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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1401 LIPOVETZ: see Lipovets
1402 LIPOVEC: see Lipovets
1403 LIPNYAZHKA
1404 LOKHVITSA
1405 LIUBIEN WIELKI: see Luben-Velikiy
1406 LIPCSE: see Lipsha
1407 LIPOVENKOE
1408 LISATITSCH: see Lisyatychy
1409 LIBOVNE: see Lyuboml
1410 LIBEVNE: see Lyuboml
1411 LIPSHE
1412 LIPOVETS
1413 LETIYCHEV: see Letichev
1414 LETITCHEV: see Letichev
1415 LETICHUV: see Letichev
1416 LETICHEV
1417 LESTCHIN
1418 LEOPOLIS: see Lvov
1419 LEOPOL: see Lvov
1420 LEMBERG: see Lvov/Lviv
1421 LATYECZOW: see Letichev
1422 LATYCZOW: see Letichev
1423 LATYCZOV: see Letichev
1424 LANOWCE: see Lanovtsy
1425 LANOVTZY: see Lanovtsy
1426 LANOVTSYL Ternopil
1427 LANOVTSI: see Lanovtsy
1428 LANOVITZ: see Lanovtsy
1429 LANOVITS: see Lanovtsy
1430 LALOVO
1431 LAJOSFALVA: see LALOVO
1432 LADEJN: see Ladyzhin
1433 LADMIR: see Vladimir Volynskiy
1434 LADYZHIN [LADYZHYN, ŁADYŻYN, LODYZHIN. ] Vinnytsia Oblast
1435 KUZNETSOVA
1436 KUYBYSHEVO
1437 KUTY: Kitev, Kutten, Cuturi, KITOV, KUTEV, KUTOW, KUTTY, KUTY NAD CZEREMOSZEM.: Ivano_Frankovicj
1438 KUTUZOWE: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1439 KUTUZOW: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1440 KUTUZOVO: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1441 KUTOW: see Kuty
1442 KUTKI
1443 KUTEV: see Kuty
1444 KURZANY: see KURYANY and BEREZHANY
1445 KURYANY
1446 KUROWICE: see Kurovichy
1447 KUROWIZ: see Kurovichy
1448 KUROVICHY
1449 KURINEVKA
1450 KUPISHTCHE
1451 KUPICSOW: see Ozeryany
1452 KUPICHOV: see Ozeryany
1453 KUPICHEV: see Ozeryany
1454 KUPEL
1455 KULIKOW: see Kulikov
1456 KULIKOV
1457 KUCMEH: see Kitsman
1458 KUBLITCH
1459 KSHEMYENYETS: see Kremenets
1460 KSAVEROV
1461 KRZYWY ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1462 KRZEMIENIEC: see Kremenets
1463 KRZEMIENCZUK: see Kremenchug
1464 KRYUKOVSKY POSAD: see Kryukov
1465 KRYUKOVSKOYE: see Kryukov
1466 KRYUKOVKA: see Brech
1467 KRYUKOV
1468 KRYSTYNOPOL: see Chervonograd
1469 KRYLOVKA: see Chervonoye
1470 KRUTYYE: see Krutnoye
1471 KRUTYJE: see Krutnoye
1472 KRUTYIE: see Krutnoye
1473 KRUTUJE: see Krutnoye
1474 KRUTUJA: see Krutnoye
1475 KRUTNOYE
1476 KRUKOVSKY POSAD: see Kryukov
1477 KRUKOVSKOYE: see Kryukov
1478 KROSTEHOV: see Korostyshev
1479 KROSTCHOV: see Korostyshev
1480 KROSATCHOV: see Korostyshev
1481 KRONAU: see Vysokopol'ye
1482 KROLEWIES: see Krolevets
1483 KROLEVIES: see Krolevets
1484 KROLEVETS
1485 KRIZHOPOL
1486 KRIVOY ROG
1487 KRIVOJ ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1488 KRIVOI ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1489 KRIVETS: used the cemetery at Stavishche
1490 KRIVAY ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1491 KRISNIPOLYE: see Chervonograd
1492 KRIPAN, YUTSIN: see Tuchin
1493 KRINICHANKA
1494 KRIMICHEVATKA: see Berezovatka
1495 KRIJOPOL: see Solnechnoe
1496 KRESILOV: see Krasilov
1497 KREMIENIEC: see Kremenets
1498 KREMIENCZUK: see Kremenchug
1499 KREMETS: see Kremenets
1500 KREMENTCHUG: see Kremenchug
 
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