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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1201 OSTROPOL
1202 OSTROG
1203 OSTRE: see Ostrog
1204 OSTRAHA: see Ostrog
1205 OSTRA: see Ostrog
1206 OSTILA: see Ustilug
1207 OSTER: Chernihiv Oblast [Ostor, Ostr, Ostez, Ostjor]
1208 ORZISTCHOV: see Rzhishchev
1209 OREHOV
1210 ORATOV
1211 ONOK
1212 OLYKA
1213 OLSHANOE: see Sosnitsa
1214 OLSHANITSA: see Agris (Oleshnik)
1215 OLIVSK: see Olevsk
1216 OLIKA: see Olyka
1217 OLIK: see Olyka
1218 OLGOPOL [OL'GOPOL, OL'HOPIL,OLHOPOL L, OL'GAPOL', OLAPOLIA] : Vinnytsia Oblast
1219 OLEYEVO KOROLEVKA: Tarnopol
1220 OLEWSK: see Olevsk
1221 OLEVSK
1222 OLES'KO
1223 OLENOVKA: see Borzna
1224 OKTYABRSKOYE: see Zhovtnevoye and Zhovtnevoye
1225 OKORMERO: see Mezhgorye
1226 OKNITSA: see Sokyryany
1227 OKNE, OKNY: see Krasnyye Okny
1228 ODZUTITCH: see Ozutichi
1229 ODZUTICHI: see Ozutichi
1230 ODZUTICH: see Ozutichi
1231 ODZIUTVCZL: see Ozutichi
1232 ODZIUT: see Ozutichi
1233 ODESSA
1234 ODESS: see Odessa
1235 OCOVA: see Kostopol
1236 OBUKHIV: Obukhivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1237 OBODOWKA: see Obodovka
1238 OBODIVKA (Obodovka)
1239 OBERTYN: see Obertin
1240 OBERTIN
1241 OBER BISTRA: see Verknyaya Bystra
1242 NYERESHAZA: see Novoselice
1243 NYEMIRUV: see Nemirov
1244 NOWY: see Kozelets
1245 NOWE SIOLO: see Novoye Selo
1246 NOVYYE VELEDNIKI: see Noviye Veledniky
1247 NOVYY ZLATOPOL: see Novo Zlatopol
1248 NOVYI YARYCHEV
1249 NOVYE STRELISHCHA
1250 NOVYE STRELISHCHA
1251 NOVYE STRZELISCHE: see NOVYE STRELISHCHA
1252 NOVOZHIVOTOV
1253 NOVOYE SELO
1254 NOVOUKRAINKA
1255 NOVOSIELSK: see SKALAT
1256 NOVOSELIZA: see Novoselice
1257 NOVOSELITSA
1258 NOVOSELICE
1259 NOVOSELICA
1260 NOVOKONSTANTINOV: see Letichev
1261 NOVOGRAD VOLYNSK: see Novograd-Volynskiy
1262 NOVOGRAD-VOLINSKIY
1263 NOVOGRAD VOLINSKIJ: see Novograd-Volinskiy
1264 NOVOGEORGIYEVSK: see Svetlovodsk
1265 NOVOGEORGIEVSK: see Svetlovodsk
1266 NOVOFASTOV
1267 NOVO-ZLATOPOL: see Novo Zlatopol
1268 NOVO-VORONTSOVKA
1269 NOVO-POLONNOE
1270 NOVO-PAVLOVKA
1271 NOVO-NIKOLAYEVKA
1272 NOVAYA KOTELNYA
1273 NOVAYA CHERTORIYA
1274 NOVAYA BASAN: Chernihiv Oblast [Nova Basan, Nowo Bessan, Bason Chadash, Novo Basan, Novaia Basan']
1275 NOVAJA PRILUKA ( Nova Pryluka .Novaya Priluka , Pryluka )
1276 NOVA VORONYSIVKA: see Novo-Vorontsovka
1277 NOVA UMAN: see Novaya Uman
1278 NOVA SULITA: see Novoselica
1279 NOVA PAVLIVKA: see Novo-Pavlovka
1280 NORZINSK: see Norinsk
1281 NORTH BUKOVINA: see Kurinevka
1282 NORINSK
1283 NOIDORF: see Torchin
1284 NODVORNA: see Nadvornaya
1285 NLSOSZELITYE: see Nizhneye Selische
1286 NIZNI VERECKI: see Nizhniye Veretski
1287 NIZNI STUDENY: see Nizhne Studenyy
1288 NIZHNOV: see Nizhnev
1289 NIZHNIYE VERETSKI
1290 NIZHNIV: see Nizhnev
1291 NIZHNIOW: see Nizhnev
1292 NIZHNI VIERECKI: see Nizhniye Veretski
1293 NIZHNI VERETSKI: see Nizhniye Veretski
1294 NIZHNI SELISTE: see Nizhneye Selische
1295 NIZHNEYE SELISCHE
1296 NIZHNEV
1297 NIZHNEE SINEVIDNOE: see Skole
1298 NIZHNE STUDENYY
1299 NIKOPOL
1300 NIKOLAYEVKA: see Novo-Vorontzovka
 
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