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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1101 PLISKOV
1102 PLESHTEIN
1103 PLESHCHIN: see SUDILKOV
1104 PLEBANOVKA
1105 PLEBANIVKA: see Plebanovka
1106 PJATKA: see Pyatka
1107 PJATIGORY: see Pyatigory
1108 PIVNI: see Mizych
1109 PITSE: see Lyuboml
1110 PITSHAYEV: see Pochaev and Pochayev
1111 PITCHEYEV: see Pochaev and Pochayev
1112 PISTCHANKA: see Peschanka
1113 PISCHANA: see Zolotonosha
1114 PIRYATIN
1115 PIRIATIN: see Piryatin
1116 PIRATIN: see Piryatin
1117 PILIPETS
1118 PILIPEC: see Pilipets
1119 PIDVOLOCHYSK: see VOLOCHYSK
1120 PIDHAYTSI: Ternopil oblast [Pidhaytsi, Podhajce, Podhaitza , Podgaytsy [Rus], Podhaits, Pidayets, Pidhayets, Pidhajci, Podgaitsy, Podgajcy, Podgaytse, Podhaytse, Pidhajzi
1121 PIATYHORY: see Pyatigory
1122 PIATOHOR: see Pyatigory
1123 PIATKA: see Pyatka
1124 PETROVO: see Bobovo
1125 PETCHORA: see Pechora
1126 PETCHINIZHIN: see Pechenezhin
1127 PESTSCHANKA: see Peschanka
1128 PESTCHANKA: see Peschanka
1129 PESIORA: see Pechora
1130 PESCHANNAYA
1131 PESCHANKA:[ Pishchanka, PESCHANKI, PESTCHANKA, PESCHANAYA, PISCANKA, PISCHANKA., PISZCZANKA , PISTCHANKA] Vinnytsia Oblast
1132 PERVOMAYSK (Bogopol)
1133 PERVE NUMER: see Novo Zlatopol
1134 PERSHTRAVENSK: see Baranovka
1135 PERIASLAV KHMELNITSKII: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1136 PEREYASLAW: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1137 PEREYASLAV-KHMELNITSKIY: Kyiv Oblast
1138 PEREMYSHLAYNY
1139 PERELETY
1140 PEREKREST'YE: see Keretski
1141 PEREJASLAW CHMELNICKI: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1142 PEREIASLAVL: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1143 PEREIASLAV KHMELNITSKII: see Pereyaslav-Khmelnitskiy
1144 PECZYNIZYN: see Pechenezhin
1145 PECZENIZYN: see Pechenezhin
1146 PECHORA [POTCHERA, PECHERA PECIORA ,PECZARA , PETSCHARA, PECHARA, PECERA, PECORA] Vinnitsa oblast
1147 PECIORA: see Pechora
1148 PECHENEZHIN
1149 PAWOLOTSCH: see Pavoloch
1150 PAVOLOCH: Popilnianskyi Raion - Zhytomyr Oblast, Popelnya district [Pavolitsh , Pawolotsch , Pawolocz
1151 PAVLINKA
1152 PAVALOCH: see Pavoloch
1153 PAVALICH: see Pavoloch
1154 PALMIRA: see Zolotonosha
1155 OZERYANI
1156 OZYERAN: see Ozeryani
1157 OZUTICHI
1158 OZIRAN: see Ozeryani
1159 OZHIRAN: see Ozeryani
1160 OZHIGOV: see Oles'ko
1161 OZERYANY
1162 OZERYANI
1163 OZERNYAN: see Ozeryany
1164 OZERANY: see Ozeryani
1165 OVSYANIKI: see Iosipovka.
1166 OWRUTCH: see Ovruch
1167 OWRUCZ: see Ovruch
1168 OWRUCH: see Ovruch
1169 OVRUTCH: see Ovruch
1170 OVRUCH
1171 OVIDIOPOL
1172 OTYNYA
1173 OTINYA, OTTYNIA: see Otynya
1174 OSTRZ: see Oster
1175 OSTROZHETS
1176 OSTROZEC: see Ostrozhets
1177 OSTROPOL
1178 OSTROG
1179 OSTRE: see Ostrog
1180 OSTRAHA: see Ostrog
1181 OSTRA: see Ostrog
1182 OSTOR: see Oster
1183 OSTILA: see Ustilug
1184 OSTEZ: see Oster
1185 OSTER
1186 ORZISTCHOV: see Rzhishchev
1187 OREHOV
1188 ORATOV
1189 ONOK
1190 OLYKA
1191 OLSHANOE: see Sosnitsa
1192 OLSHANITSA: see Agris (Oleshnik)
1193 OLIVSK: see Olevsk
1194 OLIKA: see Olyka
1195 OLIK: see Olyka
1196 OLGOPOL [OL'GOPOL, OL'HOPIL,OLHOPOL L, OL'GAPOL', OLAPOLIA] : Vinnytsia Oblast
1197 OLEYEVO KOROLEVKA: Tarnopol
1198 OLEWSK: see Olevsk
1199 OLEVSK
1200 OLES'KO
 
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