PESCHANKA I: US Commission No. UA01180101
Alternate name: Pestchanka (Yiddish), Pyeschanka (Polish), Pestschanka (Russian) and Pistchanka (Ukraine). Peschanka is located in Vinnitskaya. The town is location at 48°12 28°53, 260 km from Odessa, 160 km from Vinnitsa and 120 km from Uman. The cemetery is located in the field and woods on the road to Kamenky. Present town population is 5,001-25,000 with 11-100 Jews.
Oks Vladimir Moiseevich of 270065,Oddesa, Varnenskaya St. 17D, apt. 52 [tel. (0482) 665950] visited site and completed survey on 6/20/94. Interviews were not listed. Documentation: Town Populations of the Russian Empire. Podol Region 1864; Historical Monuments in Podol-Kamanets Region. V.P.Gylman 1901. A.Krylov.1905; National Minorities in Ukraine. Register. Kharkiv 1925. Other documentation exists but was inaccessible.
PESCHANKA II: US Commission No. UA01180501
The mass grave is located at NW near the forest. Effecting the Jewish Community were 1918-1920 pogroms, end of 1920 Community organization liquidation, and 1941 when 10 local plus 70 Bessarabian Jews were shot. Remainder deported to and concentration camps. The Jewish mass grave was dug in 1941. Bessarabiya (70 km away) Jews were murdered in this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated suburban flat land between fields and woods has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing public field, access is open to all with no wall, gate, or fence. The approximate size is now 0.01 hectares. The site contains unmarked mass graves. Municipality owns site used for mass burial site. Properties adjacent are agricultural and forest. Occasionally, local residents visit. The mass grave was vandalized during World War II but not in the last ten years with no maintenance. Within the limits of the site are no structures. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Very serious threat: uncontrolled access. Moderate threat: pollution, vegetation and vandalism. Slight threat: weather erosion and existing nearby development.
Oks Vladimir Moiseevich of 270065, Ukraine, Odessa, Varnenskaya 17d,a.52 [tel. (0482) 665950] visited site in 07/1994 and 09/1991 and completed survey on 03/06/1995. Interviewed were Tischenko V. of v. Peschanka in 07/1994. Documentation: Odessa Oblast State Archive fond P-2328, on.1, d-666, 110, 673. Other documentation exists but was inaccessible.