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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Article Title
301 ZAVALIV
302 ZASTAZNA: see Zastavna
303 ZASTAVKA: see Zastavna
304 ZASTAVNA [ZASTAWNA , ZASTAVKA] Chernivtsi oblast
305 ZASLAW: see IZYASLAV
306 ZASLAV: see IZYASLAV
307 ZARUDINTSY
308 ZARNOWCE: (Hungarian) see Zhornishche
309 ZARICHANKA
310 ZAPOROZIA: (Czech) see Zaporozhye
311 ZAPOROZHYE
312 ZAPOROZHIA: (Czech and Hungarian) see Zaporozhye
313 ZAPOROZHE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
314 ZAPOROZE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
315 ZAPORIZHIA: (German) see Zaporozhye
316 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
317 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
318 ZAMCHISKO: see Raigorodok
319 ZAGNITKOV
320 ZDANISHKOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
321 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
322 ZABLUTOV: (Hungarian) see Zabolotov
323 ZABLOTOW, ZABLOTUV: (German) see Zabolotov
324 ZABOLOTIV (ZABŁOTÓW, ZABLOTIV, ZABOLOTOV, ZABLOTOV, ZABLUTOV, ZABLOTUV, ZABOLOTYIV): Sniatyn Raion of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
325 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
326 ZABOKRITCH
327 YUZEFPOL: (Polish) see v. Isipovka
328 YUZEFOVKA: (Polish) see Yosipovka
329 YUZEFGROD: (German) see Balta
330 YUTCHIN: (Czech and Hungarian) see Tuchin
331 YUSEFGOROD: (Polish) see Balta
332 YURKOVKA
333 YULIVTSY
334 YUDENDORF: 1897-1927 (Yiddish) see v. Chkalovo
335 YUCZYN, YUCZYN NOWY: (Hungarian) see Tuchin
336 YUCZYN: (Yiddish) see Tuchin
337 YOSYPIVKA: (Ukraine) see v. Iosipovka
338 YOSIPOVKA
339 YOCYPIVKA: (Ukraine) see v. Iosipovka
340 YEZHERNE: (Russian) see Ozeryany
341 YEZHENA: (Ukraine) see Ozeryany
342 YEZERZANI: (Polish and Hungarian) see Ozeryani (Wolyn 2)
343 YEVPATORIYA: see Eypatoria
344 YEMILCHENO: (Russian) see Emilchino
345 YEMELCHINO: (German) see Emilchino
346 YELIZAVETGRAD: (others) see Kirovograd
347 YELIZAVELGRAD: (German) see Kirovograd
348 YELISAVETGROD: (Polish) see Kirovograd
349 YELISAVELGRAD: (German) see Kirovograd
350 YAZLOVETS: (Yiddish) see Pomortsy
351 YAZLIVITZ: (Czech) see Pomortsy
352 YAVOROV: Jaworów, Jaworiw Yavoriv, Iavoriv, Javorov, Javoriv,
353 YASTRIBUNOVOYE
354 YASNUV DOLNY: (Yiddish) see Yasenev Dolnyy
355 YASNOGORODKA
356 YASINYA: Zakarpattya,
357 YASINOVO
358 YASENOV
359 YASENEV POL'NYY
360 YARYN
361 YARUN
362 YAROSLAVKA
363 YAROMEL: (Yiddish) see Zof'yuvka
364 YARMOLINYZA: (Polish) see v. Yarmolintsy
365 YARMOLINTSZA: (Polish) see v. Yarmolintsy
366 YARMOLINTSY [YARMOLINTSY , YARMOLINTZA ,JARMOLIŃCE ,JARMOLINZY, JARMOLYNCI, YARMELINITZ] Khmelnytskyy oblast
367 YARMOLINTSI: (Ukraine) see Yarmolintsy
368 YARMOLINIYS: (German) see v. Yarmolintsy
369 YARMOLINITS: (German) see v. Yarmolintsy
370 YANUSHPOL: (Russian) see Ivanopol
371 YANOVKA: (1858-1964) (Polish) see v. Ivanovka
372 YANOVKA: (Polish) see Ivanovka
373 YANOV
374 YALTUSHKOV
375 YALTA
376 YAGOTINA: (Yiddish) see Yagotin
377 YAGOTIN
378 YABLONUV: (Polish) see Jablonov
379 YABLONOVKA: (Russian) see Pomortsy
380 YABLONOVKA: (1947-1994) (Russian) see Pomortsy
381 YABLONETS
382 YABLANOV: (Yiddish) see Jablonov
383 XRIPOVKA
384 WYSZKOW: (German) see Vyshkov
385 WYSOTSK: (German) see Visotsk
386 WYSOSK: (German and Hungarian) see Visotsk
387 WYBRANOWKA: (Polish) see Vybranovka
388 WOZNIESIENSK: (Polish) see Voznesensk
389 WOROSZYLOVGRAD, LUGANSK: (Russian) see Lugansk
390 WOLOWE: (Russian) see Mezhgorye
391 WOLOWA: (Hebrew) see Mezhgorye
392 WOLKOWINZY: (Ukraine) see Volkovintsy
393 WOLKOWINZ: (Polish) see Volkovintsy
394 WOJNILOW: (Hungarian) see Voynilov
395 WLODZIMIERZ WOLYNSKY: (German) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
396 WLODZIMIERZ WOLYNSKI: (Hebrew) see Vladimir-Volynskiy
397 WLODZIMIERZ: (Hungarian) see Vladimir Volinskiy
398 WLADIMITETS: (German) see Vladimirets
399 WLADIMIRETS: (German) see Vladimirets
400 WJASOWKA: (Ukraine) see Vyazovka
 
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