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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2301 CHEMIRIVTSI: see Chemirovtsy
2302 CHEMIROVTSY
2303 CHEMIRIVTSY: see Chemirovtsy
2304 CHEMIRIVTSI: see Chemirovtsy
2305 CHELITCH: see Galich
2306 CHEHIYA:
2307 CHECHELNIK: [Chechel'nik, Chitchilnik ,Czeczelnik , Chel'nik, Chechelnyk, Cecel'nyk.
2308 CHARTORYSK:
2309 CHARTORIYSK: (Polish) see v. Tariy Chartoriysk
2310 CHARTORIYA CHADASHA: see Novaya Chertoriya
2311 CHARTORISK: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2312 CHARTORISH: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2313 CHARIVNOYE:
2314 CHANKOV
2315 CHANKIV: see Chankov
2316 CETATEA ALBA: see Belgorod Dnestrovskiy
2317 CERNOVCY
2318 CERNAUTI
2319 CERNANTI
2320 CERCASSY: see Chercass
2321 CAMGORODOK: see v. Aleksandrovka
2322 BYSZEW, BYSZOW: see Byshev
2323 BYSTRICHY:
2324 BYKOW: see Bykovt
2325 BYSHIV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
2326 BYKOW: see Bykov
2327 BYKOVKA:
2328 BYKOV: 251164,
2329 BYELAYA TSERKOV
2330 BYEL: (Yiddish) see Berezhnitsa
2331 BUZKE: see Buzhskoey
2332 BUZHSKOEY:
2333 BUTCHATCH: see Buchach
2334 BUSK: [Busik, Bisik]
2335 BURSHZTYN: see Burshtyn
2336 BURSHTYN:
2337 BURSHTIN: see Burshtyn
2338 BUKSHEVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2339 BUKOVINA:
2340 BUKOTCHOVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2341 BUKACZOVCE: see Bukachevtsy
2342 BUKACHIVTSI: see Bukachevtsy
2343 BUKACHEVTSY:
2344 BUDZANOV: see Budanov
2345 BUDANOV
2346 BUDANIV: see Budanov
2347 BUDAEVKA: see Tarasovka (Boyarka)
2348 BUCZACZ: see Buchach
2349 BUCHACH
2350 BRZOZDOWCE: see Berezdovtsy
2351 BRUSKINTSY
2352 BRUSILOW: see Brusilov
2353 BRUSILOV
2354 BRODY: Lviv [Brod, Prode]
2355 BOTRAD:
2356 BOSLOV: see BOGUSLAV
2357 BOSHOVTSY: see VOYNILOV (Wojnilow)
2358 BORSCHEV:
2359 BORSCHAGOVKA:
2360 BOLEKHOV:
2361 BOHUSLAV: (Boguslav) Bohuslavskyi Raion, Kyyev oblast
2362 BOGOPOL
2363 BOGDAN:
2364 BOBROVITZA: see Bobrovica
2365 BOBROVITSA: see Bobrovica
2366 BOBROVICA: 251150,
2367 BOBRKA: see Bibrka
2368 BOBRINITZ: see Bobrinets
2369 BOBRINETS
2370 BOBOVO
2371 BOBERKA: see Bibrka
2372 BLASHNYA:
2373 BIZINOV: see Budanov
2374 BIZINEV:see Budanov
2375 BITSHUTSH: see Buchach
2376 BISHTANIE: Zakarpatia region
2377 BIRZULA: see Kotovsk
2378 BIRSULA: see Kotovsk
2379 BIRSAVA: see Kotovsk
2380 BILSHIVTSI: see Bolshovtsy
2381 BILOZIR'YE: see Belozirye
2382 BILOLOWKA: see Belilovka
2383 BILE:
2384 BILASHEV:
2385 BIKOVKA:
2386 BIGACH: see Berezna
2387 BIELSKO-BIALA:
2388 BIBRKA
2389 BIALY KAMIEN: see Belyi Kamen
2390 BIALOSTOK: see Vinogradov
2391 BIALOLOWKA: see Belilovka
2392 BIALA TSERKOV: see Belaya Tserkov
2393 BIALA CERKIEW: see Belaya Tserkov
2394 BIALA CERKIEV: see Belaya Tserkov
2395 BEZHAN: see Berezhany
2396 BESSARABIYA:
2397 BESARABIYA
2398 BERZNITS: see Berezhnitsa
2399 BERZHAN: \see Berezhany
2400 BERYSLAV: Berislav, Berysław, Beryslaw , Berisslaw]
 
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