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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1201 OSTRA: see Ostrog
1202 OSTILA: see Ustilug
1203 OSTER: Chernihiv Oblast [Ostor, Ostr, Ostez, Ostjor]
1204 ORZISTCHOV: see Rzhishchev
1205 OREHOV
1206 ORATOV
1207 ONOK
1208 OLYKA
1209 OLSHANOE: see Sosnitsa
1210 OLSHANITSA: see Agris (Oleshnik)
1211 OLIVSK: see Olevsk
1212 OLIKA: see Olyka
1213 OLIK: see Olyka
1214 OLGOPOL [OL'GOPOL, OL'HOPIL,OLHOPOL L, OL'GAPOL', OLAPOLIA] : Vinnytsia Oblast
1215 OLEYEVO KOROLEVKA: Tarnopol
1216 OLEWSK: see Olevsk
1217 OLEVSK
1218 OLES'KO
1219 OLENOVKA: see Borzna
1220 OKTYABRSKOYE: see Zhovtnevoye and Zhovtnevoye
1221 OKORMERO: see Mezhgorye
1222 OKNITSA: see Sokyryany
1223 OKNE, OKNY: see Krasnyye Okny
1224 ODZUTITCH: see Ozutichi
1225 ODZUTICHI: see Ozutichi
1226 ODZUTICH: see Ozutichi
1227 ODZIUTVCZL: see Ozutichi
1228 ODZIUT: see Ozutichi
1229 ODESSA
1230 ODESS: see Odessa
1231 OCOVA: see Kostopol
1232 OBUKHIV: Obukhivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1233 OBODOWKA: see Obodovka
1234 OBODIVKA (Obodovka)
1235 OBERTYN: see Obertin
1236 OBERTIN
1237 OBER BISTRA: see Verknyaya Bystra
1238 NYERESHAZA: see Novoselice
1239 NYEMIRUV: see Nemirov
1240 NOWY: see Kozelets
1241 NOWE SIOLO: see Novoye Selo
1242 NOVYYE VELEDNIKI: see Noviye Veledniky
1243 NOVYY ZLATOPOL: see Novo Zlatopol
1244 NOVYI YARYCHEV
1245 NOVYE STRELISHCHA
1246 NOVYE STRELISHCHA
1247 NOVYE STRZELISCHE: see NOVYE STRELISHCHA
1248 NOVOZHIVOTOV
1249 NOVOYE SELO
1250 NOVOUKRAINKA
1251 NOVOSIELSK: see SKALAT
1252 NOVOSELIZA: see Novoselice
1253 NOVOSELITSA
1254 NOVOSELICE
1255 NOVOSELICA
1256 NOVOKONSTANTINOV: see Letichev
1257 NOVOGRAD VOLYNSK: see Novograd-Volynskiy
1258 NOVOGRAD-VOLINSKIY
1259 NOVOGRAD VOLINSKIJ: see Novograd-Volinskiy
1260 NOVOGEORGIYEVSK: see Svetlovodsk
1261 NOVOGEORGIEVSK: see Svetlovodsk
1262 NOVOFASTOV
1263 NOVO-ZLATOPOL: see Novo Zlatopol
1264 NOVO-VORONTSOVKA
1265 NOVO-POLONNOE
1266 NOVO-PAVLOVKA
1267 NOVO-NIKOLAYEVKA
1268 NOVAYA KOTELNYA
1269 NOVAYA CHERTORIYA
1270 NOVAYA BASAN: Chernihiv Oblast [Nova Basan, Nowo Bessan, Bason Chadash, Novo Basan, Novaia Basan']
1271 NOVAJA PRILUKA ( Nova Pryluka .Novaya Priluka , Pryluka )
1272 NOVA VORONYSIVKA: see Novo-Vorontsovka
1273 NOVA UMAN: see Novaya Uman
1274 NOVA SULITA: see Novoselica
1275 NOVA PAVLIVKA: see Novo-Pavlovka
1276 NORZINSK: see Norinsk
1277 NORTH BUKOVINA: see Kurinevka
1278 NORINSK
1279 NOIDORF: see Torchin
1280 NODVORNA: see Nadvornaya
1281 NLSOSZELITYE: see Nizhneye Selische
1282 NIZNI VERECKI: see Nizhniye Veretski
1283 NIZNI STUDENY: see Nizhne Studenyy
1284 NIZHNOV: see Nizhnev
1285 NIZHNIYE VERETSKI
1286 NIZHNIV: see Nizhnev
1287 NIZHNIOW: see Nizhnev
1288 NIZHNI VIERECKI: see Nizhniye Veretski
1289 NIZHNI VERETSKI: see Nizhniye Veretski
1290 NIZHNI SELISTE: see Nizhneye Selische
1291 NIZHNEYE SELISCHE
1292 NIZHNEV
1293 NIZHNEE SINEVIDNOE: see Skole
1294 NIZHNE STUDENYY
1295 NIKOPOL
1296 NIKOLAYEVKA: see Novo-Vorontzovka
1297 NIKOLAYEVKA-NOVOROSSIYSKA
1298 NIKOLAYEVKA: see Novo-Vorontzovka
1299 NIKOLAEVKA
1300 NIKOLAEV
 
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