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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.

[UPDATE] Ukraine-Israel Community Information/Pictures of Cemteries and more [October 2017]

    Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
601 VASCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy
602 VARYAZH
603 VARVAROVKA
604 VARKOVITS: (Ukraine) see Varkovichi
605 VARKOVICHI
606 VARKOVICHE: (Russian) see Varkovichi
607 VAPNYARKA [VAPNIARCA, WAPNIARKA , VAPNIARKA, WAPNJARKA] [Vinnytsia oblast ]
608 VALYA GOTZILUY: (Moldavsk) (others) see Dolinskoye
609 VALIATIN: (Ukraine) see v. Velyatin and Velyatin
610 VALEHOTZULOVO: (Hungarian) see Dolinskoye
611 VALEGOTSULOVO: (German) see Dolinskoye
612 VALEGOTSOLOVO: (Slov) see Dolinskoye
613 VALEDOTZULOVO: (Hungarian) see Dolinskoye
614 VALEDOTSOLOVO: (German and Slov) see Dolinskoye
615 VAKHNOVKA
616 VACHNOVKA: (German) see Vakhnovka
617 UZYERNI, YEZHERNE, YEZHYE: (Czech, English) see Ozeryany
618 UZLOVOE
619 UZIRNA: (Hungarian) see Ozeryany
620 UZIERANY: (Hungarian) see Ozeryani (wolyn 2)
621 UZHOROD: (Russian) see Uzhgorod
622 UZHHOROD: (Czech) see Uzhgorod
623 UZHGOROD
624 USTYE
625 USTYA: (Ukraine) see Ustye
626 USTINOVKA
627 USTILUG
628 USTILA: (Yiddish) see Ustilug
629 UST-SAVRAN: (Polish) see Savran
630 USNITSE PODOLYE: (Yiddish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
631 USHOMIR
632 USHITSE: (Polish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
633 USHITSA: (German) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
634 USHETSE PODOLYE: (Yiddish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
635 USHETSE: (Russian) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
636 USCHUROD: see UZHGOROD
637 UROCHISHCHE ""YABLONEV": (Yiddish) see Piryatin
638 UNIV: (Hungarian) see Ugniv
639 UNGWAR: (Hungarian) see UZHGOROD
640 UNGVAR: (German, Hungarian and Yiddish) see Uzhgorod
641 UMAN: Human
642 UL'YANOVKA: (Ukraine) see s. Ul'yanovka
643 UHNOV: (Polish) see Ugniv
644 UGNIV
645 UGLYA
646 TYSMENITSA
647 TYSMIENICA: (Hungarian) see Tysmenitsa
648 TYROV
649 TYACHEV
650 TURZYSK PREDMIESCIE, TURZ: (others) see Turiysk
651 TURSKIY- BIRSULA: (Ukraine) see Kotovsk
652 TURKEY-NYZYLKERMEN: (others) see Berislav
653 TURIYSK
654 TURISK: (German) see Turiysk
655 TURIJSK: (Russian) see Turiysk
656 TURCHIN: (Yiddish) see Tulchin
657 TURIA BISTA
658 TUPICHEV
659 TULTCHIN: (German and Polish) see Tulchin
660 TULIGOLOVO
661 TULCZYN: (Hebrew) see Tulchin
662 TULCIN: (Yiddish and Russian) see Tulchin
663 TULCHIN [TUL'CHYN , TULTCHIN TULCIN , TULCZYN , , TULCIÎN, TULTSCHIN, TULTSCHYN, TOULTCHYN, TUŁČYN: Vinnitskaya oblast
664 TULCZYN I: (Polish) see Tulchin
665 TUCHIN
666 TSVETKOVO: (Russian) see Zhovtnevoye
667 TSMINY
668 TSHARTORISK: (English) see Stariy Chartoriysk
669 TSCHETSCHELNIK: (German) see Chechelnik
670 TSCHERNIGOV: (Yiddish and Hungarian) see Chernigov
671 TSCHERIGOV: (Yiddish) see Chernigov
672 TRUVITZ: (Yiddish) see Torgavitsa and v. Torgovitsa
673 TRUSK: (Hungarian) see Turiysk
674 TRUDOVIK
675 TROYANOVKA
676 TROSTYANYETS: see TROSTIANETS and BEREZHANY
677 TROSTIANETS: Trostyanyets, Troscianiec : Sumy Oblast
678 TROSCIANIEC: see TROSTYANETS and BEREZHANY
679 TORCZYN: (Russian and Yiddish) see Torchin
680 TORCHIN
681 TOPOROW: (Polish) see Toporov
682 TOPOROV
683 TOMASHPIL: [TOMASHPOL, TOMASZPOL , TOMASHPOLYE] : Vinnytsia region
684 TOLSTOYE
685 TOLNA: see Talnoye
686 TOKVAK
687 TOKMAK
688 TLUSTE: (German) see Tolstoye
689 TLUSTE WIES: (Slov) see Tolstoye
690 TLUSTE MIASTO: (Hungarian) see Tolstoye
691 TLUSTA: (Yiddish) see Tolstoye
692 TLUMATCH: (Czech) see Tlumach
693 TLUMACZ: (Hungarian) see Tlumach
694 TLUMACH: [Tovmach, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast. TŁUMACZ, TOLMITSH, TALMATCH, TLOMATS, TLUMATCH, TOVMACH
695 TLOMATS, TLUMACZ: (Hungarian) see Tlumach
696 TISZA UJLAK: (Yiddish) see Vilok
697 TISOBEKESH: (Hungarian) see v. Bobovo
698 TISMIENICA: (German) see Tysmenitsa
699 TISMENITZ: (Yiddish) see Tysmenitsa
700 TISAYGEN: (Hungarian) see v. novoye Selo
 
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