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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1501 KRONAU: see Vysokopol'ye
1502 KROLEWIES: see Krolevets
1503 KROLEVIES: see Krolevets
1504 KROLEVETS
1505 KRIZHOPOL
1506 KRIVOY ROG
1507 KRIVOJ ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1508 KRIVOI ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1509 KRIVETS: used the cemetery at Stavishche
1510 KRIVAY ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1511 KRISNIPOLYE: see Chervonograd
1512 KRIPAN, YUTSIN: see Tuchin
1513 KRINICHANKA
1514 KRIMICHEVATKA: see Berezovatka
1515 KRIJOPOL: see Solnechnoe
1516 KRESILOV: see Krasilov
1517 KREMIENIEC: see Kremenets
1518 KREMIENCZUK: see Kremenchug
1519 KREMETS: see Kremenets
1520 KREMENTCHUG: see Kremenchug
1521 KREMENITZ: see Kremenets
1522 KREMENITS: see Kremenets
1523 KREMENETS: Ternopils oblast [Krzemieniec,Kremenitz ,Kremenez ,Kremenits, Kremenec', Kshemyenyets]
1524 KREMENCHUK: see Kremenchug
1525 KREMENCHUG
1526 KREEMENTCHUG: see Kremenchug
1527 KRATA: see Krutnoye
1528 KRASYLIV: see Krasilov
1529 KRASNYYE OKNY
1530 KRASNOSTAV
1531 KRASNOPOLKA
1532 KRASILOW: see Krasilov
1533 KRASILOVA: see Krasilov
1534 KRASILOV
1535 KRAKOWIEC: see Krakovets
1536 KRAKOWEC: see Krakovets
1537 KRAKOVETZ: see Krakovets
1538 KRAKOVETS
1539 KOZUBOVKA
1540 KOZOVA: see Berezhany
1541 KOZMENY: see Kitsman
1542 KOZLOW: see Eypatoria
1543 KOZILEC: see Kozelets
1544 KOZIELEC: see Kozelets
1545 KOZELTS: see Kozelets
1546 KOZELETS
1547 KOZELES: see Kozelets
1548 KOZELEC: see Kozelets
1549 KOZATZKOYE
1550 KOWLE: see Kovel
1551 KOWEL: see Kovel
1552 KOVSHEVATOYE
1553 KOVSHEVATAYA
1554 KOVLA: see Kovel
1555 KOVESLIGET: see Dragovo
1556 KOVELIGET: see v. Dragovo
1557 KOVEL
1558 KOVALEVKA: see Nemirov
1559 KOTZMAN: see Kitsman
1560 KOTOZOWO: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1561 KOTOVSK
1562 KOTOLINA HAYASHANA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1563 KOTELYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1564 KOTELNYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1565 KOTELNUA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1566 KOTELNNA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1567 KOTELNJA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1568 KOTELNIA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1569 KOSTOPOL (Kostopil)
1570 KOSTOBOBROV: see Semenovka
1571 KOSTINTSY: see Konstintsy
1572 KOSTESHTI: see Konstintsy
1573 KOSSUV: see Kosov
1574 KOSSOW: see Kosow
1575 KOSSOV: see Kosov
1576 KOSOW HUCULSKI-KOSOW STARY-KOSSOW STARY: see Kosov
1577 KOSIV: Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
1578 KOSOGORKA/FRAMPOL
1579 KOSMAN: see Kitsman
1580 KOSLOW: see Eypatoria
1581 KOSINY
1582 KOSICE
1583 KOSHELEVO
1584 KOSELOVO: see Koshelevo
1585 KORZYSC: see Korets
1586 KORZHOVKA: Shchors
1587 KORZHETS: see Korets
1588 KORZETS, KORZHETS: see Korets
1589 KORZEC, KORZYEC: see Korets
1590 KORYSTYSHEV: see Zhitomir
1591 KORSUN-SHEVCHENKOVSKIY [Styebliv ]
1592 KORSUN: see Korsun-Shevchenkovskiy
1593 KORSHEW: see Korostyshev
1594 KORSHEV: see Korostyshev
1595 KOROSTYSZOW: see Korostyshev
1596 KOROSTYSZAW: see Korostyshev
1597 KOROSTYSHEV
1598 KOROSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1599 KOROSTOSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1600 KOROSTOSTOSZOV: see Korostyshev
 
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