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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1501 KREEMENTCHUG: see Kremenchug
1502 KRATA: see Krutnoye
1503 KRASYLIV: see Krasilov
1504 KRASNYYE OKNY
1505 KRASNOSTAV
1506 KRASNOPOLKA
1507 KRASILOW: see Krasilov
1508 KRASILOVA: see Krasilov
1509 KRASILOV
1510 KRALOVO NAD TISOU: see Korolevo
1511 KRAKOWIEC: see Krakovets
1512 KRAKOWEC: see Krakovets
1513 KRAKOVETZ: see Krakovets
1514 KRAKOVETS
1515 KOZUBOVKA
1516 KOZOVA: see Berezhany
1517 KOZMENY: see Kitsman
1518 KOZLOW: see Eypatoria
1519 KOZILEC: see Kozelets
1520 KOZIELEC: see Kozelets
1521 KOZELTS: see Kozelets
1522 KOZELETS
1523 KOZELES: see Kozelets
1524 KOZELEC: see Kozelets
1525 KOZATZKOYE
1526 KOWLE: see Kovel
1527 KOWEL: see Kovel
1528 KOVSHEVATOYE
1529 KOVSHEVATAYA
1530 KOVLA: see Kovel
1531 KOVESLIGET: see Dragovo
1532 KOVELIGET: see v. Dragovo
1533 KOVEL
1534 KOVALEVKA: see Nemirov
1535 KOTZMAN: see Kitsman
1536 KOTOZOWO: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1537 KOTOVSK
1538 KOTOLINA HAYASHANA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1539 KOTELYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1540 KOTELNYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1541 KOTELNUA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1542 KOTELNNA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1543 KOTELNJA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1544 KOTELNIA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1545 KOSTOPOL (Kostopil)
1546 KOSTOBOBROV: see Semenovka
1547 KOSTINTSY: see Konstintsy
1548 KOSTESHTI: see Konstintsy
1549 KOSSUV: see Kosov
1550 KOSSOW: see Kosow
1551 KOSSOV: see Kosov
1552 KOSOW HUCULSKI-KOSOW STARY-KOSSOW STARY: see Kosov
1553 KOSOV
1554 KOSOGORKA/FRAMPOL
1555 KOSMAN: see Kitsman
1556 KOSLOW: see Eypatoria
1557 KOSINY
1558 KOSICE
1559 KOSHELEVO
1560 KOSELOVO: see Koshelevo
1561 KORZYSC: see Korets
1562 KORZHOVKA: Shchors
1563 KORZHETS: see Korets
1564 KORZETS, KORZHETS: see Korets
1565 KORZEC, KORZYEC: see Korets
1566 KORYSTYSHEV: see Zhitomir
1567 KORSUN-SHEVCHENKOVSKIY
1568 KORSUN: see Korsun-Shevchenkovskiy
1569 KORSHEW: see Korostyshev
1570 KORSHEV: see Korostyshev
1571 KOROSTYSZOW: see Korostyshev
1572 KOROSTYSZAW: see Korostyshev
1573 KOROSTYSHEV
1574 KOROSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1575 KOROSTOSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1576 KOROSTOSTOSZOV: see Korostyshev
1577 KOROSTISHOV: see Korostyshev
1578 KOROSTEN [Korostel]
1579 KOROSMEZO: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1580 KOPROD: see Kopaygorod
1581 KOPITSHINEST: see Kopychintsy
1582 KOPAYGOROD
1583 KOPALNE: see Solotvina
1584 KOPAIGOROD: see Kopaygorod
1585 KOPAI GOROD: see Kopaygorod
1586 KOPACHEVKA: see Rozhishche
1587 KONSTINTSY
1588 KONOTOP
1589 KONETZ POL: see Savran
1590 KOMSOMOLSKOYE: see Zhezhelev
1591 KOMPANEEVKA: see Ternovaya Balka
1592 KOMIATI
1593 KOMIAT: see Komiati
1594 KOMAROVKA: see Borzna
1595 KOMARNO
1596 KOMARGOROD: [KOMARGRÓD, KOMARHOROD , KOMEIRID , Vinnyts'Ka Oblast'
1597 KOMAIGOROD: see Komargorod
1598 KOLOSOVKA
1599 KOLOSIVKA: see Kolosovka
1600 KOLONIE LVOWO: see Lvovo
 
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