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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
301 ZVANCIK: (German) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
302 ZURAWNO: (Polish) see Zhuravno
303 ZURAVNA: see Zhuravno
304 ZOZOW: Kiev (Zoziv, Zozhev)
305 ZOLTANCE: (Yiddish) see v. Zhovtnevoye
306 ZOLOTOY POTOK: Ternopilska Oblast[ Zolotyy Potik, Zolotoy Potіk, Zolotoy Potok, Potok Złoty, Potek-Zolti, Zolotyj Potik, Potok.]
307 Zołotonsza, Золотоноша, Poltava region
308 ZOLOCHEV (Zolochiv, Solotschiw, and Zlochev, Zlochuv, Zlotchev, Zolociv, ZŁOCZÓW) : Lviv oblast
309 ZOLKIEW: (Polish) see Zhovkva
310 ZOF'YUVKA: Ivano-Frankovisk [Zofyuvka, Trokhymbrid,, Sofievka, Sofiovka, Sofiyevka, Trochenbrod, Trochinbrod, Trokhinbrod, Trochimbrod, Trokhnibrod, Zofiówka, Zofiuvka]
311 ZOFYVKA: (Polish) see Zof'yuvka
312 ZOFYUVKA: (German) see Zof'yuvka
313 ZOFIEVKA: (German) see Bahov
314 ZNAMENKA [ZNAM"YANKA, Знам'янка ,ZNAMENKA and Знаменка, , ZNAM'JANKA, SNAMENKA, ZNAMENKA PERVAYA, ZNOMENKA: , Vodyane
315 ZNAMENKA: (Russian and Yiddish) see Bolshaya Znamenka
316 ZMERINKA: (Russian and Ukraine) see Zhmerinka
317 ZLOTSCHEV: (German) see Zolochev
318 ZLOCZOW: (Polish) see Zolochev
319 ZIVOTOV: (German) see Novozhivotov
320 ZIVATOV: (Yiddish) see Novozhivotov
321 ZINOWJEWSK: (others) see Kirovograd
322 ZINOWJEWSK, ZINOVYEVSK: (Ukraine) see Kirovograd
323 ZINKOW: (Yiddish) see Zenkov 315130
324 ZINKOW: (Hungarian) see Zenkov
325 ZINKOV
326 ZINKOV: (Cemetery) see Podolia Guberniya
327 ZINKIV: (Ukraine) see Zenkov
328 ZIENKOW: (Slov) see Zenkov
329 ZIENKOV: (German) see Zenkov 315130 and Zenkov
330 ZIDACHOV: (German) see Zhidachiv
331 ZHVANETS
332 ZHVANTCHIK: (Polish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
333 ZHVANCIK: (German) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
334 ZHVANCHIK: (Yiddish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
335 ZHURAVNO
336 ZHYDOVTSY: see V. RADVYANSKOE found under Radvyanskoe.
337 ZHURAVNIKI
338 ZHOVTNEVOYE
339 ZHOVTNEVO: (Ukraine) see Zhovtnevoye
340 ZHOVTANTSY
341 ZHOVKVA [ŻÓŁKIEW, ZHOLKVA, NESTEROW, ZALKOVE, ZALKVA, ZHOLKEV, ZHOLKVE, ZHULKEV, ZHULKYEV, Z'OLKIV. SCHOWKWA, ZHOLKEVA, NESTEROV]
342 ZHORNISCHE
343 ZHMERINKA: ZHMERYNKA, ZMIERZYNKA . Vinnytsya oblast
344 ZHITOMIR
345 ZHISHCHUV: (German) see Rzhishchev
346 ZHILINTSY: see SUDILKOV
347 ZHIDACHOV: (German) see Zhidachiv
348 ZHIDACHIV
349 ZHEZHELEV
350 ZHERAVNE: (German) see Zhuravno
351 ZHELUDEK
352 ZHADOVE
353 ZHABOKRITCH: (Ukraine) see Zhabokrichi
354 ZHABOKRICHI [ZHABOKRYCH ,HABOKRITCH [YID], ŻABOKRZYCZ, SCHABOKRITSCH, ZABOKRYC/[
355 ZENKOV
356 ZELENIY YAR
357 ZELENAYA DUBRAVA
358 ZELENA DIBROVA: (Ukraine) see Zelenaya Dubrava
359 ZEDECHOYV, ZIDICHEV: (others) see Zhidachiv
360 ZEDECHOYV: (Polish) see Zhidachiv
361 ZDOLBUNOW: (Russian and Yiddish) see Zdolbunov
362 ZDOLBUNOV
363 ZAWALOW: see BEREZHANY and ZAVALIV
364 ZAVALOV: see BEREZHANY and ZAVALIV
365 ZAVALIV
366 ZASTAZNA: see Zastavna
367 ZASTAVKA: see Zastavna
368 ZASTAVNA [ZASTAWNA , ZASTAVKA] Chernivtsi oblast
369 ZASLAW: see IZYASLAV
370 ZASLAV: see IZYASLAV
371 ZARUDINTSY
372 KOMARNO [КОМАРНО]: Horodok Raion, Lviv Oblast
373 ZARNOWCE: (Hungarian) see Zhornishche
374 ZARICHANKA
375 ZAPOROZIA: (Czech) see Zaporozhye
376 ZAPOROZHYE
377 ZAPOROZHIA: (Czech and Hungarian) see Zaporozhye
378 ZAPOROZHE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
379 ZAPOROZE: (Hungarian and Polish) see Zaporozhye
380 ZAPORIZHIA: (German) see Zaporozhye
381 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
382 ZAPOEOZE: (German and Yiddish) see Zaporozhye
383 ZAMCHISKO: see Raigorodok
384 ZAGNITKOV
385 ZDANISHKOVKA: see VOLOCHYSK
386 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
387 ZABLUTOV: (Hungarian) see Zabolotov
388 ZABLOTOW, ZABLOTUV: (German) see Zabolotov
389 ZABOLOTIV (ZABŁOTÓW, ZABLOTIV, ZABOLOTOV, ZABLOTOV, ZABLUTOV, ZABLOTUV, ZABOLOTYIV): Sniatyn Raion of Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
390 ZABOLOTIV: (Ukraine) see Zabolotov
391 ZABOKRITCH
392 YUZEFPOL: (Polish) see v. Isipovka
393 YUZEFOVKA: (Polish) see Yosipovka
394 YUZEFGROD: (German) see Balta
395 YUTCHIN: (Czech and Hungarian) see Tuchin
396 YUSEFGOROD: (Polish) see Balta
397 YURKOVKA
398 YULIVTSY
399 YUDENDORF: 1897-1927 (Yiddish) see v. Chkalovo
400 YUCZYN, YUCZYN NOWY: (Hungarian) see Tuchin
 
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