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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2501 AKUA SZLATINA: see Solotvina
2502 AKNA SZLATINA: see Solotvina
2503 AKKERMAN: see Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy
2504 AKKERMA: see Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy
2505 AKIMOVKA: Vinnitskaya (Yakymivka)
2506 AKHNA RAHO: see Rakhov
2507 AK-MICHET: see Ahmichetskiye Stavki
2508 EGRIS: Zakarpatskaya
2509 AJSZYN: see Gaysin
2510 AJSIN: see Gaysin
2511 AHMICHETSKIYE STAVKI:
2512 AHMICHETSKI STAVKI: see Ahmichetskiye Stavki
2513 ADZHIDER: see Ovidiopol
2514 ADANCATA STROJINET: see Glybokaya (Adancata)
2515 ADANCATA: see Glybokaya (Adancata)
2516 ADANCATA STROJINET: see Glybokaya (Adancata)
2517 ADANCATA STOROJINET: see Glybokaya (Adancata)
2518 ADAMGOROD: see Trostyanets
2519 SEMENIVKA: Poltavska
2520 SEMENIVKA: Chernihiv
2521 MENA: Chernivetska
2522 SOSNITSA: Chernihivska
2523 VOYNILOV:
2524 MIZHHIRYA
2525 BERDYCZOW:
2526 UZHHOROD: Transcarpathia
2527 --Overview: Zhytomyrska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2528 --Overview: Zhytomyrska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2529 --Overview: Zaporizka Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2530 --Overview: Zakarpatska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2531 --Overview: Volynska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2532 --Overview: Vinnytska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2533 --Overview: Ternopilska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2534 --Overview: Sumska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2535 --Overview: Rivnenska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2536 --Overview: Poltavska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2537 --Overview: Odeska and Odeska V Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2538 --Overview: Mykolaivska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2539 --Overview: Luhanska and Lvivska Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2540 --Overview: Kyivska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2541 --Overview: Kirovohradska and Krymska Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2542 --Overview: Khmelnytska and Khmelnytska V Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2543 --Overview: Khersonska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2544 --Overview: Ivano-Frankivska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2545 --Overview: Dnipropetrovska and Donetska Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2546 --Overview: Chernivetska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2547 --Overview: Chernihivska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2548 --Research Facilities for Ukraine--
2549 --Overview: Cherkaska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2550 TOVSTE: Ternopilska oblast
2551 SIEMAKOWCZE: Ivano-Frankivska oblast
2552 HORODENKA: Ivano-Frankivska oblast [Gorodënka ]
2553 OSTROH: Ostrog, Ostra, Ostre, Ostraha, Rivnenska Oblast
2554 ODESA: Odeska Oblast
2555 POHREBYSHCHE: Vinnytska oblast
2556 MEDZHYBIZH: Khmelnytska oblast [Medzhibozh, Mezbizh, Międzybórz , Medzibezh, Medzibozh, Mezhibezh, Międzybóż, Medschybisch, Smiedzyborz]
2557 BEREZNA: Chernihivska oblast
2558 ANDRUSHIVKA: Zhytomyrska oblast
2559 NEMYRIV: Vinnytska oblast
2560 NIZYN: Chernihivska oblast
2561 NOVO-UMAN: Mykolaivska oblast
2562 VRBOVCE:
2563 NOVA POLLONNOYE
 
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