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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1601 KOROSTOSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1602 KOROSTOSTOSZOV: see Korostyshev
1603 KOROSTISHOV: see Korostyshev
1604 KOROSTEN [Korostel]
1605 KOROSMEZO: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1606 KOPROD: see Kopaygorod
1607 KOPITSHINEST: see Kopychintsy
1608 KOPAYGOROD
1609 KOPALNE: see Solotvina
1610 KOPAIGOROD: see Kopaygorod
1611 KOPAI GOROD: see Kopaygorod
1612 KOPACHEVKA: see Rozhishche
1613 KONSTINTSY
1614 KONOTOP
1615 KONETZ POL: see Savran
1616 KOMSOMOLSKOYE: see Zhezhelev
1617 KOMPANEEVKA: see Ternovaya Balka
1618 KOMIATI
1619 KOMIAT: see Komiati
1620 KOMAROVKA: see Borzna
1621 KOMARGOROD: [KOMARGRÓD, KOMARHOROD , KOMEIRID , Vinnyts'Ka Oblast'
1622 KOMAIGOROD: see Komargorod
1623 KOLOSOVKA
1624 KOLOSIVKA: see Kolosovka
1625 KOLONIE LVOWO: see Lvovo
1626 KOLOMYYA: Ivano-Frankivsk [Kołomyja ,Kolomea , Colomeea , Kolimeya, Kolimia, Kolomai, Kolomey, Kolomyia]
1627 KOLOMEY, KOLOMIA: see Kolomyya
1628 KOLOMAI, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1629 KOLOMA, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1630 KOLODIIVKA: see Kolodievka
1631 KOLODIEVKA
1632 KOLODIANKA: see Kolod'yanka
1633 KOLOD'YANKA
1634 KOLKI: Volynskaya
1635 KOLKE: see Kolki
1636 KOLK: see Kolki
1637 KOLIMEYA, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1638 KOLIMEA, KOLIMIA: see Kolomyya
1639 KOLENYA: see Kalinovka
1640 KOLENIVKA: see Kalinivka
1641 KOLADARSK: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1642 KOLACHOVA
1643 KODYMA
1644 KODRA: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1645 KODNYA
1646 KODIMA: see Kodyma
1647 KOCHOVKA: see Kakhovka
1648 KOBYL'NOYE
1649 KOBIELAKI: see Kobelyaki
1650 KOBELYAKI
1651 KOBELIAKI: see Kobelyaki
1652 KOBEIAKI: see Kobelyaki
1653 KNYAJEVO: see Solnechnoe
1654 KLEWAN: see Klevan and Klevan
1655 KLEVAN
1656 KLEMENTOVICHI: see Sudlikov
1657 KJMENITZ PODOLSK: see KAMYANETS PODILSKIYY
1658 KJEW: see Kiyev
1659 KIYEV: Kyiv City Municipality [Kyyiv, Kijew, Kiev , Kijówy, Kyïv, Kief, Kiyev, Kiew]
1660 KIVERI: see Lutsk
1661 KITSMAN: Cotman, Cozmeni, Kitsman’, Kotsman, Kotsmen, Kotzman, Kozmeny[Chernivtsi poblast
1662 KITOV: see Kuty
1663 KITEV: see Kuty
1664 KITAY GOROD [KYTAIHOROD, Kytaihorodm KITAIGOROD, , KITAJGRÓD KITAI GOROD, KITAĬGOROD, KITAYGOROD, KITAY-GOROD, KITARED:
1665 KITAJGORODUSED: see Dashev
1666 KITAIGOROD: see Kitay Gorod
1667 KITAI GOROD: see Kitay Gorod
1668 KISLOVKA: see Kovshevataya
1669 KISIELIN: see Kiselin
1670 KISELIN
1671 KIROWOGRAD: see Kirovograd
1672 KIROWO, ZINOVYESK: see Kirovograd
1673 KIROVOGRAD
1674 KIRALYHAZA: see Korolevo
1675 KINASHEVKA: see Borzna
1676 KILIYA
1677 KILIKIEV
1678 KILIJA: see Kiliya
1679 KIJOW: see Kiyev
1680 KIJEW: see Kiyev
1681 KIEVSKAYA: see Fastov
1682 KIEV: see Kiyev
1683 KHYROV
1684 KHYROV L'vovskaya Oblast
1685 KHUST: Zakarpattia [Xуст, Hust, Guste,Huszt: Chust]
1686 KHOTYN: see Khotin
1687 KHOTIN [Khotyn, Hotin , Chocim , Choczim] Chernivtsi Oblast .
1688 KHOTEMOV
1689 KHOROSTKOV
1690 KHOROSTKIV: see Khorostkov
1691 KHOROL
1692 KHODOROV
1693 KHODORKOV
1694 KHMYELNIK: see Khmelnik
1695 KHMELNIK
1696 KHASHCHEVATOYE
1697 KHARSIKI: see Chernukhi
1698 KERETZKY: see Keretski
1699 KERETSKI
1700 KEREGKY: see Keretski
 
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