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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1901 MICHELYOLIA: (Hungarian) see Mikhaylovka
1902 MICHELPOLIA: (Hungarian) see Mihhaylovka
1903 MICHAYLOVKA: (German and Ukraine) see Mikhaylovka
1904 MICHAYLOVE: (Slov) see Piryatin
1905 MICHALPOL: (Russian and Yiddish) see Mihhaylovka
1906 MGSZKOW: (German) see Kozelets
1907 MEZOKASZONY: see KOSINY
1908 MEZLRICH: (Hungarian) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1909 MEZIROV: (Polish) see v. Mezhirov and Mezhirov
1910 MEZHIROV [MEZIROV, MEZHYROV, MEŻYRÓW, MESHEROV , MEZHYRIV ] Vinnytsya oblast
1911 MEZHIRICHKA: (Yiddish) see Emilchino
1912 MEZHIRECHYE: (Yiddish) see Chudin (Mezhirechye)
1913 MEZHGORYE
1914 MEZHGIR'YE: (Ukraine) see Mezhgorye
1915 MEZHDU BUZH'YE: (Ukraine) see Medzhibozh
1916 MEZGORJE: (German) see Mezhgorye
1917 MESHEROV: (German and Yiddish) see v. Mezhirov
1918 MESCHIGORIE: (Yiddish) see Mezhgorye
1919 MENZYCZY: (German) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1920 MENZHIRICHI: (Yiddish) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1921 MENZHICHI: (Yiddish) see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1922 MEZDU BUT'YE: (Ukraine) see Medzhibozh
1923 MELNITZA: (Hungarian) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1924 MELNITSE: (German) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1925 MELNITSA PODOLSKAYA
1926 MELNITSA PODILSKA: (Ukraine) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1927 MELNITSA NADS DNESTROM: (Russian) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1928 MELNITSA: (Yiddish) see Melnitsa Podolskaya and v. Melnitsa
1929 MELNITSA PODILSKA: (Ukraine) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1930 MELNITSA NADS DNESTROM: (Russian) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1931 MELNITSA
1932 MELNICE: (Slov) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1933 MELITOPOL: Zaporizhia Oblast[
1934 MELENY
1935 MEJUROV
1936 MEDZIBOZH: (German) see Medzhibozh
1937 MEDZHIBOZH
1938 MEDZHIBEZH: (Yiddish) see Medzhibozh
1939 MEDVIN: Bohuslavskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1940 MECHYSHCHIV
1941 MAYDAN
1942 MATUYKOV
1943 MATKOW
1944 MATKIV: (Ukraine) see Matkow
1945 MATIYKOV
1946 MAT'FOLVO: (Hungarian) see Matkow
1947 MASHKEV: (Yiddish) see Kozelets
1948 MARYINBUG: (Russian) see Maryevka
1949 MARYEVKA
1950 MARYANOVKA
1951 MARKHLEVSK: (Ukraine) see Dovbysh
1952 MARNIVKA
1953 MARINOVKA
1954 MARININ USTYE
1955 MARHLEVSK: (Russian) see Dovbysh
1956 MARCOVO
1957 MARCOVE: (Ukraine) see Marcovo
1958 MAR'YEVKA: (Ukraine) see Maryevka
1959 MAR'EVKA
1960 MANYEVISH: (Czech) see Manevichy
1961 MANYEVICHI: (Slov) see Manevichy
1962 MANYEVICH: (Czech) see v. Manyevichi and Manevichy
1963 MANIVTSY
1964 MAPVITS: (Hungarian) see v. Muravitsa
1965 MANEVICHY/MANYEVICHI
1966 MANIVTSI: (Ukraine) see v. Manivtsy and Manivtsy
1967 MANIVITS: (Hungarian) see Manevichy and v. Manyevichi
1968 MANIEWICZE: (German) see Manevichy and v. Manyevichi
1969 MANIEVICH: (Yiddish) see Manevichy and v. Manyevichi
1970 MANEVICHY-LYUBETOV: (Ukraine) see Manevichy
1971 MANAVITS: (Russian) see MANYEVICHI.
1972 MALIYE MOSHKEVTSY
1973 MALIN
1974 MALAYA SEYMENUKHA
1975 MALAYA GLUSHA
1976 MALAYA DIVITS
1977 MALAYA BARANOVKA: (1793-18 (Ukranish) see IVANOVKA.
1978 MAKEEVKA
1979 MAKAROV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1980 MAJDAN
1981 MADWORNA: (German) see Nadvornaya
1982 GUTA POLONETSKA
1983 GUTA: see Guta Polonetska
1984 GUTA MARYANOVKA: see Maryanovka
1985 GUSYNYA: see Priluki
1986 GUSYATIN (HUSIATYN, Ternopil oblast: Gusiatin, GUSIATYN, GUSATIN, USIATYN, HUSIATIN , HUSIATYŃ , GUSYATIN )
1987 GURINOVKA: see Brech
1988 GULYAY POLE
1989 GULJAI POLJE: see Gulyay Pole
1990 GULJAI POLE: see Gulyay Pole
1991 GULAY POLE: see Gulyay Pole
1992 GUERMANOVKA: see Hermanivka
1993 GUDENGAZA: see Gudigai
1994 GUDIGAI
1995 GUDENGAZA: see Gudigai
1996 GUBKOV: see Sosnovoye
1997 GUBKOV
1998 GRUSHKY: see s. Ul'yanovka
1999 GRUSHKI: see s. Ul'yanobka
2000 GROSULVO: see Velikaya Mikhailovka
 
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