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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
501 VICTOROVKA
502 VICHNIFKA: (Yiddish) see Vakhnovka
503 VEZEIZHANY: (Yiddish) see Ozeryani
504 VESELOYE
505 VESELE: (Ukraine) see Veseloye
506 VERKNYAYA BYSTRA:
507 VERKHNIY YSTRYY: see Verkhnyaya
508 VERKHNEE SINEVIDNOE: used the cemetery at Skole
509 VERKHI
510 VERHOVNYA
511 VERECZA: (Ukraine) see Nizhniye Veretski
512 VERECKY NIZNI: (English) see Nizhniye Veretski
513 VERCHNJA BYSTERYJ: see Verhnyaya
514 VERBOVITZ: (Yiddish) see Verbovets
515 VERBOVETS: Zakarpatska [Verbovitz Verbovets, , Wierzbowiec , Werbowez , Verbovec]
516 VERBOUTS: (Hungarian) see Verbovets
517 VERBA
518 VELYKA MYCHAJLIVKA: see Velikaya Mikhailovka
519 VELYATIN
520 VELIKIYE SOROCHINTZY
521 MEZHIRICHI (VELIKIYE MEZHIRICHI ): : Rivne oblast
522 VELIKIY ZHVANCHIK
523 VELIKIY DAL'NIK
524 VELIKIE MOSTY
525 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
526 VELIKE KOPANY
527 VELIKAYA MIKHAILOVKA
528 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
529 VEL'KY SEVL'YUSH: see Vinogradnoye
530 VCHERAYSHE
531 VAYSBRUNNEN: 1925-46 (Yiddish) see v. Krinichanka
532 VAYSBRUNNEN: (Yiddish) see Krinichanka
533 VATUTINO
534 VASSILKOVO: (Russian and Yiddish) see Vasilkov
535 VASSCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy 275600
536 VASSCAUTI: (Ukraine) See Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
537 VASILKOV
538 VASHKOVTSY [VASHKIVTSI, VĂȘCĂUŢI , VASHKOVITZ, WASCHKOUTZ , WASZKOWCE , WASCHKOUTZ AM CZEREMOSCH, VASCKAUTI, VASHKOUTS, VOSHKAVITCH, WASHKOUTZ.]: Chernivtsi oblast
539 VASHKOVTSY: (German) see Vashkovtsy 275600
540 VASHKOUTS: (Russian) see Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
541 VASCAUTI: (Polish and Russian) see Vashkovtsy
542 VASCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy
543 VARYAZH
544 VARVAROVKA
545 VARKOVITS: (Ukraine) see Varkovichi
546 VARKOVICHI
547 VARKOVICHE: (Russian) see Varkovichi
548 VAPNYARKA [VAPNIARCA, WAPNIARKA , VAPNIARKA, WAPNJARKA] [Vinnytsia oblast ]
549 VALYA GOTZILUY: (Moldavsk) (others) see Dolinskoye
550 VALIATIN: (Ukraine) see v. Velyatin and Velyatin
551 VALEHOTZULOVO: (Hungarian) see Dolinskoye
552 VALEGOTSULOVO: (German) see Dolinskoye
553 VALEGOTSOLOVO: (Slov) see Dolinskoye
554 VALEDOTZULOVO: (Hungarian) see Dolinskoye
555 VALEDOTSOLOVO: (German and Slov) see Dolinskoye
556 VAKHNOVKA
557 VACHNOVKA: (German) see Vakhnovka
558 UZYERNI, YEZHERNE, YEZHYE: (Czech, English) see Ozeryany
559 UZLOVOE
560 UZIRNA: (Hungarian) see Ozeryany
561 UZIERANY: (Hungarian) see Ozeryani (wolyn 2)
562 UZHOROD: (Russian) see Uzhgorod
563 UZHHOROD: (Czech) see Uzhgorod
564 UZHGOROD
565 USTYE
566 USTYA: (Ukraine) see Ustye
567 USTINOVKA
568 USTILUG
569 USTILA: (Yiddish) see Ustilug
570 UST-SAVRAN: (Polish) see Savran
571 USNITSE PODOLYE: (Yiddish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
572 USHOMIR
573 USHITSE: (Polish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
574 USHITSA: (German) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
575 USHETSE PODOLYE: (Yiddish) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
576 USHETSE: (Russian) see v. Staraya Ushitsa
577 USCHUROD: see UZHGOROD
578 UROCHISHCHE ""YABLONEV": (Yiddish) see Piryatin
579 UNIV: (Hungarian) see Ugniv
580 UNGWAR: (Hungarian) see UZHGOROD
581 UNGVAR: (German, Hungarian and Yiddish) see Uzhgorod
582 UMAN: Human
583 UL'YANOVKA: (Ukraine) see s. Ul'yanovka
584 UHNOV: (Polish) see Ugniv
585 UGNIV
586 UGLYA
587 TYSMENITSA
588 TYSMIENICA: (Hungarian) see Tysmenitsa
589 TYROV
590 TYACHEV
591 TURZYSK PREDMIESCIE, TURZ: (others) see Turiysk
592 TURSKIY- BIRSULA: (Ukraine) see Kotovsk
593 TURKEY-NYZYLKERMEN: (others) see Berislav
594 TURIYSK
595 TURISK: (German) see Turiysk
596 TURIJSK: (Russian) see Turiysk
597 TURCHIN: (Yiddish) see Tulchin
598 TURIA BISTA
599 TUPICHEV
600 TULTCHIN: (German and Polish) see Tulchin
 
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