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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1401 LOKACHE: see Lokachi
1402 LOKACH: see Lokachi
1403 LUDVINKA, YUZEFPOL see Iosipovka
1404 LODOMERIA: see Vladimir-Volynskiy
1405 LODMER, LADIMIR, LUDMER: see Vladimir Vohlinskiy
1406 LOCWITCA: see Lokhvitsa
1407 LOCHWICA: see Lokhvitsa
1408 LOCHVITSA: see Lokhvitsa
1409 LOBACZOVKA: see Lobachyovka
1410 LOBACHYOVKA
1411 LJUDNOPOL: see Sosnovoye
1412 LIZOGUBOVA SLOBODA: see Yagotin
1413 LIUBOMIL: see Lyuboml
1414 LITOVSKY-VITOVTOVA: see Berislav
1415 LISNOVKA: see Lishnyovka
1416 LISITZ, LYSETS: see Lisets
1417 LISHNYOVKA
1418 LISHNIVKA: see Lishnyovka
1419 LISHNIOVKA: see Lishnyovka
1420 LISETS:
1421 LISANSK: see Iozansky
1422 LIPNYAZHKA
1423 LOKHVITSA
1424 LIUBIEN WIELKI: see Luben-Velikiy
1425 LIPCSE: see Lipsha
1426 LIPOVENKOE
1427 LISATITSCH: see Lisyatychy
1428 LIBOVNE: see Lyuboml
1429 LIBEVNE: see Lyuboml
1430 LIPSHE
1431 LIPOVETS [Lipovetz, Lypovets, Lipowiec,Lipovec, Lypovec]
1432 LETIYCHEV: see Letichev
1433 LETITCHEV: see Letichev
1434 LETICHUV: see Letichev
1435 LETICHEV
1436 LESTCHIN
1437 LEOPOLIS: see Lvov
1438 LEOPOL: see Lvov
1439 LEMBERG: see Lvov/Lviv
1440 LATYECZOW: see Letichev
1441 LATYCZOW: see Letichev
1442 LATYCZOV: see Letichev
1443 LANOWCE: see Lanovtsy
1444 LANOVTZY: see Lanovtsy
1445 LANOVTSYL Ternopil
1446 LANOVTSI: see Lanovtsy
1447 LANOVITZ: see Lanovtsy
1448 LANOVITS: see Lanovtsy
1449 LALOVO
1450 LAJOSFALVA: see LALOVO
1451 LADEJN: see Ladyzhin
1452 LADMIR: see Vladimir Volynskiy
1453 LADYZHIN [LADYZHYN, ŁADYŻYN, LODYZHIN. ] Vinnytsia Oblast
1454 KUZNETSOVA
1455 KUYBYSHEVO
1456 KUTY: Kitev, Kutten, Cuturi, KITOV, KUTEV, KUTOW, KUTTY, KUTY NAD CZEREMOSZEM.: Ivano_Frankovicj
1457 KUTUZOWE: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1458 KUTUZOW: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1459 KUTUZOVO: see Volodarsk-Volynsk
1460 KUTOW: see Kuty
1461 KUTKI
1462 KUTEV: see Kuty
1463 KURZANY: see KURYANY and BEREZHANY
1464 KURYANY
1465 KUROWICE: see Kurovichy
1466 KUROWIZ: see Kurovichy
1467 KUROVICHY
1468 KURINEVKA
1469 KUPISHTCHE
1470 KUPICSOW: see Ozeryany
1471 KUPICHOV: see Ozeryany
1472 KUPICHEV: see Ozeryany
1473 KUPEL
1474 KULIKOW: see Kulikov
1475 KULIKOV
1476 KUCMEH: see Kitsman
1477 KUBLITCH
1478 KSHEMYENYETS: see Kremenets
1479 KSAVEROV
1480 KRZYWY ROG: see Krivoy Rog
1481 KRZEMIENIEC: see Kremenets
1482 KRZEMIENCZUK: see Kremenchug
1483 KRYUKOVSKY POSAD: see Kryukov
1484 KRYUKOVSKOYE: see Kryukov
1485 KRYUKOVKA: see Brech
1486 KRYUKOV
1487 KRYSTYNOPOL: see Chervonograd
1488 KRYLOVKA: see Chervonoye
1489 KRUTYYE: see Krutnoye
1490 KRUTYJE: see Krutnoye
1491 KRUTYIE: see Krutnoye
1492 KRUTUJE: see Krutnoye
1493 KRUTUJA: see Krutnoye
1494 KRUTNOYE
1495 KRUKOVSKY POSAD: see Kryukov
1496 KRUKOVSKOYE: see Kryukov
1497 KROSTEHOV: see Korostyshev
1498 KROSTCHOV: see Korostyshev
1499 KROSATCHOV: see Korostyshev
1500 KRONAU: see Vysokopol'ye
 
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