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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1301 NEVETLEN: see Nevetlefalee (Dyakovo)
1302 NEVETLEGA: see Nevetlefalee (Dyakovo)
1303 NEVETLEFALEE (DYAKOVO)
1304 NERESNIZA: see Novoselice
1305 NERESNITSA: see Novoselice
1306 NERESNICE: see Novoselice
1307 NEMIROVA: see Nemirov
1308 NEMIROV (Niemirów , Nemyriv , Nemiruv, Nemiroff)
1309 NEKRASOVO
1310 NEJIN
1311 NEGROVETS
1312 NEGROVEC: see Negrovets
1313 NEGRIVIZ: see Negrovets
1314 NEGRIVITS: see Negrovets
1315 NEGREVIZ: see Negrovets
1316 NAVASELICZA: see Novoselice
1317 NARODITCH: see Narodichi
1318 NARODICI: see Narodichi
1319 NARODICHI
1320 NARINSK: see Norinsk
1321 NARAYEV: see NARAJIV and BEREZHANY
1322 NARAYIV: see NARAJIV and BEREZHANY
1323 NARAJOW: see NARAJIV and BEREZHANY
1324 NARAJIV: Ternepol Oblast
1325 NANKOVO
1326 NANKIF: see Nankovo
1327 NAGY BEREG: see Beregi
1328 NADYSZOLLOS: see Vinogradov
1329 NADWORNA: see Nadvornaya
1330 NADVORNAYA: see Nadvirna
1331 NADVORNA: see Nadvornaya
1332 NADVIRNA: [NADWÓRNA, NADWIRNA, NADVERNE, NADVORNA, NODVORNA , NADVORNAYA , Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
1333 LYUDVOPOL: see Sosnovoye
1334 LYUDVILPOL: see Sosnovoye
1335 LYUBOML [Libevne, Lubomi, Liubomil, , Libovne ]
1336 LYUBASHEVKA
1337 LYUBAR
1338 LYSETS: see Lisets
1339 LYSIEC, LYSIEC STARY: see Lisets
1340 LYSIATYCZE: see Lisyatychy
1341 LYANTSGORUND: see Zarichanka
1342 LWOW: see Lvov
1343 LVOVO
1344 lwow, LVIV ( Lovov, Lemburg, LEOPOL , Lemberi, k):
1345 LVIV: see Lvov
1346 LUZK: see Lutsk
1347 LUYTZK: see Lutsk
1348 LUYTSK VILKA: see Lutsk
1349 LUYSK VILKA: see Lutsk
1350 LUYBASHEVKA
1351 LUTZK: see Lutsk
1352 LUTSK: Luts'k , Lucxck, Łuck ,Lutzk , Luzk
1353 LUGANSK
1354 LUBORMIRKA
1355 LUBON: see Luben-Velikiy
1356 LUBNY
1357 LUBEN-VELIKIY
1358 LOPATYN: see Lopatin
1359 LIPECKA PALANA: see Lipsha
1360 LIPCSEMEZO: see Lipsha
1361 LISYATYCHY
1362 LIPCA: see Lipsha and Lipshe
1363 LIDVINKA: see Iosipovka
1364 LUKVITSA: see Prislup
1365 LUKOV: see Selets
1366 LUKIV: see Turiysk
1367 LUKACH: see Lokachi
1368 LUKA village: used the cemetery at Kovshevataya
1369 LUHIN: see Luginy
1370 LUHANSK: see Lugansk
1371 LUGOSCH: see Lugansk
1372 LUGOS: see Lugansk
1373 LUGOJ: see Lugansk
1374 LUGINY:
1375 LUDOMIR: see Vladimir Volynskiy
1376 LUDNIE: see Lubny
1377 LUCZYN NOWY: see Tuchin
1378 LUCK: see Lutsk
1379 LUBOMI: see Lyuboml
1380 LUBNIE: see Lubny
1381 LUBEN: see Lubny
1382 LOPATIN
1383 LUBASHEVKA: see Lyubashevka
1384 LUBAR
1385 LOZYANS'KIY: see lozansky
1386 LUBASHOVKA: see Lyubashevka
1387 LOVYN: see Lubny
1388 LONOVITSE: see Lanovtsy
1389 LOKHVITZA: see Lokhvitsa
1390 LOKATCHI: see Lokachi
1391 LOKACHI
1392 LOKACHE: see Lokachi
1393 LOKACH: see Lokachi
1394 LUDVINKA, YUZEFPOL see Iosipovka
1395 LODOMERIA: see Vladimir-Volynskiy
1396 LODMER, LADIMIR, LUDMER: see Vladimir Vohlinskiy
1397 LOCWITCA: see Lokhvitsa
1398 LOCHWICA: see Lokhvitsa
1399 LOCHVITSA: see Lokhvitsa
1400 LOBACZOVKA: see Lobachyovka
 
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