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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1401 LOBACHYOVKA
1402 LJUDNOPOL: see Sosnovoye
1403 LIZOGUBOVA SLOBODA: see Yagotin
1404 LIUBOMIL: see Lyuboml
1405 LITOVSKY-VITOVTOVA: see Berislav
1406 LISNOVKA: see Lishnyovka
1407 LISITZ, LYSETS: see Lisets
1408 LISHNYOVKA
1409 LISHNIVKA: see Lishnyovka
1410 LISHNIOVKA: see Lishnyovka
1411 LISETS:
1412 LISANSK: see Iozansky
1413 LIPOWIEC: see Lipovets
1414 LIPOVETZ: see Lipovets
1415 LIPOVEC: see Lipovets
1416 LIPNYAZHKA
1417 LOKHVITSA
1418 LIUBIEN WIELKI: see Luben-Velikiy
1419 LIPCSE: see Lipsha
1420 LIPOVENKOE
1421 LISATITSCH: see Lisyatychy
1422 LIBOVNE: see Lyuboml
1423 LIBEVNE: see Lyuboml
1424 LIPSHE
1425 LIPOVETS
1426 LETIYCHEV: see Letichev
1427 LETITCHEV: see Letichev
1428 LETICHUV: see Letichev
1429 LETICHEV
1430 LESTCHIN
1431 LEOPOLIS: see Lvov
1432 LEOPOL: see Lvov
1433 LEMBERG: see Lvov/Lviv
1434 LATYECZOW: see Letichev
1435 LATYCZOW: see Letichev
1436 LATYCZOV: see Letichev
1437 LANOWCE: see Lanovtsy
1438 LANOVTZY: see Lanovtsy
1439 LANOVTSYL Ternopil
1440 LANOVTSI: see Lanovtsy
1441 LANOVITZ: see Lanovtsy
1442 LANOVITS: see Lanovtsy
1443 LALOVO
1444 LAJOSFALVA: see LALOVO
1445 LADEJN: see Ladyzhin
1446 LADMIR: see Vladimir Volynskiy
1447 LADYZHIN [LADYZHYN, ŁADYŻYN, LODYZHIN. ] Vinnytsia Oblast
1448 KUZNETSOVA
1449 KUYBYSHEVO
1450 KUTY: Kitev, Kutten, Cuturi, KITOV, KUTEV, KUTOW, KUTTY, KUTY NAD CZEREMOSZEM.: Ivano_Frankovicj
1451 KUTUZOWE: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1452 KUTUZOW: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1453 KUTUZOVO: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1454 KUTOW: see Kuty
1455 KUTKI
1456 KUTEV: see Kuty
1457 KURZANY: see KURYANY and BEREZHANY
1458 KURYANY
1459 KUROWICE: see Kurovichy
1460 KUROWIZ: see Kurovichy
1461 KUROVICHY
1462 KURINEVKA
1463 KUPISHTCHE
1464 KUPICSOW: see Ozeryany
1465 KUPICHOV: see Ozeryany
1466 KUPICHEV: see Ozeryany
1467 KUPEL
1468 KULIKOW: see Kulikov
1469 KULIKOV
1470 KUCMEH: see Kitsman
1471 KUBLITCH
1472 KSHEMYENYETS: see Kremenets
1473 KSAVEROV
1474 KRZYWY ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1475 KRZEMIENIEC: see Kremenets
1476 KRZEMIENCZUK: see Kremenchug
1477 KRYUKOVSKY POSAD: see Kryukov
1478 KRYUKOVSKOYE: see Kryukov
1479 KRYUKOVKA: see Brech
1480 KRYUKOV
1481 KRYSTYNOPOL: see Chervonograd
1482 KRYLOVKA: see Chervonoye
1483 KRUTYYE: see Krutnoye
1484 KRUTYJE: see Krutnoye
1485 KRUTYIE: see Krutnoye
1486 KRUTUJE: see Krutnoye
1487 KRUTUJA: see Krutnoye
1488 KRUTNOYE
1489 KRUKOVSKY POSAD: see Kryukov
1490 KRUKOVSKOYE: see Kryukov
1491 KROSTEHOV: see Korostyshev
1492 KROSTCHOV: see Korostyshev
1493 KROSATCHOV: see Korostyshev
1494 KRONAU: see Vysokopol'ye
1495 KROLEWIES: see Krolevets
1496 KROLEVIES: see Krolevets
1497 KROLEVETS
1498 KRIZHOPOL
1499 KRIVOY ROG
1500 KRIVOJ ROG: see Krivoy Rog
 
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