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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
901 SHPOLA: Cherkasy oblast
902 SHPIKOV
903 SHOMSK: (Hungarian) see Shumsk
904 SHNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
905 SHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinca
906 SHLYOMARKA: see Lubormirka
907 SHKLO
908 SHITOMIR: (English, German, Russian, Slov and Ukraine) see Zhitomir
909 SHISHKOVTSY
910 SHISHKOVTSE: (Yiddish) see Shishkovtsy
911 SHIMSK: (German) see Shumsk
912 SHEPETOVKA [SHEPETIVKA , SZEPETÓWKA , SCHEPETOWKA ,SHCHEPETOVKA, SCHEPETIWKA, SZEPIETOWKA, SEPITIVKA, SHEPETIFKE, Sudilkova] : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
913 SHEPETIVKA: (Ukraine Yiddish) see Shepetovka
914 SHEPEL
915 SHCHORS
916 SHCHERBASHINTSI
917 SHCHIRETS
918 SHATSK
919 SHAROGROD: (Ukraine) see Shargorod
920 SHARIGROD: (Russian and Ukraine) see Shargorod
921 SHARIGRAD: (Polish and Russian) see Shargorod
922 SHARGOROD [Sharhorod, Sharigro, Sarhorod] Vinnytsya oblast
923 SHARGOROD CEMETERY: see Podolia Guberniya
924 BORZNA Chernihiv Oblast [SHAPOVALOVKA, Borzne, Borsna ]
925 SHANDROV: (Hungarian) see Aleksandrovka
926 SHANDREF: see Alexandrovka
927 SGORANI
928 SEYMENUKHA: (Hebrew) see Malaya Seymenukha
929 SEYDEMENUKHA: (Hebrew) see Kalininskoye
930 SEWLUSZ: (Yiddish) see Vinogradov
931 SEVLJUS: (Hebrew and others) see Vinogradov
932 SEVLIUSH: (Hebrew and Russian) see Vinogradov
933 SEVERINOVKA
934 SEREDNYA
935 SEPETIVKA: (Ukraine) see Shepetovka
936 SENKEVICHOVKA: (German) see v. Senkevichevka
937 SENKEVICHEVKA
938 SENKEVICEVKA: (Yiddish) see v. Senkevichevka
939 SELISH: (Ukraine) see Vinogradov SELO
940 SELETS
941 SOKYRYANY: Secureni Târg, Sekiryany, Sekuren', Sekureni, Sekuryany in Chernivets'ka Oblast'
942 SEKERNICE: (German) see Sokirnitsa
943 SEKERNICA: (Yiddish) see Sokirnitsa
944 SEISH SCIHIN: (Yiddish) see Sosnovoye
945 SEDNEVKA
946 SEDNEV
947 SDEN MENOCHA: (Hungarian) see v. Kalininskoye
948 SDEMENUCHE: (German) see v. Kalininskoye
949 SDE MENUCHE , KALININDORF: (German) see v. Kalininskoye
950 SDE MENOCHA: (Hungarian) see v. Kalininskoye
951 SCHOLKEV: (German) see Zhovkva
952 SCHODICA: (Polish) see Skhodnitsa
953 SCHNEIDEMUEHL: see Pila
954 SCHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinka
955 SCHANDROVO: see Alexandrovka
956 SCHABOKRITSCH: (Hungarian) see Zhabokrichi
957 SAVRAN
958 SAVICHI
959 SAURAN: (German and Yiddish) see Savran
960 SATINOV
961 SASVAR: (Russian, Ukraine and others) see Vinogradov
962 SASOVKA
963 SASOV: [Sasiv, Sasow, Sassow, Sasev]
964 SARNY: Cherkasy oblst [Sarni]
965 SARNI: (Yiddish) see Sarny
966 SARGOROG: (Hebrew) see Shargorod
967 SARATA
968 SARANCZUKY: see ARANCHUKY and BEREZHANY
969 SARANCHUKI: see ARANCHUKY and BEREZHANY
970 SANDROVKA: (German) see v. Aleksandrovka
971 STARYY SAMBOR:: Staryy Sambor, Stary Sambor, Altshtat, Ir Yashan, Alt Sta, Staremiasto], Staryy Sambir, Staryi Sambir, Staryj Sambir, Sambir, Stari Sambor
972 SAMBER: (others) see Stary Sambor
973 SALIVONKI
974 SAGOL SLISTHT: (German) see Sosnovoye
975 SADOWA WISZNIA: (Polish) See Sudovaya Vishnya
976 SADOWA VISNIA: (German) See Sudovaya Vishnya
977 SADIGERA: (Hungarian) see Sadgora
978 SADGORA: Chernovitsi Oblast ;SADAGURA , SADAGERA , SADGURA, SADYGERA]
979 SADAGORA: (Yiddish) see Sadgora
980 RZYSZCZOW: (Polish) see Rzhishchev
981 RZHISHCEV: (Russian) see Rzhishchev
982 RZHISHCHEV
983 RZISCHEV
984 RYZHISHCHEV: (Yiddish) see Rzhishchev
985 RUZHIN: (Hungarian) see Ruzhin
986 RUZHIN
987 RUVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
988 RUS. VLADIMIR VOLINSKI: (others) see Vladimir Volynskiy
989 RUDKI:, Lviv Oblast: RUDKY, РУДКИ , RIDIK , RIDUK, RUDIK
990 ROZYSZSZCZE: (German) see Rozhishche
991 ROZYSZCZE: (German) see Rozhishche
992 ROZNATOV, ROZHANTOV: (German) see Rozhnyatov
993 ROZISHTS: (Polish) see Rozhishche
994 ROZISHTCHOV: (Yiddish) see Rozhishche
995 ROZINTOV, ROZNIATOW: (Polish) see Rozhnyatov
996 ROZHNYATOV
997 ROZHISHTCH: (Ukraine) see Rozhishche
998 ROZHISHCHE
999 ROZHISHCH: (Russian) see Rozhishche
1000 ROZHIV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
 
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