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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1701 KATERINOVKA
1702 KATERBURG: see Katerinovka
1703 KATAN MEZHYRYCHI: see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1704 KASHPEROVKA: see Tetiyev
1705 KASHELI: see Koshelevo
1706 KASHEL MEZEN: see Koshelevo
1707 KASELY: see Koshelevo
1708 KARLOVKA: see Zeleniy Yar
1709 KANETZ POL: see Savran
1710 KAMMENY BROD: see Kamenny Brod
1711 KAMMENIY BROD: see Rogachev
1712 KAMIN KOSHIRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1713 KAMIN KOSHIRSKY: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1714 KAMIN KASHIRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1715 KAMIENKA STRUMILOWA: see Kamenka-Bugskaya
1716 KAMIENIETS PODOLSKI
1717 KAMIENIEC PODOLSK: see Kamenets-Podolsky
1718 KAMIEN-KOSZYRSKI: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1719 KAMIEN KOSTYRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1720 KAMENY BROD: see Kamenny Brod
1721 KAMENNYY BROD: see KAMENNIY BROD
1722 KAMENNIY BROD: Volhynia
1723 KAMENKA STRUMIBOVA: see Kamenka-Bugskaya
1724 KAMENKA DNEPROVSKAJA
1725 KAMENKA-BUGSKAYA
1726 KAMENKA
1727 KAMYANETS PODILSKIY: Khmelnytskyi Oblast [Kamenets Podolskiy, Kamieniec Podolski , , Kumenetz-Podolsk, Kamenets Podolsk, Kamenets Podolski, Komenitz Podolsk, Kamenets Podilski, Kamenez Podolsk.]
1728 KAMENETS PODOLSKI: see Kamenets Podolskiy and Podolia Guberniya
1729 KAMENITZ PODOLSK: see KAMYANETS PODILSKIYY
1730 KAMEN' KASHIRSKIY
1731 KAM'YANKA: see Kamenka
1732 KALYNIVKA
1733 KALUSZ NOWY: see Kalush
1734 KALUSZ: see Kalush
1735 KALUSH
1736 KALISH: see Kalush
1737 KALINOVKA
1738 KALINOVKA Vinnitsa Oblast
1739 KALININSKOYE
1740 KALINIVKA: see Kalinivka
1741 KALININDORF: see Kalininskoye
1742 KAKHOVKA
1743 KAHAN MEZYCZY: see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1744 KAHARLYK: Kaharlytskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast [Karlik, Kagarlyk, Kahorlik, Kagorlyk]
1745 KACHOVKA: see Kakhovka
1746 JUZEFPOL: see Iosipovka
1747 JOSIPOVKA: see Iosipovka
1748 JOCYPIVKA: see Iosipovka
1749 JITOMIR: see Zhitomir
1750 JEZIERZANY: see Ozeryani
1751 JEZIERNA: see Ozerna
1752 JEZERNYA
1753 JEWISH MAYDAN: see Staro-zakrevskiy Maydan
1754 JEMILCINO: see Emilchino
1755 JELISSAWETGRAD: see Kirovograd
1756 JAZLOWIEC: see Pomortsy
1757 JAWOROW: see Yavorov-I and II
1758 JAWOROV: see Yavorov-II
1759 JASNOGORKA: see Yasnogorodka
1760 JASLOWIEC: see Pomortsy
1761 JASIENIOW DOLNY: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1762 JARYCZOW: see Novyi Yarychev
1763 JARMOLINCE: see Yarmolintsy
1764 JARITSCHEV: see Novyi Yarychev
1765 JAGOTINA: see Yagotin
1766 JAGOTIN: see Yagotin
1767 JABLONOW: see Jablonov
1768 JABLONOV
1769 JABLANOW: see Jablonov
1770 IZYASLAV: : Izyaslav, Zaslav, Zaslov, Zasław, Izyaslavl', Zaslavl, Iziaslav, Isjaslav, Izjasław
1771 IZMAIL
1772 IZA
1773 IVNITSA
1774 IVASHKOVKA: see Gorodnya
1775 IVANOVKA
1776 IVANOPOLI
1777 IWANO-FRANKOWSK: see Ivano-Frankovsk
1778 IVANO-FRANKIVSK [Iwano Frankowsk, Stanislav, Stanislo, Stanislavov, Stanislowow, Ivano-Frankovsk, Stanisławów , Stanislau ,
1779 ISMAIL: see Izmail
1780 ISLAM-KERMEN: see Kakhovka
1781 ISKOROST: see Korosten
1782 IRKLIYEV
1783 IR LAVAN: see Belgorod-Dnestrovskiy
1784 IOSIPOVKA
1785 ILNICA
1786 IGNATOWKA: see Yaromel
1787 IGNATOVKA: see Bahov
1788 ICHNYA
1789 IALTA: see Yalta
1790 HUZTKOV: see Nankovo
1791 HUTA POLONIECKA: see 'Guta Polonetska
1792 HUTA POLONETSKA: see Guta Polonetska
1793 HUSZT: see Khust
1794 HUSTE: Khust
1795 HUST: see Khust
1796 HUSSIATIN: see Gusyatin
1797 HUSIATYN: see Gusyatin
1798 HUMAN: see Uman
1799 HUKLYVYY
1800 HOVNIV: see Ugniv
 
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