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- THE JEWISH COMMUNITY -

Map of Ukraine [February 2009]

Medieval Ukrainian lands were a loosely knit group of principalities. By the late 1300s, most Ukrainian lands were controlled by either the Grand Duchy of Lithuania or the Mongolian-Tatar Golden Horde. In 1569, the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania became the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Poland controlled Western Ukrainian lands while eastern Ukrainian was controlled by the Ottoman Empire. In 1772, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at which time several Ukrainian areas became part of Galicia, a province of Austria. By 1795, Austria controlled western Ukraine and Russia controlled eastern Ukraine. During the 1930s, all of western Ukraine was governed by either Poland and/or Czechoslovakia. By the end of WWI, Ukrainian territory was divided into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR), Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Romania. In 1939 the Jewish population of Ukraine was 1.5 million (1,532,776) or 3% of the total population of Ukraine. One half to two thirds of the total Jewish population of Ukraine were evacuated, killed or exiled to Siberia. Ukraine lost more population per capita than any other country in the world in WW II. After WWII, the borders of the Ukrainian SSR expanded west, including those Ukrainian areas of Galicia. At the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Ukraine became an independent state. JewishGen's ShtetlSeeker references border changes of a given town with more information at JewishGen ShtetLinks for Ukrainian towns. [February 2009]

Ukraine SIG facilitates research of former Russian Empire Guberniyas now in Ukraine; Podolia, Volhynia, Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Kharkov, Kherson, Taurida and Yekaterinoslav. [February 2009]

Wikipedia article: "History of the Jews of Ukraine" and The Virtual Jewish History Library- Ukraine [February 2009]

DONOR OF REPORTS: US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad, 1101 Fifteenth Street, Suite 1040, Washington, DC 20005. Telephone 202-254-3824. Executive Director: Joel Barries. US Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad supplied most Ukraine information. The data is alphabetical by the name of the town. The Ukrainian government has ordered an immediate and absolute moratorium on all construction or privatization of sites that have been identified as Jewish cemeteries either now or in the past. A Joint Cultural Heritage Commission to develop and agree on a comprehensive solution to preserve and protect Jewish cemeteries. Over 1000 individual sites have been described, which is estimated to be about one-half of the recoverable sites. Contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for further information and details about the report of the Commission. [Date?]

Historical Research Center for Western Ukrainian communities in all countries: "ZIKARON"

Ukraine Jewish community.

Jewish Cemeteries in Ukraine Report, Winter 1997-98

Ukraine's sovereignty passed between Poland, Russia and other nations. One Crimean tribe converted to Judaism in the eighth century. The first shtetls were built by Jews working for Polish aristocrats (18th century),  The Germans murderedSome 1500 Jewish heritage sites published by the United States Commission for the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad (2005)

Western Ukraine, Only a small remnant of its former Jewish population remains with L'viv and Chernivtsi each with about 6,000 Jews.  The majority of Jews in present-day Ukraine are native Russian/Ukrainian speakers, and only some of the elderly speak Yiddish as their mother tongue (in 1926, 76.1% claimed Yiddish as their mother tongue). The average age is close to 45. To find where records can be found, right click Archives Database, then Search Database. Activate Soundex and type in your ancestral town names.

Jewish Agricultural Colonies in the Ukraine: Chaim Freedman links to other interesting sites

Ukrainian Language, Culture and Travel with  photos of synagogues and memorials along with articles about Jewish culture 

BOOKS ABOUT UKRAINE:

  • Yizkor Books:
  1. Chelm, M. Bakalczuk-Felin, 1954, in Yiddish.
  2. Dnepropetrovsk-Yekaterinoslav, Harkavy and Goldburt, 1973, in Hebrew.
  3. Pinkas Hakehillot Poland, Volumes I-VII.
  • Frank, Ben G. A Travel Guide to Jewish Russia & Ukraine. Paperback (October 1999) Pelican Pub Co; ISBN: 1565543556
  • Gitelman, Zvi. Chapter The Jews of Ukraine and Moldova" published in Miriam Weiner's Jewish Roots in Ukraine
    and Moldova
    (see below) online.
  • Goberman, D. Jewish Tombstones in Ukraine and Moldova. Image Press, 1993. ISBN 5-86044-019-7) shows many interesting styles.
  • Greenberg, M. Graves of Tsadikim Justs in Russia. Jerusalem, 1989. 97 pages, illustrated, Hebrew and English. S2 89A4924. Notes: Rabbis tombstone restoration, no index, arranged by non-alphabetical town names.
  • Gruber, Ruth Ellen. Jewish Heritage Travel: A Guide to Eastern Europe, Washington: National Geographic, 2007
  • Ostrovskaya, Rita (Photographer), Southard, John S. and Eskildsen, Ute (Editor). Jews in the Ukraine: 1989-1994: Shtetls. Distributed Art Publishers; ISBN: 3893228527
  • Weiner, Miriam. Jewish Roots in Ukraine and Moldova: Pages from the Past and Archival Inventories (The Jewish Genealogy Series). Routes to Roots Foundation/YIVO InstituteYIVO Institute; ISBN: 0965650812. see Routes to Roots Foundation, Inc.
  • BELGIUM: Contact Daniel Dratwa This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it for books among the collection at the Jewish Museum of Belgium.
  • ISRAEL: Tragger, Mathilde. Printed Books on Jewish cemeteries in the Jewish National and University Library in Jerusalem: an annotated bibliography. Jerusalem: The Israel Genealogical Society, 1997.
  • David Chapin, Plano, Texas This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it can answer questions about general structure of tombstones in this country.

BOOKS ABOUT CRIMEA:

  • Chwolson, D. Corpus inscriptionum hebraicarum (All the Hebrew Inscriptions). Hildesheim, 1974 (1st print: St. Petersburg, 1882). 527 pages, Latin title and German text. SB74B2774. Notes: 194 tombstones, 9th-15th centuries, based on Firkowiz's book scripture analysis.
  • Chwolson, D. Achtzehn hebraische Grabschiften aus der Krim (Eighteen Hebrew grave inscriptions in Crimea).. St. Petersburg, 1985 in "Memories de L'Academie Imperial de St. Petersburg", 7Šme, series, volume IX, no. 7, III XVIII, 528 pages, illustrated. [translation] of the author's Russian book s29V5256]. German text and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, series 7, book 9, no.7. Notes: 18 tombstones, 6-960, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Firkowiz, A. Y. Avnei zikaron behatsi ha'i krim, besela hayehudim bemangup, besulkat ubekapa (Jewish memorial stones in Crimea and in [the Caucasian towns of Mangup, Sulkat and Kapa [Theodesia). Vilnius, 1872. 256 pages, illustrated, Hebrew. 29V4818. Notes: 564 tombstones, 3-1842.
  • Harkavy, A.L. Alte juedusche Denmaeler aus der krim (The old Jewish monuments in Crimea),. St. Petersburg, 1876, X, 288 pages. German and Hebrew inscriptions. PV255, VII, 24/1. Notes: 261 inscriptions, 604-916?, scripture analysis based on Firkowiz's book.
  • Click the words "Burial Location" below to sort the page names alphabetically.

    The names will be sorted from Z to A.  Click a second time to see them listed from A to Z.   Our apologies for the unsorted condition of this list.  We hope to have the list appear in A to Z sort very soon.

    --IAJGS Jewish Cemetery Project Technical Staff.

Title Filter     Display # 
# Burial Location
901 SHNYATIN , SNETIN: (Yiddish) see Snyatyn
902 SHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinca
903 SHLYOMARKA: see Lubormirka
904 SHKLO
905 SHITOMIR: (English, German, Russian, Slov and Ukraine) see Zhitomir
906 SHISHKOVTSY
907 SHISHKOVTSE: (Yiddish) see Shishkovtsy
908 SHIMSK: (German) see Shumsk
909 SHEPETOVKA [SHEPETIVKA , SZEPETÓWKA , SCHEPETOWKA ,SHCHEPETOVKA, SCHEPETIWKA, SZEPIETOWKA, SEPITIVKA, SHEPETIFKE, Sudilkova] : Khmelnytskyi Oblast
910 SHEPETIVKA: (Ukraine Yiddish) see Shepetovka
911 SHEPEL
912 SHCHORS
913 SHCHERBASHINTSI
914 SHCHIRETS
915 SHATSK
916 SHAROGROD: (Ukraine) see Shargorod
917 SHARIGROD: (Russian and Ukraine) see Shargorod
918 SHARIGRAD: (Polish and Russian) see Shargorod
919 SHARGOROD [Sharhorod, Sharigro, Sarhorod] Vinnytsya oblast
920 SHARGOROD CEMETERY: see Podolia Guberniya
921 BORZNA Chernihiv Oblast [SHAPOVALOVKA, Borzne, Borsna ]
922 SHANDROV: (Hungarian) see Aleksandrovka
923 SHANDREF: see Alexandrovka
924 SGORANI
925 SEYMENUKHA: (Hebrew) see Malaya Seymenukha
926 SEYDEMENUKHA: (Hebrew) see Kalininskoye
927 SEWLUSZ: (Yiddish) see Vinogradov
928 SEVLJUS: (Hebrew and others) see Vinogradov
929 SEVLIUSH: (Hebrew and Russian) see Vinogradov
930 SEVERINOVKA
931 SEREDNYA
932 SEPETIVKA: (Ukraine) see Shepetovka
933 SENKEVICHOVKA: (German) see v. Senkevichevka
934 SENKEVICHEVKA
935 SENKEVICEVKA: (Yiddish) see v. Senkevichevka
936 SELISH: (Ukraine) see Vinogradov SELO
937 SELETS
938 SOKYRYANY: Secureni Târg, Sekiryany, Sekuren', Sekureni, Sekuryany in Chernivets'ka Oblast'
939 SEKERNICE: (German) see Sokirnitsa
940 SEKERNICA: (Yiddish) see Sokirnitsa
941 SEISH SCIHIN: (Yiddish) see Sosnovoye
942 SEDNEVKA
943 SEDNEV
944 SDEN MENOCHA: (Hungarian) see v. Kalininskoye
945 SDEMENUCHE: (German) see v. Kalininskoye
946 SDE MENUCHE , KALININDORF: (German) see v. Kalininskoye
947 SDE MENOCHA: (Hungarian) see v. Kalininskoye
948 SCHOLKEV: (German) see Zhovkva
949 SCHODICA: (Polish) see Skhodnitsa
950 SCHNEIDEMUEHL: see Pila
951 SCHMERINKA: (Yiddish) see Zhmerinka
952 SCHANDROVO: see Alexandrovka
953 SCHABOKRITSCH: (Hungarian) see Zhabokrichi
954 SAVRAN
955 SAVICHI
956 SAURAN: (German and Yiddish) see Savran
957 SATINOV
958 SASVAR: (Russian, Ukraine and others) see Vinogradov
959 SASOVKA
960 SASOV: [Sasiv, Sasow, Sassow, Sasev]
961 SARNY: Cherkasy oblst [Sarni]
962 SARNI: (Yiddish) see Sarny
963 SARGOROG: (Hebrew) see Shargorod
964 SARATA
965 SARANCZUKY: see ARANCHUKY and BEREZHANY
966 SARANCHUKI: see ARANCHUKY and BEREZHANY
967 SANDROVKA: (German) see v. Aleksandrovka
968 STARYY SAMBOR:: Staryy Sambor, Stary Sambor, Altshtat, Ir Yashan, Alt Sta, Staremiasto], Staryy Sambir, Staryi Sambir, Staryj Sambir, Sambir, Stari Sambor
969 SAMBER: (others) see Stary Sambor
970 SALIVONKI
971 SAGOL SLISTHT: (German) see Sosnovoye
972 SADOWA WISZNIA: (Polish) See Sudovaya Vishnya
973 SADOWA VISNIA: (German) See Sudovaya Vishnya
974 SADIGERA: (Hungarian) see Sadgora
975 SADGORA: Chernovitsi Oblast ;SADAGURA , SADAGERA , SADGURA, SADYGERA]
976 SADAGORA: (Yiddish) see Sadgora
977 RZYSZCZOW: (Polish) see Rzhishchev
978 RZHISHCEV: (Russian) see Rzhishchev
979 RZHISHCHEV
980 RZISCHEV
981 RYZHISHCHEV: (Yiddish) see Rzhishchev
982 RUZHIN: (Hungarian) see Ruzhin
983 RUZHIN
984 RUVNE: (Ukraine) see Rovno
985 RUS. VLADIMIR VOLINSKI: (others) see Vladimir Volynskiy
986 RUDKI:, Lviv Oblast: RUDKY, РУДКИ , RIDIK , RIDUK, RUDIK
987 ROZYSZSZCZE: (German) see Rozhishche
988 ROZYSZCZE: (German) see Rozhishche
989 ROZNATOV, ROZHANTOV: (German) see Rozhnyatov
990 ROZISHTS: (Polish) see Rozhishche
991 ROZISHTCHOV: (Yiddish) see Rozhishche
992 ROZINTOV, ROZNIATOW: (Polish) see Rozhnyatov
993 ROZHNYATOV
994 ROZHISHTCH: (Ukraine) see Rozhishche
995 ROZHISHCHE
996 ROZHISHCH: (Russian) see Rozhishche
997 ROZHIV: Makarivskyi Raion, Kyiv Oblast
998 ROZDOL [Razdol, Rozdul, Rosdil, Rozdo, Rozla]: Zaporiz ka oblast
999 ROWNE: (Hungarian, Polish and Yiddish) see Rovno
1000 ROVNO
 
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