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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1901 MICHALPOL: (Russian and Yiddish) see Mihhaylovka
1902 MGSZKOW: (German) see Kozelets
1903 MEZOKASZONY: see KOSINY
1904 MEZLRICH: (Hungarian) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1905 MEZIROV: (Polish) see v. Mezhirov and Mezhirov
1906 MEZHIROV [MEZIROV, MEZHYROV, MEŻYRÓW, MESHEROV , MEZHYRIV ] Vinnytsya oblast
1907 MEZHIRICHKA: (Yiddish) see Emilchino
1908 MEZHIRECHYE: (Yiddish) see Chudin (Mezhirechye)
1909 MEZHGORYE
1910 MEZHGIR'YE: (Ukraine) see Mezhgorye
1911 MEZHDU BUZH'YE: (Ukraine) see Medzhibozh
1912 MEZGORJE: (German) see Mezhgorye
1913 MESHEROV: (German and Yiddish) see v. Mezhirov
1914 MESCHIGORIE: (Yiddish) see Mezhgorye
1915 MENZYCZY: (German) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1916 MENZHIRICHI: (Yiddish) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1917 MENZHICHI: (Yiddish) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1918 MEZDU BUT'YE: (Ukraine) see Medzhibozh
1919 MELNITZA: (Hungarian) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1920 MELNITSE: (German) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1921 MELNITSA PODOLSKAYA
1922 MELNITSA PODILSKA: (Ukraine) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1923 MELNITSA NADS DNESTROM: (Russian) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1924 MELNITSA: (Yiddish) see Melnitsa Podolskaya and v. Melnitsa
1925 MELNITSA PODILSKA: (Ukraine) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1926 MELNITSA NADS DNESTROM: (Russian) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1927 MELNITSA
1928 MELNICE: (Slov) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1929 MELITOPOL: Zaporizhia Oblast[
1930 MELENY
1931 MEJUROV
1932 MEDZIBOZH: (German) see Medzhibozh
1933 MEDZHIBOZH
1934 MEDZHIBEZH: (Yiddish) see Medzhibozh
1935 MEDVIN: Bohuslavskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1936 MECHYSHCHIV
1937 MAYDAN
1938 MATUYKOV
1939 MATKOW
1940 MATKIV: (Ukraine) see Matkow
1941 MATIYKOV
1942 MAT'FOLVO: (Hungarian) see Matkow
1943 MASHKEV: (Yiddish) see Kozelets
1944 MARYINBUG: (Russian) see Maryevka
1945 MARYEVKA
1946 MARYANOVKA
1947 MARKHLEVSK: (Ukraine) see Dovbysh
1948 MARNIVKA
1949 MARINOVKA
1950 MARININ USTYE
1951 MARHLEVSK: (Russian) see Dovbysh
1952 MARCOVO
1953 MARCOVE: (Ukraine) see Marcovo
1954 MAR'YEVKA: (Ukraine) see Maryevka
1955 MAR'EVKA
1956 MANYEVISH: (Czech) see Manevichy
1957 MANYEVICHI: (Slov) see Manevichy
1958 MANYEVICH: (Czech) see v. Manyevichi and Manevichy
1959 MANIVTSY
1960 MAPVITS: (Hungarian) see v. Muravitsa
1961 MANEVICHY/MANYEVICHI
1962 MANIVTSI: (Ukraine) see v. Manivtsy and Manivtsy
1963 MANIVITS: (Hungarian) see Manevichy and v. Manyevichi
1964 MANIEWICZE: (German) see Manevichy and v. Manyevichi
1965 MANIEVICH: (Yiddish) see Manevichy and v. Manyevichi
1966 MANEVICHY-LYUBETOV: (Ukraine) see Manevichy
1967 MANAVITS: (Russian) see MANYEVICHI.
1968 MALIYE MOSHKEVTSY
1969 MALIN
1970 MALAYA SEYMENUKHA
1971 MALAYA GLUSHA
1972 MALAYA DIVITS
1973 MALAYA BARANOVKA: (1793-18 (Ukranish) see IVANOVKA.
1974 MAKEEVKA
1975 MAKAROV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1976 MAJDAN
1977 MADWORNA: (German) see Nadvornaya
1978 GUTA POLONETSKA
1979 GUTA: see Guta Polonetska
1980 GUTA MARYANOVKA: see Maryanovka
1981 GUSYNYA: see Priluki
1982 GUSYATIN (HUSIATYN, Ternopil oblast: Gusiatin, GUSIATYN, GUSATIN, USIATYN, HUSIATIN , HUSIATYŃ , GUSYATIN )
1983 GURINOVKA: see Brech
1984 GULYAY POLE
1985 GULJAI POLJE: see Gulyay Pole
1986 GULJAI POLE: see Gulyay Pole
1987 GULAY POLE: see Gulyay Pole
1988 GUERMANOVKA: see Hermanivka
1989 GUDENGAZA: see Gudigai
1990 GUDIGAI
1991 GUDENGAZA: see Gudigai
1992 GUBKOV: see Sosnovoye
1993 GUBKOV
1994 GRUSHKY: see s. Ul'yanovka
1995 GRUSHKI: see s. Ul'yanobka
1996 GROSULVO: see Velikaya Mikhailovka
1997 GROSLOVO: see Velikaya Mikhailovka
1998 GROSOLOVO: see Velikaya Mikhailovka
1999 GRODEK JAGELONSKI: see Gorodok
2000 GRITZIV: see Gritsev
 
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