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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2401 BIALOLOWKA: see Belilovka
2402 BIALA TSERKOV: see Belaya Tserkov
2403 BIALA CERKIEW: see Belaya Tserkov
2404 BIALA CERKIEV: see Belaya Tserkov
2405 BEZHAN: see Berezhany
2406 BESSARABIYA:
2407 BESARABIYA
2408 BERZNITS: see Berezhnitsa
2409 BERZHAN: \see Berezhany
2410 BERYSLAV: Berislav, Berysław, Beryslaw , Berisslaw]
2411 BERSON: see Berezhany
2412 BEROZOVKA: see Berezovka
2413 BERLEBAS: see Rakhov
2414 BERKHOMET: see Beregomet
2415 BERHOMET PE PRUT: see Beregomet
2416 BERHOMET: see Beregomet
2417 BERGOMET: see Beregomet
2418 BEREZUV NIHNY:
2419 BEREZOWKA: see Berezovka
2420 BEREZOW NIZNY: Berezuv Nihny
2421 BEREZOVKA, Berezivka
2422 BEREZHANY: Ternepol Oblast.[ARANCHUKY, KURYANY, MECHYSHCHIV, NARAYIV, PIDHAYTSI, PODVYSOKE, RAY, TROSTYANETS, and ZAVALIV.]
2423 BEREZDOVTSY:
2424 BEREZDOVO: see Berezdov
2425 BEREZDOV
2426 BEREZDIV: see Berezdov
2427 BEREZANY: see Berezhany
2428 BERESTOVETS , KOMAROVKA [Berestowiec , Berestovitz ]
2429 BERESTETCHKA: see Berestechko
2430 BERESTECZKO: see Berestechko
2431 BERESTECHKO
2432 BERESOVKA: see Berezovka
2433 BERESLAVKA
2434 BEREMELIA: see Boreml
2435 BEREMEL: see Boreml
2436 BEREHOVO
2437 BEREGSZOLLOS: see Vinogradov
2438 BEREGSZASZ: see Beregovo
2439 BEREGSAS: see Berehovo
2440 BEREGOVO
2441 BEREGOMET:
2442 BEREGI:
2443 BERDYCSOW: see Berdichev
2444 BERDICHEV: Zhytomyrs’ka [Berdychiv, Barditchev, Berdyczów , Berdicev, Berditchev, Berditchov, Berdischew, Berdytschiw, Berdiyciv
2445 BELTZ: (German) see Belz
2446 BELOZIRYE
2447 BELOTSERKOVKA:
2448 BELOKRINICH'YE: see SUDILKOV
2449 BELKOROVICHY:
2450 BELILOVLA: see Belilovka
2451 BILYLIVKA [BELILOVKA, Білилівка]
2452 BELIA TSERKOV: see Belaya Tserkov
2453 BILHOROD DNESTROVSKIY:
2454 BATRAD: See BOTRAD
2455 BARANOWKA: see Baranovka
2456 BARANOVKA
2457 BARANIN: may be buried at Emelchino
2458 BAR
2459 BANILIV, [BANILOV, BANILA PE CEREMUS, RUS-BANILA, BANILLA RUSKA, RUSSISH BANILYA, RUSSISCH BANILLA, RUSSKIY BANILOV]
2460 BANILA: see Banilov
2461 BANILA PE SIRET: see Banilov (Siret)
2462 BALTA: [Balte, Yuzefhrad,Yelensk] Chişinău , Podolia
2463 BALANIVKA:
2464 BALALAYCHUK:
2465 BAKHMACH [Bachmatch , Bachmatsch , Bachmacz ,Bachmac] Chernihiv Oblast
2466 BAJRAMTSCHA: see Nikolayevka-Novorossiyska
2467 BAIRAMCEA: see Nikolayevka-Novorossiyska
2468 BAHOVETS
2469 BAHOV:
2470 BADOVKA: see Obodovka
2471 BACHMATCH:
2472 BACHMAC: see Bachmatch
2473 BABINTCHY: see Novofastov
2474 BABIN:
2475 AUSYN: see Gaysin
2476 AUSTILE: see Ustilug
2477 AUGUSTOWA AD RATAM: see Velikie Mosty
2478 ARTZIZ: see Artsiz
2479 ARTSYZ:Artsyz'kyi district, Odessa Oblast
2480 ARCIZ: see Artsiz
2481 ARANCHUKY: Ternepol Oblast.
2482 APOSTOLOVO: [Apostolove, Apostolovo, Pokrovs'ke, Apostolowo
2483 ANTONOVKA
2484 ANTONOVK:
2485 ANTCHIKROK: see Tarutino
2486 ANNOPOL: Kharkivs'ka Oblast
2487 ANNO-POKROVKA: Odesskaya
2488 ANDRUSZOWKA: see Andrushevka
2489 ANDRUSHOVKA: see Andrushivka
2490 ANDRUSHEVKA: see Androshivka
2491 ANDROSOVKA: see Andrushevka
2492 ANDREEVO-IVANOVKA: Odesskaya
2493 ANCIOKRAK: (German) see Tarutino
2494 ANANYEV: Kherson
2495 ANANIEV: (Polish) see Ananyev
2496 ANAJEV: (Polish) see Ananyev
2497 ALSOVERESZKE: (Yiddish) see Nizhniye Veretski
2498 ALSOHIDEGPATAK: see Nizhne Studenyy
2499 ALEXANDROVSK: see Zaporozhye
2500 ALEKSANDROVSK: see Zaporozhye
 
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