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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
601 UST-SAVRAN: (Polish) see Savran
602 USNITSE PODOLYE: (Yiddish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
603 USHOMIR
604 USHITSE: (Polish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
605 USHITSA: (German) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
606 USHETSE PODOLYE: (Yiddish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
607 USHETSE: (Russian) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
608 USCHUROD: see UZHGOROD
609 UROCHISHCHE ""YABLONEV": (Yiddish) see Piryatin
610 UNIV: (Hungarian) see Ugniv
611 UNGWAR: (Hungarian) see UZHGOROD
612 UNGVAR: (German, Hungarian and Yiddish) see Uzhgorod
613 UMAN: Human
614 UL'YANOVKA: (Ukraine) see s. Ul'yanovka
615 UHNOV: (Polish) see Ugniv
616 UGNIV
617 UGLYA
618 TYSMENITSA
619 TYSMIENICA: (Hungarian) see Tysmenitsa
620 TYROV
621 TYACHEV
622 TURZYSK PREDMIESCIE, TURZ: (others) see Turiysk
623 TURSKIY- BIRSULA: (Ukraine) see Kotovsk
624 TURKEY-NYZYLKERMEN: (others) see Berislav
625 TURIYSK
626 TURISK: (German) see Turiysk
627 TURIJSK: (Russian) see Turiysk
628 TURCHIN: (Yiddish) see Tulchin
629 TURIA BISTA
630 TUPICHEV
631 TULTCHIN: (German and Polish) see Tulchin
632 TULIGOLOVO
633 TULCZYN: (Hebrew) see Tulchin
634 TULCIN: (Yiddish and Russian) see Tulchin
635 TULCHIN [TUL'CHYN , TULTCHIN TULCIN , TULCZYN , , TULCIÎN, TULTSCHIN, TULTSCHYN, TOULTCHYN, TUŁČYN: Vinnitskaya oblast
636 TULCZYN I: (Polish) see Tulchin
637 TUCHIN
638 TSVETKOVO: (Russian) see Zhovtnevoye
639 TSMINY
640 TSHARTORISK: (English) see Stariy Chartoriysk
641 TSCHETSCHELNIK: (German) see Chechelnik
642 TSCHERNIGOV: (Yiddish and Hungarian) see Chernigov
643 TSCHERIGOV: (Yiddish) see Chernigov
644 TRUVITZ: (Yiddish) see Torgavitsa and v. Torgovitsa
645 TRUSK: (Hungarian) see Turiysk
646 TRUDOVIK
647 TROYANOVKA
648 TROSTYANYETS: see TROSTIANETS and BEREZHANY
649 TROSTIANETS: Trostyanyets, Troscianiec : Sumy Oblast
650 TROSCIANIEC: see TROSTYANETS and BEREZHANY
651 TORCZYN: (Russian and Yiddish) see Torchin
652 TORCHIN
653 TOPOROW: (Polish) see Toporov
654 TOPOROV
655 TOMASHPIL: [TOMASHPOL, TOMASZPOL , TOMASHPOLYE] : Vinnytsia region
656 TOLSTOYE
657 TOLNA: see Talnoye
658 TOKVAK
659 TOKMAK
660 TLUSTE: (German) see Tolstoye
661 TLUSTE WIES: (Slov) see Tolstoye
662 TLUSTE MIASTO: (Hungarian) see Tolstoye
663 TLUSTA: (Yiddish) see Tolstoye
664 TLUMATCH: (Czech) see Tlumach
665 TLUMACZ: (Hungarian) see Tlumach
666 TLUMACH: [Tovmach, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast. TŁUMACZ, TOLMITSH, TALMATCH, TLOMATS, TLUMATCH, TOVMACH
667 TLOMATS, TLUMACZ: (Hungarian) see Tlumach
668 TISZA UJLAK: (Yiddish) see Vilok
669 TISOBEKESH: (Hungarian) see v. Bobovo
670 TISMIENICA: (German) see Tysmenitsa
671 TISMENITZ: (Yiddish) see Tysmenitsa
672 TISAYGEN: (Hungarian) see v. novoye Selo
673 TISOBEKESH: (Hungarian) see Bobovo
674 TISMENITZ: see Tysmenica
675 TIMNOVICHI
676 TIACHEVO: (Russian) see Tyachev
677 TIACHEVA, TESCO: (Yiddish) see Tyachev
678 TIACHEV: (Ukraine) see Tyachev
679 TETYIOW: (Polish) see Tetiyev
680 TETIYEV (TETIIV): Tetiivskyi Raion
681 TETIEV: (German) see Tetiyev
682 TERNOVAYA BALKA
683 TERNOPIL': [Ternopil, Tarnopol, Ternopol'] Ternopil Oblast
684 TEREBOVLYA: Ternopil oblast [Теребовля, Trembowla] Trembovla, Trebevle, Terebowlja, Terebovlia,]
685 TEREBLE: (Yiddish) see Terebovlya
686 TEPLIK
687 TEKEHAZA
688 TECH: (Hungarian) see Tyachev
689 TATARBUNARY
690 TATAR BUNAR: (Russian) see Tatarbunary
691 TARUTINO
692 TARUJ FALU: (others) see Novoselice
693 TARNOPOL: (Russian) see Ternopol
694 TARGOWICA: (English) see Torgavitsa, (Russian) see v. Torgovitsa
695 TARGOVITZA: (English, Polish) see v. Torgovitsa & Torgavitsa
696 TARGOVITSE: (Hungarian) see Torgavitsa and v. Torgovitsa
697 TARGOVITSA: (German) see Torgavitsa and v. Ttorgovitsa
698 TARASZCZA: (Polish) see Tarashcha
699 TARASOVKA ( Boyarka and Tarasovka)
700 TARASHCHA: Kiev oblast [Tarashtcha, Tarasza, Tarasca]
 
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