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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1501 KREMENITZ: see Kremenets
1502 KREMENITS: see Kremenets
1503 KREMENETS: Ternopils oblast
1504 KREMENCHUK: see Kremenchug
1505 KREMENCHUG
1506 KREEMENTCHUG: see Kremenchug
1507 KRATA: see Krutnoye
1508 KRASYLIV: see Krasilov
1509 KRASNYYE OKNY
1510 KRASNOSTAV
1511 KRASNOPOLKA
1512 KRASILOW: see Krasilov
1513 KRASILOVA: see Krasilov
1514 KRASILOV
1515 KRALOVO NAD TISOU: see Korolevo
1516 KRAKOWIEC: see Krakovets
1517 KRAKOWEC: see Krakovets
1518 KRAKOVETZ: see Krakovets
1519 KRAKOVETS
1520 KOZUBOVKA
1521 KOZOVA: see Berezhany
1522 KOZMENY: see Kitsman
1523 KOZLOW: see Eypatoria
1524 KOZILEC: see Kozelets
1525 KOZIELEC: see Kozelets
1526 KOZELTS: see Kozelets
1527 KOZELETS
1528 KOZELES: see Kozelets
1529 KOZELEC: see Kozelets
1530 KOZATZKOYE
1531 KOWLE: see Kovel
1532 KOWEL: see Kovel
1533 KOVSHEVATOYE
1534 KOVSHEVATAYA
1535 KOVLA: see Kovel
1536 KOVESLIGET: see Dragovo
1537 KOVELIGET: see v. Dragovo
1538 KOVEL
1539 KOVALEVKA: see Nemirov
1540 KOTZMAN: see Kitsman
1541 KOTOZOWO: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1542 KOTOVSK
1543 KOTOLINA HAYASHANA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1544 KOTELYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1545 KOTELNYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1546 KOTELNUA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1547 KOTELNNA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1548 KOTELNJA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1549 KOTELNIA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1550 KOSTOPOL (Kostopil)
1551 KOSTOBOBROV: see Semenovka
1552 KOSTINTSY: see Konstintsy
1553 KOSTESHTI: see Konstintsy
1554 KOSSUV: see Kosov
1555 KOSSOW: see Kosow
1556 KOSSOV: see Kosov
1557 KOSOW HUCULSKI-KOSOW STARY-KOSSOW STARY: see Kosov
1558 KOSIV: Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
1559 KOSOGORKA/FRAMPOL
1560 KOSMAN: see Kitsman
1561 KOSLOW: see Eypatoria
1562 KOSINY
1563 KOSICE
1564 KOSHELEVO
1565 KOSELOVO: see Koshelevo
1566 KORZYSC: see Korets
1567 KORZHOVKA: Shchors
1568 KORZHETS: see Korets
1569 KORZETS, KORZHETS: see Korets
1570 KORZEC, KORZYEC: see Korets
1571 KORYSTYSHEV: see Zhitomir
1572 KORSUN-SHEVCHENKOVSKIY
1573 KORSUN: see Korsun-Shevchenkovskiy
1574 KORSHEW: see Korostyshev
1575 KORSHEV: see Korostyshev
1576 KOROSTYSZOW: see Korostyshev
1577 KOROSTYSZAW: see Korostyshev
1578 KOROSTYSHEV
1579 KOROSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1580 KOROSTOSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1581 KOROSTOSTOSZOV: see Korostyshev
1582 KOROSTISHOV: see Korostyshev
1583 KOROSTEN [Korostel]
1584 KOROSMEZO: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1585 KOPROD: see Kopaygorod
1586 KOPITSHINEST: see Kopychintsy
1587 KOPAYGOROD
1588 KOPALNE: see Solotvina
1589 KOPAIGOROD: see Kopaygorod
1590 KOPAI GOROD: see Kopaygorod
1591 KOPACHEVKA: see Rozhishche
1592 KONSTINTSY
1593 KONOTOP
1594 KONETZ POL: see Savran
1595 KOMSOMOLSKOYE: see Zhezhelev
1596 KOMPANEEVKA: see Ternovaya Balka
1597 KOMIATI
1598 KOMIAT: see Komiati
1599 KOMAROVKA: see Borzna
1600 KOMARGOROD: [KOMARGRÓD, KOMARHOROD , KOMEIRID , Vinnyts'Ka Oblast'
 
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