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CHERVONOYE I:     US Commission No. UA05480101

Chervonoye is located in Zhitomirskaya, 49 km from Zhitomir, 35 km from Berdichev and 15 km from Andrushevka. The cemetery is located at N part of town. Present town population is 1,000-5,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.
-- Town officials: Village Council of Bogachev [Phone: (071) 46189]. Yukhimchuk Aleksandra Pavlovna of Chervonoye, Pobedy St. 20.
The earliest known Jewish community was 1775. 1926 Jewish population (census) was 808. The Jewish cemetery dates from the 19th century with last known Hasidic burial 1921. No other towns or villages used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated suburban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds. 21 to 100 common tombstones, most in original location with 50%-75% toppled or broken, date from 1895. Locations of any removed stones are unknown. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. The municipality owns property now used for agriculture (crops or animal grazing). Properties adjacent are commercial or industrial and highway. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II. There is no maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, pollution, vegetation, vandalism and existing nearby development. Slight threat: weather erosion and proposed nearby development.

Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, Apt. 42. [Phone: (04141) 54259] visited site on 20/08/1995. Interviewed on 20/08/1995 was Yuhimchuk Aleksandra Pavlovna of Chervonoye. Kogan completed survey on 30/09/1995. Documentation: Jewish Encyclopedia.
CHERVONOYE II:     US Commission No. UA05480501

The mass grave is located at 2 km to south from village in the forest. (Berdichev filial [sic] of Zhitomir Oblast Museum of Berdichev, Sovetskaya Sq. 10 may have information.) The Hasidic mass grave was dug in 1941. Krylovka (5 km away) and Maliye Moshkevtsy (5 km away) Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated flat land between fields and woods has no sign or marker. Reached through forest, access is open to all. A continuous fence with no gate surrounds the mass grave. 1 to 20 stones, all in original location with none toppled or broken, date from 1980. No stones were removed. Some tombstones have with traces of painting on their surfaces. The site contains marked mass graves. The municipality owns property now used for mass burial site. Properties adjacent are agricultural and forest. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. Rarely, local residents visit. This mass grave was not vandalized. Local/municipal authorities did re-erection of stones in 1980. Now, occasionally, authorities clear or clean. Vegetation overgrowth is a seasonal problem, preventing access. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, vegetation and vandalism. Slight threat: weather erosion, pollution and proposed nearby development.

Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42. [Phone: (04141)54259] visited site on 20/08/1995. Interviewed on 20/81/995 was Yuhimchuk Aleksandra Pavlovna of Chervonoye, Pobedy St. 20. Kogan completed survey on 30/09/1995. Documentation: Jewish Encyclopaedia.. Other documentation exists but was inaccessible.

CHERVONOYE III:     US Commission No. UA05480502

The mass grave is located at 1.5 km to south from the village in the forest. The Hasidic mass grave was dug in 1941. No other towns or villages Jews were murdered at this unlandmarked mass grave. The isolated wooded flat land has no sign or marker. Reached through forest, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds. No stones are visible. No stones were removed. The site contains unmarked mass graves. The municipality owns property now used for recreation (park, playground, sports) and mass burial site. Properties adjacent are forest. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. This mass grave was not vandalized. There is no maintenance. Vegetation overgrowth is a constant problem, disturbing graves. Serious threat: uncontrolled access and vegetation. Moderate threat: weather erosion. Slight threat: pollution, vandalism and proposed nearby development.

Kogan Leonid of Novograd-Volynskiy, Lenina St. 107, apt. 42. [Phone: (04141)54259] visited site on 20/08/1995. Interviewed 20/08/1995was local resident on. Kogan completed survey on 22/02/1996.

 
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