Sadhora [Ukr], Sadagura [Rom], Sadgora [Rus], Sadagora [Ger], Sadagera [Yid], Sadagóra [Pol], Sadgura, Sadygera.48°21' N, 25°58' E, 4 miles NNE of Chernivtsi (Cernăuţi).. Jewish population: 3,888 (in 1880), 3,410 (in 1910).
Restoration project. Once a famous burial site of the Jews of Sadagura and 16 communities in its surrounds for about 250 years was desecrated during WWII. The Nazis stole gravestones for paving the streets. Some foreign Jews erected a fence that has been stolen by locals. Many of the stones are broken and toppled. Near the cemetery is the synagogue of Rabbi Abraham Jacob Friedman, a descendent of the Rushyn Dynasty. UPDATE: The Sadgora (Ukraine) cemetery has been photographed indexed, and posted online via the JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Registry. Note that many tombstones did not have surnames, but only have the patronymic name (e.g. Dov son of Moshe; Dvora daughter of Leib). JGS Ottawa provided the photographs used in this project, and Noam Silberberg indexed, translated and created the electronic database leading to 3,476 entries for all tombstones remaining at this site. [Mar 2014]
Photos. History. [August 2009]
Ehpes-Chernowitz [Mar 2014]
SADGORA I: US Commission No. UA25010102
Alternate name: Sadagora (Yiddish), Sadgora (German), Sadigera (Hungarian) and Bukovina (Slov.) Sadgora is located in Chernovitskaya at 48°20 25°57, 230 km from Lvov and 214 km from Vinnitsa. The cemetery is located at N part of town, 6 km from the center, Nalepky Street. Present town population is over 100,000 with 1,001-10,000 Jews.
- Town officials: Region Executive Committee Chairman Pavlyuk Viktor Ivanovich 274002, Chernovtsy, Central Sq. 1 [Phone: (03722) 25924]. Town Executive Committee. Town Jewish Community. [Phone: (03722) 36764].
- Regional: Dept. of Nationalities of 274010, Chernovtsy, Sovetskaya Street. 1 [Phone: (03722) 22640].
- Jewish Culture Foundation in Chernovtsy, Theatralnaya Sq. 5 [Phone: (03722) 21940]. Teacher of Jewish school, Ferdman Yephim Nikolayevich [Phone: (03722) 22745]. Region Soviet of the Society of Historical Monuments and Preservation, Hardina Valentina Alekseevna [Phone: (03722) 26650].
The earliest known Jewish Community was 18th century. 1939 Jewish population (census) was 1488. Living here was Rabbi Israel Fridman from Ruzhin (1840.) Buried in unlandmarked cemetery are Rabbi Israel and his sons. The last known Hasidic burial was 1940. The isolated suburban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road and Nalepky St., access is open to all. A continuous fence with non-locking gate surrounds the cemetery. 501 to 5000 common tombstones, most in original location with 25%-50% toppled or broken, date from 19th to 20th century. Location of any removed stones is unknown. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. Municipality owns site used for agriculture (crops or animal grazing.) Properties adjacent are residential. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Rarely, organized Jewish group tours or pilgrimage groups, Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors, and local residents visit. The cemetery was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. Cleared vegetation but now there is no maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Vegetation overgrowth and water drainage are seasonal problems. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, pollution, vegetation, vandalism and proposed nearby development. Slight threat: weather erosion and existing nearby development.
Hodorkovsky Yuriy Isaakovich of 252037, Ukraine, Kiev, Vozduhoflotsky 37a, 23 [Phone: (044) 2769505] visited site on 1/23/95. No interviews was conducted for this survey. Hodorkovsky completed survey on 01/23/1995.
Sadgura, Chernivtsi Oblast, Ukraine, located at 48 20/25 56 is about 6 km N of Chernitvtsi. The 1941 town population was 2,415 with 1,488 Jews but currently, none. The town was the home of the Sadgura Rabbis who are buried in the cemetery. The latest burial I saw was 1934 but I think there were others from just before WWII. The unlandmarked cemetery is a short distance from the congregation that used it. The isolated urban flat land with no sign or marker is reached on a public road across from homes. The site is open to all with no fence, wall, or gate. Many gravestones are visible in original location with few toppled or broken. Some stones may have been removed. Vegetation is not a problem because grazing goats and horses keep vegetation down. The cemetery is divided into women and men. The oldest tombstones date from the 19th century. The granite, finely-smoothed stones are inscribed in Yiddish and German. No known mass graves. Adjacent properties are grazing areas with a few children playing. The area of the cemetery appears to be the same size as before WWII. The site is visited rarely. The Jewish guide in Chernivtsi told me nothing Jewish remained in Sadgura and that I was wasting my time but a local Christian took me to the cemetery and synagogue. The cemetery was not vandalized. No care or maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery is an ohel. There is an enclosed area in which the Sadgura rabbis and families are buried.
Irene Silfin, 15 Audley Clr., Plainview, NY 11803. 516-935-8224 completed this survey on 15 October 1997 after a visit to the site in July 1995. No documentation was used. She spoke with the Ukrainian taxi driver, who found the cemetery and synagogue with no problem.
See also the shtetlinks site http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/sadgura/sadgura.html and
in addition, the Pinkas Hakehillot chapter on Sadgura is posted at:
[UPDATE] Photos by Charles Burns [April 2016]
[UPDATE] Cemetery photos and article on cemetery survey [April 2017]