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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1601 KOROSMEZO: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1602 KOPROD: see Kopaygorod
1603 KOPITSHINEST: see Kopychintsy
1604 KOPAYGOROD
1605 KOPALNE: see Solotvina
1606 KOPAIGOROD: see Kopaygorod
1607 KOPAI GOROD: see Kopaygorod
1608 KOPACHEVKA: see Rozhishche
1609 KONSTINTSY
1610 KONOTOP
1611 KONETZ POL: see Savran
1612 KOMSOMOLSKOYE: see Zhezhelev
1613 KOMPANEEVKA: see Ternovaya Balka
1614 KOMIATI
1615 KOMIAT: see Komiati
1616 KOMAROVKA: see Borzna
1617 KOMARGOROD: [KOMARGRÓD, KOMARHOROD , KOMEIRID , Vinnyts'Ka Oblast'
1618 KOMAIGOROD: see Komargorod
1619 KOLOSOVKA
1620 KOLOSIVKA: see Kolosovka
1621 KOLONIE LVOWO: see Lvovo
1622 KOLOMYYA: Ivano-Frankivsk [Kołomyja ,Kolomea , Colomeea , Kolimeya, Kolimia, Kolomai, Kolomey, Kolomyia]
1623 KOLOMEY, KOLOMIA: see Kolomyya
1624 KOLOMAI, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1625 KOLOMA, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1626 KOLODIIVKA: see Kolodievka
1627 KOLODIEVKA
1628 KOLODIANKA: see Kolod'yanka
1629 KOLOD'YANKA
1630 KOLKI: Volynskaya
1631 KOLKE: see Kolki
1632 KOLK: see Kolki
1633 KOLIMEYA, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1634 KOLIMEA, KOLIMIA: see Kolomyya
1635 KOLENYA: see Kalinovka
1636 KOLENIVKA: see Kalinivka
1637 KOLADARSK: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1638 KOLACHOVA
1639 KODYMA
1640 KODRA: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1641 KODNYA
1642 KODIMA: see Kodyma
1643 KOCHOVKA: see Kakhovka
1644 KOBYL'NOYE
1645 KOBIELAKI: see Kobelyaki
1646 KOBELYAKI
1647 KOBELIAKI: see Kobelyaki
1648 KOBEIAKI: see Kobelyaki
1649 KNYAJEVO: see Solnechnoe
1650 KLEWAN: see Klevan and Klevan
1651 KLEVAN
1652 KLEMENTOVICHI: see Sudlikov
1653 KJMENITZ PODOLSK: see KAMYANETS PODILSKIYY
1654 KJEW: see Kiyev
1655 KIYEV: Kyiv City Municipality [Kyyiv, Kijew, Kiev , Kijówy, Kyïv, Kief, Kiyev, Kiew]
1656 KIVERI: see Lutsk
1657 KITSMAN: Cotman, Cozmeni, Kitsman’, Kotsman, Kotsmen, Kotzman, Kozmeny[Chernivtsi poblast
1658 KITOV: see Kuty
1659 KITEV: see Kuty
1660 KITAY GOROD [KYTAIHOROD, Kytaihorodm KITAIGOROD, , KITAJGRÓD KITAI GOROD, KITAĬGOROD, KITAYGOROD, KITAY-GOROD, KITARED:
1661 KITAJGORODUSED: see Dashev
1662 KITAIGOROD: see Kitay Gorod
1663 KITAI GOROD: see Kitay Gorod
1664 KISLOVKA: see Kovshevataya
1665 KISIELIN: see Kiselin
1666 KISELIN
1667 KIROWOGRAD: see Kirovograd
1668 KIROWO, ZINOVYESK: see Kirovograd
1669 KIROVOGRAD
1670 KIRALYHAZA: see Korolevo
1671 KINASHEVKA: see Borzna
1672 KILIYA
1673 KILIKIEV
1674 KILIJA: see Kiliya
1675 KIJOW: see Kiyev
1676 KIJEW: see Kiyev
1677 KIEVSKAYA: see Fastov
1678 KIEV: see Kiyev
1679 KHYROV
1680 KHYROV L'vovskaya Oblast
1681 KHUST: Zakarpattia [Xуст, Hust, Guste,Huszt: Chust]
1682 KHOTYN: see Khotin
1683 KHOTIN [Khotyn, Hotin , Chocim , Choczim] Chernivtsi Oblast .
1684 KHOTEMOV
1685 KHOROSTKOV
1686 KHOROSTKIV: see Khorostkov
1687 KHOROL
1688 KHODOROV
1689 KHODORKOV
1690 KHMYELNIK: see Khmelnik
1691 KHMELNIK
1692 KHASHCHEVATOYE
1693 KHARSIKI: see Chernukhi
1694 KERETZKY: see Keretski
1695 KERETSKI
1696 KEREGKY: see Keretski
1697 KERECKI: see Keretski
1698 KERECKE: see Keretski
1699 KAZIMIRKA: see Kostopol
1700 KATRYNBURG: see Katerinovka
 
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