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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1001 ROZDOL [Razdol, Rozdul, Rosdil, Rozdo, Rozla]: Zaporiz ka oblast
1002 ROWNE: (Hungarian, Polish and Yiddish) see Rovno
1003 ROVNO
1004 ROVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
1005 ROTIN: (Czech and Hungarian) see Rogatin
1006 ROSOLOVTSY
1007 ROSISHKI
1008 ROSHTADT: (Russian) see Porechye
1009 ROPTIN: (Czech) see Rogatin
1010 ROMNY
1011 ROMEN: (Ukraine) see Romny
1012 ROMANOV: (Polish and Ukraine) see Romaniv
1013 ROKOSOV
1014 ROKHIV: (Ukraine) see Rakhov
1015 ROHATYN: (German and Hungarian) see Rogatin
1016 ROHATIN: (German and Yiddish) see Rogatin
1017 ROGUZKA-CHECHELNITSKAYA: (Polish) see Olgopol
1018 ROGATIN: Rohatyn, Rohatin, Rogatin , Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
1019 ROGACHEV: see Rahachow
1020 RIVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
1021 RITZOV: (Russian) see Gritsev
1022 RISILIVTSI: (Ukraine) see v. Rosolovtsy and Rosolovtsy
1023 RIMALOV: (Russian) see Grimaylov
1024 REPKY
1025 REPKO
1026 REPKI
1027 RENI
1028 RCHICHTCHEV: (Ukraine) see Rzhishchev
1029 RAYGROD: (German) see Raigorod
1030 RAYDANSKOYE
1031 RAYDANSKOYE: see v. Raydanskoye
1032 RAY
1033 RAWA: (German) see Rava-Russkaya
1034 RAWA-RYSKA: (Polish) see Rava-Russkaya
1035 RAVI: (others) see Rava-Russkaya
1036 RAVA-RUSSKAYA
1037 RAKHOV
1038 RAKASZ: (Hungarian) see Rokosov
1039 RAJ: see RAY
1040 RAIGORODOK
1041 RAIGOROD
1042 RAHO: (Hebrew) see Rakhov
1043 RAFOLOWKA: (Hungarian) see Staraya Rafalovka
1044 RAFALOWKA: (Yiddish) see Rafalovka and Staraya Rafalovka
1045 RAFALOVKA
1046 RADEKHOV
1047 RADZIECHOW: (Polish) see Radekhov
1048 RADZEHOV: (German) see Radekhov
1049 RADYANSKOE: (1922-1955) (Ukraine) see Solnechnoe
1050 RADOMYSHL
1051 RADIVILOV
1052 RACHNI-LESOV
1053 RACHOV: (Czech) see Rakhov
1054 RACHEV: (Russian) see Rakhov
1055 PYESCHANKA: see Peschanka
1056 PYCSCHANKA: see Peschanka
1057 PYATKA
1058 PYATIGORY: Tetiivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1059 PUTYLA: see Putila
1060 PUTILA
1061 PULMO: see Lyuboml
1062 PUKIV: see Kosov
1063 PRZYSLUP: see Prislup
1064 PRZYLUKI: see Priluki
1065 PRZLYKI: see Priluki
1066 PRZLUKI: see Priluki
1067 PRZEMYSLANY: see Peremyshlayny
1068 PRZEMISLANI: see Peremyshlayny
1069 PROSKUROV
1070 PROSKUROV: see Podolia Guberniya
1071 PROSKOROV: see Chmielnitsky
1072 PROSKOPOL: see Zhuravniki
1073 PROLETARSKAYA: see Kremenchug
1074 PROLETARSKAYA ST.: see Krolevets
1075 PROHOROVNYA
1076 PROBISHTA: see Pogrebishche
1077 PRIYUTNOYE
1078 PRIYIDNAYA: see Priyutnoye
1079 PRISLUP
1080 PRILUKI
1081 PRILESTNOYE: used Gorodok
1082 PRCYLUKI: see Priluki
1083 POZHEV: see Rozhiv
1084 POWOLOCH: see Pavoloch
1085 POVOLOCH: see Pavoloch
1086 POVCHINO
1087 POTOTSKOYE: see Severinovka
1088 POTIEVKA: see Chernyahov
1089 POTCHAYEW: see Pochayev
1090 POTCHAYEV: see Pochaev
1091 PORECHYE
1092 POPOVTSI
1093 POPOVKA: see Konotop
1094 POPIVTSI: see Popovtsi
1095 POMORZANY: See Pomoryany
1096 POMORYANY
1097 POMORTSY
1098 POMORIANY: see Pomoryany
1099 POLTAVA: Poltava region
1100 POLONNOYE
 
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