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PEREYASLAV-KHMELNITSKIY: Kyiv Oblast PDF Print E-mail

Alternate names: Pereyaslav-Khmel'nitskiy and Переяслав-Хмельницкий [Rus], Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi [Ukr], Periyoslov [Yid], Pereyaslav, Pereiaslav, Pierejaslav, Perejasław, Perejaslawl, Pereiaslav-Poltavskyi, Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyy, Perejasław-Chmielnicki. Renamed from Pereiaslav to Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi (Переяслав-Хмельницький) in 1943. 50°05' N, 31°28' E, 48 miles ESE of Kyyiv. 1900 Jewish population: 5,754.

PEREYASLAV-KHMELNITSKIY I:     US Commission No. UA09210102
Alternate name: Pereiaslav Khmelnitskii (Yiddish), Pereiaslavl (German), Pereyaslaw (Polish) and Perejaslaw Chmelnicki (English). The town is located at 50°5 31°28, 118 km from Kiyev. The cemetery is located at S part of the town. Present town population is 5,001-25,000 with 101-1,000 Jews.

  • Town: Town Executive Soviet, Pereyaslav Khmelnitskiy, B. Khmelnitskogo N27/26, Chairman Kardash Nikolay Ivanovich, [tel. (8-267) 52503].
  • Local: Town Administration of housing and communal services, Solontsi St., N1. Director Bagno Anatoliy Ivanovich [tel. (8-267) 51750]. Town Architect, Executive Soviet, Lenina St., N37, Andriyenko Valeriy Sergejevich, [tel. (8-267) 54508].
  • Jewish Community, Chairman Gehtman Tzilya Meyrovna, Lenina St., N26/2, apt.14, [tel. (8-267)52098]. Secretary of Jewish Community, Shneyder Sofia Borisovna of Oktyabrskaja St. N45, Apt.11 [tel. (8-267) 52909].
  • Regional: Kiyevskiy Region Executive Soviet.
  • Caretaker: Golovko Boris Vasiliyevich of Dneprovskaja St., N1., [tel. (8-267)54919].

The earliest known Jewish community was 1237. 1926 Jewish population was 3590. Effecting the Jewish community were 1648 destruction of Jewish Community by Khmelnitskiy, 1881 (30.06, 2.07), 1905, 1919 (15.07) pogroms, 1941 (6.10, 7.10, 8.10) mass executions of Jews by Germans, and 1943 execution of Jewish women. The last known Jewish burial was in June 1996.

Kiyev and Lutsk used this unlandmarked cemetery. The urban flat land, part of a municipal cemetery, has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with no wall, gate, or fence. The approximate size of cemetery is now 0.20 hectares. 21-100 stones, all in original location, date from 20th century. The cemetery has no special sections. Some tombstones have other metallic elements, portraits on stones, or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains marked mass graves. The municipality owns site used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are commercial or industrial and residential. The cemetery boundaries are larger now than 1939. Frequently, organized individual tours and Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors stop. This cemetery was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities and Jewish individuals within country patched broken stones and cleared vegetation in 1953-1996. Authorities occasionally clean or clear. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access. Slight threat: weather erosion, pollution and existing nearby development.

Sokolova Eleonora Yevgeniyevna of 253152, Kiyev, Tichini Str. N5, apt. 68 [tel. (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 30/08/1996. Shnayder Sofija Borisova of Perejaslav Khmelnitskiy [tel. (8-09210102)] was interviewed on 30/08/96. Documentation: Veytsblit I.I., Movement of Jewish People in Ukraine, published by 'Proletar', 1930; Jewish Encyclopedia, published by Brokgauz-Yefron', Leningrad.; The History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine. Kiyevskaya oblast', Kiyev, 1971; Semyonov P., Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of Russian Empire, 1865; The list of populated areas in Kijevskaya Province; Statistical reference-book of numbers of Jewish population in Russia, 1918. Other documentation exists but was inaccessible.

PEREYASLAV-KHMELNITSKIY II:     US Commission No. UA09210101

The cemetery is located at SE part of town. The last known Hasidic Jewish burial was in 1952. No other towns or villages' used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated suburban hillside and crown of a hill and by water has no sign or marker OR signs in other languages [sic]. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII was 4.0 hectares. 1-20 stones, none in their original location, date from 20th century. Stones were removed to another cemetery (Dneprovskaya St., Altitskoye). The no longer extant cemetery had only common tombstones and no known mass graves. The municipality owns site used for Museum. Properties adjacent are agricultural, residential, and Museum. The cemetery boundaries are smaller now than 1939 because of Museum. Rarely, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors and local residents stop. The cemetery was vandalized occasionally in the last ten years. Local/municipal authorities and Jewish individuals within country did regular maintenance in 1952 but not since. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. The cemetery was pulled down in the 1960s for a museum.

Sokolova Eleonora Yevgeniyevna of 253152 Kiyev, Tichini Str. N5, apt. 68 [tel. (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 31/08/1996. Shnayder Sofiya Borisovna of Pereyaslav-Khmeln, Zhovtnevaya St. N45, apt. 11 [tel. 5-29-09] was interviewed on 30/08/1996. Documentation: Veytsblit I.I., Movement of Jewish People in Ukraine, published by 'Proletar', 1930; Jewish Encyclopedia, published by Brokgauz-Yefron', Leningrad; The History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine. Kiyevskaya oblast', Kiyev, 1971; Semyonov P., Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of Russian Empire, 1865; The list of populated areas in Kijevskaya Province; Statistical reference-book of numbers of Jewish population in Russia, 1918. Other documentation exists but was inaccessible.

In the SE area of the town on the grounds of the Pereiaslav national 'ethnic-historical' reserve at ul. Letopysnaia, 2. photos. The site was fenced. [May 2010]

PEREYASLAV-KHMELNITSKIY III:     US Commission No. UA09210501

The mass grave is located in the S part of the town. The last known Jewish burial was in 1943. No other towns or villages' Jews were murdered in this unlandmarked mass grave, part of a municipal cemetery, with signs or plaques in local language and Hebrew mentioning the Holocaust. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with no wall, gate, or fence. The approximate size is now 0.01 hectares. 1-20 stones, all in original location, date from 20th century. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces and metal fences around graves. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns site used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are commercial or industrial and residential. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. Frequently, organized Jewish group tours or pilgrimage groups, organized individual tours, private visitors and local residents stop. This mass grave was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities (Fruit Cannery) cleaned stones and cleared vegetation regulary, semiannually. Within the limits of the site are no structures. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access. Slight threat: weather erosion, pollution, vegetation (seasonal) and vandalism.

Sokolova Eleonora Yevgeniyevna of 253152 Kiyev, Tichini Str. N5, apt. 68 [tel. (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 31/08/1996. Shnayder Sofiya Borisovna of Pereyaslav-Khmeln, Zhovtnevaya St. N45, apt. 11 [tel. 5-29-09] was interviewed on 30/08/1996. Documentation: Veytsblit I.I., Movement of Jewish People in Ukraine, published by 'Proletar', 1930; Jewish Encyclopedia, published by Brokgauz-Yefron', Leningrad.; The History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine. Kiyevskaya oblast', Kiyev, 1971; Semyonov P., Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of Russian Empire, 1865; The list of populated areas in Kijevskaya Province; Statistical reference-book of numbers of Jewish population in Russia, 1918. Other documentation exists but was inaccessible.

Last Updated on Thursday, 06 May 2010 19:33
 
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