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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2301 CHEPA:
2302 CHEMIRIVTSY: see Chemirovts
2303 CHEMIRIVTSI: see Chemirovtsy
2304 CHEMIROVTSY
2305 CHEMIRIVTSY: see Chemirovtsy
2306 CHEMIRIVTSI: see Chemirovtsy
2307 CHELITCH: see Galich
2308 CHEHIYA:
2309 CHECHELNIK: [Chechel'nik, Chitchilnik ,Czeczelnik , Chel'nik, Chechelnyk, Cecel'nyk.
2310 CHARTORYSK:
2311 CHARTORIYSK: (Polish) see v. Tariy Chartoriysk
2312 CHARTORIYA CHADASHA: see Novaya Chertoriya
2313 CHARTORISK: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2314 CHARTORISH: see Stariy Chartoriysk
2315 CHARIVNOYE:
2316 CHANKOV
2317 CHANKIV: see Chankov
2318 CETATEA ALBA: see Belgorod Dnestrovskiy
2319 CERNOVCY
2320 CERNAUTI
2321 CERNANTI
2322 CERCASSY: see Chercass
2323 CAMGORODOK: see v. Aleksandrovka
2324 BYSZEW, BYSZOW: see Byshev
2325 BYSTRICHY:
2326 BYKOW: see Bykovt
2327 BYSHIV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
2328 BYKOW: see Bykov
2329 BYKOVKA:
2330 BYKOV: 251164,
2331 BYELAYA TSERKOV
2332 BYEL: (Yiddish) see Berezhnitsa
2333 BUZKE: see Buzhskoey
2334 BUZHSKOEY:
2335 BUTCHATCH: see Buchach
2336 BUSK: [Busik, Bisik]
2337 BURSHZTYN: see Burshtyn
2338 BURSHTYN:
2339 BURSHTIN: see Burshtyn
2340 BUKSHEVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2341 BUKOVINA:
2342 BUKOTCHOVITZ: see Bukachevtsy
2343 BUKACZOVCE: see Bukachevtsy
2344 BUKACHIVTSI: see Bukachevtsy
2345 BUKACHEVTSY:
2346 BUDZANOV: see Budanov
2347 BUDANOV
2348 BUDANIV: see Budanov
2349 BUDAEVKA: see Tarasovka (Boyarka)
2350 BUCZACZ: see Buchach
2351 BUCHACH
2352 BRZOZDOWCE: see Berezdovtsy
2353 BRUSKINTSY
2354 BRUSILOW: see Brusilov
2355 BRUSILOV
2356 BRODY: Lviv [Brod, Prode]
2357 BOTRAD:
2358 BOSLOV: see BOGUSLAV
2359 BOSHOVTSY: see VOYNILOV (Wojnilow)
2360 BORSCHEV:
2361 BORSCHAGOVKA:
2362 BOLEKHOV:
2363 BOHUSLAV: (Boguslav) Bohuslavskyi Raion, Kyyev oblast
2364 BOGOPOL
2365 BOGDAN:
2366 BOBROVITZA: see Bobrovica
2367 BOBROVITSA: see Bobrovica
2368 BOBROVICA: 251150,
2369 BOBRKA: see Bibrka
2370 BOBRINITZ: see Bobrinets
2371 BOBRINETS
2372 BOBOVO
2373 BOBERKA: see Bibrka
2374 BLASHNYA:
2375 BIZINOV: see Budanov
2376 BIZINEV:see Budanov
2377 BITSHUTSH: see Buchach
2378 BISHTANIE: Zakarpatia region
2379 BIRZULA: see Kotovsk
2380 BIRSULA: see Kotovsk
2381 BIRSAVA: see Kotovsk
2382 BILSHIVTSI: see Bolshovtsy
2383 BILOZIR'YE: see Belozirye
2384 BILOLOWKA: see Belilovka
2385 BILE:
2386 BILASHEV:
2387 BIKOVKA:
2388 BIGACH: see Berezna
2389 BIELSKO-BIALA:
2390 BIBRKA
2391 BIALY KAMIEN: see Belyi Kamen
2392 BIALOSTOK: see Vinogradov
2393 BIALOLOWKA: see Belilovka
2394 BIALA TSERKOV: see Belaya Tserkov
2395 BIALA CERKIEW: see Belaya Tserkov
2396 BIALA CERKIEV: see Belaya Tserkov
2397 BEZHAN: see Berezhany
2398 BESSARABIYA:
2399 BESARABIYA
2400 BERZNITS: see Berezhnitsa
 
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