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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1001 ROWNE: (Hungarian, Polish and Yiddish) see Rovno
1002 ROVNO
1003 ROVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
1004 ROTIN: (Czech and Hungarian) see Rogatin
1005 ROSOLOVTSY
1006 ROSISHKI
1007 ROSHTADT: (Russian) see Porechye
1008 ROPTIN: (Czech) see Rogatin
1009 ROMNY
1010 ROMEN: (Ukraine) see Romny
1011 ROMANOV: (Polish and Ukraine) see Romaniv
1012 ROKOSOV
1013 ROKHIV: (Ukraine) see Rakhov
1014 ROHATYN: (German and Hungarian) see Rogatin
1015 ROHATIN: (German and Yiddish) see Rogatin
1016 ROGUZKA-CHECHELNITSKAYA: (Polish) see Olgopol
1017 ROGATIN: Rohatyn, Rohatin, Rogatin , Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
1018 ROGACHEV: see Rahachow
1019 RIVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
1020 RITZOV: (Russian) see Gritsev
1021 RISILIVTSI: (Ukraine) see v. Rosolovtsy and Rosolovtsy
1022 RIMALOV: (Russian) see Grimaylov
1023 REPKY
1024 REPKO
1025 REPKI
1026 RENI
1027 RCHICHTCHEV: (Ukraine) see Rzhishchev
1028 RAYGROD: (German) see Raigorod
1029 RAYDANSKOYE
1030 RAYDANSKOYE: see v. Raydanskoye
1031 RAY
1032 RAWA: (German) see Rava-Russkaya
1033 RAWA-RYSKA: (Polish) see Rava-Russkaya
1034 RAVI: (others) see Rava-Russkaya
1035 RAVA-RUSSKAYA
1036 RAKHOV
1037 RAKASZ: (Hungarian) see Rokosov
1038 RAJ: see RAY
1039 RAIGORODOK
1040 RAIGOROD
1041 RAHO: (Hebrew) see Rakhov
1042 RAFOLOWKA: (Hungarian) see Staraya Rafalovka
1043 RAFALOWKA: (Yiddish) see Rafalovka and Staraya Rafalovka
1044 RAFALOVKA
1045 RADEKHOV
1046 RADZIECHOW: (Polish) see Radekhov
1047 RADZEHOV: (German) see Radekhov
1048 RADYANSKOE: (1922-1955) (Ukraine) see Solnechnoe
1049 RADOMYSHL
1050 RADIVILOV
1051 RACHNI-LESOV
1052 RACHOV: (Czech) see Rakhov
1053 RACHEV: (Russian) see Rakhov
1054 PYESCHANKA: see Peschanka
1055 PYCSCHANKA: see Peschanka
1056 PYATKA
1057 PYATIGORY: Tetiivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1058 PUTYLA: see Putila
1059 PUTILA
1060 PULMO: see Lyuboml
1061 PUKIV: see Kosov
1062 PRZYSLUP: see Prislup
1063 PRZYLUKI: see Priluki
1064 PRZLYKI: see Priluki
1065 PRZLUKI: see Priluki
1066 PRZEMYSLANY: see Peremyshlayny
1067 PRZEMISLANI: see Peremyshlayny
1068 PROSKUROV
1069 PROSKUROV: see Podolia Guberniya
1070 PROSKOROV: see Chmielnitsky
1071 PROSKOPOL: see Zhuravniki
1072 PROLETARSKAYA: see Kremenchug
1073 PROLETARSKAYA ST.: see Krolevets
1074 PROHOROVNYA
1075 PROBISHTA: see Pogrebishche
1076 PRIYUTNOYE
1077 PRIYIDNAYA: see Priyutnoye
1078 PRISLUP
1079 PRILUKI
1080 PRILESTNOYE: used Gorodok
1081 PRCYLUKI: see Priluki
1082 POZHEV: see Rozhiv
1083 POWOLOCH: see Pavoloch
1084 POVOLOCH: see Pavoloch
1085 POVCHINO
1086 POTOTSKOYE: see Severinovka
1087 POTIEVKA: see Chernyahov
1088 POTCHAYEW: see Pochayev
1089 POTCHAYEV: see Pochaev
1090 PORECHYE
1091 POPOVTSI
1092 POPOVKA: see Konotop
1093 POPIVTSI: see Popovtsi
1094 POMORZANY: See Pomoryany
1095 POMORYANY
1096 POMORTSY
1097 POMORIANY: see Pomoryany
1098 POLTAVA: Poltava region
1099 POLONNOYE
1100 POLONNOE [POLNA, POLONNOJE, P, OLONNA, POŁONNE , POLONA , POLONNOYE . Khmelnitskaya oblast
 
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