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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
701 TISMENITZ: see Tysmenica
702 TIMNOVICHI
703 TIACHEVO: (Russian) see Tyachev
704 TIACHEVA, TESCO: (Yiddish) see Tyachev
705 TIACHEV: (Ukraine) see Tyachev
706 TETYIOW: (Polish) see Tetiyev
707 TETIYEV (TETIIV): Tetiivskyi Raion
708 TETIEV: (German) see Tetiyev
709 TERNOVAYA BALKA
710 TERNOPIL': [Ternopil, Tarnopol, Ternopol'] Ternopil Oblast
711 TEREBOVLYA: Ternopil oblast [Теребовля, Trembowla] Trembovla, Trebevle, Terebowlja, Terebovlia,]
712 TEREBLE: (Yiddish) see Terebovlya
713 TEPLIK
714 TEKEHAZA
715 TECH: (Hungarian) see Tyachev
716 TATARBUNARY
717 TATAR BUNAR: (Russian) see Tatarbunary
718 TARUTINO ]Tarutyne, Tarutino, Tarutina. Antchikrok.Antshikrak, Anciokrak, Anciocrac, Ancecrac, Anchokrak, Tarutinskaya/ \
719 TARUJ FALU: (others) see Novoselice
720 TARNOPOL: (Russian) see Ternopol
721 TARGOWICA: (English) see Torgavitsa, (Russian) see v. Torgovitsa
722 TARGOVITZA: (English, Polish) see v. Torgovitsa & Torgavitsa
723 TARGOVITSE: (Hungarian) see Torgavitsa and v. Torgovitsa
724 TARGOVITSA: (German) see Torgavitsa and v. Ttorgovitsa
725 TARASZCZA: (Polish) see Tarashcha
726 TARASOVKA ( Boyarka and Tarasovka)
727 TARASHCHA: Kiev oblast [Tarashtcha, Tarasza, Tarasca]
728 TARASHA
729 TARAKANOV
730 TARACUJFALU: (Hebrew) see Novoselice
731 TALNOYE
732 TALMACH, TALMATCH: (German) see Tlumach
733 TACOVO: (Czech) see Tyachev
734 TACHOVO, TIACZOVO: (Polish) see Tyachev
735 TACHOVO, TETSH: (German) see Tyachev
736 SZYSZKOWCE: (Slov) see Shishkovtsy
737 SZUMSK: (Czech) see Shumsk
738 SZORTKOW: (German) see Chortkiv
739 SZOLLOS: (Hungarian) see Vinogradov
740 SZOLLOS: (Hungarian) see Vinogradov
741 SZLATINA , SLOTVINA: (Polish) see Solotvina
742 SZLATINA: (German and others) see Solotvina
743 SZEPETOWKA: (German) see Shepetovka
744 SZEPETOVKA: (Polish) see Shepetovka
745 SZEKIENCZE: (Polish) see Sokirnitsa
746 SZCZPAN: (Czech) see Stepan
747 SZARGOROD: (Polish and Ukraine) see Shargorod
748 SWIRZ: (German and Polish) see Svirzh-I and II
749 SVITYAZ
750 SVIRZH
751 SVETLOVODSK
752 SUMY
753 S. UL'YANOBKA/S. UL'YANOVKA
754 SUKHOVOLYA
755 SUKHOSTAV
756 SUHAYA BALKA
757 SUHA BALKA: (Ukraine) see Suhaya Balka
758 SUDOVAYA
759 SUDOVAYA VISHNYA
760 SUDILKOV
761 STUDENITSY
762 STUDENITSA
763 STUDENA: (Hungarian) see Nizhne Studenyy
764 STRUSOW: (German) see Strusov
765 STRUSOV [STRUSÓW STRISOV, STRUSUV] : Ternopil oblast
766 STRUSIV: (Ukraine) see Strusov
767 STRJI: (Polish) see Striy
768 STRIZINITZ: (Polish) see Storozynetz
769 STRIZHAVKA
770 STRIY
771 STRISOV: (Yiddish) see Strusov
772 STOROZHYNETS [STOROJINEŢ STORDJINET , SHTROZSHN ITZ ,, STOROZYNETZ, STOROZHIN, STOROZYNETZ, STRIZINITZ, STROZYNETZ, SOROJINET]ETS
773 STOROJINETI: (Hungarian) see Storozynetz
774 STORDJINET: (German, Yiddish and Ukraine) see Storozynetz
775 STOPTHET: (Hungarian) see Jablonov
776 STOLPIN
777 STEYNDORF: (Yiddish) see v. Malaya Seymenukha
778 STEPAN
779 STEPA: (German) see Stepan
780 STEFAN: (Hungarian) see Stepan
781 STAZZY: (German) see Stariy Chartoriysk
782 STAWISZCZE: (Polish) see Stavishche
783 STAVISHCHE
784 STAVISHCHA: (Yiddish) see Stavishche
785 STAVISCHE: (German) see Stavishche
786 STARYI YARYCHEV
787 STARY
788 STARRY CHARTOPIYSK: (German) see Stariy Chartoriysk
789 STAROKONSTANTINOW: (Ukraine) see Starokonstantinov
790 STAROMYSHCHIZNA: see VOLOCHYSK
791 STAROKONSTANTINOV, Starokonstantinov, Konstantin Yashan, Starokonstantynów ,Staro-Konstantinov, Stary Konstantynów.. Khmelnytskyy oblast
792 STARO-ZAKREVSKIY MAYDAN
793 STARIY VISHNEVETS
794 STARIY KRIVIN
795 STARIY CHARTORIYSK
796 STARI MEIDAN: Cemetery: see Podolia Guberniya: v.
797 STARAYA USHITSA
798 STARAYA SOL'
799 STARAYA RAFALOVKA: see Rafalovka
800 STARAYA KOTELNYA
 
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