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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
101 Kaminetz: see Kamyanets-Podilsky
102 KASPEROWCE: Ternopolska Obl
103 ZBARAZH: Ternopil oblast
104 NEPOLOKIVTSI:
105 BELKI: Irshaavs'kky raion
106 Moghilu: see MOGILEV PODOLSK
107 Mohylów Podolsk: see MOGILEV PODOLSK
108 RATNO
109 OKOPY:
110 BARYSH
111 TRANSNISTRIA
112 TRANSNISTRA
113 VOLODYMYR VOLYNSKYY: Volyn
114 SIKAL: see SOKAL
115 SKUL: see SOKAL
116 RAWA RUSKA: see RAVA RUSKA
117 RAVA RUSKA
118 BIL'CHE ZOLOTE: see BILCHE ZOLOTE:
119 BIL'CHE ZOLOTE: Tarnapol
120 Olejowa Korolowka: see Oleyevo-Korolevka
121 Korolivka: see Oleyevo-Korolevka
122 Korolovka: see Oleyevo-Korolevka
123 Kiemieliszki: Khmelnytskyy
124 Płoskirow: Khmelnytskyy
125 Kimlishuk: see Khmelnytskyy
126 Proskurov: Khmelnytskyy
127 Chmelnitski: Khmelnytskyy
128 Chmielnicki: Khmelnytskyy
129 Khmelnitskiy: Khmelnytskyy
130 Charkow: see Kharkiv
131 LABUN: see Yurpvshyna
132 Batscheve: CHABANYVKA
133 Tschabaniwka: CHABANYVKA
134 Chabanowka: Chabanyvka
135 BATCHIVE: Chabanyvka
136 BACOVO: see Chabanyvka
137 BACSAVA: CHABANIVKA
138 DAVIDKOVA SZTAROJE: Stare Daydkovo
139 Kleina Davidkif: see STAREDAVUDKOVO
140 BRAHILOW: see BRAILIV
141 Baki: see BUKY
142 Borodzianka: see BORODJANKA
143 Barodeinka: see BORODJANKA
144 Borodyanka: see BORODJANKA
145 Boryspol: see BORYSPIL
146 Borysopol: see BORYSPIL
147 Borispol: see BORYSPIL
148 Browary: see BROVARY
149 Ignatovka: see HNATIVKA
150 Anatovka: Anetovka: see HNATIVKA
151 Gornastaypol: see HORNOSTAJPIL
152 Gornostipol: see HORNOSTAJPIL
153 Hornistopol: see HORNOSTAJPIL
154 Gornostaypol: see HORNOSTAJPIL
155 Rebinke: see HREBINKY
156 Hrebionki: see HREBINKY
157 Hrebenky: see HREBINKY
158 Grebënki: see HREBINKY
159 Kovshevatoe: see KIVSHOVATA
160 KOZIN: see KOZYN
161 Kaganovichi: see POLISKE
162 Kaganowitsch: see POLISKE
163 Khabnoye: see POLISKE
164 Chabnoje: see POLISKE
165 Chabne: see POLISKE
166 Chabna: see POLISKE
167 Khabno: see POLISKE
168 Kaganovich: see POLISKE
169 Polesskoye: see Poliske
170 Orzistchov: see Rzhyshchiv
171 Irzyszczów: see Rzhyshchiv
172 Tripolye: see Trypillya
173 Tripole: see Trypillya
174 Trypol: see Trypillya
175 Wassylkiw: see Vasylkiv
176 Wasilkow: see Vasylkiv
177 Vasilikov: see Vasylkiv
178 VASILKOV: see Vasylkiv
179 Woronkow: see Voronkiv
180 VORONKOV: see Voronkiv
181 JASNOHORODKA: see YASNOHORODKA
182 YASNOGORODKA: see Yasnohorodka
183 KAMENKA CHERKASSKAYL see Kamjanka
184 KAMENKA-SHECHENKOVSKAYA: see Kamjanka
185 KAMIONKA: see Kamjanka
186 KAMIANKA: see Kamjanka
187 KAMJANKA: Cherkas'ka Oblast
188 YASNOHORODKA: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
189 YAHOTYN: Yahotynskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
190 VORONKIV: Boryspilskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
191 VASYLKIV : Vasylkivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
192 TRYPILLIA: Obukhivskyi Raion,Kyiv Oblast
193 RZHYSHCHIV: Rzhyschiv City, Kyiv Oblast
194 ROGHIV: see ROGHIV
195 POLISKE: Poliskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
196 Obukhov: see Obukhiv
197 MEDVYN: see Medvin
198 Shcherbashintsi: see MEDVIN
199 KYYEV: see KIYEV
200 KOZYN: Myronivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
 
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