BOBRINETS I: US Commission No. UA10100101
Alternate names: Bobrinitz (Yiddish), Bobrynetz (German), Bobryniec (Polish) and Bobrinets (English). The town is located at 48º30 32º12, 170 km from Uman and 54 km from Kirovograd. Cemetery: SE outskirts of the town, Rogozovka region. Present town population is 5,001-25,000 with fewer than 10 Jews.
- Town: Town Executive Soviet Chairman, Shchichenko Aleksey Kuzmich of 317220, Bobrinets, Ordzhonikidze St., N80 [ph: (05257) 31138].
- Regional: Regional State Administration chairman, Berger Sergey Vladimirovich of 317220, Bobrinets, Lenina St., N78 [ph: (05257) 31055 Oblast State Administration chairman, Gromovoy Mikhail Filipovich of Kirovograd, Kirova sq., [ph: (0522)240330].
- Jewish Community chairman, Elbert Leonid Solomonovich of Kirovograd, 50 let Oktyabra St., N25, apt.33 [ph: (0522) 232283].
- Others: Tsesarskaya Larisa Naumovna [ph: (05257) 31364].
The earliest known Jewish community was 18th century. 1939 Jewish population was 2265. 1791 Bobrinets became part of Jewish Pale. In 1828, Bobrinets become the chief uezd town. 1905 saw pogroms resulting from the Civil War. The last known Hasidic Jewish burial was in 1941. The isolated flat suburban land has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all. No wall, fence, or gate surrounds the site. The approximate size of unlandmarked cemetery before WWII and now is 0.50 hectares. No stones are visible. Location of removed stones is unknown. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. The municipality owns the property used for agriculture (crops or animal grazing). Adjacent properties are residential. The cemetery boundaries are unchanged since 1939. Rarely, local residents visit. The cemetery was vandalized during World War II and occasionally in the last 10 years. No maintenance or care. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. All monuments are destroyed. The land is a rubbish heap and tillage. Moderate threat: vegetation. Slight threat: weather erosion.
Documentation: The History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine Kirovogradskaya Oblast , Kiev, 1972; Encyclopedia Judaica ; Baggily D.I. 'The population of the S Ukraine', 1920; The plan of the town. Documentation is unknown to surveyor. Khodorkovskiy Yuriy Isaakovich of Kiev, Vozdukhoflotskiy St., N37-A, apt.23 [ph: (044) 2769505] visited site and completed survey on 04/11/1996 and interviewed Morgunskiy Vladimir Filipovich [ph: (05257) 32668] on 04/11/1996.
BOBRINETS II: US Commission No. UA10100501
See BOBRINETS I for town details. The mass grave is located at NW outskirts of the town. The unlandmarked 1942 Hasidic mass grave location is suburban, part of a municipal cemetery, marked by signs or plaques in local language mentioning the Holocaust. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with no wall, fence, or gate. The approximate size is now 0.01 hectares. 1-20 stones, all in original location, date from 1964. No stones were removed.
The site has tombstones with metal fences around graves and marked mass graves. The municipality owns the property only used for Jewish cemetery. Adjacent properties are residential. The mass grave boundaries are larger now than 1939. The mass grave is visited occasionally by organized individual tours, private Jewish or non-Jewish visitors and local residents. This mass grave was not vandalized. Erection of stones and clearing vegetation by local/municipal authorities was done in 1964-1996. Now, there is occasional clearing or cleaning by authorities. No structures are within the limits of the mass grave. Moderate threat: vegetation. Vegetation overgrowth and water drainage are seasonal problems. Slight threat: uncontrolled access, weather erosion, pollution and vandalism.
Khodorkovskiy Yuriy Isaakovich of Kiev, Vozdukhoflotskiy St., N37-A, apt.23 [ph: (044) 2769505] visited site, completed survey on 12/11/1996. He interviewed Tsesarskaya Larisa Naumovna [ph: (05257)31364] on 04/11/1996. Documentation: The History of Towns and Villages of Ukraine Kirovogradskaya Oblast , Kiev, 1972; Encyclopedia Judaica ; Kirovogradshchina in the Years of the World War 2, 1941-1945 , the collection of documents and materials, Dnepropetrovsk, 1965. Documentation is unknown to surveyor.