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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
601 USTILA: (Yiddish) see Ustilug
602 UST-SAVRAN: (Polish) see Savran
603 USNITSE PODOLYE: (Yiddish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
604 USHOMIR
605 USHITSE: (Polish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
606 USHITSA: (German) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
607 USHETSE PODOLYE: (Yiddish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
608 USHETSE: (Russian) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
609 USCHUROD: see UZHGOROD
610 UROCHISHCHE ""YABLONEV": (Yiddish) see Piryatin
611 UNIV: (Hungarian) see Ugniv
612 UNGWAR: (Hungarian) see UZHGOROD
613 UNGVAR: (German, Hungarian and Yiddish) see Uzhgorod
614 UMAN: Human
615 UL'YANOVKA: (Ukraine) see s. Ul'yanovka
616 UHNOV: (Polish) see Ugniv
617 UGNIV
618 UGLYA
619 TYSMENITSA
620 TYSMIENICA: (Hungarian) see Tysmenitsa
621 TYROV
622 TYACHEV
623 TURZYSK PREDMIESCIE, TURZ: (others) see Turiysk
624 TURSKIY- BIRSULA: (Ukraine) see Kotovsk
625 TURKEY-NYZYLKERMEN: (others) see Berislav
626 TURIYSK
627 TURISK: (German) see Turiysk
628 TURIJSK: (Russian) see Turiysk
629 TURCHIN: (Yiddish) see Tulchin
630 TURIA BISTA
631 TUPICHEV
632 TULTCHIN: (German and Polish) see Tulchin
633 TULIGOLOVO
634 TULCZYN: (Hebrew) see Tulchin
635 TULCIN: (Yiddish and Russian) see Tulchin
636 TULCHIN [TUL'CHYN , TULTCHIN TULCIN , TULCZYN , , TULCIÎN, TULTSCHIN, TULTSCHYN, TOULTCHYN, TUŁČYN: Vinnitskaya oblast
637 TULCZYN I: (Polish) see Tulchin
638 TUCHIN
639 TSVETKOVO: (Russian) see Zhovtnevoye
640 TSMINY
641 TSHARTORISK: (English) see Stariy Chartoriysk
642 TSCHETSCHELNIK: (German) see Chechelnik
643 TSCHERNIGOV: (Yiddish and Hungarian) see Chernigov
644 TSCHERIGOV: (Yiddish) see Chernigov
645 TRUVITZ: (Yiddish) see Torgavitsa and v. Torgovitsa
646 TRUSK: (Hungarian) see Turiysk
647 TRUDOVIK
648 TROYANOVKA
649 TROSTYANYETS: see TROSTIANETS and BEREZHANY
650 TROSTIANETS: Trostyanyets, Troscianiec : Sumy Oblast
651 TROSCIANIEC: see TROSTYANETS and BEREZHANY
652 TORCZYN: (Russian and Yiddish) see Torchin
653 TORCHIN
654 TOPOROW: (Polish) see Toporov
655 TOPOROV
656 TOMASHPIL: [TOMASHPOL, TOMASZPOL , TOMASHPOLYE] : Vinnytsia region
657 TOLSTOYE
658 TOLNA: see Talnoye
659 TOKVAK
660 TOKMAK
661 TLUSTE: (German) see Tolstoye
662 TLUSTE WIES: (Slov) see Tolstoye
663 TLUSTE MIASTO: (Hungarian) see Tolstoye
664 TLUSTA: (Yiddish) see Tolstoye
665 TLUMATCH: (Czech) see Tlumach
666 TLUMACZ: (Hungarian) see Tlumach
667 TLUMACH: [Tovmach, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast. TŁUMACZ, TOLMITSH, TALMATCH, TLOMATS, TLUMATCH, TOVMACH
668 TLOMATS, TLUMACZ: (Hungarian) see Tlumach
669 TISZA UJLAK: (Yiddish) see Vilok
670 TISOBEKESH: (Hungarian) see v. Bobovo
671 TISMIENICA: (German) see Tysmenitsa
672 TISMENITZ: (Yiddish) see Tysmenitsa
673 TISAYGEN: (Hungarian) see v. novoye Selo
674 TISOBEKESH: (Hungarian) see Bobovo
675 TISMENITZ: see Tysmenica
676 TIMNOVICHI
677 TIACHEVO: (Russian) see Tyachev
678 TIACHEVA, TESCO: (Yiddish) see Tyachev
679 TIACHEV: (Ukraine) see Tyachev
680 TETYIOW: (Polish) see Tetiyev
681 TETIYEV (TETIIV): Tetiivskyi Raion
682 TETIEV: (German) see Tetiyev
683 TERNOVAYA BALKA
684 TERNOPIL': [Ternopil, Tarnopol, Ternopol'] Ternopil Oblast
685 TEREBOVLYA: Ternopil oblast [Теребовля, Trembowla] Trembovla, Trebevle, Terebowlja, Terebovlia,]
686 TEREBLE: (Yiddish) see Terebovlya
687 TEPLIK
688 TEKEHAZA
689 TECH: (Hungarian) see Tyachev
690 TATARBUNARY
691 TATAR BUNAR: (Russian) see Tatarbunary
692 TARUTINO
693 TARUJ FALU: (others) see Novoselice
694 TARNOPOL: (Russian) see Ternopol
695 TARGOWICA: (English) see Torgavitsa, (Russian) see v. Torgovitsa
696 TARGOVITZA: (English, Polish) see v. Torgovitsa & Torgavitsa
697 TARGOVITSE: (Hungarian) see Torgavitsa and v. Torgovitsa
698 TARGOVITSA: (German) see Torgavitsa and v. Ttorgovitsa
699 TARASZCZA: (Polish) see Tarashcha
700 TARASOVKA ( Boyarka and Tarasovka)
 
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