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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
401 YARUN
402 YAROSLAVKA
403 YAROMEL: (Yiddish) see Zof'yuvka
404 YARMOLINYZA: (Polish) see v. Yarmolintsy
405 YARMOLINTSZA: (Polish) see v. Yarmolintsy
406 YARMOLINTSY [YARMOLINTSY , YARMOLINTZA ,JARMOLIŃCE ,JARMOLINZY, JARMOLYNCI, YARMELINITZ] Khmelnytskyy oblast
407 YARMOLINTSI: (Ukraine) see Yarmolintsy
408 YARMOLINIYS: (German) see v. Yarmolintsy
409 YARMOLINITS: (German) see v. Yarmolintsy
410 YANUSHPOL: (Russian) see Ivanopol
411 YANOVKA: (1858-1964) (Polish) see v. Ivanovka
412 YANOVKA: (Polish) see Ivanovka
413 YANOV
414 YALTUSHKOV
415 YALTA
416 YAGOTINA: (Yiddish) see Yagotin
417 YAGOTIN
418 YABLONUV: (Polish) see Jablonov
419 YABLONOVKA: (Russian) see Pomortsy
420 YABLONOVKA: (1947-1994) (Russian) see Pomortsy
421 YABLONETS
422 YABLANOV: (Yiddish) see Jablonov
423 XRIPOVKA
424 WYSZKOW: (German) see Vyshkov
425 WYSOTSK: (German) see Visotsk
426 WYSOSK: (German and Hungarian) see Visotsk
427 WYBRANOWKA: (Polish) see Vybranovka
428 WOZNIESIENSK: (Polish) see Voznesensk
429 WOROSZYLOVGRAD, LUGANSK: (Russian) see Lugansk
430 WOLOWE: (Russian) see Mezhgorye
431 WOLOWA: (Hebrew) see Mezhgorye
432 WOLKOWINZY: (Ukraine) see Volkovintsy
433 WOLKOWINZ: (Polish) see Volkovintsy
434 WOJNILOW: (Hungarian) see Voynilov
435 WLODZIMIERZ WOLYNSKY: (German) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
436 WLODZIMIERZ WOLYNSKI: (Hebrew) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
437 WLODZIMIERZ: (Hungarian) see Vladimir Volinskiy
438 WLADIMITETS: (German) see Vladimirets
439 WLADIMIRETS: (German) see Vladimirets
440 WJASOWKA: (Ukraine) see Vyazovka
441 WIZNITZ: (Hungarian) see Vizhnitsa
442 WISOTSK: (German) see Visotsk
443 WISNIOWIEC: (Slov) see Vishnevets
444 WISHNIEVICZE: (Hungarian and Ukraine) see Vishnevets
445 WINOGRADOW: (Czech) see Vinogradov
446 WINOGRADOV: (Czech) see Vinogradov
447 WINNIZA: (Ukraine) see Vinitsa
448 WINNITSA: (Polish) see Vinitsa
449 WINNICA: (Yiddish) see Vinitsa
450 WIEZNITS: (Hungarian) see Vizhnitsa
451 WIELEDNIKI: (Polish) see v. Noviye Veledniky
452 WIELEDNIK: (Polish) see v. Noviye Veledniky
453 WIBRANUWKA: (German) see Vybranovka
454 WHITE FIELD: (English) see Belaya Tserkov
455 WERBOWEZ: (German) see Verbovets
456 WELEDNIKI: (Ukraine) see Noviye Veledniky
457 WAVKOVIEZE: (Hungarian) see Varkovichi
458 WASHKOUTS: (German) see Vashkovtsy WASHKOUTS: (Polish) see Vashkovtsy 275600
459 WARKOWIZIERE: (Yiddish) see Varkovichi
460 WARKOVIEZE: (Hungarian, Ukraine and Yiddish) see Varkovichi
461 WAREZ MIASTO: (Polish) see Varyazh
462 WAREZ: (German) see Varyazh
463 WALEDOZULOWO: (Polish) see Dolinskoye
464 WACHNOWKA: (Polish) see Vakhnovka
465 VYSOTSK
466 VYSOKOPOL'YE
467 VYSHKUV: (Yiddish) see v. Wyshkov
468 VYSHKOV
469 VYSHINSKOGO ST.: (Yiddish) see Ostrog
470 VYNOHRADIV: see Vinogradnoye
471 VYLOK: (German) see Vilok
472 VYBRANOVKA
473 VYAZOVKA
474 VOZNESENSK
475 VOYNILOV
476 VOZNESSENSK: (German) see Voznesensk
477 VOLYNKA
478 VOSHKAVITCH: (Yiddish) see Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
479 VORONOVITSA
480 VONIGOVO: Tiachivskiy rayon of Zakarpats'ka oblast
481 VOLOVO: (Polish) see Mezhgorye
482 VOLOVE: (Czech) see Mezhgorye
483 VOLOSHE VERBECH
484 VOLODARSKOE: (Russian) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
485 VOLODARSKE: (English and Ukraine) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
486 VOLODARSK-VOLYNSK
487 VOLODARSK: (English) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
488 VOLODARKA: Volodarskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
489 VOLOCHISK, Volochys'k, Wolotschysk, Wołoczyska .
490 VOLKOVTSY: see SUDILKOV
491 VOLKOVINTSY
492 VOLKOVINTSI: (Cemetery) see Podolia Guberniya
493 VOLLCHISK
494 VOJNILOW: (Czech) see Voynilov
495 VOINILOV: (German) see Voynilov
496 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
497 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir volinskiy
498 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
499 VLADNIK: (Russian) see Noviye Veledniky
500 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
 
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