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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2301 CHERNINIVKA: see Chernigovka
2302 CHERNIGOVKA
2303 CHERNIHIV (CHERNIGOV)
2304 CHERNICH: see Chernukhi
2305 CHERNEVTCI:
2306 CHERNA: see Cierna
2307 CHERMOLINTSY:
2308 CHERKASY: Kiev [Cherkassy, Czerkasy, Cherkoss,Tscherkassy,Cherkassi, Cerkasy, Cherkass]
2309 CHERKASSKAYA:
2310 CHERCASSY: see Chercass
2311 CHERCASS
2312 CHEPA:
2313 CHEMIRIVTSY: see Chemirovts
2314 CHEMIRIVTSI: see Chemirovtsy
2315 CHEMIROVTSY
2316 CHEMIRIVTSY: see Chemirovtsy
2317 CHEMIRIVTSI: see Chemirovtsy
2318 CHELITCH: see Galich
2319 CHEHIYA:
2320 CHECHELNIK: [Chechel'nik, Chitchilnik ,Czeczelnik , Chel'nik, Chechelnyk, Cecel'nyk.
2321 CHARTORYSK:
2322 CHARTORIYSK: (Polish) see v. Tariy Chartoriysk
2323 CHARTORIYA CHADASHA: see Novaya Chertoriya
2324 CHARTORISK: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2325 CHARTORISH: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2326 CHARIVNOYE:
2327 CHANKOV
2328 CHANKIV: see Chankov
2329 CETATEA ALBA: see Belgorod Dnestrovskiy
2330 CERNOVCY
2331 CERNAUTI
2332 CERNANTI
2333 CERCASSY: see Chercass
2334 CAMGORODOK: see v. Aleksandrovka
2335 BYSZEW, BYSZOW: see Byshev
2336 BYSTRICHY:
2337 BYKOW: see Bykovt
2338 BYSHIV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
2339 BYKOW: see Bykov
2340 BYKOVKA:
2341 BYKOV: 251164,
2342 BYELOGORD: see Bilhorod-Dnestrovskiy
2343 BYELAYA TSERKOV
2344 BYEL: (Yiddish) see Berezhnitsa
2345 BUZKE: see Buzhskoey
2346 BUZHSKOEY:
2347 BUTCHATCH: see Buchach
2348 BUSK: [Busik, Bisik]
2349 BURSHZTYN: see Burshtyn
2350 BURSHTYN:
2351 BURSHTIN: see Burshtyn
2352 BUKSHEVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2353 BUKOVINA:
2354 BUKOTCHOVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2355 BUKACZOVCE: see Bukachevtsy
2356 BUKACHIVTSI: see Bukachevtsy
2357 BUKACHEVTSY:
2358 BUDZANOV: see Budanov
2359 BUDANOV
2360 BUDANIV: see Budanov
2361 BUDAEVKA: see Tarasovka (Boyarka)
2362 BUCZACZ: see Buchach
2363 BUCHACH
2364 BRZOZDOWCE: see Berezdovtsy
2365 BRUSKINTSY
2366 BRUSILOW: see Brusilov
2367 BRUSILOV
2368 BRODY: Lviv
2369 BOTRAD:
2370 BOSLOV: see BOGUSLAV
2371 BOSHOVTSY: see VOYNILOV (Wojnilow)
2372 BORSCHEV:
2373 BORSCHAGOVKA:
2374 BOLEKHOV:
2375 BOHUSLAV: (Boguslav) Bohuslavskyi Raion, Kyyev oblast
2376 BOGOPOL
2377 BOGDAN:
2378 BOBROVITZA: see Bobrovica
2379 BOBROVITSA: see Bobrovica
2380 BOBROVICA: 251150,
2381 BOBRKA: see Bibrka
2382 BOBRINITZ: see Bobrinets
2383 BOBRINETS
2384 BOBOVO
2385 BOBERKA: see Bibrka
2386 BLASHNYA:
2387 BIZINOV: see Budanov
2388 BIZINEV:see Budanov
2389 BITSHUTSH: see Buchach
2390 BISHTANIE: Zakarpatia region
2391 BIRZULA: see Kotovsk
2392 BIRSULA: see Kotovsk
2393 BIRSAVA: see Kotovsk
2394 BILSHIVTSI: see Bolshovtsy
2395 BILOZIR'YE: see Belozirye
2396 BILOLOWKA: see Belilovka
2397 BILHOROD DNISTROVSKYY: see Bilhorod Dnestrovskiy
2398 BILE:
2399 BILASHEV:
2400 BIKOVKA:
 
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