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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2201 CZERNIHOW: see Chernigov
2202 CZERNIHOV: see Chernigov
2203 CZECZELNIK: see Chechelnik
2204 CUDNOW: see Chudnov
2205 CUDNOV: see Chudnov
2206 DOLISHNIE: see Berezdovtsy
2207 COZMENI: see Kitsman
2208 COTMAN: see Kitsman
2209 COSTESTI: see Konstintsy
2210 COPAIGOROD: see Kopaygorod
2211 CLUBOCHEK:
2212 CIUDEIU: see Chudin (Mezhirechye)
2213 CIERNA:
2214 CICELNIC: see Chechelnik
2215 DOLINSKOYE
2216 CHYROW: see Khyrov
2217 CHUT: see Khust
2218 DOLINA
2219 CHUST: see Khust
2220 DOBROVELICHKOVKA
2221 CHUMALEVO
2222 DOBROTWOR: see Dobrotvor (Staryi)
2223 DOBROTVOR (STARYI)
2224 DOBROMYL'
2225 DOBROMIL: see Dobromyl'
2226 DMITROVKA
2227 DMITRIYEVKA
2228 DJURIN: see Dzhurin
2229 DINOVITS: see Dunaevtsy
2230 DINIVITZ: see Dunaevtsy
2231 DINEWITZ: see Dunaevtsy
2232 DYMER: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Dimer[
2233 DIKOVKA
2234 DIBROVKA: see Pyatigory
2235 DERESHNJA: see Derazhnya
2236 DEREBCIN: see Derebchin
2237 DEREBCHIN
2238 DIKOV: may be buried at Klevan
2239 DERAZHNYA [DERAZHNIA, DZIERAŻNIA , , DERAZHNVA, DERESHNJA] : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
2240 DEMYANOVTSY
2241 DEM'YANKIVTSI: see Demyanovtsy
2242 DASHIEV: see Dashev
2243 DAISIN: see Gaysin
2244 CZORTKOW: see Chortkiv
2245 CSERJES: see Lozansky
2246 CRENENCIUC: see Kremenchug
2247 CICELNIC
2248 CHUKOV
2249 CHUDNOW: see Chudnov
2250 CHUDNOV
2251 CHUDIN: (Czudyn)
2252 CHOTYN: see Khotin
2253 CHOTIN: see Khotin
2254 CHORTKIV: Ternopil oblast (Czortków, Chortkov, Tschortkiw, Czortków, Czortków Stary, Chertkov, Chortkuv, Chortkev, Czortkiw, Vygnanka)
2255 CHORTKEV: see Chortkiv
2256 CHOROSTKOW: see Khorostkov
2257 CHOROSTKOV: see Khorostkov
2258 CHOROL: see Khorol
2259 CHORAL: see Khorol
2260 CHOPOVITCH: see Chopovichy
2261 CHOPOVICHY:
2262 CHOPOVICHI: see Chopovichy
2263 CHOLOVKA:
2264 CHODOROV: see Khodorov
2265 CHODORKOW: see Khodorkov
2266 CHODODROW: see Khodorov
2267 CHODORKOV: see Khodorkov
2268 CHODNITZA: see Skhodnitsa
2269 CHODEREV: see Khodorov
2270 CHMIELNITSKY
2271 CHMEINIK: see Khmelnik
2272 CHKALOVO:
2273 CHITCHILNIK: see Chechelnik
2274 CHIROW:: see Khyrov
2275 CHIROV: see Khyrov
2276 CHILIA NOVA: see Kiliya
2277 CHICHELNIK: see Chechelnik
2278 CHETVERTNYA:
2279 CHETVERNIA: see Chetvertnya
2280 CHETSCHELNIK: see Chechelnik
2281 CHERVONOYE
2282 CHERVONOGRAD:
2283 CHERVONOARMEYSK / RADYVYLIV:Rivne Oblast [Volhynia [RODVIL , CHERVONOARMEYSK, , CHERVONOARMEISK , RADZIWIŁŁÓW , RADZIVILOV , RADEVIL, RADVIL, RADIVIL, RADZHIVILOV, RADZIVILLUV, RADYWYLIW
2284 CHERNYAHOV
2285 CHERNY ARDOV: see Chernotisov
2286 CHERNUKHI:
2287 CHERNUCHI: see Chernukhi
2288 CHERNIVTSI: [Cernovcy, Cernwitze Bukovina, Chernovitsy, Chernovitz, Chernovits, Czerniowce, Tschernowitz, Chernivtsi-Чернівці, Cernăuţi, Czernowitz,
2289 CHERNOVO: see Andreevo-Ivanovka
2290 CHERNOVITSY
2291 CHERNOTISOV:
2292 CHERNOGUZY:
2293 CHERNOBYL:
2294 CHERNIY POTOK: see Feketepatak
2295 CHERNIOWCE: see CHERNIVTSI
2296 CHERNINIVKA: see Chernigovka
2297 CHERNIGOVKA
2298 CHERNIHIV (CHERNIGOV)
2299 CHERNICH: see Chernukhi
2300 CHERNEVTCI:
 
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