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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
401 YOSYPIVKA: (Ukraine) see v. Iosipovka
402 YOSIPOVKA
403 YOCYPIVKA: (Ukraine) see v. Iosipovka
404 YEZHERNE: (Russian) see Ozeryany
405 YEZHENA: (Ukraine) see Ozeryany
406 YEZERZANI: (Polish and Hungarian) see Ozeryani (Wolyn 2)
407 YEVPATORIYA: see Eypatoria
408 YEMILCHENO: (Russian) see Emilchino
409 YEMELCHINO: (German) see Emilchino
410 YELIZAVETGRAD: (others) see Kirovograd
411 YELIZAVELGRAD: (German) see Kirovograd
412 YELISAVETGROD: (Polish) see Kirovograd
413 YELISAVELGRAD: (German) see Kirovograd
414 YAZLOVETS: (Yiddish) see Pomortsy
415 YAZLIVITZ: (Czech) see Pomortsy
416 YAVOROV: Jaworów, Jaworiw Yavoriv, Iavoriv, Javorov, Javoriv,
417 YASTRIBUNOVOYE
418 YASNUV DOLNY: (Yiddish) see Yasenev Dolnyy
419 YASNOGORODKA
420 YASINYA: Zakarpattya,
421 YASINOVO
422 YASENOV
423 YASENEV POL'NYY
424 YARYN
425 YARUN
426 YAROSLAVKA
427 YAROMEL: (Yiddish) see Zof'yuvka
428 YARMOLINYZA: (Polish) see v. Yarmolintsy
429 YARMOLINTSZA: (Polish) see v. Yarmolintsy
430 YARMOLINTSY [YARMOLINTSY , YARMOLINTZA ,JARMOLIŃCE ,JARMOLINZY, JARMOLYNCI, YARMELINITZ] Khmelnytskyy oblast
431 YARMOLINTSI: (Ukraine) see Yarmolintsy
432 YARMOLINIYS: (German) see v. Yarmolintsy
433 YARMOLINITS: (German) see v. Yarmolintsy
434 YANUSHPOL: (Russian) see Ivanopol
435 YANOVKA: (1858-1964) (Polish) see v. Ivanovka
436 YANOVKA: (Polish) see Ivanovka
437 YANOV
438 YALTUSHKOV
439 YALTA
440 YAGOTINA: (Yiddish) see Yagotin
441 YAGOTIN
442 YABLONUV: (Polish) see Jablonov
443 YABLONOVKA: (Russian) see Pomortsy
444 YABLONOVKA: (1947-1994) (Russian) see Pomortsy
445 YABLONETS
446 YABLANOV: (Yiddish) see Jablonov
447 XRIPOVKA
448 WYSZKOW: (German) see Vyshkov
449 WYSOTSK: (German) see Visotsk
450 WYSOSK: (German and Hungarian) see Visotsk
451 WYBRANOWKA: (Polish) see Vybranovka
452 WOZNIESIENSK: (Polish) see Voznesensk
453 WOROSZYLOVGRAD, LUGANSK: (Russian) see Lugansk
454 WOLOWE: (Russian) see Mezhgorye
455 WOLOWA: (Hebrew) see Mezhgorye
456 WOLKOWINZY: (Ukraine) see Volkovintsy
457 WOLKOWINZ: (Polish) see Volkovintsy
458 WOJNILOW: (Hungarian) see Voynilov
459 WLODZIMIERZ WOLYNSKY: (German) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
460 WLODZIMIERZ WOLYNSKI: (Hebrew) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
461 WLODZIMIERZ: (Hungarian) see Vladimir Volinskiy
462 WLADIMITETS: (German) see Vladimirets
463 WLADIMIRETS: (German) see Vladimirets
464 WJASOWKA: (Ukraine) see Vyazovka
465 WIZNITZ: (Hungarian) see Vizhnitsa
466 WISOTSK: (German) see Visotsk
467 WISNIOWIEC: (Slov) see Vishnevets
468 WISHNIEVICZE: (Hungarian and Ukraine) see Vishnevets
469 WINOGRADOW: (Czech) see Vinogradov
470 WINOGRADOV: (Czech) see Vinogradov
471 WINNIZA: (Ukraine) see Vinitsa
472 WINNITSA: (Polish) see Vinitsa
473 WINNICA: (Yiddish) see Vinitsa
474 WIEZNITS: (Hungarian) see Vizhnitsa
475 WIELEDNIKI: (Polish) see v. Noviye Veledniky
476 WIELEDNIK: (Polish) see v. Noviye Veledniky
477 WIBRANUWKA: (German) see Vybranovka
478 WHITE FIELD: (English) see Belaya Tserkov
479 WERBOWEZ: (German) see Verbovets
480 WELEDNIKI: (Ukraine) see Noviye Veledniky
481 WAVKOVIEZE: (Hungarian) see Varkovichi
482 WASHKOUTS: (German) see Vashkovtsy WASHKOUTS: (Polish) see Vashkovtsy 275600
483 WARKOWIZIERE: (Yiddish) see Varkovichi
484 WARKOVIEZE: (Hungarian, Ukraine and Yiddish) see Varkovichi
485 WAREZ MIASTO: (Polish) see Varyazh
486 WAREZ: (German) see Varyazh
487 WALEDOZULOWO: (Polish) see Dolinskoye
488 WACHNOWKA: (Polish) see Vakhnovka
489 VYSOTSK
490 VYSOKOPOL'YE
491 VYSHKUV: (Yiddish) see v. Wyshkov
492 VYSHKOV
493 VYSHINSKOGO ST.: (Yiddish) see Ostrog
494 VYNOHRADIV: see Vinogradnoye
495 VYLOK: (German) see Vilok
496 VYBRANOVKA
497 VYAZOVKA
498 VOZNESENSK
499 VOYNILOV
500 VOZNESSENSK: (German) see Voznesensk
 
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