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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
501 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
502 VLADNIK: (Russian) see Noviye Veledniky
503 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
504 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir Volinskiy
505 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
506 VLADIMIRETS
507 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKIY
508 VLADIMIR-VOLINSKI: (English) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
509 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKEY: (Yiddish) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
510 VLADIMIR VOLINSKI: (Czech) see Vladimir Volinskiy
511 VIZNITS: (Polish and Yiddish) see Vizhnitsa
512 VIZHNITSA: VYZHNYTSYA, VIJNIŢA, WIZNITZ , VIZHNITZ WYŻNICA , WISCHNITZ, WISCHNITZA, VYZHNYTSIA, VIZSHNITZ, VIZNITS
513 VISOTZK: (German and Yiddish) see Vysotsk
514 VISOTSK
515 VISOTSK: (Yiddish) see Vysotsk
516 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
517 VISHNYOVYETS: (Polish) see Vishnevets
518 VISHNYA
519 VISHNIVITZ: (Slov) see Vishnevets
520 VISHNIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
521 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
522 VISHNI BYSTRY: see VERKHNYAYA
523 VISHNEVITS: (Yiddish) see Vishnevets
524 VISHNEVETS
525 VISHNEVETS: (Yiddish) see Stariy Vishnevets
526 VISHIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
527 VINOGRADOV
528 VINOGRADNOYE
529 VINNITSA [VINNITSA, VINITZA, WINNICA, WINNYZJA, VINNITZA, VINNYCJA, WINNITSA, WINNIZA, VINITSE
530 VINITZA: (Russian) see Vinitsa
531 VINITSA
532 VILSK
533 VILOK
534 VIJNITSA: (Russian) see Vizhnitsa
535 VIJNITA: (German) see Vizhnitsa
536 VICTORSHTAGHT: (Russian) see v. Marcovo
537 VICTOROVKA
538 VICHNIFKA: (Yiddish) see Vakhnovka
539 VEZEIZHANY: (Yiddish) see Ozeryani
540 VESELOYE
541 VESELE: (Ukraine) see Veseloye
542 VERKNYAYA BYSTRA:
543 VERKHNIY YSTRYY: see Verkhnyaya
544 VERKHNEE SINEVIDNOE: used the cemetery at Skole
545 VERKHI
546 VERHOVNYA
547 VERECZA: (Ukraine) see Nizhniye Veretski
548 VERECKY NIZNI: (English) see Nizhniye Veretski
549 VERCHNJA BYSTERYJ: see Verhnyaya
550 VERBOVITZ: (Yiddish) see Verbovets
551 VERBOVETS: Zakarpatska [Verbovitz Verbovets, , Wierzbowiec , Werbowez , Verbovec]
552 VERBOUTS: (Hungarian) see Verbovets
553 VERBA
554 VELYKA MYCHAJLIVKA: see Velikaya Mikhailovka
555 VELYATIN
556 VELIKIYE SOROCHINTZY
557 MEZHIRICHI (VELIKIYE MEZHIRICHI ): : Rivne oblast
558 VELIKIY ZHVANCHIK
559 VELIKIY DAL'NIK
560 VELIKIE MOSTY
561 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
562 VELIKE KOPANY
563 VELIKAYA MIKHAILOVKA
564 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
565 VEL'KY SEVL'YUSH: see Vinogradnoye
566 VCHERAYSHE
567 VAYSBRUNNEN: 1925-46 (Yiddish) see v. Krinichanka
568 VAYSBRUNNEN: (Yiddish) see Krinichanka
569 VATUTINO
570 VASSILKOVO: (Russian and Yiddish) see Vasilkov
571 VASSCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy 275600
572 VASSCAUTI: (Ukraine) See Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
573 VASILKOV
574 VASHKOVTSY [VASHKIVTSI, VĂȘCĂUŢI , VASHKOVITZ, WASCHKOUTZ , WASZKOWCE , WASCHKOUTZ AM CZEREMOSCH, VASCKAUTI, VASHKOUTS, VOSHKAVITCH, WASHKOUTZ.]: Chernivtsi oblast
575 VASHKOVTSY: (German) see Vashkovtsy 275600
576 VASHKOUTS: (Russian) see Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
577 VASCAUTI: (Polish and Russian) see Vashkovtsy
578 VASCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy
579 VARYAZH
580 VARVAROVKA
581 VARKOVITS: (Ukraine) see Varkovichi
582 VARKOVICHI
583 VARKOVICHE: (Russian) see Varkovichi
584 VAPNYARKA [VAPNIARCA, WAPNIARKA , VAPNIARKA, WAPNJARKA] [Vinnytsia oblast ]
585 VALYA GOTZILUY: (Moldavsk) (others) see Dolinskoye
586 VALIATIN: (Ukraine) see v. Velyatin and Velyatin
587 VALEHOTZULOVO: (Hungarian) see Dolinskoye
588 VALEGOTSULOVO: (German) see Dolinskoye
589 VALEGOTSOLOVO: (Slov) see Dolinskoye
590 VALEDOTZULOVO: (Hungarian) see Dolinskoye
591 VALEDOTSOLOVO: (German and Slov) see Dolinskoye
592 VAKHNOVKA
593 VACHNOVKA: (German) see Vakhnovka
594 UZYERNI, YEZHERNE, YEZHYE: (Czech, English) see Ozeryany
595 UZLOVOE
596 UZIRNA: (Hungarian) see Ozeryany
597 UZIERANY: (Hungarian) see Ozeryani (wolyn 2)
598 UZHOROD: (Russian) see Uzhgorod
599 UZHHOROD: (Czech) see Uzhgorod
600 UZHGOROD
 
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