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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1701 KAMIENIEC PODOLSK: see Kamenets-Podolsky
1702 KAMIEN-KOSZYRSKI: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1703 KAMIEN KOSTYRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1704 KAMENY BROD: see Kamenny Brod
1705 KAMENNYY BROD: see KAMENNIY BROD
1706 KAMENNIY BROD: Volhynia
1707 KAMENKA STRUMIBOVA: see Kamenka-Bugskaya
1708 KAMENKA DNEPROVSKAJA
1709 KAMENKA-BUGSKAYA
1710 KAMENKA
1711 KAMYANETS PODILSKIY: Khmelnytskyi Oblast [Kamenets Podolskiy, Kamieniec Podolski , , Kumenetz-Podolsk, Kamenets Podolsk, Kamenets Podolski, Komenitz Podolsk, Kamenets Podilski, Kamenez Podolsk.]
1712 KAMENETS PODOLSKI: see Kamenets Podolskiy and Podolia Guberniya
1713 KAMENITZ PODOLSK: see KAMYANETS PODILSKIYY
1714 KAMEN' KASHIRSKIY
1715 KAM'YANKA: see Kamenka
1716 KALYNIVKA
1717 KALUSZ NOWY: see Kalush
1718 KALUSZ: see Kalush
1719 KALUSH
1720 KALISH: see Kalush
1721 KALINOVKA
1722 KALINOVKA Vinnitsa Oblast
1723 KALININSKOYE
1724 KALINIVKA: see Kalinivka
1725 KALININDORF: see Kalininskoye
1726 KAKHOVKA
1727 KAHORLIK: see Kaharlyk
1728 KAGARLYK: see Kaharlyk
1729 KAHAN MEZYCZY: see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1730 KAHARLYK: Kaharlytskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1731 KACHOVKA: see Kakhovka
1732 JUZEFPOL: see Iosipovka
1733 JOSIPOVKA: see Iosipovka
1734 JOCYPIVKA: see Iosipovka
1735 JITOMIR: see Zhitomir
1736 JEZIERZANY: see Ozeryani
1737 JEZIERNA: see Ozerna
1738 JEZERNYA
1739 JEWISH MAYDAN: see Staro-zakrevskiy Maydan
1740 JEMILCINO: see Emilchino
1741 JELISSAWETGRAD: see Kirovograd
1742 JAZLOWIEC: see Pomortsy
1743 JAWOROW: see Yavorov-I and II
1744 JAWOROV: see Yavorov-II
1745 JASNOGORKA: see Yasnogorodka
1746 JASLOWIEC: see Pomortsy
1747 JASIENIOW DOLNY: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1748 JARYCZOW: see Novyi Yarychev
1749 JARMOLINCE: see Yarmolintsy
1750 JARITSCHEV: see Novyi Yarychev
1751 JAGOTINA: see Yagotin
1752 JAGOTIN: see Yagotin
1753 JABLONOW: see Jablonov
1754 JABLONOV
1755 JABLANOW: see Jablonov
1756 IZYASLAV: : Izyaslav, Zaslav, Zaslov, Zasław, Izyaslavl', Zaslavl, Iziaslav, Isjaslav, Izjasław
1757 IZMAIL
1758 IZA
1759 IVNITSA
1760 IVASHKOVKA: see Gorodnya
1761 IVANOVKA
1762 IVANOPOLI
1763 IWANO-FRANKOWSK: see Ivano-Frankovsk
1764 IVANO-FRANKIVSK [Iwano Frankowsk, Stanislav, Stanislo, Stanislavov, Stanislowow, Ivano-Frankovsk, Stanisławów , Stanislau ,
1765 ISMAIL: see Izmail
1766 ISLAM-KERMEN: see Kakhovka
1767 ISKOROST: see Korosten
1768 IRKLIYEV
1769 IR LAVAN: see Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy
1770 IOSIPOVKA
1771 ILNICA
1772 IGNATOWKA: see Yaromel
1773 IGNATOVKA: see Bahov
1774 ICHNYA
1775 IALTA: see Yalta
1776 HUZTKOV: see Nankovo
1777 HUTA POLONIECKA: see 'Guta Polonetska
1778 HUTA POLONETSKA: see Guta Polonetska
1779 HUSZT: see Khust
1780 HUSTE: Khust
1781 HUST: see Khust
1782 HUSSIATIN: see Gusyatin
1783 HUSIATYN: see Gusyatin
1784 HUMAN: see Uman
1785 HUKLYVYY
1786 HOVNIV: see Ugniv
1787 HOTZILA: see Dolinskoye
1788 HOTZIA: see Dolinskoye
1789 HOTIN: see Khotin
1790 HOSTOMLIA: see Gostomel
1791 HOSTOMLA: see Gostomel
1792 HOSTOML: see Hostomel
1793 HOSCHT: see Goscha
1794 HOSCHA: see Goscha
1795 HOSCG: see Goscha
1796 HOROSHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1797 HOROSCHKI: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1798 HORODYSZCZE: see Gorodishche
1799 HORODNITSA: see Gorodnitsa
1800 HORODNITCA: see Gorodnitsa
 
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