Alternate names: Chernihiv-Чернігів [Ukr], Chernigov-Чернигов [Rus], Tshernigov [Yid], Charnihau [Bel], Czernihów [Pol], Tschernigow [Ger], Cernigovas [Lith]. 51°30' N, 31°18' E, in N Ukraine, 81 miles NNE of Kyyiv (Kiev). 1900 Jewish population: 8,779. Jewish Community. [September 2009]
CHERNIGOV I: US Commission No. UA24010101
The earliest known Jewish community was 13th century. 1926 Jewish population (census) was 10607. Effecting the Jewish Community were 1623, 1648, 1905, 1918, and 1919 pogroms. Living here mid-19th century were Perez Hen and Hayyim David Zevi Hen, son Pezer Hen. The last known Habbad Hasidic burial was 1975. Sednev, Repky, and Lubech (all 37 km away) used this unlandmarked cemetery. The isolated urban flat land has no sign or marker. Reached by crossing private property, access is open to all. The cemetery is surrounded locking gate. 501 to 5000 stones with less than 25% toppled or broken date from 1863 to the 20th century. No stones were removed. The cemetery has special sections for men and women. Some tombstones have traces of painting on their surfaces, portraits on stones and/or metal fences around graves. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. The municipality owns property now used for Jewish cemetery only. Properties adjacent are commercial or industrial and residential. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Frequently, Jewish or non-Jewish private visitors and local residents visit. The cemetery was vandalized frequently in the last ten years. Local/municipal authorities and Jewish individuals within country did re-erection of stones, patched broken stones, cleaned stones and cleared vegetation in 1975 and 1991-1995. The government pays the regular caretaker. Within the limits of the cemetery are more than one ohel. Vegetation overgrowth is a constant problem, disturbing graves. Water drainage is a seasonal problem. Serious threat: vandalism. Moderate threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion, pollution and vegetation.
Sokolova Eleonora Evgeniyevna of 253152, Kiev, Tychiny Pr. 5, apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 23/02/1995. Interviewed on 23/02/1995 were Kagno Feliks Samuilovich [(04622) 42391 and 40985] and Voloshina Ekaterina Iosofovna of Malyasovskaya St. 37, apt. 2, [Phone: (04622) 71437]. Other documentation exists but was inaccessible.
CHERNIGOV II: US Commission No. UA24010501
CHERNIGOV III: US Commission No. UA24010502
Sokolova Eleonora Evgeniyevna of 253152, Kiev, Tychiny Pr. 5, apt. 68 [Phone: (044) 5505681] visited site and completed survey on 25/02/1995. Kagno Feliks Samuilovich [(04622) 42391 and 40985] and Shpilevskiy Evgeniy Anatolievich [Phone: (04622)73167] were interviewed on 25/02/1995 for this survey. Other documentation exists but was inaccessible.
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 09 September 2009 16:39|