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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1801 HOSTOMLIA: see Gostomel
1802 HOSTOMLA: see Gostomel
1803 HOSTOML: see Hostomel
1804 HOSCHT: see Goscha
1805 HOSCHA: see Goscha
1806 HOSCG: see Goscha
1807 HOROSHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1808 HOROSCHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1809 HORODYSZCZE: see Gorodishche
1810 HORODNITSA: see Gorodnitsa
1811 HORODNITCA: see Gorodnitsa
1812 HORODNA: see Gorodnya
1813 HOROCHOW: see Gorokhov
1814 HOROCHOV: see Gorokhov
1815 HORKHUV: see Gorokhov
1816 HORKHURE: see Gorokhov
1817 HORINCOVO: see Horinkovo
1818 HORCKHOV: see Gorokhov
1819 HORCHOV: see Gorokhov
1820 HOMUTETS: see Mirgorod
1821 HOLOVANEVSK: see Golovanevsk
1822 HOLOIUV: see Uzlovoe
1823 HOLOIOW: see Uzlovoe
1824 HOLOBY: see Goloby
1825 HOLOBI: see Goloby
1826 HOLMI: see Brech
1827 HOLIAPOL: see Gulyay Pole
1828 HOLAVANEVSK: see Golovanevsk
1829 HODORKOV: see Khodorkov
1830 HODOROV: see Rogatin
1831 HLUCHOV: see Glukhov
1832 HITTZA: see Gadyach
1833 HIDALMAS: see Hida
1834 HIDA
1835 HERTA: see Hertsa
1836 HEROSHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1837 HELITCH: see Galich
1838 HEISIN: see Gaysin
1839 HARITZEV: see Gritsev
1840 HAMLET SUHOVLYA
1841 HAMLET SEMIHATKI
1842 HALICH: see Galich
1843 HAJSYN: see Gaysin
1844 HAISYN: see Gaysin
1845 HAISSIN: see Gaysin
1846 HADZIACZ: see Gadyach
1847 HADZHIDER: see Ovidiopol
1848 HADZHIBEY: see Odessa
1849 HADGI-DERE: see Ovidiopol
1850 MYSZKOV NOWY: (German) see Kozelets
1851 MYKOLAIV
1852 MYKITIN RIG , SLAVYANSK: (Ukraine) see Nikopol
1853 MYENA: (German and Yiddish) see Mena
1854 MYAKOV
1855 MUZHILOVICHY: (Russian) see Kalinovka
1856 MUSHKEV: (Yiddish) see Kozelets
1857 MURAVITSA
1858 MURAVICA: (Polish) see v. Muravitsa
1859 MURAFA [STARAYA MURAFA, MORACHWA , MURAVA-STARAYA, MURAVA] Vinnytsya oblast
1860 MUNKACS: (Hungarian) see Mukacevo
1861 MUKACS: (Hungarian) see Mukacevo
1862 MUKACEVO
1863 MOSTYSKA: Lviv
1864 MOSTY WLK: (Polish) see Velikie Mosty
1865 MOSTOVOYE
1866 MOSTOVOI: (Polish) see Mostovoye
1867 MOST RABATI: (others) see Velikie Mosty
1868 MORSHIN
1869 MORDAROVKA
1870 MORAVIYA
1871 MONAVITZ: (English) see Manevichy
1872 MONAVITSH: (Polish) see Manevichy
1873 MOLOCHANSK
1874 MOLDAVKA:(Russian) see Kozubovka
1875 MOLDADAVSKIY-VALEGOTZYLOV: (Russian) see Dolinskoye
1876 MOHYLIV-PODILSKY (Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Mogilów, Mogilov Podolski, Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Mogilev-na-Dniestr , Mogilev Podolksk (Mohyliv-Podilskyy,, Moghilǎu ,
1877 MOCHALIVKA: (Russian and Ukraine) see Boreml
1878 MLYNOV: (Slov) see Mlinov
1879 MLINUV: (German) see Mlinov
1880 MLINOV
1881 MIZYCH
1882 MIZYAKOV
1883 MIZIKOV: (others) see v. Mizyakov
1884 MIZIKOV: (Hungarian) see Myakov
1885 MISJAKOW: (Polish) see v. Mizyakov
1886 MISJAKOW: (German) see Myakov
1887 MISIANKOV: (Yiddish) see Myakov and v. Mizyakov
1888 MIROPOL
1889 MIRNYI
1890 MIRNY: see Mirnyi
1891 MIRGOROD YASHAN: (Yiddish) see Mirgorod
1892 MIRGOROD
1893 MIRARID: (Hungarian and Slov) see Mirgorod
1894 MIKULINTSY:Mykulyntsi, Mikulińce ,Mikilinits, Mikolintza,
1895 MIKULINIE: (Hungarian) see Mikulintsy
1896 MIKOLINTZA: (Yiddish) see Mikulintsy
1897 MIKOLINCE: (German) see Mikulintsy
1898 MIKOLAJOW: (Polish) see Nikolaev
1899 MIKOLAJOW: (Polish) see Mykolaiv
1900 MIKOLAIV: (German) see Mykolaiv
 
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