|KRYZHOPOL:(CRIJOPOL ,KRZYŻOPOL , KRIZHOPOL ,KRYZHOPIL) Vinnitsa Oblast|
ALTERNATE NAMES: KRYZHOPOL and Крыжополь' [RUS], KRIZHOPOL [YID], KRYZHOPIL' and Крижопіль [UKR], CRIJOPOL [ROM], KRZYŻOPOL [POL] 48°23' N, 28°53' E, 61 miles SSE of Vinnytsya, 50 miles E of Mohyliv-Podilskyy.
Source with photos.: "Kryzhopol (Ukrainian and Jewish. Krizhopіl name) - the village, the district center of Vinnitsa region, up to 1923 - the village Olgopolskogo county Podolia.
In 1870, through the station began regular Kryzhopol trains. New trade opportunities brought to the
village Jews: at the turn of the century about seven hundred Jews were the majority population Kryzhopol, although legally it is only in 1903
were allowed to "vodvoryatsya" here - in "taking action against the Provisional Regulations 1882" At the beginning of the century congregation
had two synagogues. Kryzhopol Jews owned more than thirty workshops, shops, stalls, and an inn and warehouses forests and kerosene.
Here acted Mutual Credit Society. Among the members of the liberal professions in Kryzhopol Jews were physicians, veterinarians, pharmacists
and paramedics. During the Civil War Kryzhopol often passed from hand to hand various regular troops and gangs. According to eyewitnesses,
one of the regiments of the army of the Directory, who took place in March 1919, commanded by Colonel Godlewski, a brother officer by which
escaped the pogrom in place in 1905 to him as before his brother, managed to prevent an attempt to provoke mayhem.
In May 1919 Kryzhopol city was captured by a band of peasants, but Jews, notices of preparation mayhem managed to hide, and it
remains only bandits ransack their homes and shops. Banda was expelled from the village of Red Army armored train arrived way. In August,
the Red Army retreated, and the town was captured by another peasant gang. Jews fled to gerbils (where 40 of them were killed during the
pogrom), and 20 people from those who escaped were killed later in the Kryzhopol.Kryzhopolsky Jews took part in the partisan movement:
one of the detachments of partisans in the rear of the troops led by General Denikin brothers Faleshtinskie.Kryzhopol In 1923 with a
population of about 2,700 people became a district center.The village opened a Jewish school was closed down at the end of the 1930s.
"At the request of the students' parents." Many Jewish children attended Ukrainian school.Individual families have tried to give their children a
traditional upbringing, inviting Melamedov home. Great Synagogue was demolished and in its place built a club.Jews gathered in a
"small synagogue" on the street Budgos (Banna street). In 1939 Kryzhopol Jews lived in 1400 (37% of the population) As a result of
heavy fighting, German troops occupied the railway station Kryzhopol July 22, 1941 In the village located near the German commandant,
Civilian power was transferred to the Romanian administration. Village center, where there has been a place, was burned because of the
suspicion that the vast cellars of Jewish homes populate the Red Army. Of the destroyed houses Jews moved to block the street Budgos
that between two water columns. Each house housed several families. Jews forced to wear the clothes sewed on the yellow star.
Warden settlement, as required by the Romanian administration was elected Parashchuk Ivan, the owner of the mill. Ukrainian police
obeyed him: using his position, he warned the Jews about the plans of the occupation authorities. Parashchuk was sacked six months later,
and was replaced by someone Kravets, by definition, old-timers, "excellent villain." Administration used Jews in forced labor, including
cleaning cesspools, street cleaning, loading timber, etc. In the summer of 1942 a ghetto was established. In addition to local Jews in the
ghetto placed several deportees from Romania Jewish families. "Order" in the ghetto was maintained under the supervision of
Ukrainian police chief. Ghetto prisoners helped many Ukrainian families. According to the order of the occupation authorities was demolished
remain available for a small Jewish synagogue, the main street was paved with tombstones from the Jewish cemetery. In 1943, the ghetto
population of about 1200 and 74 local Jews deported from Romania. Kryzhopol served as a transit point for many thousands of Romanian
deported to Transnistria. As a rule, they were placed in a large building of the railway club, where many of them died of typhus.After the
liberation from the Nazis Kryzhopol March 17, 1944 Romanian Jews were buried in the Jewish cemetery. Kryzhopol community without
big losses survived the occupation, in the postwar years there lived a few hundred Jews. On 2012. Jews in Krizhopol almost no Lukin,
"100 Jewish towns in Ukraine" [Mar 2014]
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 01 April 2014 17:20|