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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
801 STARAJA PRILUKA
802 STARA USHITSYA: (Ukraine) see Staraya Ushitsa
803 STARA SOL: (Polish) see Staraya Sol'
804 STANISWOW: (Czech) see Ivano-Frankovsk
805 STANISLAWOW: (Czech) see Ivano-Frankovsk
806 STANISLAVOV: (Hungarian) see Ivano-Frankovsk
807 STANISLAU , STANISLAV: (German) see Ivano-Frankovsk
808 STANISAVOV: (Hungarian) see Ivano-Frankovsk
809 STANISLAVCHIK: Vinnytsya oblast [Stanisławczyk , Stanislavtchik, , Stanislavchyk] Brodivskyi Raion, Lviv Oblast
810 STANILSAV , STANISLAU: (German) see Ivano-Frankovsk
811 STALIN
812 ST. KOTELNYA
813 ST. RAFALOVKA
814 SPICHENTSY
815 SPICTENTHSY
816 SOSNOVOYE: Rovno Gibernia [Sosnove, SosnoweSelisht, Selishche,Seish Scihin,Siedliszcze .Sagol Slistht, Ludwipol, Ludvipol, Lyudvipol.Ludwipol ,Lyudvilpol , Lyudvopol ]
817 SOSNITZA: (Hebrew and Ukraine) see Sosnitsa
818 SOSNITSA
819 SOSNICA: (Russian) see Sosnitsa
820 SOPRANOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
821 SOLYUSHDYULA: (Hungarian) see Yulivtsy
822 SOLOTVINSKE KOPALNE: (Czech and others) see Solotvina
823 SOLOTVINSKE: (German) see Solotvina
824 SOLOTVINO: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
825 SOLOTVINA
826 SOLNECHNOE
827 SOLLOS: (German) see Vinogradov
828 SOLE LAVAN: (Hebrew and others) see Belaya Tserkov
829 SOKUL: (Polish) see Sokol
830 SOKOLOV
831 SOKOLETS
832 SOKOL
833 SOKLIEFKA-JUSTINGRAD
834 SOKIRNITSA
835 SOKAL (Sikal, Skol, Skul)
836 SOFIYEVKA: (Yiddish) see Yaromel
837 SOFIOVKA: (Polish) see Bahov and Yaromel
838 SOFIEVKA (II)
839 SOFIEVKA: (Yiddish) see Bahov and Yaromel
840 SNYATYN
841 SNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
842 SNOWSK: (German) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
843 SNOVSR: (Yiddish) see Shchors
844 SNOVSK: (Hungarian) see Shchors and Shchors 251530
845 SNOVSK: (1894-1935) (Ukraine) see Shchors
846 SNOVR: (Yiddish) see Shchors 251530 and Shchors
847 SNITOVKA , SNITOVKI
848 SNITIN , SNITN, SNYATIN: (Hungarian) see Snyatyn
849 SNIATIN , SNIATYN: (German) see Snyatyn
850 SNAMENKA: (Polish) see Znamenka
851 SMIEDZYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
852 SMIEDRYBORZ: (Hungarian) see Medzhibozh
853 SMIDOVICHA: (English) see Chkalovo
854 SMELA" Cherkassy oblast [Smila, Belozirye]
855 SLOWITA: (Hungarian) see Slavuta
856 SLOVITA: (German) see Slavuta
857 SLOVECHNO
858 SLOTJINA: (Hebrew) see Solotvina
859 SLOTFINA: (Yiddish) see Solotvina
860 SLISHTCH YADOL: (Hungarian) see Sosnovoye
861 SLISHCH YUDOL: (German) see Sosnovoye
862 SLAVYANSK
863 SLAWUYA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
864 SLAWUTA: (Yiddish) see Slavuta
865 SLAVUTA [SLOVITA SŁAWUTA, SLAVOUTA: KHMELNYTSKYY obslast
866 SLAVITA: (German) see Slavuta
867 SLAVA
868 SLATINSKE DOLY: (Czech) see Solotvina
869 SLATINA
870 KOBILNYE: See Kobyl'noye
871 SLADKOVODNOYE: see KOBILNYE
872 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
873 SKWIRA: (German) see Skvira
874 SKVIRA (SKVYRA): Skvyrskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
875 SKVER: (Yiddish) see Skvira
876 SKURATY
877 SKOREZ: (Polish) see Shchirets
878 SKOLE
879 SKOL: (German) see Sokal'
880 SKOBELKA
881 SKHODNITSA
882 SKELIVKA: Lvovskaya Oblast [FELSZTYN , FELSHTIN , SKELIVKA , FULLENSTEIN , FELSTIN, FELSTEEN, FEL'SHTYN, FEL'SHTIN, SKELIWKA]
883 SKALAT: Tarnopil oblast
884 SKALA PODOLSKAYA
885 SKALA NAD ZBRUCHEM: (Russian) see Skala Podolskaya
886 SKALA: (German) see Skala Podolskaya
887 SKAL: (Yiddish) see Skala Podolskaya
888 SISCAUTI: (Hungarian) see Shishkovtsy
889 SIRET: (German, Yiddish) also see Banilov
890 SINOVIR: (German) see Sinevir
891 SINEVIR
892 SIMFEROPOL
893 SIKERNICA: (Hungarian) see Sokirnitsa
894 SIENKIWICZOWKA: (Hungarian) see v. Senkevichevka and Senkevichevka
895 SHWARTZ STIMME: (German) see Belaya Tserkov
896 SHUMSKOYE: (Yiddish) see Shumsk
897 SHUMSK
898 SHTERNDPRF: (Yiddish) 1927-46 see v. Malaya Seymenukha
899 SHRGOROD: (Yiddish) see Shargorod
900 SHPOLA: Cherkasy oblast
 
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