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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
801 SOSNITSA
802 SOSNICA: (Russian) see Sosnitsa
803 SOPRANOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
804 SOLYUSHDYULA: (Hungarian) see Yulivtsy
805 SOLOTVINSKE KOPALNE: (Czech and others) see Solotvina
806 SOLOTVINSKE: (German) see Solotvina
807 SOLOTVINO: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
808 SOLOTVINA
809 SOLNECHNOE
810 SOLLOS: (German) see Vinogradov
811 SOLE LAVAN: (Hebrew and others) see Belaya Tserkov
812 SOKUL: (Polish) see Sokol
813 SOKORONE: (English) see Sokyryany
814 SOKOLOV
815 SOKOLETS
816 SOKOL
817 SOKLIEFKA-JUSTINGRAD
818 SOKIRNITSA
819 SOKAL (Sikal, Skol, Skul)
820 SOFIYEVKA: (Yiddish) see Yaromel
821 SOFIOVKA: (Polish) see Bahov and Yaromel
822 SOFIEVKA (II)
823 SOFIEVKA: (Yiddish) see Bahov and Yaromel
824 SNYATYN
825 SNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
826 SNOWSK: (German) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
827 SNOVSR: (Yiddish) see Shchors
828 SNOVSK: (Hungarian) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
829 SNOVSK: (1894-1935) (Ukraine) see Shchors
830 SNOVR: (Yiddish) see Shchors 251530 and Shchors
831 SNITOVKA , SNITOVKI
832 SNITIN , SNITN, SNYATIN: (Hungarian) see Snyatyn
833 SNIATIN , SNIATYN: (German) see Snyatyn
834 SNAMENKA: (Polish) see Znamenka
835 SMIEDZYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
836 SMIEDRYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
837 SMIDOVICHA: (English) see Chkalovo
838 SMELA" Cherkassy oblast [Smila, Belozirye]
839 SLOWITA: (Hungarian) see Slavuta
840 SLOVITA: (German) see Slavuta
841 SLOVECHNO
842 SLOTJINA: (Hebrew) see Solotvina
843 SLOTFINA: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
844 SLISHTCH YADOL: (Hungarian) see Sosnovoye
845 SLISHCH YUDOL: (German) see Sosnovoye
846 SLAVYANSK
847 SLAWUYA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
848 SLAWUTA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
849 SLAVUTA [SLOVITA SŁAWUTA, SLAVOUTA: KHMELNYTSKYY obslast
850 SLAVITA: (German) see Slavuta
851 SLAVA
852 SLATINSKE DOLY: (Czech) see Solotvina
853 SLATINA
854 KOBILNYE: See Kobyl'noye
855 SLADKOVODNOYE: see KOBILNYE
856 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
857 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
858 SKVIRA (SKVYRA): Skvyrskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
859 SKVER: (Yiddish) see Skvira
860 SKURATY
861 SKOREZ: (Polish) see Shchirets
862 SKOLE
863 SKOL: (German) see Sokal'
864 SKOBELKA
865 SKHODNITSA
866 SKELIVKA: Lvovskaya Oblast [FELSZTYN , FELSHTIN , SKELIVKA , FULLENSTEIN , FELSTIN, FELSTEEN, FEL'SHTYN, FEL'SHTIN, SKELIWKA]
867 SKALAT: Tarnopil oblast
868 SKALA PODOLSKAYA
869 SKALA NAD ZBRUCHEM: (Russian) see Skala Podolskaya
870 SKALA: (German) see Skala Podolskaya
871 SKAL: (Yiddish) see Skala Podolskaya
872 SISCAUTI: (Hungarian) see Shishkovtsy
873 SIRET: (German, Yiddish) also see Banilov
874 SINOVIR: (German) see Sinevir
875 SINEVIR
876 SIMFEROPOL
877 SIKURAN: (Polish) see Sokyryany
878 SIKERNICA: (Hungarian) see Sokirnitsa
879 SIENKIWICZOWKA: (Hungarian) see v. Senkevichevka and Senkevichevka
880 SHWARTZ STIMME: (German) see Belaya Tserkov
881 SHUMSKOYE: (Yiddish) see Shumsk
882 SHUMSK
883 SHTERNDPRF: (Yiddish) 1927-46 see v. Malaya Seymenukha
884 SHRGOROD: (Yiddish) see Shargorod
885 SHPOLA: Cherkasy oblast
886 SHPIKOV
887 SHOMSK: (Hungarian) see Shumsk
888 SHNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
889 SHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinca
890 SHLYOMARKA: see Lubormirka
891 SHKLO
892 SHITOMIR: (English, German, Russian, Slov and Ukraine) see Zhitomir
893 SHISHKOVTSY
894 SHISHKOVTSE: (Yiddish) see Shishkovtsy
895 SHIMSK: (German) see Shumsk
896 SHEPETOVKA [SHEPETIVKA , SZEPETÓWKA , SCHEPETOWKA ,SHCHEPETOVKA, SCHEPETIWKA, SZEPIETOWKA, SEPITIVKA, SHEPETIFKE, Sudilkova] : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
897 SHEPETIVKA: (Ukraine Yiddish) see Shepetovka
898 SHEPEL
899 SHCHORS
900 SHCHERBASHINTSI
 
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