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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1901 MIKOLAJOW: (Polish) see Nikolaev
1902 MIKOLAJOW: (Polish) see Mykolaiv
1903 MIKOLAIV: (German) see Mykolaiv
1904 MIKITIN RIG , SLAV'YANSK: (Ukraine) see Nikopol
1905 MIKHAYLOVKA
1906 MIKHALPOL: (German and Ukriane) see Mihhaylovka; also see Podolia Guberniya
1907 MIKHAILOVKA
1908 MIKHAILOVKA: (Russian) see Mikhaylovka
1909 MIKALAYVKA: (Ukraine) see Nikolaevka
1910 MIHHAYLOVKA
1911 MIHALCHINA SLOBODA
1912 MIELNICA: (Czech) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1913 MIEDZYBOZ: (Russian) see Medzhibozh
1914 MIECZYSZCZOW: see BEREZHANY and MECHYSHCHIV
1915 MICHELYOLIA: (Hungarian) see Mikhaylovka
1916 MICHELPOLIA: (Hungarian) see Mihhaylovka
1917 MICHAYLOVKA: (German and Ukraine) see Mikhaylovka
1918 MICHAYLOVE: (Slov) see Piryatin
1919 MICHALPOL: (Russian and Yiddish) see Mihhaylovka
1920 MGSZKOW: (German) see Kozelets
1921 MEZOKASZONY: see KOSINY
1922 MEZLRICH: (Hungarian) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1923 MEZIROV: (Polish) see v. Mezhirov and Mezhirov
1924 MEZHIROV [MEZIROV, MEZHYROV, MEŻYRÓW, MESHEROV , MEZHYRIV ] Vinnytsya oblast
1925 MEZHIRICHKA: (Yiddish) see Emilchino
1926 MEZHIRECHYE: (Yiddish) see Chudin (Mezhirechye)
1927 MEZHGORYE
1928 MEZHGIR'YE: (Ukraine) see Mezhgorye
1929 MEZHDU BUZH'YE: (Ukraine) see Medzhibozh
1930 MEZGORJE: (German) see Mezhgorye
1931 MESHEROV: (German and Yiddish) see v. Mezhirov
1932 MESCHIGORIE: (Yiddish) see Mezhgorye
1933 MENZYCZY: (German) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1934 MENZHIRICHI: (Yiddish) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1935 MENZHICHI: (Yiddish) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1936 MEZDU BUT'YE: (Ukraine) see Medzhibozh
1937 MELNITZA: (Hungarian) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1938 MELNITSE: (German) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1939 MELNITSA PODOLSKAYA
1940 MELNITSA PODILSKA: (Ukraine) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1941 MELNITSA NADS DNESTROM: (Russian) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1942 MELNITSA: (Yiddish) see Melnitsa Podolskaya and v. Melnitsa
1943 MELNITSA PODILSKA: (Ukraine) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1944 MELNITSA NADS DNESTROM: (Russian) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1945 MELNITSA
1946 MELNICE: (Slov) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1947 MELITOPOL: Zaporizhia Oblast[
1948 MELENY
1949 MEJUROV
1950 MEDZIBOZH: (German) see Medzhibozh
1951 MEDZHIBOZH
1952 MEDZHIBEZH: (Yiddish) see Medzhibozh
1953 MEDVIN: Bohuslavskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1954 MECHYSHCHIV
1955 MAYDAN
1956 MATUYKOV
1957 MATKOW
1958 MATKIV: (Ukraine) see Matkow
1959 MATIYKOV
1960 MAT'FOLVO: (Hungarian) see Matkow
1961 MASHKEV: (Yiddish) see Kozelets
1962 MARYINBUG: (Russian) see Maryevka
1963 MARYEVKA
1964 MARYANOVKA
1965 MARKHLEVSK: (Ukraine) see Dovbysh
1966 MARNIVKA
1967 MARINOVKA
1968 MARININ USTYE
1969 MARHLEVSK: (Russian) see Dovbysh
1970 MARCOVO
1971 MARCOVE: (Ukraine) see Marcovo
1972 MAR'YEVKA: (Ukraine) see Maryevka
1973 MAR'EVKA
1974 MANYEVISH: (Czech) see Manevichy
1975 MANYEVICHI: (Slov) see Manevichy
1976 MANYEVICH: (Czech) see v. Manyevichi and Manevichy
1977 MANIVTSY
1978 MAPVITS: (Hungarian) see v. Muravitsa
1979 MANEVICHY/MANYEVICHI
1980 MANIVTSI: (Ukraine) see v. Manivtsy and Manivtsy
1981 MANIVITS: (Hungarian) see Manevichy and v. Manyevichi
1982 MANIEWICZE: (German) see Manevichy and v. Manyevichi
1983 MANIEVICH: (Yiddish) see Manevichy and v. Manyevichi
1984 MANEVICHY-LYUBETOV: (Ukraine) see Manevichy
1985 MANAVITS: (Russian) see MANYEVICHI.
1986 MALIYE MOSHKEVTSY
1987 MALIN
1988 MALAYA SEYMENUKHA
1989 MALAYA GLUSHA
1990 MALAYA DIVITS
1991 MALAYA BARANOVKA: (1793-18 (Ukranish) see IVANOVKA.
1992 MAKEEVKA
1993 MAKAROV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Makariv]
1994 MAJDAN
1995 MADWORNA: (German) see Nadvornaya
1996 GUTA POLONETSKA
1997 GUTA: see Guta Polonetska
1998 GUTA MARYANOVKA: see Maryanovka
1999 GUSYNYA: see Priluki
2000 GUSYATIN (HUSIATYN, Ternopil oblast: Gusiatin, GUSIATYN, GUSATIN, USIATYN, HUSIATIN , HUSIATYŃ , GUSYATIN )
 
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