POLONNOE: US Commission No. UA22040101
Alternate name: Polna (Russian) and Polona (Ukraine). Polonnoe is located in Khmelnitskaya at 50°7 27°31, 120 km from Zhitomir, 250 km from Kiev and 107 km from Rovno. The cemetery is located at Kirova St. 75. Present town population is 5,001-25,000 with 101-1,000 Jews.
The earliest known Jewish community was 14th century. 1939 Jewish population (census) was 5337. Effecting the Jewish Community was pogroms of B.Chmelnitskogo. The Jewish cemetery was established in 14th century with last known Hasidic Jewish burial 1994. No other towns or villages' used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated urban crown of a hill by water has signs or plaques in Yiddish. Reached by turning directly off a public road, accesses is open to all with a broken masonry wall and gate that locks. 101-500 stones, most in original location with less than 25% toppled or broken, date from 1770. Location of removed stones is unknown. The cemetery has no special sections. Some tombstones have portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. The municipality owns site used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are commercial or industrial and residential. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Frequently, organized individual tours, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors and local residents visit. The cemetery was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. Jewish survivors and the government pay the regular caretaker who cleaned stones and cleared vegetation. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Slight threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion and vandalism.
- Regional: Khmelnitskiy oblast Soviet.
- Caretaker with key: Baradey Viktor Arsenievich, Kirova St., 60.
Peysahov Dmitriy Berovich of Kiev, 40-let Oktyabrya str. 48, apt. 6 [tel. (044) 2650346] visited the site and completed survey on 10/30/94. Interviewed were not listed. No documentation was used.