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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2401 BERLEBAS: see Rakhov
2402 BERKHOMET: see Beregomet
2403 BERISLAW: see Berislav
2404 BERISLAV
2405 BERHOMET PE PRUT: see Beregomet
2406 BERHOMET: see Beregomet
2407 BERGOMET: see Beregomet
2408 BEREZUV NIHNY:
2409 BEREZOWKA: see Berezovka
2410 BEREZOW NIZNY: Berezuv Nihny
2411 BEREZOVKA, Berezivka
2412 BEREZHANY: Ternepol Oblast.[ARANCHUKY, KURYANY, MECHYSHCHIV, NARAYIV, PIDHAYTSI, PODVYSOKE, RAY, TROSTYANETS, and ZAVALIV.]
2413 BEREZDOVTSY:
2414 BEREZDOVO: see Berezdov
2415 BEREZDOV
2416 BEREZDIV: see Berezdov
2417 BEREZANY: see Berezhany
2418 BERESTOVETS , KOMAROVKA
2419 BERESTOVETS:
2420 BERESTETCHKA: see Berestechko
2421 BERESTECZKO: see Berestechko
2422 BERESTECHKO
2423 BERESOVKA: see Berezovka
2424 BERESLAVKA
2425 BEREMELIA: see Boreml
2426 BEREMEL: see Boreml
2427 BEREHOVO
2428 BEREGSZOLLOS: see Vinogradov
2429 BEREGSZASZ: see Beregovo
2430 BEREGSAS: see Berehovo
2431 BEREGOVO
2432 BEREGOMET:
2433 BEREGI:
2434 BERDYCSOW: see Berdichev
2435 BERDICHEV: Zhytomyrs’ka
2436 BELTZ: (German) see Belz
2437 BELOZIRYE
2438 BELOTSERKOVKA:
2439 BELOKRINICH'YE: see SUDILKOV
2440 BELKOROVICHY:
2441 BELILOVLA: see Belilovka
2442 BILYLIVKA [BELILOVKA, Білилівка]
2443 BELIA TSERKOV: see Belaya Tserkov
2444 BILHOROD DNESTROVSKIY:
2445 BATRAD: See BOTRAD
2446 BARANOWKA: see Baranovka
2447 BARANOVKA
2448 BARANIN: may be buried at Emelchino
2449 BAR
2450 BANILIV, [BANILOV, BANILA PE CEREMUS, RUS-BANILA, BANILLA RUSKA, RUSSISH BANILYA, RUSSISCH BANILLA, RUSSKIY BANILOV]
2451 BANILA: see Banilov
2452 BANILA PE SIRET: see Banilov (Siret)
2453 BALTA: Podolia
2454 BALANIVKA:
2455 BALALAYCHUK:
2456 BAKHMACH
2457 BAJRAMTSCHA: see Nikolayevka-Novorossiyska
2458 BAIRAMCEA: see Nikolayevka-Novorossiyska
2459 BAHOVETS
2460 BAHOV:
2461 BADOVKA: see Obodovka
2462 BACHMATCH:
2463 BACHMAC: see Bachmatch
2464 BABINTCHY: see Novofastov
2465 BABIN:
2466 AUSYN: see Gaysin
2467 AUSTILE: see Ustilug
2468 AUGUSTOWA AD RATAM: see Velikie Mosty
2469 ARTZIZ: see Artsiz
2470 ARTSYZ:Artsyz'kyi district, Odessa Oblast
2471 ARCIZ: see Artsiz
2472 ARANCHUKY: Ternepol Oblast.
2473 APOSTOLOVO
2474 ANTONOVKA
2475 ANTONOVK:
2476 ANTCHIKROK: see Tarutino
2477 ANNOPOL: Kharkivs'ka Oblast
2478 ANNO-POKROVKA: Odesskaya
2479 ANDRUSZOWKA: see Andrushevka
2480 ANDRUSHOVKA: see Andrushivka
2481 ANDRUSHEVKA: see Androshivka
2482 ANDROSOVKA: see Andrushevka
2483 ANDREEVO-IVANOVKA: Odesskaya
2484 ANCIOKRAK: (German) see Tarutino
2485 ANANYEV: Kherson
2486 ANANIEV: (Polish) see Ananyev
2487 ANAJEV: (Polish) see Ananyev
2488 ALSOVERESZKE: (Yiddish) see Nizhniye Veretski
2489 ALSOHIDEGPATAK: see Nizhne Studenyy
2490 ALEXANDROVSK: see Zaporozhye
2491 ALEKSANDROVSK: see Zaporozhye
2492 ALEKSANDROVKA: Zakarpatskaya
2493 ALEKSANDROVKA
2494 ALEKSANDRJIA: see Aleksandriya
2495 ALEKSANDRIYA: Kirovograd [Aleksandriia, Aleksandrija , Becha]
2496 ALEKSANDRYA: see Skole
2497 ALEKSANDRIJA: see Aleksandriya
2498 ALEKSANDRIIA: see Aleksandriya
2499 ALEKSANDRIA: see Aleksandriya
2500 ALCHEVSK: Luhansk
 
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