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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1601 KOLOSOVKA
1602 KOLOSIVKA: see Kolosovka
1603 KOLONIE LVOWO: see Lvovo
1604 KOLOMYYA: Ivano-Frankivsk [Kołomyja ,Kolomea , Colomeea , Kolimeya, Kolimia, Kolomai, Kolomey, Kolomyia]
1605 KOLOMEY, KOLOMIA: see Kolomyya
1606 KOLOMAI, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1607 KOLOMA, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1608 KOLODIIVKA: see Kolodievka
1609 KOLODIEVKA
1610 KOLODIANKA: see Kolod'yanka
1611 KOLOD'YANKA
1612 KOLKI: Volynskaya
1613 KOLKE: see Kolki
1614 KOLK: see Kolki
1615 KOLIMEYA, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1616 KOLIMEA, KOLIMIA: see Kolomyya
1617 KOLENYA: see Kalinovka
1618 KOLENIVKA: see Kalinivka
1619 KOLADARSK: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1620 KOLACHOVA
1621 KODYMA
1622 KODRA: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1623 KODNYA
1624 KODIMA: see Kodyma
1625 KOCHOVKA: see Kakhovka
1626 KOBYL'NOYE
1627 KOBIELAKI: see Kobelyaki
1628 KOBELYAKI
1629 KOBELIAKI: see Kobelyaki
1630 KOBEIAKI: see Kobelyaki
1631 KNYAJEVO: see Solnechnoe
1632 KLEWAN: see Klevan and Klevan
1633 KLEVAN
1634 KLEMENTOVICHI: see Sudlikov
1635 KJMENITZ PODOLSK: see KAMYANETS PODILSKIYY
1636 KJEW: see Kiyev
1637 KIYEV: Kyiv City Municipality [Kyyiv, Kijew, Kiev , Kijówy, Kyïv, Kief, Kiyev, Kiew]
1638 KIVERI: see Lutsk
1639 KITSMAN: Cotman, Cozmeni, Kitsman’, Kotsman, Kotsmen, Kotzman, Kozmeny[Chernivtsi poblast
1640 KITOV: see Kuty
1641 KITEV: see Kuty
1642 KITAY GOROD [KYTAIHOROD, Kytaihorodm KITAIGOROD, , KITAJGRÓD KITAI GOROD, KITAĬGOROD, KITAYGOROD, KITAY-GOROD, KITARED:
1643 KITAJGORODUSED: see Dashev
1644 KITAIGOROD: see Kitay Gorod
1645 KITAI GOROD: see Kitay Gorod
1646 KISLOVKA: see Kovshevataya
1647 KISIELIN: see Kiselin
1648 KISELIN
1649 KIROWOGRAD: see Kirovograd
1650 KIROWO, ZINOVYESK: see Kirovograd
1651 KIROVOGRAD
1652 KIRALYHAZA: see Korolevo
1653 KINASHEVKA: see Borzna
1654 KILIYA
1655 KILIKIEV
1656 KILIJA: see Kiliya
1657 KIJOW: see Kiyev
1658 KIJEW: see Kiyev
1659 KIEVSKAYA: see Fastov
1660 KIEV: see Kiyev
1661 KHYROV
1662 KHYROV L'vovskaya Oblast
1663 KHUST: Zakarpattia [Xуст, Hust, Guste,Huszt: Chust]
1664 KHOTYN: see Khotin
1665 KHOTIN [Khotyn, Hotin , Chocim , Choczim] Chernivtsi Oblast .
1666 KHOTEMOV
1667 KHOROSTKOV
1668 KHOROSTKIV: see Khorostkov
1669 KHOROL
1670 KHODOROV
1671 KHODORKOV
1672 KHMYELNIK: see Khmelnik
1673 KHMELNIK
1674 KHASHCHEVATOYE
1675 KHARSIKI: see Chernukhi
1676 KERETZKY: see Keretski
1677 KERETSKI
1678 KEREGKY: see Keretski
1679 KERECKI: see Keretski
1680 KERECKE: see Keretski
1681 KAZIMIRKA: see Kostopol
1682 KATRYNBURG: see Katerinovka
1683 KATERINOVKA
1684 KATERBURG: see Katerinovka
1685 KATAN MEZHYRYCHI: see Velikiye Mezhirichi
1686 KASHPEROVKA: see Tetiyev
1687 KASHELI: see Koshelevo
1688 KASHEL MEZEN: see Koshelevo
1689 KASELY: see Koshelevo
1690 KARLOVKA: see Zeleniy Yar
1691 KARLIK: see Kaharlyk
1692 KANETZ POL: see Savran
1693 KAMMENY BROD: see Kamenny Brod
1694 KAMMENIY BROD: see Rogachev
1695 KAMIN KOSHIRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1696 KAMIN KOSHIRSKY: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1697 KAMIN KASHIRSK: see Kamen' Kashirskiy
1698 KAMIENKA STRUMILOWA: see Kamenka-Bugskaya
1699 KAMIENIETS PODOLSKI
1700 KAMIENIEC PODOLSK: see Kamenets-Podolsky
 
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