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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
601 TULIGOLOVO
602 TULCZYN: (Hebrew) see Tulchin
603 TULCIN: (Yiddish and Russian) see Tulchin
604 TULCHIN [TUL'CHYN , TULTCHIN TULCIN , TULCZYN , , TULCIÎN, TULTSCHIN, TULTSCHYN, TOULTCHYN, TUŁČYN: Vinnitskaya oblast
605 TULCZYN I: (Polish) see Tulchin
606 TUCHIN
607 TSVETKOVO: (Russian) see Zhovtnevoye
608 TSMINY
609 TSHARTORISK: (English) see Stariy Chartoriysk
610 TSCHETSCHELNIK: (German) see Chechelnik
611 TSCHERNIGOV: (Yiddish and Hungarian) see Chernigov
612 TSCHERIGOV: (Yiddish) see Chernigov
613 TRUVITZ: (Yiddish) see Torgavitsa and v. Torgovitsa
614 TRUSK: (Hungarian) see Turiysk
615 TRUDOVIK
616 TROYANOVKA
617 TROSTYANYETS: see TROSTIANETS and BEREZHANY
618 TROSTIANETS: Trostyanyets, Troscianiec : Sumy Oblast
619 TROSCIANIEC: see TROSTYANETS and BEREZHANY
620 TORCZYN: (Russian and Yiddish) see Torchin
621 TORCHIN
622 TOPOROW: (Polish) see Toporov
623 TOPOROV
624 TOMASHPIL: [TOMASHPOL, TOMASZPOL , TOMASHPOLYE] : Vinnytsia region
625 TOLSTOYE
626 TOLNA: see Talnoye
627 TOKVAK
628 TOKMAK
629 TLUSTE: (German) see Tolstoye
630 TLUSTE WIES: (Slov) see Tolstoye
631 TLUSTE MIASTO: (Hungarian) see Tolstoye
632 TLUSTA: (Yiddish) see Tolstoye
633 TLUMATCH: (Czech) see Tlumach
634 TLUMACZ: (Hungarian) see Tlumach
635 TLUMACH: [Tovmach, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast. TŁUMACZ, TOLMITSH, TALMATCH, TLOMATS, TLUMATCH, TOVMACH
636 TLOMATS, TLUMACZ: (Hungarian) see Tlumach
637 TISZA UJLAK: (Yiddish) see Vilok
638 TISOBEKESH: (Hungarian) see v. Bobovo
639 TISMIENICA: (German) see Tysmenitsa
640 TISMENITZ: (Yiddish) see Tysmenitsa
641 TISAYGEN: (Hungarian) see v. novoye Selo
642 TISOBEKESH: (Hungarian) see Bobovo
643 TISMENITZ: see Tysmenica
644 TIMNOVICHI
645 TIACHEVO: (Russian) see Tyachev
646 TIACHEVA, TESCO: (Yiddish) see Tyachev
647 TIACHEV: (Ukraine) see Tyachev
648 TETYIOW: (Polish) see Tetiyev
649 TETIYEV (TETIIV): Tetiivskyi Raion
650 TETIEV: (German) see Tetiyev
651 TERNOVAYA BALKA
652 TERNOPOL
653 TEREBOVLYA: Ternopil oblast [Теребовля, Trembowla] Trembovla, Trebevle, Terebowlja, Terebovlia,]
654 TEREBLE: (Yiddish) see Terebovlya
655 TEPLIK
656 TEKEHAZA
657 TECH: (Hungarian) see Tyachev
658 TATARBUNARY
659 TATAR BUNAR: (Russian) see Tatarbunary
660 TARUTINO
661 TARUJ FALU: (others) see Novoselice
662 TARNOPOL: (Russian) see Ternopol
663 TARGOWICA: (English) see Torgavitsa, (Russian) see v. Torgovitsa
664 TARGOVITZA: (English, Polish) see v. Torgovitsa & Torgavitsa
665 TARGOVITSE: (Hungarian) see Torgavitsa and v. Torgovitsa
666 TARGOVITSA: (German) see Torgavitsa and v. Ttorgovitsa
667 TARASZCZA: (Polish) see Tarashcha
668 TARASZA: (Polish) see Tarashcha
669 TARASOVKA ( Boyarka and Tarasovka)
670 TARASHTCHA: (German) see Tarashcha
671 TARASHCHA
672 TARASHA
673 TARAKANOV
674 TARACUJFALU: (Hebrew) see Novoselice
675 TALNOYE
676 TALMACH, TALMATCH: (German) see Tlumach
677 TACOVO: (Czech) see Tyachev
678 TACHOVO, TIACZOVO: (Polish) see Tyachev
679 TACHOVO, TETSH: (German) see Tyachev
680 SZYSZKOWCE: (Slov) see Shishkovtsy
681 SZUMSK: (Czech) see Shumsk
682 SZORTKOW: (German) see Chortkiv
683 SZOLLOS: (Hungarian) see Vinogradov
684 SZOLLOS: (Hungarian) see Vinogradov
685 SZLATINA , SLOTVINA: (Polish) see Solotvina
686 SZLATINA: (German and others) see Solotvina
687 SZEPETOWKA: (German) see Shepetovka
688 SZEPETOVKA: (Polish) see Shepetovka
689 SZEKIENCZE: (Polish) see Sokirnitsa
690 SZCZPAN: (Czech) see Stepan
691 SZARGOROD: (Polish and Ukraine) see Shargorod
692 SWIRZ: (German and Polish) see Svirzh-I and II
693 SVITYAZ
694 SVIRZH
695 SVETLOVODSK
696 SUMY
697 S. UL'YANOBKA/S. UL'YANOVKA
698 SUKHOVOLYA
699 SUKHOSTAV
700 SUHAYA BALKA
 
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