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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1201 OSTROZEC: see Ostrozhets
1202 OSTROPOL
1203 OSTROG
1204 OSTRE: see Ostrog
1205 OSTRAHA: see Ostrog
1206 OSTRA: see Ostrog
1207 OSTILA: see Ustilug
1208 OSTER: Chernihiv Oblast [Ostor, Ostr, Ostez, Ostjor]
1209 ORZISTCHOV: see Rzhishchev
1210 OREHOV
1211 ORATOV
1212 ONOK
1213 OLYKA
1214 OLSHANOE: see Sosnitsa
1215 OLSHANITSA: see Agris (Oleshnik)
1216 OLIVSK: see Olevsk
1217 OLIKA: see Olyka
1218 OLIK: see Olyka
1219 OLGOPOL [OL'GOPOL, OL'HOPIL,OLHOPOL L, OL'GAPOL', OLAPOLIA] : Vinnytsia Oblast
1220 OLEYEVO KOROLEVKA: Tarnopol
1221 OLEWSK: see Olevsk
1222 OLEVSK
1223 OLES'KO
1224 OLENOVKA: see Borzna
1225 OKTYABRSKOYE: see Zhovtnevoye and Zhovtnevoye
1226 OKORMERO: see Mezhgorye
1227 OKNITSA: see Sokyryany
1228 OKNE, OKNY: see Krasnyye Okny
1229 ODZUTITCH: see Ozutichi
1230 ODZUTICHI: see Ozutichi
1231 ODZUTICH: see Ozutichi
1232 ODZIUTVCZL: see Ozutichi
1233 ODZIUT: see Ozutichi
1234 ODESSA
1235 ODESS: see Odessa
1236 OCOVA: see Kostopol
1237 OBUKHIV: Obukhivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1238 OBODOWKA: see Obodovka
1239 OBODIVKA (Obodovka)
1240 OBERTYN: see Obertin
1241 OBERTIN
1242 OBER BISTRA: see Verknyaya Bystra
1243 NYERESHAZA: see Novoselice
1244 NYEMIRUV: see Nemirov
1245 NOWY: see Kozelets
1246 NOWE SIOLO: see Novoye Selo
1247 NOVYYE VELEDNIKI: see Noviye Veledniky
1248 NOVYY ZLATOPOL: see Novo Zlatopol
1249 NOVYI YARYCHEV
1250 NOVYE STRELISHCHA
1251 NOVYE STRELISHCHA
1252 NOVYE STRZELISCHE: see NOVYE STRELISHCHA
1253 NOVOZHIVOTOV
1254 NOVOYE SELO
1255 NOVOUKRAINKA
1256 NOVOSIELSK: see SKALAT
1257 NOVOSELIZA: see Novoselice
1258 NOVOSELITSA
1259 NOVOSELICE
1260 NOVOSELICA
1261 NOVOKONSTANTINOV: see Letichev
1262 NOVOGRAD VOLYNSK: see Novograd-Volynskiy
1263 NOVOGRAD-VOLINSKIY
1264 NOVOGRAD VOLINSKIJ: see Novograd-Volinskiy
1265 NOVOGEORGIYEVSK: see Svetlovodsk
1266 NOVOGEORGIEVSK: see Svetlovodsk
1267 NOVOFASTOV
1268 NOVO-ZLATOPOL: see Novo Zlatopol
1269 NOVO-VORONTSOVKA
1270 NOVO-POLONNOE
1271 NOVO-PAVLOVKA
1272 NOVO-NIKOLAYEVKA
1273 NOVAYA KOTELNYA
1274 NOVAYA CHERTORIYA
1275 NOVAYA BASAN: Chernihiv Oblast [Nova Basan, Nowo Bessan, Bason Chadash, Novo Basan, Novaia Basan']
1276 NOVAJA PRILUKA ( Nova Pryluka .Novaya Priluka , Pryluka )
1277 NOVA VORONYSIVKA: see Novo-Vorontsovka
1278 NOVA UMAN: see Novaya Uman
1279 NOVA SULITA: see Novoselica
1280 NOVA PAVLIVKA: see Novo-Pavlovka
1281 NORZINSK: see Norinsk
1282 NORTH BUKOVINA: see Kurinevka
1283 NORINSK
1284 NOIDORF: see Torchin
1285 NODVORNA: see Nadvornaya
1286 NLSOSZELITYE: see Nizhneye Selische
1287 NIZNI VERECKI: see Nizhniye Veretski
1288 NIZNI STUDENY: see Nizhne Studenyy
1289 NIZHNOV: see Nizhnev
1290 NIZHNIYE VERETSKI
1291 NIZHNIV: see Nizhnev
1292 NIZHNIOW: see Nizhnev
1293 NIZHNI VIERECKI: see Nizhniye Veretski
1294 NIZHNI VERETSKI: see Nizhniye Veretski
1295 NIZHNI SELISTE: see Nizhneye Selische
1296 NIZHNEYE SELISCHE
1297 NIZHNEV
1298 NIZHNEE SINEVIDNOE: see Skole
1299 NIZHNE STUDENYY
1300 NIKOPOL
 
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