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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
501 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
502 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir volinskiy
503 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
504 VLADNIK: (Russian) see Noviye Veledniky
505 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
506 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir Volinskiy
507 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
508 VLADIMIRETS
509 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKIY
510 VLADIMIR-VOLINSKI: (English) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
511 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKEY: (Yiddish) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
512 VLADIMIR VOLINSKI: (Czech) see Vladimir Volinskiy
513 VIZNITS: (Polish and Yiddish) see Vizhnitsa
514 VIZHNITSA: VYZHNYTSYA, VIJNIŢA, WIZNITZ , VIZHNITZ WYŻNICA , WISCHNITZ, WISCHNITZA, VYZHNYTSIA, VIZSHNITZ, VIZNITS
515 VISOTZK: (German and Yiddish) see Vysotsk
516 VISOTSK
517 VISOTSK: (Yiddish) see Vysotsk
518 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
519 VISHNYOVYETS: (Polish) see Vishnevets
520 VISHNYA
521 VISHNIVITZ: (Slov) see Vishnevets
522 VISHNIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
523 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
524 VISHNI BYSTRY: see VERKHNYAYA
525 VISHNEVITS: (Yiddish) see Vishnevets
526 VISHNEVETS
527 VISHNEVETS: (Yiddish) see Stariy Vishnevets
528 VISHIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
529 VINOGRADOV
530 VINOGRADNOYE
531 VINNITSA [VINNITSA, VINITZA, WINNICA, WINNYZJA, VINNITZA, VINNYCJA, WINNITSA, WINNIZA, VINITSE
532 VINITZA: (Russian) see Vinitsa
533 VINITSA
534 VILSK
535 VILOK
536 VIJNITSA: (Russian) see Vizhnitsa
537 VIJNITA: (German) see Vizhnitsa
538 VICTORSHTAGHT: (Russian) see v. Marcovo
539 VICTOROVKA
540 VICHNIFKA: (Yiddish) see Vakhnovka
541 VEZEIZHANY: (Yiddish) see Ozeryani
542 VESELOYE
543 VESELE: (Ukraine) see Veseloye
544 VERKNYAYA BYSTRA:
545 VERKHNIY YSTRYY: see Verkhnyaya
546 VERKHNEE SINEVIDNOE: used the cemetery at Skole
547 VERKHI
548 VERHOVNYA
549 VERECZA: (Ukraine) see Nizhniye Veretski
550 VERECKY NIZNI: (English) see Nizhniye Veretski
551 VERCHNJA BYSTERYJ: see Verhnyaya
552 VERBOVITZ: (Yiddish) see Verbovets
553 VERBOVETS: Zakarpatska [Verbovitz Verbovets, , Wierzbowiec , Werbowez , Verbovec]
554 VERBOUTS: (Hungarian) see Verbovets
555 VERBA
556 VELYKA MYCHAJLIVKA: see Velikaya Mikhailovka
557 VELYATIN
558 VELIKIYE SOROCHINTZY
559 MEZHIRICHI (VELIKIYE MEZHIRICHI ): : Rivne oblast
560 VELIKIY ZHVANCHIK
561 VELIKIY DAL'NIK
562 VELIKIE MOSTY
563 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
564 VELIKE KOPANY
565 VELIKAYA MIKHAILOVKA
566 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
567 VEL'KY SEVL'YUSH: see Vinogradnoye
568 VCHERAYSHE
569 VAYSBRUNNEN: 1925-46 (Yiddish) see v. Krinichanka
570 VAYSBRUNNEN: (Yiddish) see Krinichanka
571 VATUTINO
572 VASSILKOVO: (Russian and Yiddish) see Vasilkov
573 VASSCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy 275600
574 VASSCAUTI: (Ukraine) See Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
575 VASILKOV
576 VASHKOVTSY [VASHKIVTSI, VĂȘCĂUŢI , VASHKOVITZ, WASCHKOUTZ , WASZKOWCE , WASCHKOUTZ AM CZEREMOSCH, VASCKAUTI, VASHKOUTS, VOSHKAVITCH, WASHKOUTZ.]: Chernivtsi oblast
577 VASHKOVTSY: (German) see Vashkovtsy 275600
578 VASHKOUTS: (Russian) see Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
579 VASCAUTI: (Polish and Russian) see Vashkovtsy
580 VASCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy
581 VARYAZH
582 VARVAROVKA
583 VARKOVITS: (Ukraine) see Varkovichi
584 VARKOVICHI
585 VARKOVICHE: (Russian) see Varkovichi
586 VAPNYARKA [VAPNIARCA, WAPNIARKA , VAPNIARKA, WAPNJARKA] [Vinnytsia oblast ]
587 VALYA GOTZILUY: (Moldavsk) (others) see Dolinskoye
588 VALIATIN: (Ukraine) see v. Velyatin and Velyatin
589 VALEHOTZULOVO: (Hungarian) see Dolinskoye
590 VALEGOTSULOVO: (German) see Dolinskoye
591 VALEGOTSOLOVO: (Slov) see Dolinskoye
592 VALEDOTZULOVO: (Hungarian) see Dolinskoye
593 VALEDOTSOLOVO: (German and Slov) see Dolinskoye
594 VAKHNOVKA
595 VACHNOVKA: (German) see Vakhnovka
596 UZYERNI, YEZHERNE, YEZHYE: (Czech, English) see Ozeryany
597 UZLOVOE
598 UZIRNA: (Hungarian) see Ozeryany
599 UZIERANY: (Hungarian) see Ozeryani (wolyn 2)
600 UZHOROD: (Russian) see Uzhgorod
 
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