|PAVOLOCH: Zhitomir region, Popelnya district|
Pavoloch, also known as Pavolitsh in Yiddish, Pawolotsch in German, and Pawolocz in Polish, is a shtetl in Zhitomir region, Popelnya district.
Wikipedia. Pavoloch founded sometime in the Middle Ages, first appeared on Russian chronicles in 1503. The majority of Pavoloch's inhabitants were Jews. frequent victims of constant prejudice, who build a wooden fort around their shtetl. In 1736, a paramilitary group called the Haidamakas massacred 35 J ews. bit Pavoloch's population began to increase to 1,041 in 1765 and. In 1910 to 15,454. Most fled the Russian Civil War of 1917-1923. Remaining Jews suffered during Operation Barbarossa, when a Nazi Einsatzgruppen (SS) squad drove into Pavoloch, rounded up all Jews, and made them dig their own graves before shooting them. No Jews live in Pavoloch, but tourists, descendants of men and women who lived in the Shtetl, and people who are interested in its history visit this historic community. [Jan 2014]
ShtetLink. [Jan 2014]
Pavoloch,(Pavolitch) Ukraine Research Group [Jan 2014]
Family history article describing the town. [Jan 2014]
Descendant trip to Pavoloch. [Jan 2014]
PAVOLOCH I: US Commission No. UA05490101
The earliest known Jewish community was 1683. 1926 Jewish population (census) was 1885. Effecting the Jewish Community were 1736, 1919 pogroms, and 1926 Jewish Council. The Jewish cemetery was established in the 18th century with last known Hasidic Jewish burial at end 19th century. No other towns or villages' used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated rural (agricultural) flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with no wall, gate, or fence. No visible stones or known mass graves exist. The municipality owns site used for agriculture (crops or animal grazing) and bazaar. Properties adjacent are residential and r. Pavolochka, road to Vcherayshe. The cemetery boundaries are smaller now than 1939 because of housing development and r. Pavolochka, road to Vcherayshe. The cemetery was vandalized prior to World War II and occasionally in the last ten years with no maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery are a bazaar and a gas compressor. Very serious threat: vandalism and existing nearby development. Serious threat: uncontrolled access. Moderate threat: pollution and vegetation. Slight threat: weather erosion and proposed nearby development.
Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42. [tel. (04141)54259] visited site on 5/8/95 and completed survey on 06/10/1995. Interviewed were Retilevskaya Nina Kalenikovna of Pavoloch on 5/8/95 and Bubliy Ivan Aleksandrovich of Pavoloch on 5/8/95. Documentation: Jewish Encyclopaedia.
Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42. [tel. (04141)54259] visited site on 5/8/95 and completed survey on 05/10/1995. Interviewed were Retilevskaya Nina Kalenikovna of Mestechko St., 85 on 5/8/95 and Bubliy Ivan Aleksandrovich of Mestechko St., 25 on 5/8/95. Documentation: Jewish Encyclopaedia.
Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42. [tel. (04141)54259] visited site on 5/8/95 and completed survey on 04/10/1995. Interviewed were Bubliy Ivan Aleksandrovich on 5/8/95.
photo of Holocaust Memorial. [Jan 2014]
|Last Updated on Sunday, 12 January 2014 12:08|