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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
801 STARAYA KOTELNYA
802 STARAYA DASHEVKA: (Czech and Slov) see Dashev
803 STARAJA PRILUKA
804 STARA USHITSYA: (Ukraine) see Staraya Ushitsa
805 STARA SOL: (Polish) see Staraya Sol'
806 STANISWOW: (Czech) see Ivano-Frankovsk
807 STANISLAWOW: (Czech) see Ivano-Frankovsk
808 STANISLAVOV: (Hungarian) see Ivano-Frankovsk
809 STANISLAU , STANISLAV: (German) see Ivano-Frankovsk
810 STANISAVOV: (Hungarian) see Ivano-Frankovsk
811 STANISLAVCHIK: Vinnytsya oblast [Stanisławczyk , Stanislavtchik, , Stanislavchyk] Brodivskyi Raion, Lviv Oblast
812 STANILSAV , STANISLAU: (German) see Ivano-Frankovsk
813 STALIN
814 ST. KOTELNYA
815 ST. RAFALOVKA
816 SPICHENTSY
817 SPICTENTHSY
818 SOSNOVOYE: Rovno Gibernia [Sosnove, SosnoweSelisht, Selishche,Seish Scihin,Siedliszcze .Sagol Slistht, Ludwipol, Ludvipol, Lyudvipol.Ludwipol ,Lyudvilpol , Lyudvopol ]
819 SOSNITZA: (Hebrew and Ukraine) see Sosnitsa
820 SOSNITSA
821 SOSNICA: (Russian) see Sosnitsa
822 SOPRANOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
823 SOLYUSHDYULA: (Hungarian) see Yulivtsy
824 SOLOTVINSKE KOPALNE: (Czech and others) see Solotvina
825 SOLOTVINSKE: (German) see Solotvina
826 SOLOTVINO: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
827 SOLOTVINA
828 SOLNECHNOE
829 SOLLOS: (German) see Vinogradov
830 SOLE LAVAN: (Hebrew and others) see Belaya Tserkov
831 SOKUL: (Polish) see Sokol
832 SOKOLOV
833 SOKOLETS
834 SOKOL
835 SOKLIEFKA-JUSTINGRAD
836 SOKIRNITSA
837 SOKAL (Sikal, Skol, Skul)
838 SOFIYEVKA: (Yiddish) see Yaromel
839 SOFIOVKA: (Polish) see Bahov and Yaromel
840 SOFIEVKA (II)
841 SOFIEVKA: (Yiddish) see Bahov and Yaromel
842 SNYATYN
843 SNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
844 SNOWSK: (German) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
845 SNOVSR: (Yiddish) see Shchors
846 SNOVSK: (Hungarian) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
847 SNOVSK: (1894-1935) (Ukraine) see Shchors
848 SNOVR: (Yiddish) see Shchors 251530 and Shchors
849 SNITOVKA , SNITOVKI
850 SNITIN , SNITN, SNYATIN: (Hungarian) see Snyatyn
851 SNIATIN , SNIATYN: (German) see Snyatyn
852 SNAMENKA: (Polish) see Znamenka
853 SMIEDZYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
854 SMIEDRYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
855 SMIDOVICHA: (English) see Chkalovo
856 SMELA" Cherkassy oblast [Smila, Belozirye]
857 SLOWITA: (Hungarian) see Slavuta
858 SLOVITA: (German) see Slavuta
859 SLOVECHNO
860 SLOTJINA: (Hebrew) see Solotvina
861 SLOTFINA: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
862 SLISHTCH YADOL: (Hungarian) see Sosnovoye
863 SLISHCH YUDOL: (German) see Sosnovoye
864 SLAVYANSK
865 SLAWUYA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
866 SLAWUTA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
867 SLAVUTA [SLOVITA SŁAWUTA, SLAVOUTA: KHMELNYTSKYY obslast
868 SLAVITA: (German) see Slavuta
869 SLAVA
870 SLATINSKE DOLY: (Czech) see Solotvina
871 SLATINA
872 KOBILNYE: See Kobyl'noye
873 SLADKOVODNOYE: see KOBILNYE
874 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
875 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
876 SKVIRA (SKVYRA): Skvyrskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
877 SKVER: (Yiddish) see Skvira
878 SKURATY
879 SKOREZ: (Polish) see Shchirets
880 SKOLE
881 SKOL: (German) see Sokal'
882 SKOBELKA
883 SKHODNITSA
884 SKELIVKA: Lvovskaya Oblast [FELSZTYN , FELSHTIN , SKELIVKA , FULLENSTEIN , FELSTIN, FELSTEEN, FEL'SHTYN, FEL'SHTIN, SKELIWKA]
885 SKALAT: Tarnopil oblast
886 SKALA PODOLSKAYA
887 SKALA NAD ZBRUCHEM: (Russian) see Skala Podolskaya
888 SKALA: (German) see Skala Podolskaya
889 SKAL: (Yiddish) see Skala Podolskaya
890 SISCAUTI: (Hungarian) see Shishkovtsy
891 SIRET: (German, Yiddish) also see Banilov
892 SINOVIR: (German) see Sinevir
893 SINEVIR
894 SIMFEROPOL
895 SIKERNICA: (Hungarian) see Sokirnitsa
896 SIENKIWICZOWKA: (Hungarian) see v. Senkevichevka and Senkevichevka
897 SHWARTZ STIMME: (German) see Belaya Tserkov
898 SHUMSKOYE: (Yiddish) see Shumsk
899 SHUMSK
900 SHTERNDPRF: (Yiddish) 1927-46 see v. Malaya Seymenukha
 
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