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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
501 VOZNESSENSK: (German) see Voznesensk
502 VOLYNKA
503 VOSHKAVITCH: (Yiddish) see Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
504 VORONOVITSA
505 VONIGOVO: Tiachivskiy rayon of Zakarpats'ka oblast
506 VOLOVO: (Polish) see Mezhgorye
507 VOLOVE: (Czech) see Mezhgorye
508 VOLOSHE VERBECH
509 VOLODARSKOE: (Russian) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
510 VOLODARSKE: (English and Ukraine) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
511 VOLODARSK-VOLYNSK
512 VOLODARSK: (English) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
513 VOLODARKA: Volodarskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
514 VOLOCHISK, Volochys'k, Wolotschysk, Wołoczyska .
515 VOLKOVTSY: see SUDILKOV
516 VOLKOVINTSY
517 VOLKOVINTSI: (Cemetery) see Podolia Guberniya
518 VOLLCHISK
519 VOJNILOW: (Czech) see Voynilov
520 VOINILOV: (German) see Voynilov
521 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
522 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir volinskiy
523 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
524 VLADNIK: (Russian) see Noviye Veledniky
525 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
526 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir Volinskiy
527 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
528 VLADIMIRETS
529 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKIY
530 VLADIMIR-VOLINSKI: (English) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
531 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKEY: (Yiddish) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
532 VLADIMIR VOLINSKI: (Czech) see Vladimir Volinskiy
533 VIZNITS: (Polish and Yiddish) see Vizhnitsa
534 VIZHNITSA: VYZHNYTSYA, VIJNIŢA, WIZNITZ , VIZHNITZ WYŻNICA , WISCHNITZ, WISCHNITZA, VYZHNYTSIA, VIZSHNITZ, VIZNITS
535 VISOTZK: (German and Yiddish) see Vysotsk
536 VISOTSK
537 VISOTSK: (Yiddish) see Vysotsk
538 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
539 VISHNYOVYETS: (Polish) see Vishnevets
540 VISHNYA
541 VISHNIVITZ: (Slov) see Vishnevets
542 VISHNIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
543 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
544 VISHNI BYSTRY: see VERKHNYAYA
545 VISHNEVITS: (Yiddish) see Vishnevets
546 VISHNEVETS
547 VISHNEVETS: (Yiddish) see Stariy Vishnevets
548 VISHIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
549 VINOGRADOV
550 VINOGRADNOYE
551 VINNITSA [VINNITSA, VINITZA, WINNICA, WINNYZJA, VINNITZA, VINNYCJA, WINNITSA, WINNIZA, VINITSE
552 VINITZA: (Russian) see Vinitsa
553 VINITSA
554 VILSK
555 VILOK
556 VIJNITSA: (Russian) see Vizhnitsa
557 VIJNITA: (German) see Vizhnitsa
558 VICTORSHTAGHT: (Russian) see v. Marcovo
559 VICTOROVKA
560 VICHNIFKA: (Yiddish) see Vakhnovka
561 VEZEIZHANY: (Yiddish) see Ozeryani
562 VESELOYE
563 VESELE: (Ukraine) see Veseloye
564 VERKNYAYA BYSTRA:
565 VERKHNIY YSTRYY: see Verkhnyaya
566 VERKHNEE SINEVIDNOE: used the cemetery at Skole
567 VERKHI
568 VERHOVNYA
569 VERECZA: (Ukraine) see Nizhniye Veretski
570 VERECKY NIZNI: (English) see Nizhniye Veretski
571 VERCHNJA BYSTERYJ: see Verhnyaya
572 VERBOVITZ: (Yiddish) see Verbovets
573 VERBOVETS: Zakarpatska [Verbovitz Verbovets, , Wierzbowiec , Werbowez , Verbovec]
574 VERBOUTS: (Hungarian) see Verbovets
575 VERBA
576 VELYKA MYCHAJLIVKA: see Velikaya Mikhailovka
577 VELYATIN
578 VELIKIYE SOROCHINTZY
579 MEZHIRICHI (VELIKIYE MEZHIRICHI ): : Rivne oblast
580 VELIKIY ZHVANCHIK
581 VELIKIY DAL'NIK
582 VELIKIE MOSTY
583 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
584 VELIKE KOPANY
585 VELIKAYA MIKHAILOVKA
586 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
587 VEL'KY SEVL'YUSH: see Vinogradnoye
588 VCHERAYSHE
589 VAYSBRUNNEN: 1925-46 (Yiddish) see v. Krinichanka
590 VAYSBRUNNEN: (Yiddish) see Krinichanka
591 VATUTINO
592 VASSILKOVO: (Russian and Yiddish) see Vasilkov
593 VASSCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy 275600
594 VASSCAUTI: (Ukraine) See Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
595 VASILKOV
596 VASHKOVTSY [VASHKIVTSI, VĂȘCĂUŢI , VASHKOVITZ, WASCHKOUTZ , WASZKOWCE , WASCHKOUTZ AM CZEREMOSCH, VASCKAUTI, VASHKOUTS, VOSHKAVITCH, WASHKOUTZ.]: Chernivtsi oblast
597 VASHKOVTSY: (German) see Vashkovtsy 275600
598 VASHKOUTS: (Russian) see Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
599 VASCAUTI: (Polish and Russian) see Vashkovtsy
600 VASCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy
 
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