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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1801 HOTZIA: see Dolinskoye
1802 HOSTOMLIA: see Gostomel
1803 HOSTOMLA: see Gostomel
1804 HOSTOML: see Hostomel
1805 HOSCHT: see Goscha
1806 HOSCHA: see Goscha
1807 HOSCG: see Goscha
1808 HOROSHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1809 HOROSCHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1810 HORODYSZCZE: see Gorodishche
1811 HORODNITSA: see Gorodnitsa
1812 HORODNITCA: see Gorodnitsa
1813 HORODNA: see Gorodnya
1814 HOROCHOW: see Gorokhov
1815 HOROCHOV: see Gorokhov
1816 HORKHUV: see Gorokhov
1817 HORKHURE: see Gorokhov
1818 HORINCOVO: see Horinkovo
1819 HORCKHOV: see Gorokhov
1820 HORCHOV: see Gorokhov
1821 HOMUTETS: see Mirgorod
1822 HOLOVANEVSK: see Golovanevsk
1823 HOLOIUV: see Uzlovoe
1824 HOLOIOW: see Uzlovoe
1825 HOLOBY: see Goloby
1826 HOLOBI: see Goloby
1827 HOLMI: see Brech
1828 HOLIAPOL: see Gulyay Pole
1829 HOLAVANEVSK: see Golovanevsk
1830 HODORKOV: see Khodorkov
1831 HODOROV: see Rogatin
1832 HLUCHOV: see Glukhov
1833 HITTZA: see Gadyach
1834 HIDALMAS: see Hida
1835 HIDA
1836 HERTA: see Hertsa
1837 HEROSHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1838 HELITCH: see Galich
1839 HEISIN: see Gaysin
1840 HARITZEV: see Gritsev
1841 HAMLET SUHOVLYA
1842 HAMLET SEMIHATKI
1843 HALICH: see Galich
1844 HAJSYN: see Gaysin
1845 HAISYN: see Gaysin
1846 HAISSIN: see Gaysin
1847 HADZIACZ: see Gadyach
1848 HADZHIDER: see Ovidiopol
1849 HADZHIBEY: see Odessa
1850 HADGI-DERE: see Ovidiopol
1851 MYSZKOV NOWY: (German) see Kozelets
1852 MYKOLAIV
1853 MYKITIN RIG , SLAVYANSK: (Ukraine) see Nikopol
1854 MYENA: (German and Yiddish) see Mena
1855 MYAKOV
1856 MUZHILOVICHY: (Russian) see Kalinovka
1857 MUSHKEV: (Yiddish) see Kozelets
1858 MURAVITSA
1859 MURAVICA: (Polish) see v. Muravitsa
1860 MURAFA [STARAYA MURAFA, MORACHWA , MURAVA-STARAYA, MURAVA] Vinnytsya oblast
1861 MUNKACS: (Hungarian) see Mukacevo
1862 MUKACS: (Hungarian) see Mukacevo
1863 MUKACEVO
1864 MOSTYSKA: Lviv
1865 MOSTY WLK: (Polish) see Velikie Mosty
1866 MOSTOVOYE
1867 MOSTOVOI: (Polish) see Mostovoye
1868 MOST RABATI: (others) see Velikie Mosty
1869 MORSHIN
1870 MORDAROVKA
1871 MORAVIYA
1872 MONAVITZ: (English) see Manevichy
1873 MONAVITSH: (Polish) see Manevichy
1874 MOLOCHANSK
1875 MOLDAVKA:(Russian) see Kozubovka
1876 MOLDADAVSKIY-VALEGOTZYLOV: (Russian) see Dolinskoye
1877 MOHYLIV-PODILSKY (Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Mogilów, Mogilov Podolski, Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Mogilev-na-Dniestr , Mogilev Podolksk (Mohyliv-Podilskyy,, Moghilǎu ,
1878 MOCHALIVKA: (Russian and Ukraine) see Boreml
1879 MLYNOV: (Slov) see Mlinov
1880 MLINUV: (German) see Mlinov
1881 MLINOV
1882 MIZYCH
1883 MIZYAKOV
1884 MIZIKOV: (others) see v. Mizyakov
1885 MIZIKOV: (Hungarian) see Myakov
1886 MISJAKOW: (Polish) see v. Mizyakov
1887 MISJAKOW: (German) see Myakov
1888 MISIANKOV: (Yiddish) see Myakov and v. Mizyakov
1889 MIROPOL
1890 MIRNYI
1891 MIRNY: see Mirnyi
1892 MIRGOROD YASHAN: (Yiddish) see Mirgorod
1893 MIRGOROD
1894 MIRARID: (Hungarian and Slov) see Mirgorod
1895 MIKULINTSY:Mykulyntsi, Mikulińce ,Mikilinits, Mikolintza,
1896 MIKULINIE: (Hungarian) see Mikulintsy
1897 MIKOLINTZA: (Yiddish) see Mikulintsy
1898 MIKOLINCE: (German) see Mikulintsy
1899 MIKOLAJOW: (Polish) see Nikolaev
1900 MIKOLAJOW: (Polish) see Mykolaiv
 
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