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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.

[UPDATE] Ukraine-Israel Community Information/Pictures of Cemteries and more [October 2017]

    Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
501 VOYNILOV
502 VOZNESSENSK: (German) see Voznesensk
503 VOLYNKA
504 VOSHKAVITCH: (Yiddish) see Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
505 VORONOVITSA
506 VONIGOVO: Tiachivskiy rayon of Zakarpats'ka oblast
507 VOLOVO: (Polish) see Mezhgorye
508 VOLOVE: (Czech) see Mezhgorye
509 VOLOSHE VERBECH
510 VOLODARSKOE: (Russian) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
511 VOLODARSKE: (English and Ukraine) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
512 VOLODARSK-VOLYNSK
513 VOLODARSK: (English) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
514 VOLODARKA: Volodarskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
515 VOLOCHISK, Volochys'k, Wolotschysk, Wołoczyska .
516 VOLKOVTSY: see SUDILKOV
517 VOLKOVINTSY
518 VOLKOVINTSI: (Cemetery) see Podolia Guberniya
519 VOLLCHISK
520 VOJNILOW: (Czech) see Voynilov
521 VOINILOV: (German) see Voynilov
522 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
523 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir volinskiy
524 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
525 VLADNIK: (Russian) see Noviye Veledniky
526 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
527 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir Volinskiy
528 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
529 VLADIMIRETS
530 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKIY
531 VLADIMIR-VOLINSKI: (English) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
532 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKEY: (Yiddish) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
533 VLADIMIR VOLINSKI: (Czech) see Vladimir Volinskiy
534 VIZNITS: (Polish and Yiddish) see Vizhnitsa
535 VIZHNITSA: VYZHNYTSYA, VIJNIŢA, WIZNITZ , VIZHNITZ WYŻNICA , WISCHNITZ, WISCHNITZA, VYZHNYTSIA, VIZSHNITZ, VIZNITS
536 VISOTZK: (German and Yiddish) see Vysotsk
537 VISOTSK
538 VISOTSK: (Yiddish) see Vysotsk
539 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
540 VISHNYOVYETS: (Polish) see Vishnevets
541 VISHNYA
542 VISHNIVITZ: (Slov) see Vishnevets
543 VISHNIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
544 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
545 VISHNI BYSTRY: see VERKHNYAYA
546 VISHNEVITS: (Yiddish) see Vishnevets
547 VISHNEVETS
548 VISHNEVETS: (Yiddish) see Stariy Vishnevets
549 VISHIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
550 VINOGRADOV
551 VINOGRADNOYE
552 VINNITSA [VINNITSA, VINITZA, WINNICA, WINNYZJA, VINNITZA, VINNYCJA, WINNITSA, WINNIZA, VINITSE
553 VINITZA: (Russian) see Vinitsa
554 VINITSA
555 VILSK
556 VILOK
557 VIJNITSA: (Russian) see Vizhnitsa
558 VIJNITA: (German) see Vizhnitsa
559 VICTORSHTAGHT: (Russian) see v. Marcovo
560 VICTOROVKA
561 VICHNIFKA: (Yiddish) see Vakhnovka
562 VEZEIZHANY: (Yiddish) see Ozeryani
563 VESELOYE
564 VESELE: (Ukraine) see Veseloye
565 VERKNYAYA BYSTRA:
566 VERKHNIY YSTRYY: see Verkhnyaya
567 VERKHNEE SINEVIDNOE: used the cemetery at Skole
568 VERKHI
569 VERHOVNYA
570 VERECZA: (Ukraine) see Nizhniye Veretski
571 VERECKY NIZNI: (English) see Nizhniye Veretski
572 VERCHNJA BYSTERYJ: see Verhnyaya
573 VERBOVITZ: (Yiddish) see Verbovets
574 VERBOVETS: Zakarpatska [Verbovitz Verbovets, , Wierzbowiec , Werbowez , Verbovec]
575 VERBOUTS: (Hungarian) see Verbovets
576 VERBA
577 VELYKA MYCHAJLIVKA: see Velikaya Mikhailovka
578 VELYATIN
579 VELIKIYE SOROCHINTZY
580 MEZHIRICHI (VELIKIYE MEZHIRICHI ): : Rivne oblast
581 VELIKIY ZHVANCHIK
582 VELIKIY DAL'NIK
583 VELIKIE MOSTY
584 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
585 VELIKE KOPANY
586 VELIKAYA MIKHAILOVKA
587 VELIKIE KOMIATI: (Hungarian) see Komiati
588 VEL'KY SEVL'YUSH: see Vinogradnoye
589 VCHERAYSHE
590 VAYSBRUNNEN: 1925-46 (Yiddish) see v. Krinichanka
591 VAYSBRUNNEN: (Yiddish) see Krinichanka
592 VATUTINO
593 VASSILKOVO: (Russian and Yiddish) see Vasilkov
594 VASSCAUTI PE CEREMUS: (Hungarian) see Vashkovtsy 275600
595 VASSCAUTI: (Ukraine) See Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
596 VASILKOV
597 VASHKOVTSY [VASHKIVTSI, VĂȘCĂUŢI , VASHKOVITZ, WASCHKOUTZ , WASZKOWCE , WASCHKOUTZ AM CZEREMOSCH, VASCKAUTI, VASHKOUTS, VOSHKAVITCH, WASHKOUTZ.]: Chernivtsi oblast
598 VASHKOVTSY: (German) see Vashkovtsy 275600
599 VASHKOUTS: (Russian) see Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
600 VASCAUTI: (Polish and Russian) see Vashkovtsy
 
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