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ALTERNATE NAMES: SNINA [SLOV], SZINNA [HUN]. 48°59' N, 22°09' E FAR E SLOVAKIA, 40 MILES E OF PREŠOV (EPERJES), 11 MILES ENE OF HUMENNÉ (HOMONNA),  at the confluence of the Cirocha river and the small river Pčolinka in the valley between theBeskydy foothills and the mountain of Vihorlat. . JEWISH POPULATION: 209 (IN 1900), 390 (IN 1930).

Snina (okres Snina) is a district in the Prešov Region of eastern Slovakia. Until 1918, the district was part of the county of Kingdom of Hungary of Zemplín. Snina includes former villages: Jozefova Dolina. Also used the cemetery: Stakčín, and Kolbasov. After Snina was liberated in November 1944, a few dozen surviving Jews returned. The kehila was not re-established and shortly most left Snina. By 1948 only five Jewish families lived there. The synagogue was converted into an apartment house. The neglected cemetery was partially destroyed, then abandoned as were other kehila buildings - the beth midrash, mikvah, and slaughterhouse. The entries for births, marriages, and burials for Jewish families living in Snina were recorded at the synagogue in Humenne.

  • Stakčín: A village five km from Snina, that had an independent Jewish community with a synagogue, cemetery, community center, mikvah, and slaughterhouse. In 1930 137 Jews living there belonged to the Snina rabbinate. In the spring and summer 1942, the Jewish residents of the village were deported the extermination camps.

  • Kolbasov:  A village adjacent to Snina that had a Jewish kehila led by Rabbi Avraham Aharon TEITELBAUM in the middle of the 19th century that existed into the 20th century. From March to May 1942, Jews from the village were deported to Polish extermination camps. After the war survivors returned to Kolbasov, but on December 6 1945, Ukranian Nationalists from Poland, murdered 11 of these survivors, probably aided by local residents.

CEMETERY:

US Commission No. SLCE000024

Snina is located NE of Humenne. The suburban hillside is part of a municipal cemetery with no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with no wall or gate. The Jewish cemetery located within the city limits.1-20 19th-20th century marble, granite, and sandstone flat shaped tombstones or finely smoothed and inscribed stones with Hebrew inscriptions are in original locations. The site is Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are cemetery. Occasionally, private visitors stop. Vegetation was cleared. Now, individuals clean or clean occasionally. No threats. END OF REPORT

Gravestone photo. [July 2014]

Kolbasov village was harrassed by the Nazis. In 1943, most were arrested by the Nazis and sent to Auschwitz and Nuengamme Saldzwedel, liberated by Americans in 1945. Some of the few returning following WWII were killed. The government sent four battalions, along with police and other guards to put down the bandits. The military forced these bandits to leave the country and go "back to" Poland when several tens of thousands of them were still operating. The victims were buried in the Jewish burial graveyard in Kolbasov, but later exhumed and moved to a graveyard in Snina.

January 2009:

Map of Town

Photos of Town

Town Snina

Erb Snina Address: Phone:
00 421 57 762 23 05
Mestský úrad Fax: 00 421 57 762 37 43
Strojárska 2 060 Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
069 01 Snina
SLOVAKIA
Web: www.snina.sk

Region: Prešovský
District: Snina
Inhabitants: 21247
Area: 5861 ha
First paper reference: in year 1364
Mayor: Ing. Štefan Milovčík
Last Updated on Tuesday, 08 July 2014 17:45
 
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