ALTERNATE NAMES: SNINA [SLOV], SZINNA [HUN]. 48°59' N, 22°09' E FAR E SLOVAKIA, 40 MILES E OF PREŠOV (EPERJES), 11 MILES ENE OF HUMENNÉ (HOMONNA), at the confluence of the Cirocha river and the small river Pčolinka in the valley between theBeskydy foothills and the mountain of Vihorlat. . JEWISH POPULATION: 209 (IN 1900), 390 (IN 1930).
Snina (okres Snina) is a district in the Prešov Region of eastern Slovakia. Until 1918, the district was part of the county of Kingdom of Hungary of Zemplín. Snina includes former villages: Jozefova Dolina. Also used the cemetery: Stakčín, and Kolbasov. After Snina was liberated in November 1944, a few dozen surviving Jews returned. The kehila was not re-established and shortly most left Snina. By 1948 only five Jewish families lived there. The synagogue was converted into an apartment house. The neglected cemetery was partially destroyed, then abandoned as were other kehila buildings - the beth midrash, mikvah, and slaughterhouse. The entries for births, marriages, and burials for Jewish families living in Snina were recorded at the synagogue in Humenne.
US Commission No. SLCE000024
Snina is located NE of Humenne. The suburban hillside is part of a municipal cemetery with no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with no wall or gate. The Jewish cemetery located within the city limits.1-20 19th-20th century marble, granite, and sandstone flat shaped tombstones or finely smoothed and inscribed stones with Hebrew inscriptions are in original locations. The site is Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent properties are cemetery. Occasionally, private visitors stop. Vegetation was cleared. Now, individuals clean or clean occasionally. No threats. END OF REPORT
Gravestone photo. [July 2014]
Kolbasov village was harrassed by the Nazis. In 1943, most were arrested by the Nazis and sent to Auschwitz and Nuengamme Saldzwedel, liberated by Americans in 1945. Some of the few returning following WWII were killed. The government sent four battalions, along with police and other guards to put down the bandits. The military forced these bandits to leave the country and go "back to" Poland when several tens of thousands of them were still operating. The victims were buried in the Jewish burial graveyard in Kolbasov, but later exhumed and moved to a graveyard in Snina.
Map of Town
Photos of Town
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 08 July 2014 17:45|