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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2301 CHARTORIYA CHADASHA: see Novaya Chertoriya
2302 CHARTORISK: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2303 CHARTORISH: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2304 CHARIVNOYE:
2305 CHANKOV
2306 CHANKIV: see Chankov
2307 CETATEA ALBA: see Belgorod Dnestrovskiy
2308 CERNOVCY
2309 CERNAUTI
2310 CERNANTI
2311 CERCASSY: see Chercass
2312 CAMGORODOK: see v. Aleksandrovka
2313 BYSZEW, BYSZOW: see Byshev
2314 BYSTRICHY:
2315 BYKOW: see Bykovt
2316 BYSHIV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
2317 BYKOW: see Bykov
2318 BYKOVKA:
2319 BYKOV: 251164,
2320 BYELOGORD: see Bilhorod-Dnestrovskiy
2321 BYELAYA TSERKOV
2322 BYEL: (Yiddish) see Berezhnitsa
2323 BUZKE: see Buzhskoey
2324 BUZHSKOEY:
2325 BUTCHATCH: see Buchach
2326 BUSK:
2327 BURSHZTYN: see Burshtyn
2328 BURSHTYN:
2329 BURSHTIN: see Burshtyn
2330 BUKSHEVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2331 BUKOVINA:
2332 BUKOTCHOVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2333 BUKACZOVCE: see Bukachevtsy
2334 BUKACHIVTSI: see Bukachevtsy
2335 BUKACHEVTSY:
2336 BUDZANOV: see Budanov
2337 BUDANOV
2338 BUDANIV: see Budanov
2339 BUDAEVKA: see Tarasovka (Boyarka)
2340 BUCZACZ: see Buchach
2341 BUCHACH
2342 BRZOZDOWCE: see Berezdovtsy
2343 BRUSKINTSY
2344 BRUSILOW: see Brusilov
2345 BRUSILOV
2346 BRODY: Lviv
2347 BOTRAD:
2348 BOSLOV: see BOGUSLAV
2349 BOSHOVTSY: see VOYNILOV (Wojnilow)
2350 BORZNA:[BORSNA , BORZNE]: Chernigov District
2351 BORSCHEV:
2352 BORSCHAGOVKA:
2353 BOLEKHOV:
2354 BOHUSLAV: (Boguslav) Bohuslavskyi Raion, Kyyev oblast
2355 BOGOPOL
2356 BOGDAN:
2357 BOBROVITZA: see Bobrovica
2358 BOBROVITSA: see Bobrovica
2359 BOBROVICA: 251150,
2360 BOBRKA: see Bibrka
2361 BOBRINITZ: see Bobrinets
2362 BOBRINETS
2363 BOBOVO
2364 BOBERKA: see Bibrka
2365 BLASHNYA:
2366 BIZINOV: see Budanov
2367 BIZINEV:see Budanov
2368 BITSHUTSH: see Buchach
2369 BISHTANIE: Zakarpatia region
2370 BIRZULA: see Kotovsk
2371 BIRSULA: see Kotovsk
2372 BIRSAVA: see Kotovsk
2373 BILSHIVTSI: see Bolshovtsy
2374 BILOZIR'YE: see Belozirye
2375 BILOLOWKA: see Belilovka
2376 BILHOROD DNISTROVSKYY: see Bilhorod Dnestrovskiy
2377 BILE:
2378 BILASHEV:
2379 BIKOVKA:
2380 BIGACH: see Berezna
2381 BIELSKO-BIALA:
2382 BIBRKA
2383 BIALY KAMIEN: see Belyi Kamen
2384 BIALOSTOK: see Vinogradov
2385 BIALOLOWKA: see Belilovka
2386 BIALA TSERKOV: see Belaya Tserkov
2387 BIALA CERKIEW: see Belaya Tserkov
2388 BIALA CERKIEV: see Belaya Tserkov
2389 BEZHAN: see Berezhany
2390 BESSARABIYA:
2391 BESARABIYA
2392 BERZNITS: see Berezhnitsa
2393 BERZHAN: \see Berezhany
2394 BERYSLAV: see Berislav
2395 BERSON: see Berezhany
2396 BEROZOVKA: see Berezovka
2397 BERLEBAS: see Rakhov
2398 BERKHOMET: see Beregomet
2399 BERISLAW: see Berislav
2400 BERISLAV
 
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