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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1801 HORODNA: see Gorodnya
1802 HOROCHOW: see Gorokhov
1803 HOROCHOV: see Gorokhov
1804 HORKHUV: see Gorokhov
1805 HORKHURE: see Gorokhov
1806 HORINCOVO: see Horinkovo
1807 HORCKHOV: see Gorokhov
1808 HORCHOV: see Gorokhov
1809 HOMUTETS: see Mirgorod
1810 HOLOVANEVSK: see Golovanevsk
1811 HOLOIUV: see Uzlovoe
1812 HOLOIOW: see Uzlovoe
1813 HOLOBY: see Goloby
1814 HOLOBI: see Goloby
1815 HOLMI: see Brech
1816 HOLIAPOL: see Gulyay Pole
1817 HOLAVANEVSK: see Golovanevsk
1818 HODORKOV: see Khodorkov
1819 HODOROV: see Rogatin
1820 HLUCHOV: see Glukhov
1821 HITTZA: see Gadyach
1822 HIDALMAS: see Hida
1823 HIDA
1824 HERTA: see Hertsa
1825 HEROSHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1826 HELITCH: see Galich
1827 HEISIN: see Gaysin
1828 HARITZEV: see Gritsev
1829 HAMLET SUHOVLYA
1830 HAMLET SEMIHATKI
1831 HALICH: see Galich
1832 HAJSYN: see Gaysin
1833 HAISYN: see Gaysin
1834 HAISSIN: see Gaysin
1835 HADZIACZ: see Gadyach
1836 HADZHIDER: see Ovidiopol
1837 HADZHIBEY: see Odessa
1838 HADGI-DERE: see Ovidiopol
1839 MYSZKOV NOWY: (German) see Kozelets
1840 MYKOLAIV
1841 MYKITIN RIG , SLAVYANSK: (Ukraine) see Nikopol
1842 MYENA: (German and Yiddish) see Mena
1843 MYAKOV
1844 MUZHILOVICHY: (Russian) see Kalinovka
1845 MUSHKEV: (Yiddish) see Kozelets
1846 MURAVITSA
1847 MURAVICA: (Polish) see v. Muravitsa
1848 MURAFA [STARAYA MURAFA, MORACHWA , MURAVA-STARAYA, MURAVA] Vinnytsya oblast
1849 MUNKACS: (Hungarian) see Mukacevo
1850 MUKACS: (Hungarian) see Mukacevo
1851 MUKACEVO
1852 MOSTYSKA: Lviv
1853 MOSTY WLK: (Polish) see Velikie Mosty
1854 MOSTOVOYE
1855 MOSTOVOI: (Polish) see Mostovoye
1856 MOST RABATI: (others) see Velikie Mosty
1857 MORSHIN
1858 MORDAROVKA
1859 MORAVIYA
1860 MONAVITZ: (English) see Manevichy
1861 MONAVITSH: (Polish) see Manevichy
1862 MOLOCHANSK
1863 MOLDAVKA:(Russian) see Kozubovka
1864 MOLDADAVSKIY-VALEGOTZYLOV: (Russian) see Dolinskoye
1865 MOHYLIV-PODILSKY (Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Mogilów, Mogilov Podolski, Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Mogilev-na-Dniestr , Mogilev Podolksk (Mohyliv-Podilskyy,, Moghilǎu ,
1866 MOCHALIVKA: (Russian and Ukraine) see Boreml
1867 MLYNOV: (Slov) see Mlinov
1868 MLINUV: (German) see Mlinov
1869 MLINOV
1870 MIZYCH
1871 MIZYAKOV
1872 MIZIKOV: (others) see v. Mizyakov
1873 MIZIKOV: (Hungarian) see Myakov
1874 MISJAKOW: (Polish) see v. Mizyakov
1875 MISJAKOW: (German) see Myakov
1876 MISIANKOV: (Yiddish) see Myakov and v. Mizyakov
1877 MIROPOL
1878 MIRNYI
1879 MIRNY: see Mirnyi
1880 MIRGOROD YASHAN: (Yiddish) see Mirgorod
1881 MIRGOROD
1882 MIRARID: (Hungarian and Slov) see Mirgorod
1883 MIKULINTSY:Mykulyntsi, Mikulińce ,Mikilinits, Mikolintza,
1884 MIKULINIE: (Hungarian) see Mikulintsy
1885 MIKOLINTZA: (Yiddish) see Mikulintsy
1886 MIKOLINCE: (German) see Mikulintsy
1887 MIKOLAJOW: (Polish) see Nikolaev
1888 MIKOLAJOW: (Polish) see Mykolaiv
1889 MIKOLAIV: (German) see Mykolaiv
1890 MIKITIN RIG , SLAV'YANSK: (Ukraine) see Nikopol
1891 MIKHAYLOVKA
1892 MIKHALPOL: (German and Ukriane) see Mihhaylovka; also see Podolia Guberniya
1893 MIKHAILOVKA
1894 MIKHAILOVKA: (Russian) see Mikhaylovka
1895 MIKALAYVKA: (Ukraine) see Nikolaevka
1896 MIHHAYLOVKA
1897 MIHALCHINA SLOBODA
1898 MIELNICA: (Czech) see Melnitsa Podolskaya
1899 MIEDZYBOZ: (Russian) see Medzhibozh
1900 MIECZYSZCZOW: see BEREZHANY and MECHYSHCHIV
 
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