PYATIGORY: Tetiivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast Print

Alternate names: Pyatigory [Rus], Piatohor [Yid], P'yatyhory and П'ятигори [Ukr], Piatyhory [Pol], Piatigory, Pjatigory, P'jatyhory. 49°21' N, 29°56' E, 80 miles SSW of Kyyiv, 31 miles SSW of Bila Tserkva, 12 miles E of Tetiyev. 1900 Jewish population: 1,385.

PYATIGORY I:     US Commission No. UA09280502

Alternate name: Piatohor (Yiddish), Piatyhory (German) and Pjatigory (Polish). The town is located at 49°21 29°56, 20 km from Tetiyev and 69 km from Uman'. The mass grave is located 400 m N from end of Gagarin St. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with no Jews.

  • Town: Village Executive Soviet. Chairman Rudnitskiy Anatoliy Stepanovich, of Pyatigory, 256564. [tel. 4-22-80].
  • Regional: Kiyev Regional Executive Soviet.
  • Veteran's Soviet, Chairman Mikhaylik Ivan Nikitich. [tel. 4-24-81].
  • Caretaker: Secondary School of Pyatigory director Voloshenuk Valeriy Grigo of riyevich, 256564, Pyatigory, Shkolnaya St., N1 [tel. 4-22-32].
  • Others: The director of the Museum of Dtudy of Region- Solovey Vladimir Ivanovich. [tel. 4-21-19] and Kiyev Regional State Archive.

1926 Jewish population was 532. Effecting the Jewish community was 1941 execution of 17 Jewish men by Germans.

The Jewish mass grave was dug in 1941. No other towns or villages' Jews were murdered in this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated rural, agricultural land has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing other public property (tillage), access is open to all with a continuous fence but no gate. The approximate size is now 0.02 hectares. No stones are visible OR The mass grave has only common tombstones. [Sic] The mass grave contains marked mass graves and unmarked mass graves but no structures. Municipality owns site used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are agricultural. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. Occasionally, private visitors and local residents stop. This mass grave was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities cleared vegetation 1946-1996. Now there is regular volunteer caretaker. Very serious threat: weather erosion (The mass grave is on the bottom of the ravine so the ground can be washed-out.) Serious threat: uncontrolled access Moderate threat: vegetation (seasonal). Slight threat: pollution and vandalism.

Sokolova Eleonora Yevgeniyevna of 253152, Kiyev, Tichini Str. N5, apt. 68 [tel. (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 11/09/1996. Interviewed were Slovey Vladimir Ivanovich of Pyatigory, Lugovaya St., N4, [tel. 42119] on 11/09/1996 and Lukyanuk Yevdokiya Mikhaylovna of Pyatigory, Sikorskogo St., [tel. 42154] on 11/09/1996. Documentation: Veytsblit I.I. Movement of Jewish People in Ukraine', published by 'Proletar', 1930; Jewish Encyclopedia, published by Brokgauz- Yefron', Leningrad.; The History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine. Kiyevskaya oblast, Kiyev 1971; Semyonov P., Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of Russian Empire, 1865; The list of populated areas in Kiyevskaya Province; Statistical reference-book of numbers of Jewish population in Russia', 1918.

PYATIGORY II:     US Commission No. UA09280501

The mass grave is located at S part of village, on land of SP "Pyatigory". Caretaker: The secondary school of Pyatigorsk, Shkolnaya St. N1. December 1941 was mass execution of 172 Jews (old persons, children, and womans) by Germans.The Jewish mass grave was dug December 1941. Tetiyev (20 km away) and Kashperovka (20 km away) Jews were murdered in this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated urban crown of a hillhas no sign or marker. Reached by crossing public autoworkshop, access is open to all with a continuous fence and non-locking gate. The approximate size is now 0.09 hectares. No stones are visible OR The mass grave has only common tombstones [sic]. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns site used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are commercial or industrial, agricultural and the wood-reserve. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. Occasionally, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors and local residents stop. This mass grave was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities cleared vegetation regulary 1946-1996. Now a volunteer regular caretaker takes care. Within the limits of the site are no structures. Slight threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion (seasonal) and vegetation (seasonal). No threat: pollution, vandalism, existing and proposed nearby development.

Sokolova Eleonora Yevgeniyevna of 253152, Kiyev, Tichini Str. N5, apt. 68 [tel. (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 11/09/1996. Interviewed were Slovey Vladimir Ivanovich of Pyatigory, Lugovaya St., N4, [tel. 42119] on 11/09/1996 and Lukyanuk Yevdokiya Mikhaylovna of Pyatigory, Sikorskogo St., [tel. 42154] on 11/09/1996. Documentation: Veytsblit I.I. Movement of Jewish People in Ukraine', published by 'Proletar', 1930; Jewish Encyclopedia, published by Brokgauz- Yefron', Leningrad.; The History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine. Kiyevskaya oblast, Kiyev 1971; Semyonov P., Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of Russian Empire, 1865; The list of populated areas in Kiyevskaya Province; Statistical reference-book of numbers of Jewish population in Russia', 1918.

PYATIGORY III:     US Commission No. UA09280101
The cemetery is located at S center of the village in the center park.

  • Caretaker: Tkachuk Viktor Vladimirovich, Radyanskaya St. N39 [tel. 4-21-98].
  • The last known Jewish burial was in 1941. Dibrovka (12 km away) and Strizhavka (12 km away) used this unlandmarked isolated hillside cemetery between fields and woods by water with no sign or marker. Reached by crossing other public property, access is open to all with no wall, gate, or fence. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII and now is 4.00 hectares.
  • 1-20 stones date from 20th century. Location of removed stones is unknown. Some tombstones have portraits on stones. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. The municipality owns site used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are forest. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Occasionally, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors and local residents stop. The cemetery was not vandalized in the last ten years. Local/municipal authorities cleared vegetation from 1946 to 1996. Now, there is regular caretaker paid by government. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion (seasonal) and vegetation (seasonal, disturbing graves). Slight threat: pollution.
  • Sokolova Eleonora Yevgeniyevna of 253152, Kiyev, Tichini Str. N5, apt. 68 [tel. (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 11/09/1996. Interviewed were Slovey Vladimir Ivanovich of Pyatigory, Lugovaya St., N4, [tel. 42119] on 11/09/1996 and Lukyanuk Yevdokiya Mikhaylovna of Pyatigory, Sikorskogo St., [tel. 42154] on 11/09/1996. Documentation: Veytsblit I.I. Movement of Jewish People in Ukraine', published by 'Proletar', 1930; Jewish Encyclopedia, published by Brokgauz- Yefron', Leningrad.; The History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine. Kiyevskaya oblast, Kiyev 1971; Semyonov P., Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of Russian Empire, 1865; The list of populated areas in Kiyevskaya Province; Statistical reference-book of numbers of Jewish population in Russia', 1918.
Behind the house at Kommunarov Street, 6. In the center of the village, in Lipkovsky Park, by the pond, the cemetery dates from the beginning of the 19th century. photos. [May 2010]
Last Updated on Thursday, 06 May 2010 19:44