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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
101 KRYZHOPOL:(CRIJOPOL ,KRZYŻOPOL , KRIZHOPOL ,KRYZHOPIL) Vinnitsa Oblast
102 Shpykivka, Spies , Шпиківка, Shpikovka: Vinnyts'ka Oblast'
103 MONASTYRYS'KA : Ternipol oblast [Folwarki, MONASTYRYS'KA , MONASTRISHTCH , MONASTERISHTCHE, MONASTERISKA, MONASTERYSKA, MONASTRISHCH, MONASTYRISCE, MONASTRISHTZ]
104 BOYANY / BOIANY: BOIAN, BOJAN, BOYAN, BOIANCENI in Chernivtsi Oblast
105 NYZHNI STANIVITZI: (Untershtaneshti, Staneshti, Staneshti De-Zhos, Nischnije Stanowzy, Unterstanestie am Czeremosch, Stăneştii-de-Jos-pe-Ceremuş, Stanivcy Welyky nad Czoremoszom, Stanowce Wielki , Nyzhni Stanivtsi, Unter-Stanestie, Staneştii de Jos,
106 Hliboka, HYLBOKA (Adâncata, Głębokie, Adancata, Adynkata, Glibookaya, Glyboka, Glybokaya, Hlyboka, Khliboka), : Chernivsti oblast
107 TORGOVITSA: [TORHOVYTSIA, TARGOWICA, TROVITS, TARGOVICA, TARGOVISTE, TARGOVITZA, TARGOWITZA, TORHOVYCJA, TORHOWYCJA, TAROVITZ, TRUVITZ]
108 NOVA ZHADOVA [Jadova, Stara Jadova, Zhadova, Jadova Nouă, Zadowa, Zhovkva]: Storozhynets Raion, Chernivtsi Oblast
109 CUCIURUL MARE [VELIKI KUCHRIV] (Storojineţ, Chernivets'ka Oblast)
110 OLEKSANDRIIA [Aleksandria]: Rivne raion and oblast
111 GORODOK (Horodok, Gródek): Volyns'ka oblast
112 ROKYTNE (ROKITNOYE, ROKITNO,REKITNE): Rivne Oblast
113 BEREZNO (Berezne): Rivne
114 ROKYTNE: [ROKITNOYE, ROKITNA, RAKITNOYE, RAKITNO, ROKITNO]: Kiev Oblast
115 NOVOZLATOPIL: Novozlatopil', Pervy Numer, Nei-Zlatopol, Novyy Zlatopol', Novo Zlatopol., Ershter Numer, Novozlatopoll, Krasnoselka, Mezhirich, Trudoljubovka and Nechaevka]
116 NOVA USHITSA: Kamenets-Podolski [NOVAYA USHITSA, NEI-USHITZ, OYSHITZ , USZYCA ]
117 HOSHCHA: (Hosht, Hoszcza, Gosca): Rivne Oblast
118 SEVASTOPOL/POZHAROVA:
119 VONIHOVO: See Vonigovo
120 VOLOSYANKA: (Hajasd, Volusanka)
121 VERYATSYA: (Verjacia, Veréce , Veryiats,
122 VERKHNIY STUDENYY (Studniya, Studene Vizhne)
123 VELIKAYA KOPANYA :(FELSŐ, VERESMART, GROYS KOPANIE)
124 VELYKYL BYCHKIV (Rakhiv Raion, Zakarpattia Oblas) - (Nagybocsko, Velky Bockov)
125 UZHOK (UZSOK)
126 BOHORODCHANY: Ivano-Frankovisk
127 LUH: Луг, Yкраïна, KisLonka, Lonka, Lug , LEH-LUNKA, , TISZALONKA, Kislonka, Lonka.
128 KOLOCHAVA : KOLOČAVA, ALSÓKÁLOCSA, KALOCSAIMSÁD , KALITSHAVA , CĂLACEA DE JOS , KOLOTSCHAWA , NIŽNÁ KOLOČAVA, , NIZHNI KOLOCHAVA, KALICSAVA.
129 KLENOVETS: Nyárasdomb, Újklenóc, Noviy Klyenovitzi, Fridešovo,, Koltschyno, Nový Klenovec, Klenowez., Frigyesfalva \,
130 Khmil'nyk, Хмільник, Yкраïна, Komlós,, Komluš, Khmel'nik), Kalmoyish
131 KAMYASKE: Kam"yans'ke, Кам'янсь'ке, Yкраïна, Beregkövesd (HU), Kivjažd,, Kam'yAnske : rshavsky rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast
132 Kuzmyno: Kal'nyk [Kalnyk, Beregsarret, Beregsárrét, Kuzmino, Kuzmics, Kuz'myno]
133 TERNIVKA: Ternovka, Ternevka, Ternówka, Tarnovka, Ternefke: Vinnitsya Oblast
134 ROZTOKY: Rostoki, Răstoace, Roztoki, Rostoki Woloskie
135 TARTAKOW MIASTO: TARTAKOV, TARTAKIV, TARTAKUV, TARTEKEV
136 SOSNIVKA:: Lviv Oblast
137 DOLGIY VOYNILOV: Dovgyy Voynyliv,Ivano-Frankivs'Ka Oblast'
138 TYMKIV: Khmel Oblast
139 MONASTYRYSCHE: Monastyryschenskyi Raion, Cherkasy Oblast
140 VYSHHOROD (Vyshgorod, Vizhgorodok): Kiev
141 MYKOLAYIV (NIKOLAYEV. Vernoleninsk)L Kherson
142 DUNAYIVTSI: Dunaivtsi, Dunayevtsy Dunajowce,,Dinovitz,Dunayevitz, Dinewitz, Dinovits, Dunivits, Dinovets, Dunaivci, Dunaivtsi, Dunajevcy, Dunajewzy in Khmelnytskyi Oblast
143 DERAZHNO (Derezhne): Volyn
144 KORETS: Rivnens'ka oblast
145 STYEBLI: Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi
146 VERKHNYE VODYANE
147 VERKHNYA VYZNTSYA
148 VELIKAYA DOBRON
149 TURI REMETY
150 SYURTE
151 SVALYAVA
152 RUSKI KOMARIVTSI (Oroszkomoroc)
153 PRYBORZHAVSKE (Zadnya)
154 NYZHNI VOROTA
155 NOVOPOLTAVKA
156 NELIPYNO (Harsfalva)
157 MALA DOBRON
158 KUSHNYTSYA
159 IRSHAVA: (Irsava, Ilosva)
160 HOLUBYNE:
161 HAT
162 DUSYNO:
163 DOVHE
164 RUDNYKI: see Mostyska and Yavorov
165 ZHYTOMYR: Zhitomir, Zytomierz, Schytomur, Zytomyr, Zitomir, Shitomir, Jitomir
166 BEREGKISFALUD (Siltse, Selse) : Ilosvai
167 Kaminetz: see Kamyanets-Podilsky
168 KASPEROWCE: Ternopolska Obl
169 ZBARAZH: Ternopil oblast
170 NEPOLOKIVTSI:
171 BELKI: Irshaavs'kky raion
172 Moghilu: see MOGILEV PODOLSK
173 Mohylów Podolsk: see MOGILEV PODOLSK
174 RATNO
175 OKOPY:
176 BARYSH
177 TRANSNISTRIA
178 TRANSNISTRA
179 VOLODYMYR VOLYNSKYY: Volyn
180 SIKAL: see SOKAL
181 SKUL: see SOKAL
182 RAWA RUSKA: see RAVA RUSKA
183 RAVA RUSKA: Rava-Rus'ka, Рава-Руська, Rava Russkaya, Рава-Русска,Rawa Ruska], Rawa, Rave, ראווע, Rava Ruska, Rava-Ruska, Ravi.
184 BIL'CHE ZOLOTE: see BILCHE ZOLOTE:
185 BIL'CHE ZOLOTE: Tarnapol
186 Olejowa Korolowka: see Oleyevo-Korolevka
187 Korolivka: see Oleyevo-Korolevka
188 Korolovka: see Oleyevo-Korolevka
189 Kiemieliszki: Khmelnytskyy, PROSKUROV, CHMIELNICKI, HMELNITSKI, KHMELNITSKI, KHMELNITSKII, KIEMIELISZKI, KIMLISHUK, PŁOSKIRÓW, PROSKURÓW.
190 Płoskirow: Khmelnytskyy
191 Kimlishuk: see Khmelnytskyy
192 Proskurov: Khmelnytskyy
193 Chmelnitski: Khmelnytskyy
194 Chmielnicki: Khmelnytskyy
195 Charkow: see Kharkiv
196 LABUN: see Yurpvshyna
197 Batscheve: CHABANYVKA
198 Tschabaniwka: CHABANYVKA
199 Chabanowka: Chabanyvka
200 BATCHIVE: Chabanyvka
 
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