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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Article Title
401 WIZNITZ: (Hungarian) see Vizhnitsa
402 WISOTSK: (German) see Visotsk
403 WISNIOWIEC: (Slov) see Vishnevets
404 WISHNIEVICZE: (Hungarian and Ukraine) see Vishnevets
405 WINOGRADOW: (Czech) see Vinogradov
406 WINOGRADOV: (Czech) see Vinogradov
407 WINNIZA: (Ukraine) see Vinitsa
408 WINNITSA: (Polish) see Vinitsa
409 WINNICA: (Yiddish) see Vinitsa
410 WIEZNITS: (Hungarian) see Vizhnitsa
411 WIELEDNIKI: (Polish) see v. Noviye Veledniky
412 WIELEDNIK: (Polish) see v. Noviye Veledniky
413 WIBRANUWKA: (German) see Vybranovka
414 WHITE FIELD: (English) see Belaya Tserkov
415 WERBOWEZ: (German) see Verbovets
416 WELEDNIKI: (Ukraine) see Noviye Veledniky
417 WAVKOVIEZE: (Hungarian) see Varkovichi
418 WASHKOUTS: (German) see Vashkovtsy WASHKOUTS: (Polish) see Vashkovtsy 275600
419 WARKOWIZIERE: (Yiddish) see Varkovichi
420 WARKOVIEZE: (Hungarian, Ukraine and Yiddish) see Varkovichi
421 WAREZ MIASTO: (Polish) see Varyazh
422 WAREZ: (German) see Varyazh
423 WALEDOZULOWO: (Polish) see Dolinskoye
424 WACHNOWKA: (Polish) see Vakhnovka
425 VYSOTSK
426 VYSOKOPOL'YE
427 VYSHKUV: (Yiddish) see v. Wyshkov
428 VYSHKOV
429 VYSHINSKOGO ST.: (Yiddish) see Ostrog
430 VYNOHRADIV: see Vinogradnoye
431 VYLOK: (German) see Vilok
432 VYBRANOVKA
433 VYAZOVKA
434 VOZNESENSK
435 VOYNILOV
436 VOZNESSENSK: (German) see Voznesensk
437 VOLYNKA
438 VOSHKAVITCH: (Yiddish) see Vashkovtsy and Vashkovtsy 275600
439 VORONOVITSA
440 VONIGOVO: Tiachivskiy rayon of Zakarpats'ka oblast
441 VOLOVO: (Polish) see Mezhgorye
442 VOLOVE: (Czech) see Mezhgorye
443 VOLOSHE VERBECH
444 VOLODARSKOE: (Russian) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
445 VOLODARSKE: (English and Ukraine) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
446 VOLODARSK-VOLYNSK
447 VOLODARSK: (English) see Volodarsk-Volynsk
448 VOLODARKA: Volodarskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
449 VOLOCHISK, Volochys'k, Wolotschysk, Wołoczyska .
450 VOLKOVTSY: see SUDILKOV
451 VOLKOVINTSY
452 VOLKOVINTSI: (Cemetery) see Podolia Guberniya
453 VOLLCHISK
454 VOJNILOW: (Czech) see Voynilov
455 VOINILOV: (German) see Voynilov
456 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
457 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir volinskiy
458 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
459 VLADNIK: (Russian) see Noviye Veledniky
460 VLODZMYERZ: (Ukraine) see Vladimir-volynskiy
461 VLODZIMIERZ: (German and Hungarian) see Vladimir Volinskiy
462 VLODIMIRETZ: (Yiddish) see Vladimirets
463 VLADIMIRETS
464 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKIY
465 VLADIMIR-VOLINSKI: (English) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
466 VLADIMIR VOLYNSKEY: (Yiddish) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
467 VLADIMIR VOLINSKI: (Czech) see Vladimir Volinskiy
468 VIZNITS: (Polish and Yiddish) see Vizhnitsa
469 VIZHNITSA: VYZHNYTSYA, VIJNIŢA, WIZNITZ , VIZHNITZ WYŻNICA , WISCHNITZ, WISCHNITZA, VYZHNYTSIA, VIZSHNITZ, VIZNITS
470 VISOTZK: (German and Yiddish) see Vysotsk
471 VISOTSK
472 VISOTSK: (Yiddish) see Vysotsk
473 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
474 VISHNYOVYETS: (Polish) see Vishnevets
475 VISHNYA
476 VISHNIVITZ: (Slov) see Vishnevets
477 VISHNIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
478 VISNI BYSTRY: (Hungarian) see Verknyaya Bystra
479 VISHNI BYSTRY: see VERKHNYAYA
480 VISHNEVITS: (Yiddish) see Vishnevets
481 VISHNEVETS
482 VISHNEVETS: (Yiddish) see Stariy Vishnevets
483 VISHIETS: (German) see Vishnevets
484 VINOGRADOV
485 VINOGRADNOYE
486 VINNITSA [VINNITSA, VINITZA, WINNICA, WINNYZJA, VINNITZA, VINNYCJA, WINNITSA, WINNIZA, VINITSE
487 VINITZA: (Russian) see Vinitsa
488 VINITSA
489 VILSK
490 VILOK
491 VIJNITSA: (Russian) see Vizhnitsa
492 VIJNITA: (German) see Vizhnitsa
493 VICTORSHTAGHT: (Russian) see v. Marcovo
494 VICTOROVKA
495 VICHNIFKA: (Yiddish) see Vakhnovka
496 VEZEIZHANY: (Yiddish) see Ozeryani
497 VESELOYE
498 VESELE: (Ukraine) see Veseloye
499 VERKNYAYA BYSTRA:
500 VERKHNIY YSTRYY: see Verkhnyaya
 
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