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v.  DASHEV I:     US Commission No. UA01430101
Alternate names: Dosha (Yiddish), Dashiev (German), Dasev, Daszow (Hungarian) and Staraya Dashevka (Czech). The cemetery is located at southeast part of village, left side of road to Dashev-Gajsin at 49º00 29º27, 62 km from Umana and 22km from Ilintzu. Present town population is 5,001-25,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.

  • Town officials: Village Soviet (poselkoviy soviet), of Chairman-Vlasyuk Fedor Vladimirovich [Phone: (04345) 32550]. Village Soviet of Chairman-Vlasjuk Fedor.
  • Regional: none
  • Other: Jewish Community of Vinnitsa of Chairman-Desner Igor [Phone: (0432) 267996]. Vinnitski State Archive. The Jewish Calcher Society, chairman Shwarthsman Iakow Grigoriewich. 6 Lenina Street, Illintchy. Tel. 04345 23024. Others: The Illinetchky Regional Archives, Director Kaminsky Anatoly Petrovich, of tel. 04345 21805. 18, Lenin Street, Illintchy.

The earliest known Jewish community was 17th century. 1926 Jewish population was 2168. Events effecting the Hasidic Jewish community were 1918-1920 Petlurovski and Denikinsky pogroms. v. Kitajgorod (3km away) used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated rural (agricultural) flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds this cemetery. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII was 1.05 and is now 0.35 hectares. 1 to 20 common tombstones date from 1933. The cemetery has no known mass graves. The municipality owns property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are Dashev-Kitajgorod road. The cemetery boundaries are smaller now than 1939 because of Dashev-Kitajgorod road. Private visitors (Jewish or non-Jewish) and local residents visit occasionally. The cemetery was vandalized frequently in the last 10 years. Jewish individuals within country cleaned stones and cleared vegetation in 1941. There is no maintenance now. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Very serious threat: uncontrolled access (cemetery is in a sparsely populated place), vegetation (impossible to go through the cemetery-a constant problem) and vandalism (A lot of graves are destroyed because of searching for gold). Serious threat: pollution (site is agricultural garbage). Moderate threat: weather erosion (seasonal). Slight threat: existing nearby development or proposed nearby development.

Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny Street, Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site on 26/09/1996. Interviewed was Chegelnitskaja O.F. of Dashev, 7 Bojko Street on 26/09/1996. She completed survey on 26/09/1996. Other documentation was inaccessible.

DASHEV II:     US Commission No. UA01430102
See DASHEV I for town information.
The cemetery is located at Souse side Stary Dashev, 1,5 km from bilding, near the forest in field. The last known Conservative Jewish burial was in 1940. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. Isolated between fields and woods, the flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road and crossing acollective field, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds this cemetery. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII and now is 1.26 hectares. 1 to 20 common tombstones are in their original location. Location of removed stones is unknown. The cemetery has no known mass graves. The municipality owns property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural and the forest. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Private visitors (Jewish or non-Jewish) and local residents visit occasionally. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II. Jewish individuals within country cleared vegetation in early 1941. There is no maintenance now. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Very serious threat: vegetation (vegetables grown-seasonal problem). Serious threat: uncontrolled access (cemetery on large distance from buildings in field). Moderate threat: weather erosion (seasonal), pollution and vandalism.

Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev5, Tychiny Street, Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed surveyon 26/09/1996. Zaika Lidija Dmitrievna of Dashev (Staryj), 12 Kirova Street was interviewed on 25/09/1996.

DASHEV III:     US Commission No. UA01430103
See Dashev I for town information.
The unlandmarked cemetery is located at southwest part of the settlement, 16-18 Frunze Street. The last known Conservative Jewish burial was in before 1918. No other towns or villages used this isolated urban, hillside and crown of a hill with no sign or marker. Reached by crossing private property, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds this cemetery. The approximate size of cemetery before WWII was 1.20 and is now 0.40 hectares. No stones are visible. Location of removed stones is unknown. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. The municipality owns property with private building and kitchen garden. Properties adjacent are residential. The cemetery boundaries are smaller now than 1939 because of housing development. The cemetery is visited rarely by private visitors (Jewish or non-Jewish) and local residents. The cemetery was vandalized prior to World War II. Jewish individuals within country cleared vegetation in 1933. There is no maintenance now. Within the limits of the cemetery is private building. Very serious threat: vandalism (In 1930s, the cemetery was destroyed by authorities) and existing nearby development (There is the private building on the cemetery grounds.) Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, vegetation and proposed nearby development. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Slight threat: weather erosion and pollution.

Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny Street, Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site on 25/09/1996. Interviewed was Zaika Lidiya Dmitrievna of 12 Kirova Street on 25/09/96 and Golovchenko Elizaveta Fedorovna of 3 Glinisty Street on 25/09/96. She completed survey on 25/09/1996. Documentation: look to the Addition [sic]. Other documentation was inaccessible.

DASHEV IV:     US Commission No. UA01430501

See Dashev I for town information.

The unlandmarked 1941-1943 mass grave is located on northern outskirts, at the road to Illinthsy. Murdered Jews from Kupchintchy (2km away) and Kitaygorod (2km away) were buried in this isolated suburban rural (agricultural) flat land with signs or plaques Ukrainian and Russian mentioning the Holocaust and Russia. Reached by turning directly off a public road and crossing public field, access is open to all. A continuous fence with non-locking gate surrounds the mass grave. 1 to 20 stones, all in original location, date from 1946. The mass grave has tombstones with traces of painting on their surfaces and with other metallic elements. No stones were removed. The site contains marked mass graves. Municipality owns mass grave used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are agricultural. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. The site is visited occasionally by organized individual tours, private visitors (Jewish or non-Jewish) and local residents. This mass grave has not been vandalized. Cleaning stones and clearing vegetation by local/municipal authorities and Jewish individuals within country in 1950. Care was constant. Now, there is occasional clearing or cleaning by authorities. Within the limits of the mass grave are no structures. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion and vegetation is a seasonal problem preventing access. Water drainage at the mass grave is a seasonal problem. Slight threat: pollution, vandalism and proposed nearby development. No threat: existing nearby development.

Sokolova Eleonora Eugen'evna of 253152 Kiev, 5 Tychiny Street, Apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site on 27/09/96. Interviewed was Chomenco Michail Cirillovitch of 48, Pushcin Street, Dashev [Phone: no] on 27/09/96. She completed survey on 27/09/96. Documentation: Veitchblit I. Ruh evreiskoy ludnosti na Ukraine . 'Proletar', 1930.; Evreiskaya enciklopedia Brokgaus-Efron, Sanct-Peterburg.; Istoria mist i sil URSR . Vinnitskaya obl'. URE AN URSR, Kiev, 1969.; Semenov P. Geografichesko-statisticheskiy slovar Rossiyskoy Imperii' 1865.; Spisok naselennyh mest Kievskoy gubernii' , Kiev, 1900.; Statistichesky spravochnik chislennosti evreyskogo naseleniya v Rossii' , 1918.; Encyclopedia Judaica , Jerusalem.

UPDATE: Located in Vinnitsa province. "..all of the old Jewish cemetery, located near the railway crossing, was dug with pits [mass graves]. ... Even in Dashev town where Jews are still living, in the guarded cemetery, some graves were dug up in search of gold." Source: Jewish Heritage Report: [March 2002]

Last Updated on Thursday, 13 September 2012 10:44
 
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