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Shpykivka, Spies , Шпиківка, Shpikovka: Vinnyts'ka Oblast' PDF Print E-mail

Shpykivka, Шпиківка, Shpikovka. 48°46' N 28°37' E Vinnyts'ka Oblast'

SOURCE: with photos Spies (the old name Shpikovka, Ukr. Shpikіv gender. Shpikuv, Heb. Bacon), a settlement area Tulchinsk Vinnitsa region of Ukraine, until 1923 - a place Bratslavskogo oblast. 1765 census: village of 21 Jews in Krasne village community (now the village Red). Shpikovskie Jews rented in the nearby village Shpikovke (downstream of the river of the same name) inn with wooden distillery and two water mills. In 1852, according to official figures the number 4 here artisan Christian (all visitors) and 24 artisan-Jews, of which 16 were attributed to other townships. ... Overall Shpykivka remained affluent: In 1897 Jews managed to pave the shopping streets, using funds from the boxed collection. About twenty Jews possessed a variety of shops and stores, the vast majority of them trading in local markets, which were held every two weeks. During the Civil War, the town was established in the Jewish police to protect its inhabitants from the robbery. After killing the bandits, police commander E.I.Yanko (head of the mill), police broke it up. Shpikove was not, thankfully, the worst massacres, but passing through the town of military units and guerrillas certainly robbed Jews. Towards the end of the war both Shpikovskih Chassidic "court" had ceased to exist. Shalom Yosef with his wife and son, as well as Hawa, widow p. Mordecai, and her daughter Mira died. The surviving members of the family left the town. At the beginning of 1920, Soviet power was established. Like many towns affected during the Civil War, Shpikove organized a Jewish orphanage and a clinic. The social and professional composition of the Jewish population changed in the 1920s. In 1928 the town had 114 Jewish workers (about 25% of all workers) and 37 employees (8%), 89 artisans (more than 27% of the total number of handicraftsmen) and 70 dealers (less than 22%).According to official data, in 1928 there were 25 unemployed Shpikove Jews. In search of work and opportunity for education of Jewish youth was leaving town in a big city. Jewish population continued to decline thereafter. Before the war, 895 Jews (18% of the population). July 22, 1941, Nazi troops occupied as the township entered into the Romanian occupation of Transnistria. For Jews, a ghetto was arranged. 8 December 1941 by order of the governor of Transnistria Jews, Aleksyanu Shpikova, 848 people were evicted in the village Rogozny that bank of the Bug, slightly higher Pechora. In the town left 27 Jews. Shpikovskie Jews were placed in the clubhouse. In August 1942, they were transferred to Rogozny concentration camp at Pecheri. According to official data, 539 Jews were killed Pecheri Shpikovskogo district. During the postwar years the population decreased Shpikova particularly hard - after losing Shpikovym in 1962 the status of the district center. In 2012 the Jews in Shpikove lived. Lukin, "100 Jewish towns in Ukraine" [Mar 2014]

CEMETERY:

Shpikova opened a Chassidic Tzaddikim of "Chernobyl" settlement  dynasty. In 1885, p. Menachem Nachum Tversky called Chassidim p. Nuhimtse, was invited to bless the new Jewish cemetery. Til' that Jews were buried in the cemetery of Pecheri..According to the Hasidic rebbe legend toured the cemetery only three times instead of the usual four, because he felt bad, and he had no strength left to continue the tour. [Mar 2014]

 
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