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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
801 SNOVSR: (Yiddish) see Shchors
802 SNOVSK: (Hungarian) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
803 SNOVSK: (1894-1935) (Ukraine) see Shchors
804 SNOVR: (Yiddish) see Shchors 251530 and Shchors
805 SNITOVKA , SNITOVKI
806 SNITIN , SNITN, SNYATIN: (Hungarian) see Snyatyn
807 SNIATIN , SNIATYN: (German) see Snyatyn
808 SNAMENKA: (Polish) see Znamenka
809 SMILA: (Ukraine) see Smela
810 SMIEDZYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
811 SMIEDRYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
812 SMIDOVICHA: (English) see Chkalovo
813 SMELA
814 SLOWITA: (Hungarian) see Slavuta
815 SLOVITA: (German) see Slavuta
816 SLOVECHNO
817 SLOTJINA: (Hebrew) see Solotvina
818 SLOTFINA: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
819 SLISHTCH YADOL: (Hungarian) see Sosnovoye
820 SLISHCH YUDOL: (German) see Sosnovoye
821 SLAVYANSK
822 SLAWUYA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
823 SLAWUTA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
824 SLAVUTA [SLOVITA SŁAWUTA, SLAVOUTA: KHMELNYTSKYY obslast
825 SLAVITA: (German) see Slavuta
826 SLAVA
827 SLATINSKE DOLY: (Czech) see Solotvina
828 SLATINA
829 KOBILNYE: See Kobyl'noye
830 SLADKOVODNOYE: see KOBILNYE
831 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
832 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
833 SKVIRA (SKVYRA): Skvyrskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
834 SKVER: (Yiddish) see Skvira
835 SKURATY
836 SKOREZ: (Polish) see Shchirets
837 SKOLE
838 SKOL: (German) see Sokal'
839 SKOBELKA
840 SKHODNITSA
841 SKELIVKA: Lvovskaya Oblast [FELSZTYN , FELSHTIN , SKELIVKA , FULLENSTEIN , FELSTIN, FELSTEEN, FEL'SHTYN, FEL'SHTIN, SKELIWKA]
842 SKALAT: Tarnopil oblast
843 SKALA PODOLSKAYA
844 SKALA NAD ZBRUCHEM: (Russian) see Skala Podolskaya
845 SKALA: (German) see Skala Podolskaya
846 SKAL: (Yiddish) see Skala Podolskaya
847 SISCAUTI: (Hungarian) see Shishkovtsy
848 SIRET: (German, Yiddish) also see Banilov
849 SINOVIR: (German) see Sinevir
850 SINEVIR
851 SIMFEROPOL
852 SIKURAN: (Polish) see Sokyryany
853 SIKERNICA: (Hungarian) see Sokirnitsa
854 SIENKIWICZOWKA: (Hungarian) see v. Senkevichevka and Senkevichevka
855 SHWARTZ STIMME: (German) see Belaya Tserkov
856 SHUMSKOYE: (Yiddish) see Shumsk
857 SHUMSK
858 SHTERNDPRF: (Yiddish) 1927-46 see v. Malaya Seymenukha
859 SHRGOROD: (Yiddish) see Shargorod
860 SHPOLA
861 SHPIKOV
862 SHOMSK: (Hungarian) see Shumsk
863 SHNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
864 SHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinca
865 SHLYOMARKA: see Lubormirka
866 SHKLO
867 SHITOMIR: (English, German, Russian, Slov and Ukraine) see Zhitomir
868 SHISHKOVTSY
869 SHISHKOVTSE: (Yiddish) see Shishkovtsy
870 SHIMSK: (German) see Shumsk
871 SHEPETOVKA [SHEPETIVKA , SZEPETÓWKA , SCHEPETOWKA ,SHCHEPETOVKA, SCHEPETIWKA, SZEPIETOWKA, SEPITIVKA, SHEPETIFKE, Sudilkova] : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
872 SHEPETIVKA: (Ukraine Yiddish) see Shepetovka
873 SHEPEL
874 SHCHORS
875 SHCHERBASHINTSI
876 SHCHIRETS
877 SHATSK
878 SHAROGROD: (Ukraine) see Shargorod
879 SHARIGROD: (Russian and Ukraine) see Shargorod
880 SHARIGRAD: (Polish and Russian) see Shargorod
881 SHARGOROD [Sharhorod, Sharigro, Sarhorod] Vinnytsya oblast
882 SHARGOROD CEMETERY: see Podolia Guberniya
883 SHAPOVALOVKA (BORZNA)
884 SHANDROV: (Hungarian) see Aleksandrovka
885 SHANDREF: see Alexandrovka
886 SGORANI
887 SEYMENUKHA: (Hebrew) see Malaya Seymenukha
888 SEYDEMENUKHA: (Hebrew) see Kalininskoye
889 SEWLUSZ: (Yiddish) see Vinogradov
890 SEVLJUS: (Hebrew and others) see Vinogradov
891 SEVLIUSH: (Hebrew and Russian) see Vinogradov
892 SEVERINOVKA
893 SEREDNYA
894 SEPETIVKA: (Ukraine) see Shepetovka
895 SENKEVICHOVKA: (German) see v. Senkevichevka
896 SENKEVICHEVKA
897 SENKEVICEVKA: (Yiddish) see v. Senkevichevka
898 SEMONOVKA: (Yiddish) See SEMENIVKA: Poltavska or SEMENIVKA: Chernihiv
899 SEMENOVKA: See SEMENIVKA: Poltavska or SEMENIVKA: Chernihiv
900 SELISH: (Ukraine) see Vinogradov SELO
 
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