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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2301 CHERNICH: see Chernukhi
2302 CHERNEVTCI:
2303 CHERNA: see Cierna
2304 CHERMOLINTSY:
2305 CHERKASY: Kiev [Cherkassy, Czerkasy, Cherkoss,Tscherkassy,Cherkassi, Cerkasy, Cherkass]
2306 CHERKASSKAYA:
2307 CHERCASSY: see Chercass
2308 CHERCASS
2309 CHEPA:
2310 CHEMIRIVTSY: see Chemirovts
2311 CHEMIRIVTSI: see Chemirovtsy
2312 CHEMIROVTSY
2313 CHEMIRIVTSY: see Chemirovtsy
2314 CHEMIRIVTSI: see Chemirovtsy
2315 CHELITCH: see Galich
2316 CHEHIYA:
2317 CHECHELNIK: [Chechel'nik, Chitchilnik ,Czeczelnik , Chel'nik, Chechelnyk, Cecel'nyk.
2318 CHARTORYSK:
2319 CHARTORIYSK: (Polish) see v. Tariy Chartoriysk
2320 CHARTORIYA CHADASHA: see Novaya Chertoriya
2321 CHARTORISK: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2322 CHARTORISH: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2323 CHARIVNOYE:
2324 CHANKOV
2325 CHANKIV: see Chankov
2326 CETATEA ALBA: see Belgorod Dnestrovskiy
2327 CERNOVCY
2328 CERNAUTI
2329 CERNANTI
2330 CERCASSY: see Chercass
2331 CAMGORODOK: see v. Aleksandrovka
2332 BYSZEW, BYSZOW: see Byshev
2333 BYSTRICHY:
2334 BYKOW: see Bykovt
2335 BYSHIV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
2336 BYKOW: see Bykov
2337 BYKOVKA:
2338 BYKOV: 251164,
2339 BYELOGORD: see Bilhorod-Dnestrovskiy
2340 BYELAYA TSERKOV
2341 BYEL: (Yiddish) see Berezhnitsa
2342 BUZKE: see Buzhskoey
2343 BUZHSKOEY:
2344 BUTCHATCH: see Buchach
2345 BUSK
2346 BURSHZTYN: see Burshtyn
2347 BURSHTYN:
2348 BURSHTIN: see Burshtyn
2349 BUKSHEVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2350 BUKOVINA:
2351 BUKOTCHOVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2352 BUKACZOVCE: see Bukachevtsy
2353 BUKACHIVTSI: see Bukachevtsy
2354 BUKACHEVTSY:
2355 BUDZANOV: see Budanov
2356 BUDANOV
2357 BUDANIV: see Budanov
2358 BUDAEVKA: see Tarasovka (Boyarka)
2359 BUCZACZ: see Buchach
2360 BUCHACH
2361 BRZOZDOWCE: see Berezdovtsy
2362 BRUSKINTSY
2363 BRUSILOW: see Brusilov
2364 BRUSILOV
2365 BRODY: Lviv
2366 BOTRAD:
2367 BOSLOV: see BOGUSLAV
2368 BOSHOVTSY: see VOYNILOV (Wojnilow)
2369 BORSCHEV:
2370 BORSCHAGOVKA:
2371 BOLEKHOV:
2372 BOHUSLAV: (Boguslav) Bohuslavskyi Raion, Kyyev oblast
2373 BOGOPOL
2374 BOGDAN:
2375 BOBROVITZA: see Bobrovica
2376 BOBROVITSA: see Bobrovica
2377 BOBROVICA: 251150,
2378 BOBRKA: see Bibrka
2379 BOBRINITZ: see Bobrinets
2380 BOBRINETS
2381 BOBOVO
2382 BOBERKA: see Bibrka
2383 BLASHNYA:
2384 BIZINOV: see Budanov
2385 BIZINEV:see Budanov
2386 BITSHUTSH: see Buchach
2387 BISHTANIE: Zakarpatia region
2388 BIRZULA: see Kotovsk
2389 BIRSULA: see Kotovsk
2390 BIRSAVA: see Kotovsk
2391 BILSHIVTSI: see Bolshovtsy
2392 BILOZIR'YE: see Belozirye
2393 BILOLOWKA: see Belilovka
2394 BILHOROD DNISTROVSKYY: see Bilhorod Dnestrovskiy
2395 BILE:
2396 BILASHEV:
2397 BIKOVKA:
2398 BIGACH: see Berezna
2399 BIELSKO-BIALA:
2400 BIBRKA
 
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