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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1501 KRIVOI ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1502 KRIVETS: used the cemetery at Stavishche
1503 KRIVAY ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1504 KRISNIPOLYE: see Chervonograd
1505 KRIPAN, YUTSIN: see Tuchin
1506 KRINICHANKA
1507 KRIMICHEVATKA: see Berezovatka
1508 KRIJOPOL: see Solnechnoe
1509 KRESILOV: see Krasilov
1510 KREMIENIEC: see Kremenets
1511 KREMIENCZUK: see Kremenchug
1512 KREMETS: see Kremenets
1513 KREMENTCHUG: see Kremenchug
1514 KREMENITZ: see Kremenets
1515 KREMENITS: see Kremenets
1516 KREMENETS: Ternopils oblast [Krzemieniec,Kremenitz ,Kremenez ,Kremenits, Kremenec', Kshemyenyets]
1517 KREMENCHUK: see Kremenchug
1518 KREMENCHUG
1519 KREEMENTCHUG: see Kremenchug
1520 KRATA: see Krutnoye
1521 KRASYLIV: see Krasilov
1522 KRASNYYE OKNY
1523 KRASNOSTAV
1524 KRASNOPOLKA
1525 KRASILOW: see Krasilov
1526 KRASILOVA: see Krasilov
1527 KRASILOV
1528 KRALOVO NAD TISOU: see Korolevo
1529 KRAKOWIEC: see Krakovets
1530 KRAKOWEC: see Krakovets
1531 KRAKOVETZ: see Krakovets
1532 KRAKOVETS
1533 KOZUBOVKA
1534 KOZOVA: see Berezhany
1535 KOZMENY: see Kitsman
1536 KOZLOW: see Eypatoria
1537 KOZILEC: see Kozelets
1538 KOZIELEC: see Kozelets
1539 KOZELTS: see Kozelets
1540 KOZELETS
1541 KOZELES: see Kozelets
1542 KOZELEC: see Kozelets
1543 KOZATZKOYE
1544 KOWLE: see Kovel
1545 KOWEL: see Kovel
1546 KOVSHEVATOYE
1547 KOVSHEVATAYA
1548 KOVLA: see Kovel
1549 KOVESLIGET: see Dragovo
1550 KOVELIGET: see v. Dragovo
1551 KOVEL
1552 KOVALEVKA: see Nemirov
1553 KOTZMAN: see Kitsman
1554 KOTOZOWO: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1555 KOTOVSK
1556 KOTOLINA HAYASHANA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1557 KOTELYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1558 KOTELNYA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1559 KOTELNUA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1560 KOTELNNA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1561 KOTELNJA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1562 KOTELNIA: see Staraya Kotelnya
1563 KOSTOPOL (Kostopil)
1564 KOSTOBOBROV: see Semenovka
1565 KOSTINTSY: see Konstintsy
1566 KOSTESHTI: see Konstintsy
1567 KOSSUV: see Kosov
1568 KOSSOW: see Kosow
1569 KOSSOV: see Kosov
1570 KOSOW HUCULSKI-KOSOW STARY-KOSSOW STARY: see Kosov
1571 KOSIV: Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
1572 KOSOGORKA/FRAMPOL
1573 KOSMAN: see Kitsman
1574 KOSLOW: see Eypatoria
1575 KOSINY
1576 KOSICE
1577 KOSHELEVO
1578 KOSELOVO: see Koshelevo
1579 KORZYSC: see Korets
1580 KORZHOVKA: Shchors
1581 KORZHETS: see Korets
1582 KORZETS, KORZHETS: see Korets
1583 KORZEC, KORZYEC: see Korets
1584 KORYSTYSHEV: see Zhitomir
1585 KORSUN-SHEVCHENKOVSKIY
1586 KORSUN: see Korsun-Shevchenkovskiy
1587 KORSHEW: see Korostyshev
1588 KORSHEV: see Korostyshev
1589 KOROSTYSZOW: see Korostyshev
1590 KOROSTYSZAW: see Korostyshev
1591 KOROSTYSHEV
1592 KOROSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1593 KOROSTOSTOSZOW: see Korostyshev
1594 KOROSTOSTOSZOV: see Korostyshev
1595 KOROSTISHOV: see Korostyshev
1596 KOROSTEN [Korostel]
1597 KOROSMEZO: see Yasenev Dolnyy
1598 KOPROD: see Kopaygorod
1599 KOPITSHINEST: see Kopychintsy
1600 KOPAYGOROD
 
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