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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
901 SHPIKOV
902 SHOMSK: (Hungarian) see Shumsk
903 SHNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
904 SHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinca
905 SHLYOMARKA: see Lubormirka
906 SHKLO
907 SHITOMIR: (English, German, Russian, Slov and Ukraine) see Zhitomir
908 SHISHKOVTSY
909 SHISHKOVTSE: (Yiddish) see Shishkovtsy
910 SHIMSK: (German) see Shumsk
911 SHEPETOVKA [SHEPETIVKA , SZEPETÓWKA , SCHEPETOWKA ,SHCHEPETOVKA, SCHEPETIWKA, SZEPIETOWKA, SEPITIVKA, SHEPETIFKE, Sudilkova] : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
912 SHEPETIVKA: (Ukraine Yiddish) see Shepetovka
913 SHEPEL
914 SHCHORS
915 SHCHERBASHINTSI
916 SHCHIRETS
917 SHATSK
918 SHAROGROD: (Ukraine) see Shargorod
919 SHARIGROD: (Russian and Ukraine) see Shargorod
920 SHARIGRAD: (Polish and Russian) see Shargorod
921 SHARGOROD [Sharhorod, Sharigro, Sarhorod] Vinnytsya oblast
922 SHARGOROD CEMETERY: see Podolia Guberniya
923 BORZNA Chernihiv Oblast [SHAPOVALOVKA, Borzne, Borsna ]
924 SHANDROV: (Hungarian) see Aleksandrovka
925 SHANDREF: see Alexandrovka
926 SGORANI
927 SEYMENUKHA: (Hebrew) see Malaya Seymenukha
928 SEYDEMENUKHA: (Hebrew) see Kalininskoye
929 SEWLUSZ: (Yiddish) see Vinogradov
930 SEVLJUS: (Hebrew and others) see Vinogradov
931 SEVLIUSH: (Hebrew and Russian) see Vinogradov
932 SEVERINOVKA
933 SEREDNYA
934 SEPETIVKA: (Ukraine) see Shepetovka
935 SENKEVICHOVKA: (German) see v. Senkevichevka
936 SENKEVICHEVKA
937 SENKEVICEVKA: (Yiddish) see v. Senkevichevka
938 SELISH: (Ukraine) see Vinogradov SELO
939 SELETS
940 SOKYRYANY: Secureni Târg, Sekiryany, Sekuren', Sekureni, Sekuryany in Chernivets'ka Oblast'
941 SEKERNICE: (German) see Sokirnitsa
942 SEKERNICA: (Yiddish) see Sokirnitsa
943 SEISH SCIHIN: (Yiddish) see Sosnovoye
944 SEDNEVKA
945 SEDNEV
946 SDEN MENOCHA: (Hungarian) see v. Kalininskoye
947 SDEMENUCHE: (German) see v. Kalininskoye
948 SDE MENUCHE , KALININDORF: (German) see v. Kalininskoye
949 SDE MENOCHA: (Hungarian) see v. Kalininskoye
950 SCHOLKEV: (German) see Zhovkva
951 SCHODICA: (Polish) see Skhodnitsa
952 SCHNEIDEMUEHL: see Pila
953 SCHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinka
954 SCHANDROVO: see Alexandrovka
955 SCHABOKRITSCH: (Hungarian) see Zhabokrichi
956 SAVRAN
957 SAVICHI
958 SAURAN: (German and Yiddish) see Savran
959 SATINOV
960 SASVAR: (Russian, Ukraine and others) see Vinogradov
961 SASOVKA
962 SASOV: [Sasiv, Sasow, Sassow, Sasev]
963 SARNY: Cherkasy oblst [Sarni]
964 SARNI: (Yiddish) see Sarny
965 SARGOROG: (Hebrew) see Shargorod
966 SARATA
967 SARANCZUKY: see ARANCHUKY and BEREZHANY
968 SARANCHUKI: see ARANCHUKY and BEREZHANY
969 SANDROVKA: (German) see v. Aleksandrovka
970 STARYY SAMBOR:: Staryy Sambor, Stary Sambor, Altshtat, Ir Yashan, Alt Sta, Staremiasto], Staryy Sambir, Staryi Sambir, Staryj Sambir, Sambir, Stari Sambor
971 SAMBER: (others) see Stary Sambor
972 SALIVONKI
973 SAGOL SLISTHT: (German) see Sosnovoye
974 SADOWA WISZNIA: (Polish) See Sudovaya Vishnya
975 SADOWA VISNIA: (German) See Sudovaya Vishnya
976 SADIGERA: (Hungarian) see Sadgora
977 SADGORA: Chernovitsi Oblast ;SADAGURA , SADAGERA , SADGURA, SADYGERA]
978 SADAGORA: (Yiddish) see Sadgora
979 RZYSZCZOW: (Polish) see Rzhishchev
980 RZHISHCEV: (Russian) see Rzhishchev
981 RZHISHCHEV
982 RZISCHEV
983 RYZHISHCHEV: (Yiddish) see Rzhishchev
984 RUZHIN: (Hungarian) see Ruzhin
985 RUZHIN
986 RUVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
987 RUS. VLADIMIR VOLINSKI: (others) see Vladimir Volynskiy
988 RUDKI:, Lviv Oblast: RUDKY, РУДКИ , RIDIK , RIDUK, RUDIK
989 ROZYSZSZCZE: (German) see Rozhishche
990 ROZYSZCZE: (German) see Rozhishche
991 ROZNATOV, ROZHANTOV: (German) see Rozhnyatov
992 ROZISHTS: (Polish) see Rozhishche
993 ROZISHTCHOV: (Yiddish) see Rozhishche
994 ROZINTOV, ROZNIATOW: (Polish) see Rozhnyatov
995 ROZHNYATOV
996 ROZHISHTCH: (Ukraine) see Rozhishche
997 ROZHISHCHE
998 ROZHISHCH: (Russian) see Rozhishche
999 ROZHIV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
1000 ROZDOL [Razdol, Rozdul, Rosdil, Rozdo, Rozla]: Zaporiz ka oblast
 
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