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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
201 JASNOHORODKA: see YASNOHORODKA
202 YASNOGORODKA: see Yasnohorodka
203 KAMIANKA: Cherkas'ka Oblast [Kamjanka, Kamianka, Kamienka-Shevchenkovskaya, Kamenka, Kam'janka, Kamionka]
204 YASNOHORODKA: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
205 YAHOTYN: Yahotynskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Yagotin, Yagotina, Jagotyn, Jahotyn]
206 VORONKIV: Boryspilskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
207 VASYLKIV : Vasylkivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Vasylkiv, Vasilikov, Vasylkov, Wasilkow, Wassilkow, Wassylkiw]
208 TRYPILLIA: Obukhivskyi Raion,Kyiv Oblast
209 RZHYSHCHIV: Rzhyschiv City, Kyiv Oblast
210 ROGHIV: see ROGHIV
211 POLISKE: Poliskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Polesskoye, Kagonovich, Khabno, Chabna, Chabne, Chabnoye, Khabnoye, Kaganowitsch, Kaganovichi, Kaganovichi-Khabnoye]
212 Obukhov: see Obukhiv
213 MEDVYN: see Medvin
214 Shcherbashintsi: see MEDVIN
215 KYYEV: see KIYEV
216 KOZYN: Myronivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
217 KIVSHOVATA: Taraschanskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
218 HREBINKY: Vasylkivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Grebënki, Hrebencky, Hrebionki, Rebinke\
219 Gornostaypol: see Hornostaypil
220 Hornostajpol: see Hornostaypil
221 HORNOSTAJPIL: Ivankivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
222 HNATIVKA: Kirovohrads'ka raion, Kyiv oblast
223 GERMANOVKA: see Hermanivka
224 BROVARY: Brovarskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
225 BORYSPIL: KIEV oblast
226 BORYDYANKA: Borodianskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
227 KONELA: Cherkaska oblast [Konella
228 BUKY: Cherkaska [Buki, Baki]
229 BORODJANKA: Borodianskyi Raion, Kiev Oblast
230 BARYSHIVKA: Baryshivkyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Lipnyaki, Baryszevk, Baryszówka, Baryshevka]
231 BRAILOV: see BRAILIV
232 BRALOV: see BRAILIV
233 BRAILIV: Vinnitsa
234 STARE DAVYDKOVO: Mukachivs'kyy raion, Zakarpatsk'ka obleast
235 CHABANIVKA: Uzhhorod Raion
236 YUROVSHCHINA: Khmel'nyts'ka Oblast
237 KIYEV/KIEV/KYYIV, BABI YAR
238 KHMELNYSTKYY
239 KHERSON [Cherson]
240 KHARKIV:
241 NETISHYN ( Netishin, Solov'ye Goryn',), : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
242 GVOZDAVKA
243 KERCH
244 DZERZHINSK: see Romaniv, Zhitomirskaya
245 DNIPROPETROVSK:DNEPROPETROVSK Ekaterinoslav, Yekaterinoslav, Jekaterynoslak, Dnjepropetrowsk, Dniepropetrovsk, Dniepropetrovsk, Ekaterinoslav, Jekaterynoslaw, Keterinoslav, Secheslav, Siczeslaw
246 DNIPRODZERZHYNSK
247 BERSHAD: [Бершадь, Бершадь, Berschad, Barsad, Bersad', Berszad, Berszada] Vinnytsia Oblast
248 BELGOROD DNESTROVSKIY: see Bilhorod-Dnistrovskiy
249 BELAYA TSERKOV: see Bila Tserkov
250 BERDYANSK: Zaporizhzhya oblast [Berdiansk , Osipenko , Berdjansk , Berdiańsk ]
251 BELZ: Lviv
252 BILA TSERKVA: Kiev
253 ARTEMIVSK: Donetsk
254 --JEWISH ORGANIZATIONS IN UKRAINE--
255 BELYI KAMEN
256 CHYNADIYOVO: Mukachevskiy
257 ZYWATOW: see Novozhivotov
258 ZYTOMIERZ: see Zhitomir
259 ZYDACZOW: (others) see Zhidachiv
260 ZYATKOVTSY: see Kublitch
261 ZWIAHL: see Novograd-Volunskiy
262 ZWIAHEL: see Novograd-Volinsky
263 ZWIAHEL: see Novograd-Volinsky
264 ZWANCHIK: see Velikiy Zhvanchik
265 ZVYAGEL: see Novograd-Volynskiy
266 ZVIZIGEL: see Novograd-Volunskiy
267 ZVIL: see Novograd-Volynskiy
268 ZVIHIL: (German) see Novograd-Volynskiy
269 ZVIAGEL: (Russian) see Novograd-Volinskiy
270 ZVENIGORODKA: Cherkasy Oblast
271 ZVANTCHIK: (Polish) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
272 ZVANCIK: (German) see Velikiy Zhvanchik
273 ZURAWNO: (Polish) see Zhuravno
274 ZURAVNA: see Zhuravno
275 ZOZOW: Kiev (Zoziv, Zozhev)
276 ZOLTANCE: (Yiddish) see v. Zhovtnevoye
277 ZOLOTYY POTIK: (Ukraine) see Zolotoy Potok
278 ZOLOTOY POTOK: Ternopilska Oblast[ Zolotyy Potik, Zolotoy Potіk, Zolotoy Potok, Potok Złoty, Potek-Zolti, Zolotyj Potik, Potok.]
279 Zołotonsza, Золотоноша, Poltava region
280 ZOLOCHEV (Zolochiv, Solotschiw, and Zlochev, Zlochuv, Zlotchev, Zolociv, ZŁOCZÓW) : Lviv oblast
281 ZOLKIEW: (Polish) see Zhovkva
282 ZOF'YUVKA: Ivano-Frankovisk [Trokhymbrid,, Sofievka, Sofiovka, Sofiyevka, Trochenbrod, Trochinbrod, Trokhinbrod, Trochimbrod, Trokhnibrod, Zofiówka, Zofiuvka]
283 ZOFYVKA: (Polish) see Zof'yuvka
284 ZOFYUVKA: (German) see Zof'yuvka
285 ZOFIEVKA: (German) see Bahov
286 ZNAMENKA [ZNAM"YANKA, Знам'янка ,ZNAMENKA and Знаменка, , ZNAM'JANKA, SNAMENKA, ZNAMENKA PERVAYA, ZNOMENKA: , Vodyane
287 ZNAMENKA: (Russian and Yiddish) see Bolshaya Znamenka
288 ZMERINKA: (Russian and Ukraine) see Zhmerinka
289 ZLOTSCHEV: (German) see Zolochev
290 ZLOTI POTOK: (Czech) see Zolotoy Potok
291 ZLOCZOW: (Polish) see Zolochev
292 ZIVOTOV: (German) see Novozhivotov
293 ZIVATOV: (Yiddish) see Novozhivotov
294 ZINOWJEWSK: (others) see Kirovograd
295 ZINOWJEWSK, ZINOVYEVSK: (Ukraine) see Kirovograd
296 ZINKOW: (Yiddish) see Zenkov 315130
297 ZINKOW: (Hungarian) see Zenkov
298 ZINKOV
299 ZINKOV: (Cemetery) see Podolia Guberniya
300 ZINKIV: (Ukraine) see Zenkov
 
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