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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2501 ALEKSANDRIA: see Aleksandriya
2502 ALCHEVSK: Luhansk [Alchevs'k, Alchevskoe, Voroshilovsk, Woroschilowsk, Kommunarsk, Алчевськ]
2503 AKUA SZLATINA: see Solotvina
2504 AKNA SZLATINA: see Solotvina
2505 AKKERMAN: see Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy
2506 AKKERMA: see Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy
2507 AKIMOVKA: Vinnitskaya (Yakymivka)
2508 AKHNA RAHO: see Rakhov
2509 AK-MICHET: see Ahmichetskiye Stavki
2510 EGRIS: Zakarpatskaya
2511 AJSZYN: see Gaysin
2512 AJSIN: see Gaysin
2513 AHMICHETSKIYE STAVKI:
2514 AHMICHETSKI STAVKI: see Ahmichetskiye Stavki
2515 ADZHIDER: see Ovidiopol
2516 ADANCATA STROJINET: see Glybokaya (Adancata)
2517 ADANCATA: see Glybokaya (Adancata)
2518 ADANCATA STROJINET: see Glybokaya (Adancata)
2519 ADANCATA STOROJINET: see Glybokaya (Adancata)
2520 ADAMGOROD: see Trostyanets
2521 SEMENIVKA: Poltavska
2522 SEMENIVKA: Chernihiv oblast [Semënovka, Semenovka, Semionowka, Semeniwka ,Semionovka, Seminovk]
2523 MENA: Chernivetska
2524 SOSNITSA: Chernihivska
2525 VOYNILOV:
2526 MIZHHIRYA
2527 BERDYCZOW:
2528 UZHHOROD: Transcarpathia
2529 --Overview: Zhytomyrska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2530 --Overview: Zhytomyrska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2531 --Overview: Zaporizka Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2532 --Overview: Zakarpatska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2533 --Overview: Volynska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2534 --Overview: Vinnytska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2535 --Overview: Ternopilska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2536 --Overview: Sumska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2537 --Overview: Rivnenska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2538 --Overview: Poltavska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2539 --Overview: Odeska and Odeska V Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2540 --Overview: Mykolaivska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2541 --Overview: Luhanska and Lvivska Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2542 --Overview: Kyivska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2543 --Overview: Kirovohradska and Krymska Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2544 --Overview: Khmelnytska and Khmelnytska V Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2545 --Overview: Khersonska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2546 --Overview: Ivano-Frankivska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2547 --Overview: Dnipropetrovska and Donetska Oblasts Cemeteries Condition Information--
2548 --Overview: Chernivetska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2549 --Overview: Chernihivska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2550 --Research Facilities for Ukraine--
2551 --Overview: Cherkaska Oblast Cemeteries Condition Information--
2552 TOVSTE: Ternopilska oblast
2553 SIEMAKOWCZE: Ivano-Frankivska oblast
2554 HORODENKA: Ivano-Frankivska oblast [Gorodënka ]
2555 OSTROH: Ostrog, Ostra, Ostre, Ostraha, Rivnenska Oblast
2556 ODESA: Odeska Oblast
2557 POHREBYSHCHE: Vinnytska oblast
2558 MEDZHYBIZH: Khmelnytska oblast [Medzhibozh, Mezbizh, Międzybórz , Medzibezh, Medzibozh, Mezhibezh, Międzybóż, Medschybisch, Smiedzyborz]
2559 BEREZNA: Chernihivska oblast
2560 ANDRUSHIVKA: Zhytomyrska oblast
2561 NEMYRIV: Vinnytska oblast
2562 NIZYN: Chernihivska oblast
2563 NOVO-UMAN: Mykolaivska oblast
2564 VRBOVCE:
2565 NOVA POLLONNOYE
 
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