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MARIUPOL [ZHDANOV, MARYUPOL]" PDF Print E-mail

ALTERNATE NAMES: MARIUPOL' [RUS МАРИУПОЛЬ / ЖДАНОВ, UKR Маріуполь], ZHDANOV [RUS, 1948-1989], MARYUPOL and מאַריופּאָל[YID]. Greek: Μαριούπολις.. 47°06' N, 37°33' E, In SE Ukraine, on the Azov Sea, at the mouth of the Kalmius River.. .

Mariupol, formerly (1948-89) Zhdanov,  city, southeastern Ukraine. It lies along the estuary of the Kalmius and Kalchik rivers, 6 miles (10 km) from the Sea of Azov. Mariupol originated as a 16th-century Cossack fortress and administrative centre named Kalmius. It was renamed Pavlovsk in 1775 after Russia assumed control over it, and in 1780 it became Mariupol after a large number of Greeks from the Crimean Peninsula were resettled there.

Jewish history [Apr 2014]

Jewish Community contqacts [Apr 2014]

KehlaLink [Apr 2014]

CEMETERY:

photos. [Apr 2014]

95 burials with photos [Apr 2014]

MASS GRAVES:

  • "Jews lived in Mariupol from the mid-nineteenth century. During the pogrom of October 20-22, 1905 in the city, 21 Jews were killed and many of the Jewish shops and houses looted. During the interwar period, Mariupol became an important industrial center. Many Jews were employed in government institutions and on industrial sites. A Yiddish school operated in the city. In 1939, 10,444 Jews lived in Mariupol, some 5 percent of the total population. On October 8, 1941, the Germans occupied Mariupol. The Jews of Mariupol were killed in two murder operations in October 1941. Mariupol was liberated by the Red Army on September 10, 1943." Source [Apr 2014]

 

Last Updated on Sunday, 13 April 2014 12:56
 
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