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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
201 Tripole: see Trypillya
202 Trypol: see Trypillya
203 Woronkow: see Voronkiv
204 VORONKOV: see Voronkiv
205 JASNOHORODKA: see YASNOHORODKA
206 YASNOGORODKA: see Yasnohorodka
207 KAMIANKA: Cherkas'ka Oblast [Kamjanka, Kamianka, Kamienka-Shevchenkovskaya, Kamenka, Kam'janka, Kamionka]
208 YASNOHORODKA: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
209 YAHOTYN: Yahotynskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Yagotin, Yagotina, Jagotyn, Jahotyn]
210 VORONKIV: Boryspilskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
211 VASYLKIV : Vasylkivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Vasylkiv, Vasilikov, Vasylkov, Wasilkow, Wassilkow, Wassylkiw]
212 TRYPILLIA: Obukhivskyi Raion,Kyiv Oblast
213 RZHYSHCHIV: Rzhyschiv City, Kyiv Oblast
214 ROGHIV: see ROGHIV
215 POLISKE: Poliskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Polesskoye, Kagonovich, Khabno, Chabna, Chabne, Chabnoye, Khabnoye, Kaganowitsch, Kaganovichi, Kaganovichi-Khabnoye]
216 Obukhov: see Obukhiv
217 MEDVYN: see Medvin
218 Shcherbashintsi: see MEDVIN
219 KYYEV: see KIYEV
220 KOZYN: Myronivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
221 KIVSHOVATA: Taraschanskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
222 HREBINKY: Vasylkivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Grebënki, Hrebencky, Hrebionki, Rebinke\
223 Gornostaypol: see Hornostaypil
224 Hornostajpol: see Hornostaypil
225 HORNOSTAJPIL: Ivankivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
226 HNATIVKA: Kirovohrads'ka raion, Kyiv oblast
227 GERMANOVKA: see Hermanivka
228 BROVARY: Brovarskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
229 BORYSPIL: KIEV oblast
230 BORYDYANKA: Borodianskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
231 KONELA: Cherkaska oblast [Konella
232 BUKY: Cherkaska [Buki, Baki]
233 BORODJANKA: Borodianskyi Raion, Kiev Oblast
234 BARYSHIVKA: Baryshivkyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Lipnyaki, Baryszevk, Baryszówka, Baryshevka]
235 BRAILOV: see BRAILIV
236 BRALOV: see BRAILIV
237 BRAILIV: Vinnitsa
238 STARE DAVYDKOVO: Mukachivs'kyy raion, Zakarpatsk'ka obleast
239 CHABANIVKA: Uzhhorod Raion
240 YUROVSHCHINA: Khmel'nyts'ka Oblast
241 KIYEV/KIEV/KYYIV, BABI YAR
242 KHMELNYSTKYY
243 KHERSON [Cherson]
244 KHARKIV:
245 NETISHYN ( Netishin, Solov'ye Goryn',), : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
246 GVOZDAVKA
247 KERCH
248 DZERZHINSK: see Romaniv, Zhitomirskaya
249 DNIPROPETROVSK:DNEPROPETROVSK Ekaterinoslav, Yekaterinoslav, Jekaterynoslak, Dnjepropetrowsk, Dniepropetrovsk, Dniepropetrovsk, Ekaterinoslav, Jekaterynoslaw, Keterinoslav, Secheslav, Siczeslaw
250 DNIPRODZERZHYNSK
251 BERSHAD: [Бершадь, Бершадь, Berschad, Barsad, Bersad', Berszad, Berszada] Vinnytsia Oblast
252 BELGOROD DNESTROVSKIY: see Bilhorod-Dnistrovskiy
253 BELAYA TSERKOV: see Bila Tserkov
254 BERDYANSK: Zaporizhzhya oblast [Berdiansk , Osipenko , Berdjansk , Berdiańsk ]
255 BELZ: Lviv
256 BILA TSERKVA: Kiev
257 ARTEMIVSK: Donetsk
258 --JEWISH ORGANIZATIONS IN UKRAINE--
259 BELYI KAMEN
260 CHYNADIYOVO: Mukachevskiy
261 ZYWATOW: see Novozhivotov
262 ZYTOMIERZ: see Zhitomir
263 ZYDACZOW: (others) see Zhidachiv
264 ZYATKOVTSY: see Kublitch
265 ZWIAHL: see Novograd-Volunskiy
266 ZWIAHEL: see Novograd-Volinsky
267 ZWIAHEL: see Novograd-Volinsky
268 ZWANCHIK: see Velikiy Zhvanchik
269 ZVYAGEL: see Novograd-Volynskiy
270 ZVIZIGEL: see Novograd-Volunskiy
271 ZVIL: see Novograd-Volynskiy
272 ZVIHIL: (German) see Novograd-Volynskiy
273 ZVIAGEL: (Russian) see Novograd-Volinskiy
274 ZVENIGORODKA: Cherkasy Oblast
275 ZVANTCHIK: (Polish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
276 ZVANCIK: (German) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
277 ZURAWNO: (Polish) see Zhuravno
278 ZURAVNA: see Zhuravno
279 ZOZOW: Kiev (Zoziv, Zozhev)
280 ZOLTANCE: (Yiddish) see v. Zhovtnevoye
281 ZOLOTYY POTIK: (Ukraine) see Zolotoy Potok
282 ZOLOTOY POTOK: Ternopilska Oblast[ Zolotyy Potik, Zolotoy Potіk, Zolotoy Potok, Potok Złoty, Potek-Zolti, Zolotyj Potik, Potok.]
283 Zołotonsza, Золотоноша, Poltava region
284 ZOLOCHEV (Zolochiv, Solotschiw, and Zlochev, Zlochuv, Zlotchev, Zolociv, ZŁOCZÓW) : Lviv oblast
285 ZOLKIEW: (Polish) see Zhovkva
286 ZOF'YUVKA: Ivano-Frankovisk [Trokhymbrid,, Sofievka, Sofiovka, Sofiyevka, Trochenbrod, Trochinbrod, Trokhinbrod, Trochimbrod, Trokhnibrod, Zofiówka, Zofiuvka]
287 ZOFYVKA: (Polish) see Zof'yuvka
288 ZOFYUVKA: (German) see Zof'yuvka
289 ZOFIEVKA: (German) see Bahov
290 ZNAMENKA [ZNAM"YANKA, Знам'янка ,ZNAMENKA and Знаменка, , ZNAM'JANKA, SNAMENKA, ZNAMENKA PERVAYA, ZNOMENKA: , Vodyane
291 ZNAMENKA: (Russian and Yiddish) see Bolshaya Znamenka
292 ZMERINKA: (Russian and Ukraine) see Zhmerinka
293 ZLOTSCHEV: (German) see Zolochev
294 ZLOTI POTOK: (Czech) see Zolotoy Potok
295 ZLOCZOW: (Polish) see Zolochev
296 ZIVOTOV: (German) see Novozhivotov
297 ZIVATOV: (Yiddish) see Novozhivotov
298 ZINOWJEWSK: (others) see Kirovograd
299 ZINOWJEWSK, ZINOVYEVSK: (Ukraine) see Kirovograd
300 ZINKOW: (Yiddish) see Zenkov 315130
 
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