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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
801 STARA SOL: (Polish) see Staraya Sol'
802 STANISWOW: (Czech) see Ivano-Frankovsk
803 STANISLAWOW: (Czech) see Ivano-Frankovsk
804 STANISLAVOV: (Hungarian) see Ivano-Frankovsk
805 STANISLAU , STANISLAV: (German) see Ivano-Frankovsk
806 STANISAVOV: (Hungarian) see Ivano-Frankovsk
807 STANISLAVCHIK: Vinnytsya oblast [Stanisławczyk , Stanislavtchik, , Stanislavchyk] Brodivskyi Raion, Lviv Oblast
808 STANILSAV , STANISLAU: (German) see Ivano-Frankovsk
809 STALIN
810 ST. KOTELNYA
811 ST. RAFALOVKA
812 SPICHENTSY
813 SPICTENTHSY
814 SOSNOVOYE: Rovno Gibernia [Sosnove, SosnoweSelisht, Selishche,Seish Scihin,Siedliszcze .Sagol Slistht, Ludwipol, Ludvipol, Lyudvipol.Ludwipol ,Lyudvilpol , Lyudvopol ]
815 SOSNITZA: (Hebrew and Ukraine) see Sosnitsa
816 SOSNITSA
817 SOSNICA: (Russian) see Sosnitsa
818 SOPRANOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
819 SOLYUSHDYULA: (Hungarian) see Yulivtsy
820 SOLOTVINSKE KOPALNE: (Czech and others) see Solotvina
821 SOLOTVINSKE: (German) see Solotvina
822 SOLOTVINO: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
823 SOLOTVINA
824 SOLNECHNOE
825 SOLLOS: (German) see Vinogradov
826 SOLE LAVAN: (Hebrew and others) see Belaya Tserkov
827 SOKUL: (Polish) see Sokol
828 SOKOLOV
829 SOKOLETS
830 SOKOL
831 SOKLIEFKA-JUSTINGRAD
832 SOKIRNITSA
833 SOKAL (Sikal, Skol, Skul)
834 SOFIYEVKA: (Yiddish) see Yaromel
835 SOFIOVKA: (Polish) see Bahov and Yaromel
836 SOFIEVKA (II)
837 SOFIEVKA: (Yiddish) see Bahov and Yaromel
838 SNYATYN
839 SNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
840 SNOWSK: (German) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
841 SNOVSR: (Yiddish) see Shchors
842 SNOVSK: (Hungarian) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
843 SNOVSK: (1894-1935) (Ukraine) see Shchors
844 SNOVR: (Yiddish) see Shchors 251530 and Shchors
845 SNITOVKA , SNITOVKI
846 SNITIN , SNITN, SNYATIN: (Hungarian) see Snyatyn
847 SNIATIN , SNIATYN: (German) see Snyatyn
848 SNAMENKA: (Polish) see Znamenka
849 SMIEDZYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
850 SMIEDRYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
851 SMIDOVICHA: (English) see Chkalovo
852 SMELA" Cherkassy oblast [Smila, Belozirye]
853 SLOWITA: (Hungarian) see Slavuta
854 SLOVITA: (German) see Slavuta
855 SLOVECHNO
856 SLOTJINA: (Hebrew) see Solotvina
857 SLOTFINA: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
858 SLISHTCH YADOL: (Hungarian) see Sosnovoye
859 SLISHCH YUDOL: (German) see Sosnovoye
860 SLAVYANSK
861 SLAWUYA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
862 SLAWUTA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
863 SLAVUTA [SLOVITA SŁAWUTA, SLAVOUTA: KHMELNYTSKYY obslast
864 SLAVITA: (German) see Slavuta
865 SLAVA
866 SLATINSKE DOLY: (Czech) see Solotvina
867 SLATINA
868 KOBILNYE: See Kobyl'noye
869 SLADKOVODNOYE: see KOBILNYE
870 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
871 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
872 SKVIRA (SKVYRA): Skvyrskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
873 SKVER: (Yiddish) see Skvira
874 SKURATY
875 SKOREZ: (Polish) see Shchirets
876 SKOLE
877 SKOL: (German) see Sokal'
878 SKOBELKA
879 SKHODNITSA
880 SKELIVKA: Lvovskaya Oblast [FELSZTYN , FELSHTIN , SKELIVKA , FULLENSTEIN , FELSTIN, FELSTEEN, FEL'SHTYN, FEL'SHTIN, SKELIWKA]
881 SKALAT: Tarnopil oblast
882 SKALA PODOLSKAYA
883 SKALA NAD ZBRUCHEM: (Russian) see Skala Podolskaya
884 SKALA: (German) see Skala Podolskaya
885 SKAL: (Yiddish) see Skala Podolskaya
886 SISCAUTI: (Hungarian) see Shishkovtsy
887 SIRET: (German, Yiddish) also see Banilov
888 SINOVIR: (German) see Sinevir
889 SINEVIR
890 SIMFEROPOL
891 SIKERNICA: (Hungarian) see Sokirnitsa
892 SIENKIWICZOWKA: (Hungarian) see v. Senkevichevka and Senkevichevka
893 SHWARTZ STIMME: (German) see Belaya Tserkov
894 SHUMSKOYE: (Yiddish) see Shumsk
895 SHUMSK
896 SHTERNDPRF: (Yiddish) 1927-46 see v. Malaya Seymenukha
897 SHRGOROD: (Yiddish) see Shargorod
898 SHPOLA: Cherkasy oblast
899 SHPIKOV
900 SHOMSK: (Hungarian) see Shumsk
 
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