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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1001 ROVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
1002 ROTIN: (Czech and Hungarian) see Rogatin
1003 ROSOLOVTSY
1004 ROSISHKI
1005 ROSHTADT: (Russian) see Porechye
1006 ROPTIN: (Czech) see Rogatin
1007 ROMNY
1008 ROMEN: (Ukraine) see Romny
1009 ROMANOV: (Polish and Ukraine) see Romaniv
1010 ROKOSOV
1011 ROKHIV: (Ukraine) see Rakhov
1012 ROHATYN: (German and Hungarian) see Rogatin
1013 ROHATIN: (German and Yiddish) see Rogatin
1014 ROGUZKA-CHECHELNITSKAYA: (Polish) see Olgopol
1015 ROGATIN: Rohatyn, Rohatin, Rogatin , Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
1016 ROGACHEV: see Rahachow
1017 RIVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
1018 RITZOV: (Russian) see Gritsev
1019 RISILIVTSI: (Ukraine) see v. Rosolovtsy and Rosolovtsy
1020 RIMALOV: (Russian) see Grimaylov
1021 REPKY
1022 REPKO
1023 REPKI
1024 RENI
1025 RCHICHTCHEV: (Ukraine) see Rzhishchev
1026 RAYGROD: (German) see Raigorod
1027 RAYDANSKOYE
1028 RAYDANSKOYE: see v. Raydanskoye
1029 RAY
1030 RAWA: (German) see Rava-Russkaya
1031 RAWA-RYSKA: (Polish) see Rava-Russkaya
1032 RAVI: (others) see Rava-Russkaya
1033 RAVA-RUSSKAYA
1034 RAKHOV
1035 RAKASZ: (Hungarian) see Rokosov
1036 RAJ: see RAY
1037 RAIGORODOK
1038 RAIGOROD
1039 RAHO: (Hebrew) see Rakhov
1040 RAFOLOWKA: (Hungarian) see Staraya Rafalovka
1041 RAFALOWKA: (Yiddish) see Rafalovka and Staraya Rafalovka
1042 RAFALOVKA
1043 RADEKHOV
1044 RADZIECHOW: (Polish) see Radekhov
1045 RADZEHOV: (German) see Radekhov
1046 RADYANSKOE: (1922-1955) (Ukraine) see Solnechnoe
1047 RADOMYSHL
1048 RADIVILOV
1049 RACHNI-LESOV
1050 RACHOV: (Czech) see Rakhov
1051 RACHEV: (Russian) see Rakhov
1052 PYESCHANKA: see Peschanka
1053 PYCSCHANKA: see Peschanka
1054 PYATKA
1055 PYATIGORY: Tetiivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1056 PUTYLA: see Putila
1057 PUTILA
1058 PULMO: see Lyuboml
1059 PUKIV: see Kosov
1060 PRZYSLUP: see Prislup
1061 PRZYLUKI: see Priluki
1062 PRZLYKI: see Priluki
1063 PRZLUKI: see Priluki
1064 PRZEMYSLANY: see Peremyshlayny
1065 PRZEMISLANI: see Peremyshlayny
1066 PROSKUROV
1067 PROSKUROV: see Podolia Guberniya
1068 PROSKOROV: see Chmielnitsky
1069 PROSKOPOL: see Zhuravniki
1070 PROLETARSKAYA: see Kremenchug
1071 PROLETARSKAYA ST.: see Krolevets
1072 PROHOROVNYA
1073 PROBISHTA: see Pogrebishche
1074 PRIYUTNOYE
1075 PRIYIDNAYA: see Priyutnoye
1076 PRISLUP
1077 PRILUKI
1078 PRILESTNOYE: used Gorodok
1079 PRCYLUKI: see Priluki
1080 POZHEV: see Rozhiv
1081 POWOLOCH: see Pavoloch
1082 POVOLOCH: see Pavoloch
1083 POVCHINO
1084 POTOTSKOYE: see Severinovka
1085 POTIEVKA: see Chernyahov
1086 POTCHAYEW: see Pochayev
1087 POTCHAYEV: see Pochaev
1088 PORECHYE
1089 POPOVTSI
1090 POPOVKA: see Konotop
1091 POPIVTSI: see Popovtsi
1092 POMORZANY: See Pomoryany
1093 POMORYANY
1094 POMORTSY
1095 POMORIANY: see Pomoryany
1096 POLTAVA: Poltava region
1097 POLONNOYE
1098 POLONNOE [POLNA, POLONNOJE, P, OLONNA, POŁONNE , POLONA , POLONNOYE . Khmelnitskaya oblast
1099 POLONA: see Polonnoe
1100 POLOGI
 
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