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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Article Title
1501 KRASILOVA: see Krasilov
1502 KRASILOV
1503 KRALOVO NAD TISOU: see Korolevo
1504 KRAKOWIEC: see Krakovets
1505 KRAKOWEC: see Krakovets
1506 KRAKOVETZ: see Krakovets
1507 KRAKOVETS
1508 KOZUBOVKA
1509 KOZOVA: see Berezhany
1510 KOZMENY: see Kitsman
1511 KOZLOW: see Eypatoria
1512 KOZILEC: see Kozelets
1513 KOZIELEC: see Kozelets
1514 KOZELTS: see Kozelets
1515 KOZELETS
1516 KOZELES: see Kozelets
1517 KOZELEC: see Kozelets
1518 KOZATZKOYE
1519 KOWLE: see Kovel
1520 KOWEL: see Kovel
1521 KOVSHEVATOYE
1522 KOVSHEVATAYA
1523 KOVLA: see Kovel
1524 KOVESLIGET: see Dragovo
1525 KOVELIGET: see v. Dragovo
1526 KOVEL
1527 KOVALEVKA: see Nemirov
1528 KOTZMAN: see Kitsman
1529 KOTOZOWO: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1530 KOTOVSK
1531 KOTOLINA HAYASHANA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1532 KOTELYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1533 KOTELNYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1534 KOTELNUA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1535 KOTELNNA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1536 KOTELNJA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1537 KOTELNIA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1538 KOSTOPOL (Kostopil)
1539 KOSTOBOBROV: see Semenovka
1540 KOSTINTSY: see Konstintsy
1541 KOSTESHTI: see Konstintsy
1542 KOSSUV: see Kosov
1543 KOSSOW: see Kosow
1544 KOSSOV: see Kosov
1545 KOSOW HUCULSKI-KOSOW STARY-KOSSOW STARY: see Kosov
1546 KOSOV
1547 KOSOGORKA/FRAMPOL
1548 KOSMAN: see Kitsman
1549 KOSLOW: see Eypatoria
1550 KOSINY
1551 KOSICE
1552 KOSHELEVO
1553 KOSELOVO: see Koshelevo
1554 KORZYSC: see Korets
1555 KORZHOVKA: Shchors
1556 KORZHETS: see Korets
1557 KORZETS, KORZHETS: see Korets
1558 KORZEC, KORZYEC: see Korets
1559 KORYSTYSHEV: see Zhitomir
1560 KORSUN-SHEVCHENKOVSKIY
1561 KORSUN: see Korsun-Shevchenkovskiy
1562 KORSHEW: see Korostyshev
1563 KORSHEV: see Korostyshev
1564 KOROSTYSZOW: see Korostyshev
1565 KOROSTYSZAW: see Korostyshev
1566 KOROSTYSHEV
1567 KOROSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1568 KOROSTOSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1569 KOROSTOSTOSZOV: see Korostyshev
1570 KOROSTISHOV: see Korostyshev
1571 KOROSTEN [Korostel]
1572 KOROSMEZO: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1573 KOPROD: see Kopaygorod
1574 KOPITSHINEST: see Kopychintsy
1575 KOPAYGOROD
1576 KOPALNE: see Solotvina
1577 KOPAIGOROD: see Kopaygorod
1578 KOPAI GOROD: see Kopaygorod
1579 KOPACHEVKA: see Rozhishche
1580 KONSTINTSY
1581 KONOTOP
1582 KONETZ POL: see Savran
1583 KOMSOMOLSKOYE: see Zhezhelev
1584 KOMPANEEVKA: see Ternovaya Balka
1585 KOMIATI
1586 KOMIAT: see Komiati
1587 KOMAROVKA: see Borzna
1588 KOMARNO
1589 KOMARGOROD: [KOMARGRÓD, KOMARHOROD , KOMEIRID , Vinnyts'Ka Oblast'
1590 KOMAIGOROD: see Komargorod
1591 KOLOSOVKA
1592 KOLOSIVKA: see Kolosovka
1593 KOLONIE LVOWO: see Lvovo
1594 KOLOMYYA: Ivano-Frankivsk [Kołomyja ,Kolomea , Colomeea , Kolimeya, Kolimia, Kolomai, Kolomey, Kolomyia]
1595 KOLOMEY, KOLOMIA: see Kolomyya
1596 KOLOMAI, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1597 KOLOMA, KOLOMEA: see Kolomyya
1598 KOLODIIVKA: see Kolodievka
1599 KOLODIEVKA
1600 KOLODIANKA: see Kolod'yanka
 
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