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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

HISTORY: Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact Samuel Gruber; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's turbulent past saw sovereignty pass between Poland, Russia and other nations, but has a rich history: one Crimean tribe converting to Judaism in the eighth century, the first shtetls built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century), and rise of Hasidism. The Germans murdered 1.4 million of the two million Jews. Communism then suppressed religious life of those that survived. Despite this, Ukraine is now home to one of the largest Jewish communities in Europe (100,000-300,000). Some 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Article Title" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
901 SEKERNICA: (Yiddish) see Sokirnitsa
902 SEISH SCIHIN: (Yiddish) see Sosnovoye
903 SEDNEVKA
904 SEDNEV
905 SECURENI TARG: (Yiddish) see Sokyryany
906 SECURENI: (Ukraine) see Sokyryany
907 SDEN MENOCHA: (Hungarian) see v. Kalininskoye
908 SDEMENUCHE: (German) see v. Kalininskoye
909 SDE MENUCHE , KALININDORF: (German) see v. Kalininskoye
910 SDE MENOCHA: (Hungarian) see v. Kalininskoye
911 SCHOLKEV: (German) see Zhovkva
912 SCHODICA: (Polish) see Skhodnitsa
913 SCHNEIDEMUEHL: see Pila
914 SCHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinka
915 SCHANDROVO: see Alexandrovka
916 SCHABOKRITSCH: (Hungarian) see Zhabokrichi
917 SAVRAN
918 SAVICHI
919 SAURAN: (German and Yiddish) see Savran
920 SATINOV
921 SASVAR: (Russian, Ukraine and others) see Vinogradov
922 SASSOV: (German) see Sasov
923 SASOW: (Polish) see Sasov
924 SASOVKA
925 SASOV
926 SARNY
927 SARNI: (Yiddish) see Sarny
928 SARGOROG: (Hebrew) see Shargorod
929 SARATA
930 SARANCZUKY: see ARANCHUKY and BEREZHANY
931 SARANCHUKI: see ARANCHUKY and BEREZHANY
932 SANDROVKA: (German) see v. Aleksandrovka
933 STARYY SAMBOR:: Staryy Sambor, Stary Sambor, Altshtat, Ir Yashan, Alt Sta, Staremiasto], Staryy Sambir, Staryi Sambir, Staryj Sambir, Stari Sambor
934 SAMBER: (others) see Stary Sambor
935 SALIVONKI
936 SAGOL SLISTHT: (German) see Sosnovoye
937 SADOWA WISZNIA: (Polish) See Sudovaya Vishnya
938 SADOWA VISNIA: (German) See Sudovaya Vishnya
939 SADIGERA: (Hungarian) see Sadgora
940 SADGORA: Chernovitsi Oblast ;SADAGURA , SADAGERA , SADGURA, SADYGERA]
941 SADAGORA: (Yiddish) see Sadgora
942 RZYSZCZOW: (Polish) see Rzhishchev
943 RZHISHCEV: (Russian) see Rzhishchev
944 RZHISHCHEV
945 RZISCHEV
946 RYZHISHCHEV: (Yiddish) see Rzhishchev
947 RUZHIN: (Hungarian) see Ruzhin
948 RUZHIN
949 RUVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
950 RUS. VLADIMIR VOLINSKI: (others) see Vladimir Volynskiy
951 RUDKI:, Lviv Oblast: RUDKY, РУДКИ , RIDIK , RIDUK, RUDIK
952 ROZYSZSZCZE: (German) see Rozhishche
953 ROZYSZCZE: (German) see Rozhishche
954 ROZNATOV, ROZHANTOV: (German) see Rozhnyatov
955 ROZISHTS: (Polish) see Rozhishche
956 ROZISHTCHOV: (Yiddish) see Rozhishche
957 ROZINTOV, ROZNIATOW: (Polish) see Rozhnyatov
958 ROZHNYATOV
959 ROZHISHTCH: (Ukraine) see Rozhishche
960 ROZHISHCHE
961 ROZHISHCH: (Russian) see Rozhishche
962 ROZHIV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
963 ROZDOL [Razdol, Rozdul, Rosdil, Rozdo, Rozla]: Zaporiz ka oblast
964 ROWNE: (Hungarian, Polish and Yiddish) see Rovno
965 ROVNO
966 ROVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
967 ROTIN: (Czech and Hungarian) see Rogatin
968 ROSOLOVTSY
969 ROSISHKI
970 ROSHTADT: (Russian) see Porechye
971 ROPTIN: (Czech) see Rogatin
972 ROMNY
973 ROMEN: (Ukraine) see Romny
974 ROMANOV: (Polish and Ukraine) see Romaniv
975 ROKOSOV
976 ROKHIV: (Ukraine) see Rakhov
977 ROHATYN: (German and Hungarian) see Rogatin
978 ROHATIN: (German and Yiddish) see Rogatin
979 ROGUZKA-CHECHELNITSKAYA: (Polish) see Olgopol
980 ROGATIN: Rohatyn, Rohatin, Rogatin , Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast
981 ROGACHEV: see Rahachow
982 RIVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
983 RITZOV: (Russian) see Gritsev
984 RISILIVTSI: (Ukraine) see v. Rosolovtsy and Rosolovtsy
985 RIMALOV: (Russian) see Grimaylov
986 REPKY
987 REPKO
988 REPKI
989 RENI
990 RCHICHTCHEV: (Ukraine) see Rzhishchev
991 RAYGROD: (German) see Raigorod
992 RAYDANSKOYE
993 RAYDANSKOYE: see v. Raydanskoye
994 RAY
995 RAWA: (German) see Rava-Russkaya
996 RAWA-RYSKA: (Polish) see Rava-Russkaya
997 RAVI: (others) see Rava-Russkaya
998 RAVA-RUSSKAYA
999 RAKHOV
1000 RAKASZ: (Hungarian) see Rokosov
 
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