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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
301 ZHABOKRICHI [ZHABOKRYCH ,HABOKRITCH [YID], ŻABOKRZYCZ, SCHABOKRITSCH, ZABOKRYC/[
302 ZENKOV
303 ZELENIY YAR
304 ZELENAYA DUBRAVA
305 ZELENA DIBROVA: (Ukraine) see Zelenaya Dubrava
306 ZEDECHOYV, ZIDICHEV: (others) see Zhidachiv
307 ZEDECHOYV: (Polish) see Zhidachiv
308 ZDOLBUNOW: (Russian and Yiddish) see Zdolbunov
309 ZDOLBUNOV
310 ZAWALOW: see BEREZHANY and ZAVALIV
311 ZAVALOV: see BEREZHANY and ZAVALIV
312 ZAVALIV
313 ZASTAZNA: see Zastavna
314 ZASTAVKA: see Zastavna
315 ZASTAVNA [ZASTAWNA , ZASTAVKA] Chernivtsi oblast
316 ZASLAW: see IZYASLAV
317 ZASLAV: see IZYASLAV
318 ZARUDINTSY
319 KOMARNO [КОМАРНО]: Horodok Raion, Lviv Oblast
320 ZARNOWCE: (Hungarian) see Zhornishche
321 ZARICHANKA
322 ZAPOROZIA: (Czech) see Zaporozhye
323 ZAPOROZHYE
324 ZAPOROZHIA: (Czech and Hungarian) see Zaporozhye
325 ZAPOROZHE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
326 ZAPOROZE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
327 ZAPORIZHIA: (German) see Zaporozhye
328 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
329 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
330 ZAMCHISKO: see Raigorodok
331 ZAGNITKOV
332 ZDANISHKOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
333 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
334 ZABLUTOV: (Hungarian) see Zabolotov
335 ZABLOTOW, ZABLOTUV: (German) see Zabolotov
336 ZABOLOTIV (ZABŁOTÓW, ZABLOTIV, ZABOLOTOV, ZABLOTOV, ZABLUTOV, ZABLOTUV, ZABOLOTYIV): Sniatyn Raion of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
337 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
338 ZABOKRITCH
339 YUZEFPOL: (Polish) see v. Isipovka
340 YUZEFOVKA: (Polish) see Yosipovka
341 YUZEFGROD: (German) see Balta
342 YUTCHIN: (Czech and Hungarian) see Tuchin
343 YUSEFGOROD: (Polish) see Balta
344 YURKOVKA
345 YULIVTSY
346 YUDENDORF: 1897-1927 (Yiddish) see v. Chkalovo
347 YUCZYN, YUCZYN NOWY: (Hungarian) see Tuchin
348 YUCZYN: (Yiddish) see Tuchin
349 YOSYPIVKA: (Ukraine) see v. Iosipovka
350 YOSIPOVKA
351 YOCYPIVKA: (Ukraine) see v. Iosipovka
352 YEZHERNE: (Russian) see Ozeryany
353 YEZHENA: (Ukraine) see Ozeryany
354 YEZERZANI: (Polish and Hungarian) see Ozeryani (Wolyn 2)
355 YEVPATORIYA: see Eypatoria
356 YEMILCHENO: (Russian) see Emilchino
357 YEMELCHINO: (German) see Emilchino
358 YELIZAVETGRAD: (others) see Kirovograd
359 YELIZAVELGRAD: (German) see Kirovograd
360 YELISAVETGROD: (Polish) see Kirovograd
361 YELISAVELGRAD: (German) see Kirovograd
362 YAZLOVETS: (Yiddish) see Pomortsy
363 YAZLIVITZ: (Czech) see Pomortsy
364 YAVOROV: Jaworów, Jaworiw Yavoriv, Iavoriv, Javorov, Javoriv,
365 YASTRIBUNOVOYE
366 YASNUV DOLNY: (Yiddish) see Yasenev Dolnyy
367 YASNOGORODKA
368 YASINYA: Zakarpattya,
369 YASINOVO
370 YASENOV
371 YASENEV POL'NYY
372 YARYN
373 YARUN
374 YAROSLAVKA
375 YAROMEL: (Yiddish) see Zof'yuvka
376 YARMOLINYZA: (Polish) see v. Yarmolintsy
377 YARMOLINTSZA: (Polish) see v. Yarmolintsy
378 YARMOLINTSY [YARMOLINTSY , YARMOLINTZA ,JARMOLIŃCE ,JARMOLINZY, JARMOLYNCI, YARMELINITZ] Khmelnytskyy oblast
379 YARMOLINTSI: (Ukraine) see Yarmolintsy
380 YARMOLINIYS: (German) see v. Yarmolintsy
381 YARMOLINITS: (German) see v. Yarmolintsy
382 YANUSHPOL: (Russian) see Ivanopol
383 YANOVKA: (1858-1964) (Polish) see v. Ivanovka
384 YANOVKA: (Polish) see Ivanovka
385 YANOV
386 YALTUSHKOV
387 YALTA
388 YAGOTINA: (Yiddish) see Yagotin
389 YAGOTIN
390 YABLONUV: (Polish) see Jablonov
391 YABLONOVKA: (Russian) see Pomortsy
392 YABLONOVKA: (1947-1994) (Russian) see Pomortsy
393 YABLONETS
394 YABLANOV: (Yiddish) see Jablonov
395 XRIPOVKA
396 WYSZKOW: (German) see Vyshkov
397 WYSOTSK: (German) see Visotsk
398 WYSOSK: (German and Hungarian) see Visotsk
399 WYBRANOWKA: (Polish) see Vybranovka
400 WOZNIESIENSK: (Polish) see Voznesensk
 
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