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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1701 KAZIMIRKA: see Kostopol
1702 KATRYNBURG: see Katerinovka
1703 KATERINOVKA
1704 KATERBURG: see Katerinovka
1705 KATAN MEZHYRYCHI: see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1706 KASHPEROVKA: see Tetiyev
1707 KASHELI: see Koshelevo
1708 KASHEL MEZEN: see Koshelevo
1709 KASELY: see Koshelevo
1710 KARLOVKA: see Zeleniy Yar
1711 KANETZ POL: see Savran
1712 KAMMENY BROD: see Kamenny Brod
1713 KAMMENIY BROD: see Rogachev
1714 KAMIN KOSHIRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1715 KAMIN KOSHIRSKY: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1716 KAMIN KASHIRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1717 KAMIENKA STRUMILOWA: see Kamenka-Bugskaya
1718 KAMIENIETS PODOLSKI
1719 KAMIENIEC PODOLSK: see Kamenets-Podolsky
1720 KAMIEN-KOSZYRSKI: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1721 KAMIEN KOSTYRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1722 KAMENY BROD: see Kamenny Brod
1723 KAMENNYY BROD: see KAMENNIY BROD
1724 KAMENNIY BROD: Volhynia
1725 KAMENKA STRUMIBOVA: see Kamenka-Bugskaya
1726 KAMENKA DNEPROVSKAJA
1727 KAMENKA-BUGSKAYA
1728 KAMENKA
1729 KAMYANETS PODILSKIY: Khmelnytskyi Oblast [Kamenets Podolskiy, Kamieniec Podolski , , Kumenetz-Podolsk, Kamenets Podolsk, Kamenets Podolski, Komenitz Podolsk, Kamenets Podilski, Kamenez Podolsk.]
1730 KAMENETS PODOLSKI: see Kamenets Podolskiy and Podolia Guberniya
1731 KAMENITZ PODOLSK: see KAMYANETS PODILSKIYY
1732 KAMEN' KASHIRSKIY
1733 KAM'YANKA: see Kamenka
1734 KALYNIVKA
1735 KALUSZ NOWY: see Kalush
1736 KALUSZ: see Kalush
1737 KALUSH
1738 KALISH: see Kalush
1739 KALINOVKA
1740 KALINOVKA Vinnitsa Oblast
1741 KALININSKOYE
1742 KALINIVKA: see Kalinivka
1743 KALININDORF: see Kalininskoye
1744 KAKHOVKA
1745 KAHAN MEZYCZY: see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1746 KAHARLYK: Kaharlytskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Karlik, Kagarlyk, Kahorlik, Kagorlyk]
1747 KACHOVKA: see Kakhovka
1748 JUZEFPOL: see Iosipovka
1749 JOSIPOVKA: see Iosipovka
1750 JOCYPIVKA: see Iosipovka
1751 JITOMIR: see Zhitomir
1752 JEZIERZANY: see Ozeryani
1753 JEZIERNA: see Ozerna
1754 JEZERNYA
1755 JEWISH MAYDAN: see Staro-zakrevskiy Maydan
1756 JEMILCINO: see Emilchino
1757 JELISSAWETGRAD: see Kirovograd
1758 JAZLOWIEC: see Pomortsy
1759 JAWOROW: see Yavorov-I and II
1760 JAWOROV: see Yavorov-II
1761 JASNOGORKA: see Yasnogorodka
1762 JASLOWIEC: see Pomortsy
1763 JASIENIOW DOLNY: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1764 JARYCZOW: see Novyi Yarychev
1765 JARMOLINCE: see Yarmolintsy
1766 JARITSCHEV: see Novyi Yarychev
1767 JAGOTINA: see Yagotin
1768 JAGOTIN: see Yagotin
1769 JABLONOW: see Jablonov
1770 JABLONOV
1771 JABLANOW: see Jablonov
1772 IZYASLAV: : Izyaslav, Zaslav, Zaslov, Zasław, Izyaslavl', Zaslavl, Iziaslav, Isjaslav, Izjasław
1773 IZMAIL
1774 IZA
1775 IVNITSA
1776 IVASHKOVKA: see Gorodnya
1777 IVANOVKA
1778 IVANOPOLI
1779 IWANO-FRANKOWSK: see Ivano-Frankovsk
1780 IVANO-FRANKIVSK [Iwano Frankowsk, Stanislav, Stanislo, Stanislavov, Stanislowow, Ivano-Frankovsk, Stanisławów , Stanislau ,
1781 ISMAIL: see Izmail
1782 ISLAM-KERMEN: see Kakhovka
1783 ISKOROST: see Korosten
1784 IRKLIYEV
1785 IR LAVAN: see Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy
1786 IOSIPOVKA
1787 ILNICA
1788 IGNATOWKA: see Yaromel
1789 IGNATOVKA: see Bahov
1790 ICHNYA
1791 IALTA: see Yalta
1792 HUZTKOV: see Nankovo
1793 HUTA POLONIECKA: see 'Guta Polonetska
1794 HUTA POLONETSKA: see Guta Polonetska
1795 HUSZT: see Khust
1796 HUSTE: Khust
1797 HUST: see Khust
1798 HUSSIATIN: see Gusyatin
1799 HUSIATYN: see Gusyatin
1800 HUMAN: see Uman
 
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