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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
201 BARYSHIVKA: Baryshivkyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
202 BRAILOV: see BRAILIV
203 BRALOV: see BRAILIV
204 BRAILIV: Vinnitsa
205 STARE DAVYDKOVO: Mukachivs'kyy raion, Zakarpatsk'ka obleast
206 CHABANIVKA: Uzhhorod Raion
207 YUROVSHCHINA: Khmel'nyts'ka Oblast
208 KIYEV/KIEV/KYYIV, BABI YAR
209 KHMELNYSTKYY
210 KHERSON [Cherson]
211 KHARKIV:
212 NETISHYN ( Netishin, Solov'ye Goryn',), : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
213 GVOZDAVKA
214 KERCH
215 DZERZHINSK: see Romaniv, Zhitomirskaya
216 DNIPROPETROVSK:DNEPROPETROVSK Ekaterinoslav, Yekaterinoslav, Jekaterynoslak, Dnjepropetrowsk, Dniepropetrovsk, Dniepropetrovsk, Ekaterinoslav, Jekaterynoslaw, Keterinoslav, Secheslav, Siczeslaw
217 DNIPRODZERZHYNSK
218 BERSHAD: [Бершадь, Бершадь, Berschad, Barsad, Bersad', Berszad, Berszada] Vinnytsia Oblast
219 BELGOROD DNESTROVSKIY: see Bilhorod-Dnistrovskiy
220 BELAYA TSERKOV: see Bila Tserkov
221 BERDYANSK: Zaporizhzhya oblast [Berdiansk , Osipenko , Berdjansk , Berdiańsk ]
222 BELZ: Lviv
223 BILA TSERKVA: Kiev
224 ARTEMIVSK: Donetsk
225 --JEWISH ORGANIZATIONS IN UKRAINE--
226 BELYI KAMEN
227 CHYNADIYOVO: Mukachevskiy
228 ZYWATOW: see Novozhivotov
229 ZYTOMIERZ: see Zhitomir
230 ZYDACZOW: (others) see Zhidachiv
231 ZYATKOVTSY: see Kublitch
232 ZWIAHL: see Novograd-Volunskiy
233 ZWIAHEL: see Novograd-Volinsky
234 ZWIAHEL: see Novograd-Volinsky
235 ZWANCHIK: see Velikiy Zhvanchik
236 ZVYAGEL: see Novograd-Volynskiy
237 ZVIZIGEL: see Novograd-Volunskiy
238 ZVIL: see Novograd-Volynskiy
239 ZVIHIL: (German) see Novograd-Volynskiy
240 ZVIAGEL: (Russian) see Novograd-Volinskiy
241 ZVENIGORODKA: Cherkasy Oblast
242 ZVANTCHIK: (Polish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
243 ZVANCIK: (German) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
244 ZURAWNO: (Polish) see Zhuravno
245 ZURAVNA: see Zhuravno
246 ZOZOW: Kiev (Zoziv, Zozhev)
247 ZOLTONOSZA: (Ukraine) see Zolotonosha
248 ZOLTANCE: (Yiddish) see v. Zhovtnevoye
249 ZOLOTYY POTIK: (Ukraine) see Zolotoy Potok
250 ZOLOTOY POTOK: Ternopilska Oblast[ Zolotyy Potik, Zolotoy Potіk, Zolotoy Potok, Potok Złoty, Potek-Zolti, Zolotyj Potik, Potok.]
251 ZOLOTONOSZA: (Ukraine) see Zolotonosha
252 T[Zołotonsza, Золотоноша, Poltava region
253 ZOLOCHEV (Zolochiv, Solotschiw, and Zlochev, Zlochuv, Zlotchev, Zolociv, ZŁOCZÓW) : Lviv oblast
254 ZOLKIEW: (Polish) see Zhovkva
255 ZOF'YUVKA: Ivano-Frankovisk [Trokhymbrid,, Sofievka, Sofiovka, Sofiyevka, Trochenbrod, Trochinbrod, Trokhinbrod, Trochimbrod, Trokhnibrod, Zofiówka, Zofiuvka]
256 ZOFYVKA: (Polish) see Zof'yuvka
257 ZOFYUVKA: (German) see Zof'yuvka
258 ZOFIEVKA: (German) see Bahov
259 ZNAMENKA [ZNAM"YANKA, Знам'янка ,ZNAMENKA and Знаменка, , ZNAM'JANKA, SNAMENKA, ZNAMENKA PERVAYA, ZNOMENKA: , Vodyane
260 ZNAMENKA: (Russian and Yiddish) see Bolshaya Znamenka
261 ZMERINKA: (Russian and Ukraine) see Zhmerinka
262 ZLOTSCHEV: (German) see Zolochev
263 ZLOTI POTOK: (Czech) see Zolotoy Potok
264 ZLOCZOW: (Polish) see Zolochev
265 ZIVOTOV: (German) see Novozhivotov
266 ZIVATOV: (Yiddish) see Novozhivotov
267 ZINOWJEWSK: (others) see Kirovograd
268 ZINOWJEWSK, ZINOVYEVSK: (Ukraine) see Kirovograd
269 ZINKOW: (Yiddish) see Zenkov 315130
270 ZINKOW: (Hungarian) see Zenkov
271 ZINKOV
272 ZINKOV: (Cemetery) see Podolia Guberniya
273 ZINKIV: (Ukraine) see Zenkov
274 ZIENKOW: (Slov) see Zenkov
275 ZIENKOV: (German) see Zenkov 315130 and Zenkov
276 ZIDACHOV: (German) see Zhidachiv
277 ZHVANETS
278 ZHVANTCHIK: (Polish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
279 ZHVANCIK: (German) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
280 ZHVANCHIK: (Yiddish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
281 ZHURAVNO
282 ZHYDOVTSY: see V. RADVYANSKOE found under Radvyanskoe.
283 ZHURAVNIKI
284 ZHOVTNEVOYE
285 ZHOVTNEVO: (Ukraine) see Zhovtnevoye
286 ZHOVTANTSY
287 ZHOVKVA [ŻÓŁKIEW, ZHOLKVA, NESTEROW, ZALKOVE, ZALKVA, ZHOLKEV, ZHOLKVE, ZHULKEV, ZHULKYEV, Z'OLKIV. SCHOWKWA, ZHOLKEVA, NESTEROV]
288 ZHORNISCHE
289 ZHMERINKA: ZHMERYNKA, ZMIERZYNKA . Vinnytsya oblast
290 ZHITOMIR
291 ZHISHCHUV: (German) see Rzhishchev
292 ZHILINTSY: see SUDILKOV
293 ZHIDACHOV: (German) see Zhidachiv
294 ZHIDACHIV
295 ZHEZHELEV
296 ZHERAVNE: (German) see Zhuravno
297 ZHELUDEK
298 ZHADOVE
299 ZHABOKRITCH: (Ukraine) see Zhabokrichi
300 ZHABOKRICHI [ZHABOKRYCH ,HABOKRITCH [YID], ŻABOKRZYCZ, SCHABOKRITSCH, ZABOKRYC/[
 
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