Alternate names: Polish name: Brzezany, Austrian: Brezany, Russian: Byeryezhany - Berezany - Brezan - Berson. Sovereignty: Austria from 1772-1918, Poland (1387-1772, 1920-1939) Villages that probably used this cemetery: ARANCHUKY, KURYANY, MECHYSHCHIV, NARAYIV, PIDHAYTSI, PODVYSOKE, RAY, TROSTYANETS, and ZAVALIV. [November 2002] Berezhany is a city located in the Ternopil Oblast of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Berezhanskyi Raion, and lies about 100 km from Lviv and 50 km from the oblast capital, Ternopil. Wikipedia [Mar 2014] YIVO Encyclopedia. [Mar 2014]
Old Jewish cemetery is at Okopysko hill in Berezhany city at the end of M. Bezdilnoho street.
"Before World War II Brzezany's Jewish population was about 4,000, while after 1939 this population tripled with an additional 8,000 Jews, refugees from eastern German territories. On 12 June 1943 the Nazis murdered almost all the Jews from the Brzezany ghetto and work camp at the local cemetery; only a few escaped." Wikipedia [Mar 2014]
Yizkor. [November 2002] "Renowned Torah scholars lived in Berezhany. ... The history of Jewish Community in Berezhany is closely connected to the history and development of the town. The town's population reached 260 souls in the year 1570, including four Jewish families who were engaged in trade. One hundred years later the town's population reached 500 families. Among these were one hundred Jewish families. ... Most of the commerce lay in the hand of the Jews in Berezhany. ... 1941 autumn, after Jewish New Year (Rosh-Hashanah) Germans murdered 510 Jews in Berezhany ... 1943 Liquidation of the ghetto in Berezhany: 1,800 Jews killed. [Mass grave photo] ... "In memoriam of 30 Jewish families discovered from hiding in Mechyshchiv (near Berezhany) and Ukrainian peasants deported to Auschwitz for hiding the Jews in 1944. ...[Spring 1944], in Mechyshchiv (Mieczyszczow / Mechyshchev), village ... situated among forests, some 15 km southwest from Berezhany. German authorities came to buy cattle to the village. At that moment German policeman noticed a definite Jew on a street, whom he arrested straight. That confessed that he was Jewish dentist Dynes (Dnes / Dines) and added that there are about 30 Jewish families are hidden besides him in the village. He even named the last names of Ukrainian peasants who hided the Jews. All were arrested. Together with the Jews, some Ukrainian peasants were taken to the prison in Berezhany. At the court procedure some of the hidden Jews had to witness against the peasants who hided them, saying that 'We paid them for residence and food and gave some clothing...' After a court "comedy" and tragedy, the Jews were murdered and those Ukrainian peasants were deported to a death concentration camp in Auschwitz (Oswiecim)..." Source: [November 2002]