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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1401 LOKACH: see Lokachi
1402 LUDVINKA, YUZEFPOL see Iosipovka
1403 LODOMERIA: see Vladimir-Volynskiy
1404 LODMER, LADIMIR, LUDMER: see Vladimir Vohlinskiy
1405 LOCWITCA: see Lokhvitsa
1406 LOCHWICA: see Lokhvitsa
1407 LOCHVITSA: see Lokhvitsa
1408 LOBACZOVKA: see Lobachyovka
1409 LOBACHYOVKA
1410 LJUDNOPOL: see Sosnovoye
1411 LIZOGUBOVA SLOBODA: see Yagotin
1412 LIUBOMIL: see Lyuboml
1413 LITOVSKY-VITOVTOVA: see Berislav
1414 LISNOVKA: see Lishnyovka
1415 LISITZ, LYSETS: see Lisets
1416 LISHNYOVKA
1417 LISHNIVKA: see Lishnyovka
1418 LISHNIOVKA: see Lishnyovka
1419 LISETS:
1420 LISANSK: see Iozansky
1421 LIPOWIEC: see Lipovets
1422 LIPOVETZ: see Lipovets
1423 LIPOVEC: see Lipovets
1424 LIPNYAZHKA
1425 LOKHVITSA
1426 LIUBIEN WIELKI: see Luben-Velikiy
1427 LIPCSE: see Lipsha
1428 LIPOVENKOE
1429 LISATITSCH: see Lisyatychy
1430 LIBOVNE: see Lyuboml
1431 LIBEVNE: see Lyuboml
1432 LIPSHE
1433 LIPOVETS
1434 LETIYCHEV: see Letichev
1435 LETITCHEV: see Letichev
1436 LETICHUV: see Letichev
1437 LETICHEV
1438 LESTCHIN
1439 LEOPOLIS: see Lvov
1440 LEOPOL: see Lvov
1441 LEMBERG: see Lvov/Lviv
1442 LATYECZOW: see Letichev
1443 LATYCZOW: see Letichev
1444 LATYCZOV: see Letichev
1445 LANOWCE: see Lanovtsy
1446 LANOVTZY: see Lanovtsy
1447 LANOVTSYL Ternopil
1448 LANOVTSI: see Lanovtsy
1449 LANOVITZ: see Lanovtsy
1450 LANOVITS: see Lanovtsy
1451 LALOVO
1452 LAJOSFALVA: see LALOVO
1453 LADEJN: see Ladyzhin
1454 LADMIR: see Vladimir Volynskiy
1455 LADYZHIN [LADYZHYN, ŁADYŻYN, LODYZHIN. ] Vinnytsia Oblast
1456 KUZNETSOVA
1457 KUYBYSHEVO
1458 KUTY: Kitev, Kutten, Cuturi, KITOV, KUTEV, KUTOW, KUTTY, KUTY NAD CZEREMOSZEM.: Ivano_Frankovicj
1459 KUTUZOWE: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1460 KUTUZOW: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1461 KUTUZOVO: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1462 KUTOW: see Kuty
1463 KUTKI
1464 KUTEV: see Kuty
1465 KURZANY: see KURYANY and BEREZHANY
1466 KURYANY
1467 KUROWICE: see Kurovichy
1468 KUROWIZ: see Kurovichy
1469 KUROVICHY
1470 KURINEVKA
1471 KUPISHTCHE
1472 KUPICSOW: see Ozeryany
1473 KUPICHOV: see Ozeryany
1474 KUPICHEV: see Ozeryany
1475 KUPEL
1476 KULIKOW: see Kulikov
1477 KULIKOV
1478 KUCMEH: see Kitsman
1479 KUBLITCH
1480 KSHEMYENYETS: see Kremenets
1481 KSAVEROV
1482 KRZYWY ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1483 KRZEMIENIEC: see Kremenets
1484 KRZEMIENCZUK: see Kremenchug
1485 KRYUKOVSKY POSAD: see Kryukov
1486 KRYUKOVSKOYE: see Kryukov
1487 KRYUKOVKA: see Brech
1488 KRYUKOV
1489 KRYSTYNOPOL: see Chervonograd
1490 KRYLOVKA: see Chervonoye
1491 KRUTYYE: see Krutnoye
1492 KRUTYJE: see Krutnoye
1493 KRUTYIE: see Krutnoye
1494 KRUTUJE: see Krutnoye
1495 KRUTUJA: see Krutnoye
1496 KRUTNOYE
1497 KRUKOVSKY POSAD: see Kryukov
1498 KRUKOVSKOYE: see Kryukov
1499 KROSTEHOV: see Korostyshev
1500 KROSTCHOV: see Korostyshev
 
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