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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1801 HOVNIV: see Ugniv
1802 HOTZILA: see Dolinskoye
1803 HOTZIA: see Dolinskoye
1804 HOTIN: see Khotin
1805 HOSTOMLIA: see Gostomel
1806 HOSTOMLA: see Gostomel
1807 HOSTOML: see Hostomel
1808 HOSCHT: see Goscha
1809 HOSCHA: see Goscha
1810 HOSCG: see Goscha
1811 HOROSHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1812 HOROSCHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1813 HORODYSZCZE: see Gorodishche
1814 HORODNITSA: see Gorodnitsa
1815 HORODNITCA: see Gorodnitsa
1816 HORODNA: see Gorodnya
1817 HOROCHOW: see Gorokhov
1818 HOROCHOV: see Gorokhov
1819 HORKHUV: see Gorokhov
1820 HORKHURE: see Gorokhov
1821 HORINCOVO: see Horinkovo
1822 HORCKHOV: see Gorokhov
1823 HORCHOV: see Gorokhov
1824 HOMUTETS: see Mirgorod
1825 HOLOVANEVSK: see Golovanevsk
1826 HOLOIUV: see Uzlovoe
1827 HOLOIOW: see Uzlovoe
1828 HOLOBY: see Goloby
1829 HOLOBI: see Goloby
1830 HOLMI: see Brech
1831 HOLIAPOL: see Gulyay Pole
1832 HOLAVANEVSK: see Golovanevsk
1833 HODORKOV: see Khodorkov
1834 HODOROV: see Rogatin
1835 HLUCHOV: see Glukhov
1836 HITTZA: see Gadyach
1837 HIDALMAS: see Hida
1838 HIDA
1839 HERTA: see Hertsa
1840 HEROSHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1841 HELITCH: see Galich
1842 HEISIN: see Gaysin
1843 HARITZEV: see Gritsev
1844 HAMLET SUHOVLYA
1845 HAMLET SEMIHATKI
1846 HALICH: see Galich
1847 HAJSYN: see Gaysin
1848 HAISYN: see Gaysin
1849 HAISSIN: see Gaysin
1850 HADZIACZ: see Gadyach
1851 HADZHIDER: see Ovidiopol
1852 HADZHIBEY: see Odessa
1853 HADGI-DERE: see Ovidiopol
1854 MYSZKOV NOWY: (German) see Kozelets
1855 MYKOLAIV
1856 MYKITIN RIG , SLAVYANSK: (Ukraine) see Nikopol
1857 MYENA: (German and Yiddish) see Mena
1858 MYAKOV
1859 MUZHILOVICHY: (Russian) see Kalinovka
1860 MUSHKEV: (Yiddish) see Kozelets
1861 MURAVITSA
1862 MURAVICA: (Polish) see v. Muravitsa
1863 MURAFA [STARAYA MURAFA, MORACHWA , MURAVA-STARAYA, MURAVA] Vinnytsya oblast
1864 MUNKACS: (Hungarian) see Mukacevo
1865 MUKACS: (Hungarian) see Mukacevo
1866 MUKACEVO
1867 MOSTYSKA: Lviv
1868 MOSTY WLK: (Polish) see Velikie Mosty
1869 MOSTOVOYE
1870 MOSTOVOI: (Polish) see Mostovoye
1871 MOST RABATI: (others) see Velikie Mosty
1872 MORSHIN
1873 MORDAROVKA
1874 MORAVIYA
1875 MONAVITZ: (English) see Manevichy
1876 MONAVITSH: (Polish) see Manevichy
1877 MOLOCHANSK
1878 MOLDAVKA:(Russian) see Kozubovka
1879 MOLDADAVSKIY-VALEGOTZYLOV: (Russian) see Dolinskoye
1880 MOHYLIV-PODILSKY (Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Mogilów, Mogilov Podolski, Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Mogilev-na-Dniestr , Mogilev Podolksk (Mohyliv-Podilskyy,, Moghilǎu ,
1881 MOCHALIVKA: (Russian and Ukraine) see Boreml
1882 MLYNOV: (Slov) see Mlinov
1883 MLINUV: (German) see Mlinov
1884 MLINOV
1885 MIZYCH
1886 MIZYAKOV
1887 MIZIKOV: (others) see v. Mizyakov
1888 MIZIKOV: (Hungarian) see Myakov
1889 MISJAKOW: (Polish) see v. Mizyakov
1890 MISJAKOW: (German) see Myakov
1891 MISIANKOV: (Yiddish) see Myakov and v. Mizyakov
1892 MIROPOL
1893 MIRNYI
1894 MIRNY: see Mirnyi
1895 MIRGOROD YASHAN: (Yiddish) see Mirgorod
1896 MIRGOROD
1897 MIRARID: (Hungarian and Slov) see Mirgorod
1898 MIKULINTSY:Mykulyntsi, Mikulińce ,Mikilinits, Mikolintza,
1899 MIKULINIE: (Hungarian) see Mikulintsy
1900 MIKOLINTZA: (Yiddish) see Mikulintsy
 
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