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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
301 ZIENKOW: (Slov) see Zenkov
302 ZIENKOV: (German) see Zenkov 315130 and Zenkov
303 ZIDACHOV: (German) see Zhidachiv
304 ZHVANETS
305 ZHVANTCHIK: (Polish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
306 ZHVANCIK: (German) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
307 ZHVANCHIK: (Yiddish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
308 ZHURAVNO
309 ZHYDOVTSY: see V. RADVYANSKOE found under Radvyanskoe.
310 ZHURAVNIKI
311 ZHOVTNEVOYE
312 ZHOVTNEVO: (Ukraine) see Zhovtnevoye
313 ZHOVTANTSY
314 ZHOVKVA [ŻÓŁKIEW, ZHOLKVA, NESTEROW, ZALKOVE, ZALKVA, ZHOLKEV, ZHOLKVE, ZHULKEV, ZHULKYEV, Z'OLKIV. SCHOWKWA, ZHOLKEVA, NESTEROV]
315 ZHORNISCHE
316 ZHMERINKA: ZHMERYNKA, ZMIERZYNKA . Vinnytsya oblast
317 ZHITOMIR
318 ZHISHCHUV: (German) see Rzhishchev
319 ZHILINTSY: see SUDILKOV
320 ZHIDACHOV: (German) see Zhidachiv
321 ZHIDACHIV
322 ZHEZHELEV
323 ZHERAVNE: (German) see Zhuravno
324 ZHELUDEK
325 ZHADOVE
326 ZHABOKRITCH: (Ukraine) see Zhabokrichi
327 ZHABOKRICHI [ZHABOKRYCH ,HABOKRITCH [YID], ŻABOKRZYCZ, SCHABOKRITSCH, ZABOKRYC/[
328 ZENKOV
329 ZELENIY YAR
330 ZELENAYA DUBRAVA
331 ZELENA DIBROVA: (Ukraine) see Zelenaya Dubrava
332 ZEDECHOYV, ZIDICHEV: (others) see Zhidachiv
333 ZEDECHOYV: (Polish) see Zhidachiv
334 ZDOLBUNOW: (Russian and Yiddish) see Zdolbunov
335 ZDOLBUNOV
336 ZAWALOW: see BEREZHANY and ZAVALIV
337 ZAVALOV: see BEREZHANY and ZAVALIV
338 ZAVALIV
339 ZASTAZNA: see Zastavna
340 ZASTAVKA: see Zastavna
341 ZASTAVNA [ZASTAWNA , ZASTAVKA] Chernivtsi oblast
342 ZASLAW: see IZYASLAV
343 ZASLAV: see IZYASLAV
344 ZARUDINTSY
345 KOMARNO [КОМАРНО]: Horodok Raion, Lviv Oblast
346 ZARNOWCE: (Hungarian) see Zhornishche
347 ZARICHANKA
348 ZAPOROZIA: (Czech) see Zaporozhye
349 ZAPOROZHYE
350 ZAPOROZHIA: (Czech and Hungarian) see Zaporozhye
351 ZAPOROZHE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
352 ZAPOROZE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
353 ZAPORIZHIA: (German) see Zaporozhye
354 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
355 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
356 ZAMCHISKO: see Raigorodok
357 ZAGNITKOV
358 ZDANISHKOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
359 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
360 ZABLUTOV: (Hungarian) see Zabolotov
361 ZABLOTOW, ZABLOTUV: (German) see Zabolotov
362 ZABOLOTIV (ZABŁOTÓW, ZABLOTIV, ZABOLOTOV, ZABLOTOV, ZABLUTOV, ZABLOTUV, ZABOLOTYIV): Sniatyn Raion of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
363 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
364 ZABOKRITCH
365 YUZEFPOL: (Polish) see v. Isipovka
366 YUZEFOVKA: (Polish) see Yosipovka
367 YUZEFGROD: (German) see Balta
368 YUTCHIN: (Czech and Hungarian) see Tuchin
369 YUSEFGOROD: (Polish) see Balta
370 YURKOVKA
371 YULIVTSY
372 YUDENDORF: 1897-1927 (Yiddish) see v. Chkalovo
373 YUCZYN, YUCZYN NOWY: (Hungarian) see Tuchin
374 YUCZYN: (Yiddish) see Tuchin
375 YOSYPIVKA: (Ukraine) see v. Iosipovka
376 YOSIPOVKA
377 YOCYPIVKA: (Ukraine) see v. Iosipovka
378 YEZHERNE: (Russian) see Ozeryany
379 YEZHENA: (Ukraine) see Ozeryany
380 YEZERZANI: (Polish and Hungarian) see Ozeryani (Wolyn 2)
381 YEVPATORIYA: see Eypatoria
382 YEMILCHENO: (Russian) see Emilchino
383 YEMELCHINO: (German) see Emilchino
384 YELIZAVETGRAD: (others) see Kirovograd
385 YELIZAVELGRAD: (German) see Kirovograd
386 YELISAVETGROD: (Polish) see Kirovograd
387 YELISAVELGRAD: (German) see Kirovograd
388 YAZLOVETS: (Yiddish) see Pomortsy
389 YAZLIVITZ: (Czech) see Pomortsy
390 YAVOROV: Jaworów, Jaworiw Yavoriv, Iavoriv, Javorov, Javoriv,
391 YASTRIBUNOVOYE
392 YASNUV DOLNY: (Yiddish) see Yasenev Dolnyy
393 YASNOGORODKA
394 YASINYA: Zakarpattya,
395 YASINOVO
396 YASENOV
397 YASENEV POL'NYY
398 YARYN
399 YARUN
400 YAROSLAVKA
 
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