|NOVA USHITSA: Kamenets-Podolski [NOVAYA USHITSA, NEI-USHITZ, OYSHITZ , USZYCA ]|
ALTERNATE NAMES: NOVA USHYTSYA and Нова Ушиця [UKR], NOVAYA USHITSA and Новая Ушица [RUS], NEI-USHITZ and נײַ־אושיצע [YID], OYSHITZ [YID], USZYCA [POL], LETNEVSKY [RUS, UNTIL 1829], USHITSA, USHITSA NOVAIA, USZYCA NOWA, NOWA USZYCA, NOVA USYCJA, NOVA-OSHITZA/.
48°50' N, 27°17' E, 35 miles ENE of Kamyanets-Podilskyy, 42 miles SSE of Khmelnytskyy (Proskurov).
Khmielnitskii (Kamenets-Podolski district until 1954),The Jewish community dates from the early 18th century. In 1765, 203 poll tax payers lived there. From 1838 to 1840, 80 Jews including rabbis and community leaders were tried in what became known as the Oyshits Incident. They were accused by the governor of Kiev, General Gurayev, of murderingt two Jews,informers on "absconders" (unregistered persons who had avoided paying taxes and doing military service) to the authorities. Most of the accused were sentenced by a military court to flogging and exiled to Siberia. 1847 census: 725 Jews in town with 1,235 in district. 1897: Jewish population 2,213 (34.5% of the total). After the Bolshevik Revolution and civil war, livelihoodsdwindled . 1926: 1,844 Jews (28.4%), and in 1939, 1,547 (55%). In the 1920s a rural Jewish Council (Soviet) existed. Germans entered the town on July 14, 1941. In September a closed ghetto was instituted. In Spring 1942 Jews from the environs were incarcertated there. On August 20, 1942, an Aktion murdered 3,222. A group taken to the labor camp in Letichev perished there. Those remaining in the town ghetto were killed on October 16, 1942. [June 2013]