, vandalism, incompatible present and planned development.
Gelston, Lvov, 290049, PO Box 10569, tel./fax: (0322) 227490 Lvov, 290049, PO Box 10569, tel./fax: (0322) 227490 completed survey on 9.11.1998. Gelston visited site on 28.10.1998. Dumenets Stepan Antonovich, tel.: 22599, 24538, Village Soviet Chairman, of Verkhnee Sinevidnoe and Marushkevich Alexandr Alexandrovich, town chief of Skole, tel.: 21491, were interviewed. Documentation: Slownik Geograficzny Krolewstwa Polskiego , T.10, St.688, 689, Warszawa, 1889 (in Polish); Catechism of Lvov archdiocese of Greek-Catholic Church , p.284, Lvov 1935, 1936; History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine , Lvov region, p.698, Kiev, 1968.