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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1701 KASHELI: see Koshelevo
1702 KASHEL MEZEN: see Koshelevo
1703 KASELY: see Koshelevo
1704 KARLOVKA: see Zeleniy Yar
1705 KARLIK: see Kaharlyk
1706 KANETZ POL: see Savran
1707 KAMMENY BROD: see Kamenny Brod
1708 KAMMENIY BROD: see Rogachev
1709 KAMIN KOSHIRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1710 KAMIN KOSHIRSKY: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1711 KAMIN KASHIRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1712 KAMIENKA STRUMILOWA: see Kamenka-Bugskaya
1713 KAMIENIETS PODOLSKI
1714 KAMIENIEC PODOLSK: see Kamenets-Podolsky
1715 KAMIEN-KOSZYRSKI: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1716 KAMIEN KOSTYRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1717 KAMENY BROD: see Kamenny Brod
1718 KAMENNYY BROD: see KAMENNIY BROD
1719 KAMENNIY BROD: Volhynia
1720 KAMENKA STRUMIBOVA: see Kamenka-Bugskaya
1721 KAMENKA DNEPROVSKAJA
1722 KAMENKA-BUGSKAYA
1723 KAMENKA
1724 KAMYANETS PODILSKIY: Khmelnytskyi Oblast [Kamenets Podolskiy, Kamieniec Podolski , , Kumenetz-Podolsk, Kamenets Podolsk, Kamenets Podolski, Komenitz Podolsk, Kamenets Podilski, Kamenez Podolsk.]
1725 KAMENETS PODOLSKI: see Kamenets Podolskiy and Podolia Guberniya
1726 KAMENITZ PODOLSK: see KAMYANETS PODILSKIYY
1727 KAMEN' KASHIRSKIY
1728 KAM'YANKA: see Kamenka
1729 KALYNIVKA
1730 KALUSZ NOWY: see Kalush
1731 KALUSZ: see Kalush
1732 KALUSH
1733 KALISH: see Kalush
1734 KALINOVKA
1735 KALINOVKA Vinnitsa Oblast
1736 KALININSKOYE
1737 KALINIVKA: see Kalinivka
1738 KALININDORF: see Kalininskoye
1739 KAKHOVKA
1740 KAHORLIK: see Kaharlyk
1741 KAGARLYK: see Kaharlyk
1742 KAHAN MEZYCZY: see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1743 KAHARLYK: Kaharlytskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1744 KACHOVKA: see Kakhovka
1745 JUZEFPOL: see Iosipovka
1746 JOSIPOVKA: see Iosipovka
1747 JOCYPIVKA: see Iosipovka
1748 JITOMIR: see Zhitomir
1749 JEZIERZANY: see Ozeryani
1750 JEZIERNA: see Ozerna
1751 JEZERNYA
1752 JEWISH MAYDAN: see Staro-zakrevskiy Maydan
1753 JEMILCINO: see Emilchino
1754 JELISSAWETGRAD: see Kirovograd
1755 JAZLOWIEC: see Pomortsy
1756 JAWOROW: see Yavorov-I and II
1757 JAWOROV: see Yavorov-II
1758 JASNOGORKA: see Yasnogorodka
1759 JASLOWIEC: see Pomortsy
1760 JASIENIOW DOLNY: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1761 JARYCZOW: see Novyi Yarychev
1762 JARMOLINCE: see Yarmolintsy
1763 JARITSCHEV: see Novyi Yarychev
1764 JAGOTINA: see Yagotin
1765 JAGOTIN: see Yagotin
1766 JABLONOW: see Jablonov
1767 JABLONOV
1768 JABLANOW: see Jablonov
1769 IZYASLAV: : Izyaslav, Zaslav, Zaslov, Zasław, Izyaslavl', Zaslavl, Iziaslav, Isjaslav, Izjasław
1770 IZMAIL
1771 IZA
1772 IVNITSA
1773 IVASHKOVKA: see Gorodnya
1774 IVANOVKA
1775 IVANOPOLI
1776 IWANO-FRANKOWSK: see Ivano-Frankovsk
1777 IVANO-FRANKIVSK [Iwano Frankowsk, Stanislav, Stanislo, Stanislavov, Stanislowow, Ivano-Frankovsk, Stanisławów , Stanislau ,
1778 ISMAIL: see Izmail
1779 ISLAM-KERMEN: see Kakhovka
1780 ISKOROST: see Korosten
1781 IRKLIYEV
1782 IR LAVAN: see Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy
1783 IOSIPOVKA
1784 ILNICA
1785 IGNATOWKA: see Yaromel
1786 IGNATOVKA: see Bahov
1787 ICHNYA
1788 IALTA: see Yalta
1789 HUZTKOV: see Nankovo
1790 HUTA POLONIECKA: see 'Guta Polonetska
1791 HUTA POLONETSKA: see Guta Polonetska
1792 HUSZT: see Khust
1793 HUSTE: Khust
1794 HUST: see Khust
1795 HUSSIATIN: see Gusyatin
1796 HUSIATYN: see Gusyatin
1797 HUMAN: see Uman
1798 HUKLYVYY
1799 HOVNIV: see Ugniv
1800 HOTZILA: see Dolinskoye
 
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