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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
301 ZURAWNO: (Polish) see Zhuravno
302 ZURAVNA: see Zhuravno
303 ZOZOW: Kiev (Zoziv, Zozhev)
304 ZOLTANCE: (Yiddish) see v. Zhovtnevoye
305 ZOLOTOY POTOK: Ternopilska Oblast[ Zolotyy Potik, Zolotoy Potіk, Zolotoy Potok, Potok Złoty, Potek-Zolti, Zolotyj Potik, Potok.]
306 Zołotonsza, Золотоноша, Poltava region
307 ZOLOCHEV (Zolochiv, Solotschiw, and Zlochev, Zlochuv, Zlotchev, Zolociv, ZŁOCZÓW) : Lviv oblast
308 ZOLKIEW: (Polish) see Zhovkva
309 ZOF'YUVKA: Ivano-Frankovisk [Zofyuvka, Trokhymbrid,, Sofievka, Sofiovka, Sofiyevka, Trochenbrod, Trochinbrod, Trokhinbrod, Trochimbrod, Trokhnibrod, Zofiówka, Zofiuvka]
310 ZOFYVKA: (Polish) see Zof'yuvka
311 ZOFYUVKA: (German) see Zof'yuvka
312 ZOFIEVKA: (German) see Bahov
313 ZNAMENKA [ZNAM"YANKA, Знам'янка ,ZNAMENKA and Знаменка, , ZNAM'JANKA, SNAMENKA, ZNAMENKA PERVAYA, ZNOMENKA: , Vodyane
314 ZNAMENKA: (Russian and Yiddish) see Bolshaya Znamenka
315 ZMERINKA: (Russian and Ukraine) see Zhmerinka
316 ZLOTSCHEV: (German) see Zolochev
317 ZLOCZOW: (Polish) see Zolochev
318 ZIVOTOV: (German) see Novozhivotov
319 ZIVATOV: (Yiddish) see Novozhivotov
320 ZINOWJEWSK: (others) see Kirovograd
321 ZINOWJEWSK, ZINOVYEVSK: (Ukraine) see Kirovograd
322 ZINKOW: (Yiddish) see Zenkov 315130
323 ZINKOW: (Hungarian) see Zenkov
324 ZINKOV
325 ZINKOV: (Cemetery) see Podolia Guberniya
326 ZINKIV: (Ukraine) see Zenkov
327 ZIENKOW: (Slov) see Zenkov
328 ZIENKOV: (German) see Zenkov 315130 and Zenkov
329 ZIDACHOV: (German) see Zhidachiv
330 ZHVANETS
331 ZHVANTCHIK: (Polish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
332 ZHVANCIK: (German) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
333 ZHVANCHIK: (Yiddish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
334 ZHURAVNO
335 ZHYDOVTSY: see V. RADVYANSKOE found under Radvyanskoe.
336 ZHURAVNIKI
337 ZHOVTNEVOYE
338 ZHOVTNEVO: (Ukraine) see Zhovtnevoye
339 ZHOVTANTSY
340 ZHOVKVA [ŻÓŁKIEW, ZHOLKVA, NESTEROW, ZALKOVE, ZALKVA, ZHOLKEV, ZHOLKVE, ZHULKEV, ZHULKYEV, Z'OLKIV. SCHOWKWA, ZHOLKEVA, NESTEROV]
341 ZHORNISCHE
342 ZHMERINKA: ZHMERYNKA, ZMIERZYNKA . Vinnytsya oblast
343 ZHITOMIR
344 ZHISHCHUV: (German) see Rzhishchev
345 ZHILINTSY: see SUDILKOV
346 ZHIDACHOV: (German) see Zhidachiv
347 ZHIDACHIV
348 ZHEZHELEV
349 ZHERAVNE: (German) see Zhuravno
350 ZHELUDEK
351 ZHADOVE
352 ZHABOKRITCH: (Ukraine) see Zhabokrichi
353 ZHABOKRICHI [ZHABOKRYCH ,HABOKRITCH [YID], ŻABOKRZYCZ, SCHABOKRITSCH, ZABOKRYC/[
354 ZENKOV
355 ZELENIY YAR
356 ZELENAYA DUBRAVA
357 ZELENA DIBROVA: (Ukraine) see Zelenaya Dubrava
358 ZEDECHOYV, ZIDICHEV: (others) see Zhidachiv
359 ZEDECHOYV: (Polish) see Zhidachiv
360 ZDOLBUNOW: (Russian and Yiddish) see Zdolbunov
361 ZDOLBUNOV
362 ZAWALOW: see BEREZHANY and ZAVALIV
363 ZAVALOV: see BEREZHANY and ZAVALIV
364 ZAVALIV
365 ZASTAZNA: see Zastavna
366 ZASTAVKA: see Zastavna
367 ZASTAVNA [ZASTAWNA , ZASTAVKA] Chernivtsi oblast
368 ZASLAW: see IZYASLAV
369 ZASLAV: see IZYASLAV
370 ZARUDINTSY
371 KOMARNO [КОМАРНО]: Horodok Raion, Lviv Oblast
372 ZARNOWCE: (Hungarian) see Zhornishche
373 ZARICHANKA
374 ZAPOROZIA: (Czech) see Zaporozhye
375 ZAPOROZHYE
376 ZAPOROZHIA: (Czech and Hungarian) see Zaporozhye
377 ZAPOROZHE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
378 ZAPOROZE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
379 ZAPORIZHIA: (German) see Zaporozhye
380 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
381 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
382 ZAMCHISKO: see Raigorodok
383 ZAGNITKOV
384 ZDANISHKOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
385 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
386 ZABLUTOV: (Hungarian) see Zabolotov
387 ZABLOTOW, ZABLOTUV: (German) see Zabolotov
388 ZABOLOTIV (ZABŁOTÓW, ZABLOTIV, ZABOLOTOV, ZABLOTOV, ZABLUTOV, ZABLOTUV, ZABOLOTYIV): Sniatyn Raion of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
389 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
390 ZABOKRITCH
391 YUZEFPOL: (Polish) see v. Isipovka
392 YUZEFOVKA: (Polish) see Yosipovka
393 YUZEFGROD: (German) see Balta
394 YUTCHIN: (Czech and Hungarian) see Tuchin
395 YUSEFGOROD: (Polish) see Balta
396 YURKOVKA
397 YULIVTSY
398 YUDENDORF: 1897-1927 (Yiddish) see v. Chkalovo
399 YUCZYN, YUCZYN NOWY: (Hungarian) see Tuchin
400 YUCZYN: (Yiddish) see Tuchin
 
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