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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
1001 RAJ: see RAY
1002 RAIGORODOK
1003 RAIGOROD
1004 RAHO: (Hebrew) see Rakhov
1005 RAFOLOWKA: (Hungarian) see Staraya Rafalovka
1006 RAFALOWKA: (Yiddish) see Rafalovka and Staraya Rafalovka
1007 RAFALOVKA
1008 RADEKHOV
1009 RADZIECHOW: (Polish) see Radekhov
1010 RADZEHOV: (German) see Radekhov
1011 RADYANSKOE: (1922-1955) (Ukraine) see Solnechnoe
1012 RADOMYSHL
1013 RADIVILOV
1014 RACHNI-LESOV
1015 RACHOV: (Czech) see Rakhov
1016 RACHEV: (Russian) see Rakhov
1017 PYESCHANKA: see Peschanka
1018 PYCSCHANKA: see Peschanka
1019 PYATKA
1020 PYATIGORY: Tetiivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1021 PUTYLA: see Putila
1022 PUTILA
1023 PULMO: see Lyuboml
1024 PUKIV: see Kosov
1025 PRZYSLUP: see Prislup
1026 PRZYLUKI: see Priluki
1027 PRZLYKI: see Priluki
1028 PRZLUKI: see Priluki
1029 PRZEMYSLANY: see Peremyshlayny
1030 PRZEMISLANI: see Peremyshlayny
1031 PROSKUROV
1032 PROSKUROV: see Podolia Guberniya
1033 PROSKOROV: see Chmielnitsky
1034 PROSKOPOL: see Zhuravniki
1035 PROLETARSKAYA: see Kremenchug
1036 PROLETARSKAYA ST.: see Krolevets
1037 PROHOROVNYA
1038 PROBISHTA: see Pogrebishche
1039 PRIYUTNOYE
1040 PRIYIDNAYA: see Priyutnoye
1041 PRISLUP
1042 PRILUKI
1043 PRILESTNOYE: used Gorodok
1044 PRCYLUKI: see Priluki
1045 POZHEV: see Rozhiv
1046 POWOLOCH: see Pavoloch
1047 POVOLOCH: see Pavoloch
1048 POVCHINO
1049 POTOTSKOYE: see Severinovka
1050 POTOK ZLOTY: see Zolotoy Potok
1051 POTIK: see Zolotoy Potok
1052 POTIEVKA: see Chernyahov
1053 POTEK ZOLTI: see Zolotoy Potok
1054 POTCHAYEW: see Pochayev
1055 POTCHAYEV: see Pochaev
1056 PORECHYE
1057 POPOVTSI
1058 POPOVKA: see Konotop
1059 POPIVTSI: see Popovtsi
1060 POMORZANY: See Pomoryany
1061 POMORYANY
1062 POMORTSY
1063 POMORIANY: see Pomoryany
1064 POLTAVA: Poltava region
1065 POLONNOYE
1066 POLONNOE [POLNA, POLONNOJE, P, OLONNA, POŁONNE , POLONA , POLONNOYE . Khmelnitskaya oblast
1067 POLONA: see Polonnoe
1068 POLOGI
1069 POLNA: see Polonnoe
1070 POLIEN LIPSA: see Lipsha
1071 POKROVSKOYE: see Apostolovo
1072 POHYBRYSZCZE: see Pogrebishche
1073 POHREBYSZCZE: see Pogrebishche
1074 POHORBISHCH: see Pogrebishche
1075 POGREBISZCZE: see Pogrebishche
1076 POGREBISHCHE
1077 POGORELOV: see Dubno
1078 POGORBISHCH: see Pogrebishche
1079 POESTCHANKA: see Peschanka
1080 PODVYSOKE
1081 PODVOLOCHYSK: see VOLOCHYSK
1082 PODOLIA GUBERNIYA
1083 PODOLYE: see Suhaya Balka
1084 PODHAJCE: see PIDHAYTSI and BEREZHANY
1085 PODGAYTSY: see Podgaytsy
1086 PODGAYTSY
1087 PODGAYCY: see PIDHAYTSI and BEREZHANY
1088 POCZAJOV: see Pochaev and Pochayev
1089 POCHREBISHTCHE: see Pogrebishche
1090 POCHAYV: see Pochaev
1091 POCHAEV
1092 POB: see Bar
1093 PNYEVNO: see Pnevno
1094 PNIEWNO: see Pnevno
1095 PNEVNO
1096 PLISKOV
1097 PLESHTEIN
1098 PLESHCHIN: see SUDILKOV
1099 PLEBANOVKA
1100 PLEBANIVKA: see Plebanovka
 
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