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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.

[UPDATE] Ukraine-Israel Community Information/Pictures of Cemteries and more [October 2017]

    Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
2201 CZECZELNIK: see Chechelnik
2202 CUDNOW: see Chudnov
2203 CUDNOV: see Chudnov
2204 DOLISHNIE: see Berezdovtsy
2205 COZMENI: see Kitsman
2206 COTMAN: see Kitsman
2207 COSTESTI: see Konstintsy
2208 COPAIGOROD: see Kopaygorod
2209 CLUBOCHEK:
2210 CIUDEIU: see Chudin (Mezhirechye)
2211 CIERNA:
2212 CICELNIC: see Chechelnik
2213 DOLINSKOYE
2214 CHYROW: see Khyrov
2215 CHUT: see Khust
2216 DOLINA
2217 CHUST: see Khust
2218 DOBROVELICHKOVKA
2219 CHUMALEVO
2220 DOBROTWOR: see Dobrotvor (Staryi)
2221 DOBROTVOR (STARYI)
2222 DOBROMYL'
2223 DOBROMIL: see Dobromyl'
2224 DMITROVKA
2225 DMITRIYEVKA
2226 DJURIN: see Dzhurin
2227 DINOVITS: see Dunaevtsy
2228 DINIVITZ: see Dunaevtsy
2229 DINEWITZ: see Dunaevtsy
2230 DYMER: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Dimer[
2231 DIKOVKA
2232 DIBROVKA: see Pyatigory
2233 DERESHNJA: see Derazhnya
2234 DEREBCIN: see Derebchin
2235 DEREBCHIN
2236 DIKOV: may be buried at Klevan
2237 DERAZHNYA [DERAZHNIA, DZIERAŻNIA , , DERAZHNVA, DERESHNJA] : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
2238 DEMYANOVTSY
2239 DEM'YANKIVTSI: see Demyanovtsy
2240 DASHIEV: see Dashev
2241 DAISIN: see Gaysin
2242 CZORTKOW: see Chortkiv
2243 CSERJES: see Lozansky
2244 CRENENCIUC: see Kremenchug
2245 CICELNIC
2246 CHUKOV
2247 CHUDNOW: see Chudnov
2248 CHUDNOV
2249 CHUDIN: (Czudyn)
2250 CHORTKIV: Ternopil oblast (Czortków, Chortkov, Tschortkiw, Czortków, Czortków Stary, Chertkov, Chortkuv, Chortkev, Czortkiw, Vygnanka)
2251 CHORTKEV: see Chortkiv
2252 CHOROSTKOW: see Khorostkov
2253 CHOROSTKOV: see Khorostkov
2254 CHOROL: see Khorol
2255 CHORAL: see Khorol
2256 CHOPOVITCH: see Chopovichy
2257 CHOPOVICHY:
2258 CHOPOVICHI: see Chopovichy
2259 CHOLOVKA:
2260 CHODOROV: see Khodorov
2261 CHODORKOW: see Khodorkov
2262 CHODODROW: see Khodorov
2263 CHODORKOV: see Khodorkov
2264 CHODNITZA: see Skhodnitsa
2265 CHODEREV: see Khodorov
2266 CHMIELNITSKY
2267 CHMEINIK: see Khmelnik
2268 CHKALOVO:
2269 CHITCHILNIK: see Chechelnik
2270 CHIROW:: see Khyrov
2271 CHIROV: see Khyrov
2272 CHICHELNIK: see Chechelnik
2273 CHETVERTNYA:
2274 CHETVERNIA: see Chetvertnya
2275 CHETSCHELNIK: see Chechelnik
2276 CHERVONOYE
2277 CHERVONOGRAD:
2278 CHERVONOARMEYSK / RADYVYLIV:Rivne Oblast [Volhynia [RODVIL , CHERVONOARMEYSK, , CHERVONOARMEISK , RADZIWIŁŁÓW , RADZIVILOV , RADEVIL, RADVIL, RADIVIL, RADZHIVILOV, RADZIVILLUV, RADYWYLIW
2279 CHERNYAHOV
2280 CHERNY ARDOV: see Chernotisov
2281 CHERNUKHI:
2282 CHERNUCHI: see Chernukhi
2283 CHERNIVTSI::Bukovina [Cernovcy, Cernwitze Bukovina, Chernovitsy, Chernovitz, Chernovits, Czerniowce, Tschernowitz, Chernivtsi-Чернівці, Cernăuţi, Czernowitz,
2284 CHERNOVO: see Andreevo-Ivanovka
2285 CHERNOVITSY
2286 CHERNOTISOV:
2287 CHERNOGUZY:
2288 CHERNOBYL:
2289 CHERNIOWCE: see CHERNIVTSI
2290 CHERNINIVKA: see Chernigovka
2291 CHERNIGOVKA
2292 CHERNIHIV (CHERNIGOV)
2293 CHERNICH: see Chernukhi
2294 CHERNEVTCI:
2295 CHERNA: see Cierna
2296 CHERMOLINTSY:
2297 CHERKASY: Kiev [Cherkassy, Czerkasy, Cherkoss,Tscherkassy,Cherkassi, Cerkasy, Cherkass]
2298 CHERKASSKAYA:
2299 CHERCASSY: see Chercass
2300 CHERCASS
 
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