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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
801 SOSNOVOYE: Rovno Gibernia [Sosnove, SosnoweSelisht, Selishche,Seish Scihin,Siedliszcze .Sagol Slistht, Ludwipol, Ludvipol, Lyudvipol.Ludwipol ,Lyudvilpol , Lyudvopol ]
802 SOSNITZA: (Hebrew and Ukraine) see Sosnitsa
803 SOSNITSA
804 SOSNICA: (Russian) see Sosnitsa
805 SOPRANOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
806 SOLYUSHDYULA: (Hungarian) see Yulivtsy
807 SOLOTVINSKE KOPALNE: (Czech and others) see Solotvina
808 SOLOTVINSKE: (German) see Solotvina
809 SOLOTVINO: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
810 SOLOTVINA
811 SOLNECHNOE
812 SOLLOS: (German) see Vinogradov
813 SOLE LAVAN: (Hebrew and others) see Belaya Tserkov
814 SOKUL: (Polish) see Sokol
815 SOKORONE: (English) see Sokyryany
816 SOKOLOV
817 SOKOLETS
818 SOKOL
819 SOKLIEFKA-JUSTINGRAD
820 SOKIRNITSA
821 SOKAL (Sikal, Skol, Skul)
822 SOFIYEVKA: (Yiddish) see Yaromel
823 SOFIOVKA: (Polish) see Bahov and Yaromel
824 SOFIEVKA (II)
825 SOFIEVKA: (Yiddish) see Bahov and Yaromel
826 SNYATYN
827 SNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
828 SNOWSK: (German) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
829 SNOVSR: (Yiddish) see Shchors
830 SNOVSK: (Hungarian) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
831 SNOVSK: (1894-1935) (Ukraine) see Shchors
832 SNOVR: (Yiddish) see Shchors 251530 and Shchors
833 SNITOVKA , SNITOVKI
834 SNITIN , SNITN, SNYATIN: (Hungarian) see Snyatyn
835 SNIATIN , SNIATYN: (German) see Snyatyn
836 SNAMENKA: (Polish) see Znamenka
837 SMIEDZYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
838 SMIEDRYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
839 SMIDOVICHA: (English) see Chkalovo
840 SMELA" Cherkassy oblast [Smila, Belozirye]
841 SLOWITA: (Hungarian) see Slavuta
842 SLOVITA: (German) see Slavuta
843 SLOVECHNO
844 SLOTJINA: (Hebrew) see Solotvina
845 SLOTFINA: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
846 SLISHTCH YADOL: (Hungarian) see Sosnovoye
847 SLISHCH YUDOL: (German) see Sosnovoye
848 SLAVYANSK
849 SLAWUYA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
850 SLAWUTA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
851 SLAVUTA [SLOVITA SŁAWUTA, SLAVOUTA: KHMELNYTSKYY obslast
852 SLAVITA: (German) see Slavuta
853 SLAVA
854 SLATINSKE DOLY: (Czech) see Solotvina
855 SLATINA
856 KOBILNYE: See Kobyl'noye
857 SLADKOVODNOYE: see KOBILNYE
858 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
859 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
860 SKVIRA (SKVYRA): Skvyrskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
861 SKVER: (Yiddish) see Skvira
862 SKURATY
863 SKOREZ: (Polish) see Shchirets
864 SKOLE
865 SKOL: (German) see Sokal'
866 SKOBELKA
867 SKHODNITSA
868 SKELIVKA: Lvovskaya Oblast [FELSZTYN , FELSHTIN , SKELIVKA , FULLENSTEIN , FELSTIN, FELSTEEN, FEL'SHTYN, FEL'SHTIN, SKELIWKA]
869 SKALAT: Tarnopil oblast
870 SKALA PODOLSKAYA
871 SKALA NAD ZBRUCHEM: (Russian) see Skala Podolskaya
872 SKALA: (German) see Skala Podolskaya
873 SKAL: (Yiddish) see Skala Podolskaya
874 SISCAUTI: (Hungarian) see Shishkovtsy
875 SIRET: (German, Yiddish) also see Banilov
876 SINOVIR: (German) see Sinevir
877 SINEVIR
878 SIMFEROPOL
879 SIKURAN: (Polish) see Sokyryany
880 SIKERNICA: (Hungarian) see Sokirnitsa
881 SIENKIWICZOWKA: (Hungarian) see v. Senkevichevka and Senkevichevka
882 SHWARTZ STIMME: (German) see Belaya Tserkov
883 SHUMSKOYE: (Yiddish) see Shumsk
884 SHUMSK
885 SHTERNDPRF: (Yiddish) 1927-46 see v. Malaya Seymenukha
886 SHRGOROD: (Yiddish) see Shargorod
887 SHPOLA: Cherkasy oblast
888 SHPIKOV
889 SHOMSK: (Hungarian) see Shumsk
890 SHNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
891 SHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinca
892 SHLYOMARKA: see Lubormirka
893 SHKLO
894 SHITOMIR: (English, German, Russian, Slov and Ukraine) see Zhitomir
895 SHISHKOVTSY
896 SHISHKOVTSE: (Yiddish) see Shishkovtsy
897 SHIMSK: (German) see Shumsk
898 SHEPETOVKA [SHEPETIVKA , SZEPETÓWKA , SCHEPETOWKA ,SHCHEPETOVKA, SCHEPETIWKA, SZEPIETOWKA, SEPITIVKA, SHEPETIFKE, Sudilkova] : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
899 SHEPETIVKA: (Ukraine Yiddish) see Shepetovka
900 SHEPEL
 
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