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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1101 POLONNOYE
1102 POLONNOE [POLNA, POLONNOJE, P, OLONNA, POŁONNE , POLONA , POLONNOYE . Khmelnitskaya oblast
1103 POLONA: see Polonnoe
1104 POLOGI
1105 POLNA: see Polonnoe
1106 POLIEN LIPSA: see Lipsha
1107 POKROVSKOYE: see Apostolovo
1108 POHYBRYSZCZE: see Pogrebishche
1109 POHREBYSZCZE: see Pogrebishche
1110 POHORBISHCH: see Pogrebishche
1111 POGREBISZCZE: see Pogrebishche
1112 POGREBISHCHE
1113 POGORELOV: see Dubno
1114 POGORBISHCH: see Pogrebishche
1115 POESTCHANKA: see Peschanka
1116 PODVYSOKE
1117 PODVOLOCHYSK: see VOLOCHYSK
1118 PODOLIA GUBERNIYA
1119 PODOLYE: see Suhaya Balka
1120 PODHAJCE: see PIDHAYTSI and BEREZHANY
1121 PODGAYTSY: see Podgaytsy
1122 PODGAYTSY
1123 PODGAYCY: see PIDHAYTSI and BEREZHANY
1124 POCZAJOV: see Pochaev and Pochayev
1125 POCHREBISHTCHE: see Pogrebishche
1126 POCHAYV: see Pochaev
1127 POCHAEV
1128 POB: see Bar
1129 PNYEVNO: see Pnevno
1130 PNIEWNO: see Pnevno
1131 PNEVNO
1132 PLISKOV
1133 PLESHTEIN
1134 PLESHCHIN: see SUDILKOV
1135 PLEBANOVKA
1136 PLEBANIVKA: see Plebanovka
1137 PJATKA: see Pyatka
1138 PJATIGORY: see Pyatigory
1139 PIVNI: see Mizych
1140 PITSE: see Lyuboml
1141 PITSHAYEV: see Pochaev and Pochayev
1142 PITCHEYEV: see Pochaev and Pochayev
1143 PISTCHANKA: see Peschanka
1144 PISCHANA: see Zolotonosha
1145 PIRYATIN
1146 PIRIATIN: see Piryatin
1147 PIRATIN: see Piryatin
1148 PILIPETS
1149 PILIPEC: see Pilipets
1150 PIDVOLOCHYSK: see VOLOCHYSK
1151 PIDHAYTSI: Ternopil oblast [Pidhaytsi, Podhajce, Podhaitza , Podgaytsy [Rus], Podhaits, Pidayets, Pidhayets, Pidhajci, Podgaitsy, Podgajcy, Podgaytse, Podhaytse, Pidhajzi
1152 PIATYHORY: see Pyatigory
1153 PIATOHOR: see Pyatigory
1154 PIATKA: see Pyatka
1155 PETROVO: see Bobovo
1156 PETCHORA: see Pechora
1157 PETCHINIZHIN: see Pechenezhin
1158 PESTSCHANKA: see Peschanka
1159 PESTCHANKA: see Peschanka
1160 PESIORA: see Pechora
1161 PESCHANNAYA
1162 PESCHANKA:[ Pishchanka, PESCHANKI, PESTCHANKA, PESCHANAYA, PISCANKA, PISCHANKA., PISZCZANKA , PISTCHANKA] Vinnytsia Oblast
1163 PERVOMAYSK (Bogopol)
1164 PERVE NUMER: see Novo Zlatopol
1165 PERSHTRAVENSK: see Baranovka
1166 PERIASLAV KHMELNITSKII: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1167 PEREYASLAW: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1168 PEREYASLAV-KHMELNITSKIY: Kyiv Oblast
1169 PEREMYSHLAYNY
1170 PERELETY
1171 PEREKREST'YE: see Keretski
1172 PEREJASLAW CHMELNICKI: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1173 PEREIASLAVL: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1174 PEREIASLAV KHMELNITSKII: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1175 PECZYNIZYN: see Pechenezhin
1176 PECZENIZYN: see Pechenezhin
1177 PECHORA [POTCHERA, PECHERA PECIORA ,PECZARA , PETSCHARA, PECHARA, PECERA, PECORA] Vinnitsa oblast
1178 PECIORA: see Pechora
1179 PECHENEZHIN
1180 PAWOLOTSCH: see Pavoloch
1181 PAVOLOCH: Popilnianskyi Raion - Zhytomyr Oblast, Popelnya district [Pavolitsh , Pawolotsch , Pawolocz
1182 PAVLINKA
1183 PAVALOCH: see Pavoloch
1184 PAVALICH: see Pavoloch
1185 PALMIRA: see Zolotonosha
1186 OZERYANI
1187 OZYERAN: see Ozeryani
1188 OZUTICHI
1189 OZIRAN: see Ozeryani
1190 OZHIRAN: see Ozeryani
1191 OZHIGOV: see Oles'ko
1192 OZERYANY
1193 OZERYANI
1194 OZERNYAN: see Ozeryany
1195 OZERANY: see Ozeryani
1196 OVSYANIKI: see Iosipovka.
1197 OWRUTCH: see Ovruch
1198 OWRUCZ: see Ovruch
1199 OWRUCH: see Ovruch
1200 OVRUTCH: see Ovruch
 
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